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Technical Writing : Principles, Strategies, and Readings,9780205298617
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Technical Writing : Principles, Strategies, and Readings

by
ISBN13:

9780205298617

ISBN10:
0205298613
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

Technical Writing: Principles, Strategies, and Readings continues to offer a flexible combination of instructional chapters and readings that reflect the variety of emphases in today's technical writing classroom. The instructional chapters offer a comprehensive presentation of technical communication, while articles from professional journals which constitute about one-third of the text offer insight and advice on specific communication topics. These readings also introduce students to important subjects related to technical writing not usually addressed in introductory texts. Each concise and self-contained instructional unit includes extended models and exercises which can be used in class or for collaborative or homework assignments. Students who study technical writing as part of their career preparation in science, business, engineering, social services, and technical fields will find this text particularly useful. The text's easy to read format makes it especially popular in classes with students who are non-native speakers of English.

Table of Contents

Thematic Contents for Part 2 Readings xiii(4)
Preface xvii
PART 1 Technical Writing: Ways of Writing 1(420)
1 Technical Writing on the Job
3(24)
Writing in Organizations
4(2)
Reader/Purpose/Situation
4(1)
Diversity in Technical Writing
5(1)
Writing as a Process
6(10)
One Writer's Process
6(3)
Stages of Writing
9(7)
Chapter Summary
16(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
17(1)
Endnotes
17(1)
Models
18(8)
Exercises
26(1)
2 Collaboration and Ethics
27(14)
Writing with Others
28(6)
Writing with a Partner
28(1)
Writing on a Team
29(2)
Writing for Management Review
31(2)
Writing with a Technical Editor
33(1)
Writing Ethically
34(1)
Chapter Summary
35(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
35(1)
Endnotes
36(1)
Models
37(3)
Exercises
40(1)
3 Audience
41(26)
Analyzing Readers
42(7)
Subject Knowledge
42(1)
Position in the Organization
43(1)
Personal Attitudes
44(1)
Reading Style
45(1)
Multiple Readers
46(1)
International Readers
47(2)
Finding Out about Readers
49(3)
Informal Checking
49(1)
Interviewing
50(2)
Testing Reader-oriented Documents
52(2)
Readers Answering Questions
52(1)
Readers Performing a Task
53(1)
Readers Thinking Aloud
54(1)
Chapter Summary
54(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
55(1)
Endnotes
55(1)
Models
56(9)
Exercises
65(2)
4 Organization
67(27)
Sorting Information
68(1)
Select Major Topics
68(1)
Identify Subtopics
69(1)
Constructing Outlines
69(5)
Informal Outlines
70(1)
Formal Outlines
70(1)
Topic Outlines
71(1)
Sentence Outlines
72(2)
Developing Effective Paragraphs
74(10)
Unity
74(1)
Coherence
75(2)
Development
77(1)
Patterns for Presenting Information
78(6)
Chapter Summary
84(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
85(1)
Endnotes
85(1)
Models
86(6)
Exercises
92(2)
5 Document Design
94(37)
Understanding Design Features
95(2)
Purpose of Design Features
95(1)
Design Principles
96(1)
Creating Graphic Aids
97(17)
Purpose of Graphic Aids
98(1)
Tables
99(1)
Figures
100(14)
Using Format Elements
114(7)
Written Cues
114(3)
White Space
117(1)
Typographic Devices
118(3)
Chapter Summary
121(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
121(1)
Models
122(7)
Exercises
129(2)
6 Revision
131(23)
Creating a Final Draft
132(1)
Global Revision
132(1)
Fine-tuning Revision
132(1)
Making Global Revision
133(2)
Content
134(1)
Organization
134(1)
Making Fine-tuning Revisions
135(11)
Overloaded Sentences
136(1)
Clipped Sentences
137(1)
Lengthy Sentences
138(1)
Passive Voice
138(2)
Jargon
140(1)
Sexist Language
141(1)
Concrete versus Abstract Words
142(2)
Gobbledygook
144(1)
Wordiness
145(1)
Chapter Summary
146(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
147(1)
Models
148(4)
Exercises
152(2)
7 Definition
154(21)
Understanding Definitions
155(1)
Writing Informal Definitions
156(1)
Writing Formal Sentence Definitions
156(3)
Writing Expanded Definitions
159(5)
Cause and Effect
160(1)
Classification
160(1)
Comparison or Contrast
161(1)
Description
161(1)
Development or History
162(1)
Etymology
162(1)
Examples
162(1)
Method of Operation or Process
163(1)
Negation
163(1)
Partition
163(1)
Stipulation
164(1)
Placing Definitions in Documents
164(1)
Within the Text
164(1)
In an Appendix
165(1)
In Footnotes
165(1)
In a Glossary
165(1)
Chapter Summary
165(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
166(1)
Endnotes
166(1)
Models
167(6)
Exercises
173(2)
8 Description
175(28)
Understanding Description
176(1)
Planning Descriptions
177(6)
Subjects
177(1)
Kinds of Information
178(2)
Detail and Language
180(2)
Graphic Aids
182(1)
Writing Descriptions
183(7)
Organization
183(1)
Sections of a Technical Description
184(2)
Sample Technical Descriptions
186(4)
Chapter Summary
190(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
190(1)
Endnotes
190(1)
Models
191(10)
Exercises
201(2)
9 Instructions, Procedures, and Process Explanations
203(35)
Understanding Instructions, Procedures, and Process Explanations
204(1)
Instructions
204(1)
Procedures
204(1)
Process Explanations
204(1)
Graphic Aids
205(1)
Writing Instructions
205(9)
Readers
205(1)
Organization
206(5)
Details and Language
211(2)
Troubleshooting Instructions
213(1)
Writing Procedures
214(3)
Procedures for One Employee
214(1)
Procedures for Several Employees
215(1)
Procedures for Handling Equipment and Systems
216(1)
Writing Process Explanations
217(5)
Readers
218(1)
Organization
218(4)
Details and Language
222(1)
Chapter Summary
222(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
223(1)
Models
224(12)
Exercises
236(2)
10 Formal Report Elements
238(31)
Selecting Formal Report Elements
239(1)
Writing Front Matter
239(5)
Title Page
239(1)
Transmittal Letter or Memo
240(1)
Table of Contents
240(1)
List of Figures
241(1)
List of Tables
241(1)
Abstract and Executive Summary
241(3)
Writing Back Matter
244(2)
Reference
244(1)
Glossary/List of Symbols
245(1)
Appendixes
245(1)
Documenting Sources
246(11)
APA System: Citations in the Text
247(2)
APA System: List of References
249(7)
Number-Reference System
256(1)
Chapter Summary
257(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
257(1)
Endnote
257(1)
Models
258(10)
Exercises
268(1)
11 Short and Long Reports
269(36)
Understanding Reports
270(1)
Developing Short Reports
271(5)
Opening-summary Organization
271(2)
Delayed-summary Organization
273(3)
Developing Long Reports
276(11)
Planning Long Reports
279(1)
Gathering Information
279(4)
Taking Notes
283(1)
Interpreting Data
284(1)
Drafting Long Reports
285(2)
Chapter Summary
287(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
287(1)
Models
288(15)
Exercises
303(2)
12 Types of Reports
305(51)
Understanding Conventional Report Types
306(1)
Writing a Feasibility Study
306(3)
Purpose
306(1)
Organization
306(3)
Writing an Incident Report
309(2)
Purpose
309(1)
Organization
309(2)
Writing an Investigative Report
311(4)
Purpose
311(1)
Organization
311(4)
Writing a Progress Report
315(3)
Purpose
315(1)
Organization
315(3)
Writing a Trip Report
318(2)
Purpose
318(1)
Organization
318(2)
Writing a Proposal
320(5)
Purpose
320(1)
Organization
321(4)
Chapter Summary
325(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
326(1)
Models
327(26)
Exercises
353(3)
13 Correspondence
356(51)
Understanding Letters, Memos, and E-Mail
357(1)
Letters
357(1)
Memos
357(1)
E-mail
357(1)
Developing Effective Tone
358(3)
Natural Language
359(1)
Positive Language
359(1)
You-Attitude
360(1)
Organizing Letters and Memos
361(8)
Direct Organization
362(2)
Indirect Organization
364(2)
Persuasive Organization
366(3)
Writing Memos as a Manager
369(2)
Selecting Letter Format
371(6)
Date Line
371(1)
Inside Address
371(1)
Salutation
371(4)
Body
375(1)
Close
375(1)
Signature Block
375(1)
Notations
376(1)
Second Page
376(1)
Envelope
376(1)
Selecting Memo Format
377(1)
Selecting E-mail Format
377(2)
Using the Fax
379(1)
Writing Job-application Letters
379(1)
Writing Resumes
380(3)
Preparing Scannable Resumes
383(1)
Writing Other Job-search Letters
384(2)
Chapter Summary
386(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
387(1)
Endnotes
387(1)
Models
388(16)
Exercises
404(3)
14 Oral Presentations
407(14)
Understanding Oral Presentations
408(2)
Purpose
408(1)
Advantages
408(1)
Disadvantages
409(1)
Types of Oral Presentations
409(1)
Organizing Oral Presentations
410(2)
Preparing for Oral Presentations
412(2)
Delivering Oral Presentations
414(3)
Rehearsal
415(1)
Notes and Outlines
415(1)
Visual Equipment
415(1)
Voice
415(1)
Professional Image
416(1)
Gestures
416(1)
Eye Contact
416(1)
Questions
416(1)
Joining a Team Presentation
417(1)
Facing International Audiences
417(1)
Chapter Summary
418(1)
Supplemental Readings in Part 2
419(1)
Endnotes
419(1)
Exercises
420(1)
Appendix A: Guidelines for Grammar, Punctuation, and Mechanics
421(18)
Grammar
421(6)
Dangling Modifiers
421(1)
Misplaced Modifiers
422(1)
Squinting Modifiers
422(1)
Parallel Construction
423(1)
Pronoun Agreement
423(1)
Pronoun Reference
424(1)
Reflexive Pronoun
424(1)
Sentence Faults
425(1)
Subject/Verb Agreement
426(1)
Punctuation
427(4)
Apostrophe
427(1)


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