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Telling the Story : The Convergence of Print, Broadcast and Online Media,9780312554309
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Telling the Story : The Convergence of Print, Broadcast and Online Media

by Unknown
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780312554309

ISBN10:
0312554303
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/6/2009
Publisher(s):
Bedford/St. Martin's
List Price: $76.00
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Summary

Out of the prestigious Missouri School of Journalism, the world's first journalism school, and from the Missouri Group comes the fourth edition ofTelling the Story. Praised for its concise, straightforward approach, the book teaches students the bedrocks of good journalism from beat reporting, conducting interviews, and strong writing to the unchanging goals of fairness, accuracy and ethics acrossallmedia, print, broadcast, and online. At the same time,Telling the Storyprepares students for the ongoing changes in today's converged newsrooms with the most up-to-date information and guidelines on new trends and technologies from blogging to podcasting to syndicated newsfeeds.

Author Biography

BRIAN S. BROOKS is associate dean for undergraduate studies and administration at the University of Missouri School of Journalism. In addition to coauthoring Telling the Story for Bedford/St. Martin’s, he is coauthor of News Reporting and Writing, Ninth Edition (2008), Working with Words, Seventh Edition (2010), and The Art of Editing, Seventh Edition (2001).

GEORGE KENNEDY, professor emeritus at the University of Missouri School of Journalism, is also a coauthor of News Reporting and Writing, Ninth Edition (2008) and Beyond the Inverted Pyramid (1993), as well as a former managing editor of the Columbia Missourian and a former bureau chief for the Miami Herald.

DARYL R. MOEN is professor of journalism at the University of Missouri School of Journalism and former editor of three daily newspapers. Moen is also coauthor of News Reporting and Writing, Ninth Edition (2008) and Beyond the Inverted Pyramid (1993), and author of Newspaper Layout and Design, Fourth Edition (2000).

DON RANLY is professor emeritus of journalism at the University of Missouri School of Journalism and was formerly director of the magazine sequence at the school. He too is coauthor of News Reporting and Writing, Ninth Edition (2008) and Beyond the Inverted Pyramid (1993), author of Publication Editing (1999), and editor of Principles of American Journalism (1997). He has also produced "Ranly on Writing" audiocassettes and "Ranly on Grammar" and "Refrigerator Journalism" videocassettes.

Table of Contents

PART I. JOURNALISM AND JOURNALISTS

Chapter 1 The Nature of News

CONVERGENCE IN JOURNALISM

WHAT NEWS IS

News Emphasis in Different Media

Citizen Journalism

THE ROLE OF JOURNALISM AND THE CHALLENGES IT FACES

The Public’s View of the News Media

Principles of Journalism Today

ACCURACY, FAIRNESS AND THE PROBLEM OF OBJECTIVITY

"Just the Facts"

On the Job: A Career Crosses Media Lines

Accuracy

Fairness

Bias

Objectivity

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

2 Redefining News: Citizen Journalism and Convergence

THE CHANGING FACE OF JOURNALISM

CITIZEN JOURNALISM

The Public Drives Change

How Important Is Verification?

Citizen Journalism: Here to Stay

The Coming of Web 2.0

Forms of Citizen Journalism

Managing the Change

CONVERGENCE

Different News Rooms, Different Skills

Why Convergence?

On the Job: Persistence Pays Off

Traditional Media: Where Are They Headed?

On the Job: Editing Online News

JOURNALISM JOBS

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

PART II. REPORTING TOOLS

3 Interviewing

BUILDING TRUST

PREPARING FOR THE INTERVIEW

The News Story

On the Job: Getting the Interview

The Profile

The Investigative Piece

Gathering Information

Requesting an Interview

BROADCAST INTERVIEWS

TELEPHONE AND E-MAIL INTERVIEWS

SETTING UP THE INTERVIEW

PREPARING QUESTIONS

Researching Questions

Phrasing Questions

Open-Ended Questions

Closed-Ended Questions

INTERVIEW APPROACHES

ENSURING ACCURACY

Taking Notes

Observing

Understanding What You Hear

Asking Follow-Up Questions

PACING THE INTERVIEW

ENDING THE INTERVIEW

WHAT TO QUOTE DIRECTLY

Unique Material

The Memorable Expression

Important Quotes by Important People

QUOTING ACCURATELY

Verification

Correcting Grammar in Quotations

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

4 Gathering and Verifying Information

ACCCURATE INFORMATION: THE BASIS OF A GOOD STORY

The Discipline of Multiple Sources

The Discipline of Verification

COMPUTERIZED SOURCES OF INFORMATION

Your News Library: The Place to Start

On the Job: News Is Information

Search Engines

News Sites, Portals and Content Aggregators

Other Sites on the World Wide Web

Commercial Database Services

Government Databases

Special-Interest Databases

CD-ROMs and DVDs

Self-Constructed Databases

TRADITIONAL SOURCES OF INFORMATION

The Newspaper Library

Other Traditional Sources

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

5 Reporting with Numbers

PROPORTION

Percentages and Percentage Change

Averages and Medians

Rates

INTEREST AND COMPOUNDING

INFLATION

TAXES

Sales Taxes

Income Taxes

Property Taxes

BUDGETS

On the Job: Working with Numbers

Budget Basics

Finding Stories in Budget Changes, Trends and Comparisons

FINANCIAL REPORTS

MAKING SENSE OF NUMBERS FROM POLLS

MIXING NUMBERS AND WORDS

CURRENCY EXCHANGE

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

PART III. STORYTELLING

6 The Inverted Pyramid

IMPORTANCE OF THE INVERTED PYRAMID STORY

FINDING THE LEAD

Writing the Inverted Pyramid Lead

Emphasizing Different News Values

What? So What? and What’s Next?

VARIATIONS ON THE INVERTED PYRAMID LEAD

The "You" Lead

The Immediate-Identification Lead

The Delayed-Identification Lead

On the Job: Inverted Pyramid—A Basic Tool

The Summary Lead

The Multiple-Element

Leads with Flair

STORY ORGANIZATION

The One-Subject Story

The Multiple-Element Story

CHECKING ACCURACY AND ATTRIBUTIONS

Ensuring Accuracy

How and When to Attribute

Primary Sources

Witnesses

Opinions

Transparency

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

7 Beyond the Inverted Pyramid

THE TECHNIQUES OF NARRATION

Vivid Scenes

Dialogue

Foreshadowing

Anecdotes

THE NEWS NARRATIVE STRUCTURE

THE FOCUS STRUCTURE

Writing the Lead

On the Job: Tips for Writing

Finishing the Set-up

Add the Transition and the Nut Paragraph

Add Foreshadowing

Add the "So What"

Add the "To Be Sure"

Writing the Body

Writing the Ending

WRITING FOR BLOGS

SERVICE JOURNALISM

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

PART IV. COVERING AND WRITING NEWS

8 Speeches, News Conferences and Meetings

YOUR PREPARATION

Preparing for the Speech Story

Preparing for the News Conference Story

Preparing for the Meeting Story

COVERING THE STORY

Be Thorough and Accurate

Be Thoughtful and Observant

WRITING THE STORY

Writing the Speech Story

Writing the News Conference Story

On the Job: Speeches, News Conferences and Meetings

Writing the Meeting Story

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

9 Other Types of Basic Stories

THE VALUE OF EXPERIENCE

YOUR PREPARATION

Preparing for an Obituary or Life Story

Preparing for a Crime Story

Preparing for Accident and Fire Stories

Preparing for a Court Story

WRITING AN OBITUARY OR LIFE STORY

Creating a Lead

Building the Story

On the Job: Focus on a Dream

Choosing Your Words

Giving Cause of Death

Handling Embarrassing Information

WRITING A CRIME STORY

The Chronologically Ordered Story

On the Job: Lessons of the Police Beat

The Sidebar Story

The Inverted Pyramid Account

WRITING ACCIDENT AND FIRE STORIES

The Scene of an Accident

The First Story

The Follow-up Story

The Scene of a Fire

Getting Information

Doing Follow-up Interviews

WRITING A COURT STORY

Avoiding Libelous Statements

Continuing Coverage of the Prosecution

A Typical First Story

Follow-up Story: First Court Appearance

Follow-up Story: Preliminary Hearing

Follow-up Story: Arraignment

Follow-up Story: First Day of the Trial

Follow-up Story: Trial Testimony

Follow-up Story: Verdict

The Free-Press/Fair-Trial Controversy

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

10 Beat Reporting

BEAT REPORTING IN THE 21ST CENTURY

PRINCIPLES FOR REPORTERS ON A BEAT

Be Prepared

Reading for Background

Identifying Sources

Establishing Relationships with Sources

Be Alert

Be Persistent

Insisting on a Responsive Answer

Following Up Slow Developments

Be There

Maintaining Your Connections with Sources

Ensuring Accuracy

On the Job: Newer, Faster, Better

Be Wary

CONVERGED COVERAGE

COVERING THE MOST IMPORTANT

LOCAL BEATS

Information Is Power

The Budget Is the Blueprint

Distributing Power and Money Is Politics

CITY AND COUNTY GOVERNMENT

Subordinate Administrators

Council Members

Pressure Groups

Public Citizens

Opponents

EDUCATION

The Schools

Colleges and Universities

THE POLICE BEAT

THE COURTS

Court Records

Human Sources

Lawyers

Judges

Other Court Functionaries

THE ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE AND MEDICINE

Learning the Beat

Finding Stories

Dealing with Special Issues

SPORTS

Looking Beyond the Clichés

Developing Contacts

Digging for the Real Story

The Negative Influence of Celebrity

The Problem with Financial Incentives

Allegiance to the Reader

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

PART V. MEDIA WRITING

11 Writing News for Radio and Television

CRITERIA FOR SELECTING RADIO AND TELEVISION NEWS

Timeliness

Information

Audio or Visual Impact

People

WRITING RADIO AND TELEVISION NEWS

Characteristics of Radio and Television News writing

Immediacy

Conversational Style

Tight Phrasing

On the Job: Writing News for Radio and Television

Clarity

Story Structure

Writing the Radio and Television Lead

Writing Lead-Ins and Wrap-Ups

Writing to the Video

PREPARING RADIO AND TELEVISION COPY

Format

Names and Titles

Pronunciation

Abbreviations

Symbols and Numbers

Quotations and Attributions

Punctuation

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

12 Writing for Public Relations

PUBLIC-RELATIONS WRITING: A DIFFERENT APPROACH

A Range of Interests

Objectivity and Public-Relations Writing

PUBLIC-RELATIONS WRITING: A DIVERSITY OF TASKS

The Message

The Audience

The Media

Television, Radio and Newsstand Publications

The Internet—An All-in-One Medium

Social-Networking Media

Internal Publications, Brochures and Billboards

THE MEDIA CAMPAIGN

PUBLIC-RELATIONS WRITING: A MATTER OF PERSUASION

Your Attitude

Credibility and Trust

WRITING NEWS RELEASES THAT GET ATTENTION

Know What News Is and How to Write It

Know the Structure and Operations of News Rooms

Know the People in the News Media and the Jobs They Hold

Know the Style of Writing That Fits the Medium

Know How to Distribute Information Online

APPROACHES TO WRITING NEWS RELEASES

The Inverted Pyramid

Getting Beyond the Inverted Pyramid

On the Job: News Releases

Suggested Reading

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

13 Writing Online

THE LESSON OF KATRINA

THE WEB AS ITS OWN MEDIA FORM

HOW TO WRITE FOR THE WEB

The Reader Rules

The Writing Is Nonlinear

Structure Is Everything

GUIDELINES FOR WRITING ONLINE

Think Immediacy

Save Readers’ Time

Provide Information That’s Quick and Easy to Get

On the Job: An Online Career

Think Both Verbally and Visually

Cut Copy in Half

Use Lots of Lists and Bullets

Write in Chunks

Use Hyperlinks

Internal Connections

External Connections

Give Readers a Chance to Talk Back

Don’t Forget the Human Touch

WRITING WITH SEARCH ENGINES IN MIND

LEGAL AND ETHICAL CONCERNS

Privacy

Advertising

Manipulating Photos

Concealing Your Identity

Corrections

Hyperlinks to External Sites

TOMORROW’S READERS

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

14 Law

LIBEL

Libel Suit Defenses

Truth

On the Job: The Keys to Avoiding Libel

Privilege

Fair Comment and Criticism

The Actual Malice Test

Standards Applicable to Public Figures

Standards Applicable to Private Citizens

The Continuing Danger

Libel and the Internet

INVASION OF PRIVACY

Trespassing

Portraying in a "False Light"

Causing Unwanted Publicity Offensive to a Person of Ordinary Sensibilities

PROTECTION OF SOURCES AND NOTES

ACCESS TO COURTS

COPYRIGHT AND FAIR USE

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

 

15 Ethics

THREE ETHICAL PHILOSOPHIES

Deontological Ethics

Teleological Ethics

On the Job: Ethics in Reporting

Situation Ethics

Antinomianism

Love of Neighbor

Utilitarianism

John Rawls’ Veil of Ignorance

Aristotle’s Golden Mean

RESOLVING ETHICAL ISSUES

ETHICAL PROBLEMS

Deceit

Conflicts of Interest

Friendship

Payola

Freebies

Checkbook Journalism

Participation in the News

Advertising Pressure

The Influence of Advertisers

Conflicts and Policies in Print Media

Conflicts and Policies in Other Media

Invasion of Privacy

Crime Victims and Suspects

Juvenile Offenders

Public Figures

Photos and Video

Withholding Information

PLAGIARISM

Suggested Readings

Suggested Web Sites

Exercises

Appendix 1: Copy Editing and Proofreading Symbols

Appendix 2: Wire Service Style Summary

Appendix 3: Twenty Common Errors of Grammar and Punctuation

Appendix 4: Crisis Coverage: An Interactive CD-ROM Journalism Simulation

Glossary

Index


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