9780815330011

The Telegraph: How Technology Innovation Caused Social Change

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780815330011

  • ISBN10:

    0815330014

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1997-08-01
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Summary

Understanding the processes of technology innovation and diffusion, and the economic, social, political, and cultural impact of a diffused technology is crucial to understanding society, because technology is often the impetus for social change. The telegraph, which was the first large-scale innovation in modern communications, is an example of this phenomenon.Focusing on the telegraph, this study examines prominent technology innovation models and offers a new model with a diffusion phase that is specific to interpersonal communication technologies. The diffusion phase is given special attention, since not all technological innovations are alike in need and character and vary in the diffusion process. The first part of the book focuses on the origin and diffusion of new technology, highlighting the dynamic relationship between society and technology. The latter half focuses on the impact of a successful technology as it becomes embedded in the social structure.This book chronicles how the telegraph dramatically altered society's ability to control information processing. The innovation and diffusion process for the telegraph was prototypical of subsequent communication technology innovations such as the telephone, facsimile machines, and the internet systems. Of special interest are the roles that the government, military, and businesses played in the diffusion of telegraphic technology.

Table of Contents

Tables and Figures
ix(2)
Preface xi(2)
Introduction xiii(8)
Acknowledgments xxi
Part One 1(66)
I Origin and Diffusion of New Technology
3(34)
ORIGIN OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES
3(15)
DIFFUSION OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES
18(8)
A DIFFUSION MODEL FOR INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
26(8)
NOTES
34(3)
II Telegraph Innovation: Origin and Diffusion
37(30)
ORIGIN
37(2)
DIFFUSION
39(26)
NOTES
65(2)
Part Two 67(96)
III Telegraph and Formal Organizations
69(28)
WESTERN UNION AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE MODERN BUSINESS MONOPOLY
70(7)
THE TELEGRAPH & MODERN BUREAUCRACY
77(11)
LATER IMPACT OF TELEGRAPHY
88(5)
NOTES
93(4)
IV Telegraph and the Political System: Power and Politics
97(20)
FRENCH AND ENGLISH TELEGRAPH EXPERIENCE
98(2)
GOVERNMENT VERSUS PRIVATE OWNERSHIP: THE AMERICAN EXPERIENCE
100(11)
THE GOVERNMENT'S ROLE IN THE DIFFUSION OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
111(4)
NOTES
115(2)
V The Telegraph and Culture
117(12)
TIME
118(3)
HABIT OF COMMUNICATION
121(1)
TELEGRAPH TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICAL PRACTICE
121(2)
SOCIAL TELEGRAMS
123(1)
LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE
124(4)
NOTES
128(1)
VI The Telegraph and Social Stratification
129(10)
THE EMERGENCE OF THE NEW LOWER MIDDLE CLASS
129(2)
OCCUPATIONAL SEX-TYPING
131(7)
NOTES
138(1)
VII The Telegraph and the Judicial System
139(12)
PATENT LAWS
140(4)
CONTRACT LAW
144(3)
THE TELEGRAPH AND THE LEGAL SYSTEM
147(4)
VIII The Telegraph, Nationalism, and the Global Community
151(12)
AMERICAN NATIONALISM
152(3)
THE TRANS-ATLANTIC CABLE, THE GLOBAL ECONOMY AND THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY
155(6)
NOTES
161(2)
Conclusion 163(6)
Bibliography 169(8)
Index 177

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