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Teaching Today's Health,9780205320400
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Teaching Today's Health

by ;
ISBN13:

9780205320400

ISBN10:
0205320406
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $76.00
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Summary

A comprehensive, up-to-date overview of health and wellness, with strategies for teaching health education in elementary and middle schools. Divided into three components, this text begins with an introductory overview of the philosophical bases for health education, national standards, and evaluation methods. Part II provides students, many of whom are not majors, a basic cognitive background for health education. Part III builds on the content provided thus far in the text with a variety of activities and strategies for approaching health education in the classroom. The theme of instilling lifelong health and wellness through positive lifestyle choices pervades the text.

Table of Contents

Preface xxv
The Need for Health Education
1(22)
The Evolution of Health Education
2(2)
What Is Health?
2(2)
What Is Health Education and Health Promotion?
4(1)
Accomplishing Health Education
5(1)
Why Health Education?
6(2)
National Initiatives for Comprehensive School Health
8(2)
The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)
10(4)
School-Related Violence
11(1)
Behaviors Contributing to Unintentional Injuries
12(1)
Suicide Ideation and Attempts
12(1)
Tobacco Use
12(1)
Alcohol Use
12(1)
Marijuana and Other Drug Use
13(1)
Sexual Behaviors
13(1)
Physical Activity
13(1)
Dietary Behaviors
14(1)
The Coordinated School Health Program
14(5)
School-Based Health Centers-The School Nurse
19(1)
Summary
19(1)
Web Sites of Interest
20(1)
Discussion Questions
21(1)
References
21(2)
The Role of the Teacher in Health Instruction
23(16)
The Challenge of Health Education
24(1)
Barriers to Successful Health Teaching
25(3)
Professional Preparation
28(1)
Personal Qualities of the Health Teacher
29(3)
The Teacher as Part of the Health Team
32(4)
Legal Responsibilities of the Teacher
32(1)
Working with Students
32(2)
Working with Parents
34(1)
Working with Other Teachers and the School Administration
35(1)
Working with the School or Clinic Nurse
35(1)
Working with Outside Agencies
35(1)
Summary
36(1)
Web Sites of Interest
36(1)
Discussion Questions
37(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
37(1)
References
38(1)
Planning for Health Instruction
39(30)
Content Areas in the Elementary School
40(1)
Grade Placement for Health Education Topics
41(1)
Developing Scope and Sequence
41(1)
Determining What to Teach
41(2)
Social Mores
41(1)
Student Interest
41(2)
Health Needs
43(1)
Textbooks and Courses of Study
43(2)
Teaching for Values
45(4)
Curriculum Approaches
49(10)
School Health Education Study (SHES)
50(2)
The National Diffusion Network (NDN)
52(1)
Health Programs Approved by NDN
53(4)
Commercial Programs
57(2)
Other Teaching Materials
59(1)
Developing a Health Curriculum
59(5)
The Michigan Model-A State Model
60(1)
Teaching Units
61(1)
Lesson Planning---Selected Strategies
61(3)
Deciding Student Outcomes
64(1)
Writing Instructional Objectives
64(1)
Summary
65(1)
Web Sites of Interest
66(1)
Discussion Questions
66(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
66(1)
References
67(2)
Strategies for Implementing Health Instruction
69(36)
The Relationship of Strategies to Learning
70(1)
Factors Affecting Strategies
70(1)
Decision Making and Health Strategies
71(8)
The POWER Model for Decision Making
72(3)
Developing Refusal Skills
75(1)
Learning Styles and Strategies Selection
76(3)
A Positive Climate for Learning
79(6)
Clarifying Activities
79(2)
Simple Values-Related Strategies
81(1)
Decision Stories
82(3)
Role-Playing
85(1)
Other Verbal and Discussion-Oriented Strategies
85(5)
Brainstorming
86(1)
Buzz Groups
86(1)
Case Studies
87(1)
Cooperative Learning
87(1)
Critical Essays
87(1)
Debate
87(1)
Committee Work
88(1)
Lecture, Group, and Panel Discussion
88(1)
Resource Speakers
89(1)
Action-Oriented Strategies
90(4)
Dramatizations
90(1)
Storytelling
90(1)
Flannel, Felt, and Magnetic Boards
90(1)
Crossward Puzzles
90(1)
Demonstrations and Experiments
91(1)
Exhibits
92(1)
Field Trips
92(1)
Games
92(1)
Models and Specimens
93(1)
Peer Helpers
93(1)
Self-Appraisals
94(1)
The Use of Media in Health Instruction
94(5)
Computer-Assisted Instruction
94(3)
Television, Videotape, and Videodisk
97(1)
Choosing Videotapes, Laser Disks or DVDs
98(1)
Filmstrips
98(1)
Slides
98(1)
Overhead Transparencies
99(1)
Audio Tapes
99(1)
Selecting Appropriate Media
99(3)
Summary
102(1)
Web Sites of Interest
103(1)
Discussion Questions
103(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
104(1)
References
104(1)
Measurement and Evaluation of Health Education
105(18)
Measurement and Evaluation
106(1)
Teacher Skills Needed for Competent Measurement and Evaluation
107(1)
Teacher-Made Tests
108(1)
Developing Tests
109(2)
Measuring Health Attitudes
111(2)
Attitude Scales
111(2)
Observation
113(1)
Traditional Grading Strategies
113(5)
The Percentage Method
114(1)
The A to F Combination Method
114(1)
Pass/Fail
115(1)
Performance-Based Evaluation
115(2)
Peer Evaluation
117(1)
Narrative Grading
117(1)
National Health Standards and Grading
117(1)
The Kentucky Model
118(2)
Summary
120(1)
Web Sites of Interest
121(1)
Discussion Questions
121(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
121(1)
References
122(1)
Mental Health and Stress Reduction
123(30)
The Importance of Mental Health
124(1)
Characteristics of the Emotionally Healthy
124(3)
What Children Need to Achieve Emotional Health
127(1)
Self-Esteem and the Development of Emotional Health
128(3)
Values and Patterns of Decision Making
131(1)
Behavior and the Expression of Emotions
131(1)
Defense Mechanisms
132(1)
Children and Major Psychiatric Disorders
132(2)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children
134(1)
Panic Disorder in Children
134(1)
Depression and Children
134(3)
The Causes of Depression
135(2)
Suicide in Children and Adolescents
137(2)
Latchkey Children
139(1)
Divorce and Separation---The Effects on Children
139(1)
Death and Children
140(1)
Rules for Developing and Maintaining Mental Health
141(1)
The Role of the Teacher in Promoting Mental Health
141(1)
The Role of the Family in Developing Emotional Health
142(1)
Stress and Its Relationship to Mental Health
143(1)
The General Adaptation Syndrome
144(1)
Effects of Chronic Stress
144(2)
Dealing with Distress
146(1)
Stress Management in Children
146(3)
Exercise
146(1)
Relaxation Techniques
147(1)
Other Relaxation Techniques
148(1)
The Role of Effective Communication in Reducing Stress
149(1)
Summary
149(1)
Web Sites of Interest
150(1)
Discussion Questions
151(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
151(1)
References
151(2)
Strategies for Teaching Mental Health and Stress Reduction
153(30)
Mental Health: An Integral Part of Life
154(1)
Value-Based Activities
155(5)
Decision Stories
160(1)
Other Strategies for Learning
160(20)
Web Sites of Interest
180(1)
Resources
181(2)
Body Systems/Personal Health
183(36)
A Unique Machine
184(1)
The Nervous System
184(5)
The Central Nervous System
185(1)
The Brain
185(3)
Autonomic Nervous System
188(1)
The Endocrine System
189(2)
The Hypothalamus
189(1)
Thalamus
189(1)
The Pituitary Gland
189(1)
The Thyroid Gland
190(1)
The Adrenal Glands
190(1)
The Pancreas
190(1)
The Respiratory System
191(1)
The Alveoli and Gas Exchange
192(1)
The Circulatory System
192(3)
The Heart
192(1)
Blood
193(2)
The Lymphatic System
195(1)
The Digestive/Excretory System
195(2)
The Kidneys
196(1)
The Skeletal/Muscular System
197(3)
The Spinal Column
198(1)
The Skull
198(1)
The Sternum and Rib Cage
198(1)
The Pelvis
199(1)
Bones of the Legs and Feet
199(1)
Bones of the Arms and Hands
199(1)
The Muscles
199(1)
Developing Good Habits Early
200(1)
Personal Appearance
200(1)
The Skin
200(3)
Skin Conditions
201(1)
Care of the Skin
202(1)
The Fingernails and Toenails
203(1)
Care of the Nails
203(1)
The Hair
203(2)
Care of the Hair
204(1)
Posture
205(1)
The Senses
205(1)
The Sense of Vision
205(3)
The Eye
205(1)
Visual Defects
206(2)
Care of the Eyes
208(1)
The Sense of Hearing
208(2)
The Ear
209(1)
Hearing Impairments
209(1)
Care of the Ears
209(1)
The Sense of Touch
210(1)
Care of the Sense of Touch
210(1)
The Senses of Taste and Smell
210(1)
Care of the Senses of Taste and Smell
211(1)
Dental Health
211(1)
Dental Problems
211(1)
Care of the Teeth
211(1)
Fitness, Relaxation, and Sleep
212(4)
Fitness
212(3)
Relaxation
215(1)
Sleep
216(1)
Summary
216(1)
Web Sites of Interest
217(1)
Discussion Questions
217(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
218(1)
References
218(1)
Strategies for Teaching Body Systems/Personal Health
219(50)
Planning Learning Activities
221(1)
The Concept of Personal Health
221(1)
Value-Based Activities/Body Systems
222(2)
Value-Based Activities/Personal Health
224(4)
Decision Stories/Body Systems
228(1)
Decision Stories/Personal Health
228(1)
Dramatization/Body Systems
229(2)
Dramatization/Personal Health
231(1)
Discussion and Report Techniques/Body Systems
232(10)
Discussion and Report Techniques/Personal Health
242(3)
Experiments and Demonstrations/Body Systems
245(9)
Experiments and Demonstrations/Personal Health
254(3)
Puzzles and Games/Body Systems
257(6)
Puzzles and Games/Personal Health
263(1)
Other Ideas/Body Systems
263(1)
Other Ideas/Personal Health
264(1)
Resources
264(2)
References
266(3)
Family Life Education
269(30)
Implications for Sexuality Education
270(2)
Where Do Children Learn About Sexuality?
272(1)
School-Based Sexuality Education
272(1)
Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexuality Education
273(1)
Teaching Sexuality Education
274(3)
Social Aspects of Sexuality and Family Living
277(1)
Types of Families
277(1)
The Changing Nature of the American Family
277(2)
Concepts of Love and Family
279(1)
Love and Intimacy
279(1)
Why People Marry
280(1)
Parenthood
281(1)
Advantages and Disadvantages to Parenthood
281(1)
Single Parenthood
281(1)
Divorce
282(1)
Blended Families
283(1)
Psychological Aspects of Sexuality and Family Living
283(1)
Gender Development
283(1)
Sex Roles
284(1)
Developing Sexuality
284(1)
Biological Components of Sex Education
285(1)
The Male Reproductive System
285(1)
The Female Reproductive System
285(2)
Conception and Pregnancy
287(1)
Genetics
288(1)
The Embryonic Period
289(1)
Multiple Births
290(1)
Childbirth
290(1)
Unwanted Pregnancies
291(1)
Problems of Child Abuse and Violence
292(3)
Summary
295(1)
Web Sites of Interest
296(1)
Discussion Questions
296(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
296(1)
References
297(2)
Strategies for Teaching Sexuality Education
299(26)
Building Self-Esteem and Responsible Decision Making
300(1)
Value-Based Strategies
300(3)
Decision Stories
303(2)
Other Strategies for Teaching
305(18)
Resources
323(1)
References
324(1)
Substance Use and Abuse
325(28)
Substance or Drug Abuse
326(1)
Reasons for Substance Abuse
326(1)
Youth at Risk for Substance Abuse
327(1)
Symptoms of Possible Substance Abuse in Youth
327(1)
Effects of Drugs on the Body
328(3)
Route of Administration
328(1)
Distribution
329(1)
Dosage
329(1)
Expectations of the User
330(1)
Frequency of Use
330(1)
Over-the-Counter Drugs
331(1)
Depressants
331(1)
Alcohol
332(4)
Effects of Alcohol
332(1)
Why Do Youth Begin Abusing Alcohol?
333(1)
Drinking and Accidents
334(1)
Alcoholism and Alcohol-Related Problems
334(1)
Barbiturates
335(1)
Tranquilizers
335(1)
Cross-Tolerance and the Depressant Drugs
335(1)
Narcotics
336(1)
Stimulants
337(2)
Caffeine
337(1)
Amphetamines
337(1)
Cocaine
338(1)
Tobacco
339(4)
Effects of Tobacco Smoking
340(1)
Why People Smoke
341(1)
Secondhand and Sidestream Smoke
342(1)
Reducing the Hazards of Smoking
343(1)
Smokeless Tobacco
343(1)
Inhalants
343(1)
Designer Drugs
344(1)
Hallucinogens
344(1)
Marijuana
345(2)
Drug Education
347(1)
Summary
348(2)
Web Sites of Interest
350(1)
Discussion Questions
351(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
351(1)
References
351(2)
Strategies for Teaching about Substance Use and Abuse
353(52)
The Challenge of Substance Abuse Education
354(1)
Value-Based Activities
354(5)
Decision Stories
359(2)
Dramatizations
361(8)
Discussion and Report Strategies
369(14)
Experiments and Demonstrations
383(6)
Puzzles and Games
389(6)
Other Ideas
395(2)
References
397(1)
Resources
397(4)
Web Sites of Interest
401(4)
Infectious and Noninfectious Conditions
405(36)
Communicable Diseases
407(1)
The Stages of Diseases
407(2)
Protection against Diseases
409(1)
The Immune System
409(2)
Selected Infectious Diseases
411(10)
The Common Cold
412(1)
Strep Throat
412(1)
Influenza
412(1)
Infectious Mononucleosis
412(1)
Hepatitis
413(1)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
414(7)
Chronic and Noninfectious Diseases
421(2)
The Cardiovascular System
423(6)
Anatomy and Physiology
423(2)
Types of Cardiovascular Disease
425(4)
Cancer
429(5)
Types of Cancer
430(1)
How Cancer Spreads
430(1)
Causes of Cancer
430(1)
Warning Signals of Cancer
431(2)
Treatment of Cancer
433(1)
Respiratory Disorders
434(1)
Other Conditions
434(4)
Diabetes Mellitus
434(1)
Sickle Cell Anemia
435(2)
Epilepsy
437(1)
Summary
438(1)
Web Sites of Interest
439(1)
Discussion Questions
439(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
440(1)
References
440(1)
Strategies for Teaching about Infectious and Noninfectious Conditions
441(22)
Value-Based Activities
443(3)
Decision Stories
446(1)
Dramatization
446(2)
Discussion and Report Strategies
448(1)
Experiments and Demonstrations
449(8)
Puzzles and Games
457(4)
Resources
461(2)
Nutrition
463(30)
Knowledge and Nutrition
464(1)
Food Habits and Customs
464(3)
Economic, Personal, and Lifestyle Factors
465(2)
Nutrients
467(8)
Carbohydrates
468(1)
Proteins
468(1)
Fats
469(2)
Blood Cholesterol
471(1)
Water
471(1)
Minerals
472(1)
Vitamins
473(2)
Antioxidants
475(1)
Nutritional Needs
475(1)
School-Age Children
475(2)
Characteristics of the Types of Food
477(1)
Recommended Dietary Allowances
477(1)
Food Problems
478(6)
Undernutrition
478(3)
Hunger and Learning
481(1)
Overweight and Obesity
481(1)
Weight Control
482(2)
The Role of the Teacher
484(1)
Therapy and Counseling
484(1)
Other Food-Related Issues
484(3)
Food Quackery
484(1)
Fad Diets
485(1)
Food Labeling
486(1)
Nutrition Education
487(2)
The School Lunch Program
487(2)
Summary
489(1)
Web Sites of Interest
490(1)
Discussion Questions
490(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
491(1)
References
491(2)
Strategies for Teaching Nutrition
493(44)
A Flexible Approach to Nutrition
494(1)
Value-Based Activities
495(3)
Decision Stories
498(1)
Dramatizations
499(6)
Discussion and Report Techniques
505(13)
Experiments and Demonstrations
518(7)
Puzzles and Games
525(7)
Other Ideas
532(1)
Resources
533(2)
References
535(2)
Intentional and Unintentional Injuries (Accident and Violence Prevention)
537(18)
Children and Accidents
538(1)
The Need for Safety Education
538(1)
Safety and Risk Taking
539(1)
Fostering Safety Behavior
539(1)
A Positive Approach to Safety
539(1)
Accident Proneness
540(1)
Accidents
540(5)
Causes of Accidents
540(1)
Types of Accidents
540(5)
Preventing Violence in Schools
545(5)
Strategies to Prevent School Violence
547(2)
Personal Safety
549(1)
The School Safety Program
550(1)
First-Aid Skills
551(1)
Emergency Situations
552(1)
Summary
552(1)
Web Sites of Interest
553(1)
Discussion Questions
553(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
553(1)
References
554(1)
Strategies for Teaching Intentional and Unintentional Injuries
555(40)
Fostering Safety Behavior
556(1)
Value-Based Activities
556(2)
Decision Stories
558(4)
Dramatization
562(7)
Discussion and Report Techniques
569(9)
Experiments and Demonstrations
578(6)
Puzzles and Games
584(5)
Other Ideas
589(3)
Resources
592(1)
Web Sites of Interest
593(1)
References
594(1)
Consumer Health
595(22)
A Nation of Consumers
596(1)
Advertising and Consumer Behavior
596(1)
Advertising Approaches
597(2)
Other Influences on Product and Service Choices
599(1)
Consumer Myth and Misconceptions
599(1)
Quackery
600(1)
Health Care
601(7)
Medical Insurance
602(1)
The Health Care System
603(1)
Government Health Insurance
604(1)
When to Seek Health Care
605(1)
Selecting a Health Care Professional
605(1)
Choosing a Health Care Facility
606(2)
Health-Related Products
608(3)
Over-the-Counter (OTC) Drugs
608(1)
Cosmetic Products
609(2)
Consumer Rights and Protection
611(1)
Consumer Protection Agencies
612(1)
Private Agencies
613(1)
Teaching Consumer Health Education
613(1)
Summary
614(1)
Web Sites of Interest
615(1)
Discussion Questions
615(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
616(1)
References
616(1)
Strategies for Teaching Consumer Health
617(30)
Establishing Consumer Behavior Patterns
619(1)
Value-Based Activities
619(6)
Decision Stories
625(2)
Other Teaching Strategies
627(18)
Resources
645(2)
Aging, Dying, and Death
647(26)
The Normalcy of Aging
648(1)
The Significance of Aging Education
648(1)
Demographic Aspects of the Elderly
649(1)
Factors Related to Aging
650(1)
Sex
650(1)
Race
650(1)
Personality
650(1)
Genetics
650(1)
Employment and Income
650(1)
Education
650(1)
Social Attitudes
651(1)
The Aging Process
651(2)
Biological Aspects of Aging
651(1)
Psychological Aspects of Aging
652(1)
Sociological Aspects of Aging
652(1)
Major Challenges Facing the Elderly
653(2)
Ageism
655(1)
Intergenerational Contact
656(1)
Considering Death
656(1)
Common Attitudes Toward Death and Dying
657(3)
Positive Approaches to Death
659(1)
Personal Beliefs About Death
660(1)
Needs of a Dying Person
660(1)
Adjusting to Dying
660(1)
The Family of a Dying Person
661(1)
The Grief Experience
662(1)
Funerals and Related Rituals
663(1)
Issues Surrounding Death
663(4)
Definitions of Death
663(1)
Organ Donation and Transplant
664(1)
The Right to Die and Euthanasia
665(1)
Wills
666(1)
What Happens When No Will Is Left?
666(1)
Near-Death Experiences
666(1)
Hospice
667(1)
Suicide
667(1)
Students and Death
667(2)
Death Education
668(1)
Summary
669(1)
Discussion Questions
670(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
671(1)
Web Sites of Interest
671(1)
References
672(1)
Strategies for Teaching about Aging, Dying, and Death
673(42)
Introduction---Aging
675(1)
Introduction---Dying and Death
675(1)
Value-Based Activities---Aging
676(7)
Value-Based Activities---Dying and Death
683(4)
Decision Stories---Aging
687(1)
Decision Stories---Dying and Death
688(1)
Dramatization---Aging
688(2)
Dramatizations---Dying and Death
690(2)
Discussion and Report Techniques---Aging
692(6)
Discussion and Report Techniques---Dying and Death
698(8)
Experiments and Demonstrations---Aging
706(1)
Experiments and Demonstrations---Dying and Death
707(1)
Puzzles and Games---Aging
708(2)
Puzzles and Games---Dying and Death
710(1)
Other Ideas---Aging
711(1)
Other Ideas---Dying and Death
712(1)
Resources
713(1)
Web Sites of Interest
713(1)
References
714(1)
Environmental Health
715(18)
Human Impact on the Environment
716(1)
Ecosystems and Ecology
717(1)
Pollution of the Ecosphere
718(12)
Overpopulation
718(1)
Population Control
719(1)
Air Pollution
719(2)
Damage Resulting from Air Pollution
721(1)
Air Pollution Control
722(1)
Water Pollution
723(2)
Hazardous Chemical Pollution
725(1)
Solid Waste Pollution
726(2)
Radiation Pollution
728(1)
Radiation Exposure Control
729(1)
Noise Pollution
729(1)
Noise Pollution Control
730(1)
Preservation of the Ecosphere
730(1)
Summary
731(1)
Web Sites of Interest
731(1)
Discussion Questions
732(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
732(1)
References
732(1)
Strategies for Teaching Environmental Health
733(22)
Fostering Environmental Appreciation
735(1)
Value-Based Activities
736(1)
Let's Rank Our Environmental Problems
737(1)
Decision Stories
738(1)
Dramatizations
739(3)
Discussion and Report Strategies
742(6)
Experiments and Demonstrations
748(3)
Puzzles and Games
751(2)
Other Ideas
753(1)
Resources
754(1)
Epilogue 755(2)
Appendix A: First Aid Skills 757(6)
Appendix B: Emergency Skills 763(24)
Index 787


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