9780521026598

Testing Quantum Mechanics on New Ground

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521026598

  • ISBN10:

    0521026598

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-11-02
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Purchase Benefits
  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
List Price: $43.99 Save up to $1.32
  • Buy New
    $42.67
    Add to Cart Free Shipping

    SPECIAL ORDER: 1-2 WEEKS

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Technological advances have made it possible to perform experiments, once considered to be purely gedanken, which test the counterintuitive and bizarre consequences of quantum theory. This book provides simple accounts of these experiments and an understanding of what they aim to prove and why this is important. After introducing the main theoretical concepts and problems with the foundations of quantum mechanics, early chapters discuss experiments in the areas of wave-particle duality, cavity quantum electrodynamics and quantum non-demolition measurement. The text then examines investigation of certain predictions including the Aharanov-Bohm effect, before tackling the problem of macroscopic quantum coherence. Later chapters consider methods of testing the quantum Zeno paradox, collapse, macroscopic quantum jumps, tunnelling times and Einstein-Bell non-locality. Introductions to the theory behind types of measuring devices such as micromasers and those based on the concept of quantum non-demolition are also given. Detailed references are included.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Copyright acknowledgements xiv
Wave--particle duality
1(36)
Introduction
1(2)
The double-slit experiment
3(7)
Two-particle interferometry
10(4)
Neutron self-interference experiments
14(8)
Static (stochastic) absorber
15(1)
Time-dependent (deterministic) absorber
15(7)
Electron self-interference
22(1)
Single-photon states and complementarity
23(5)
The double-prism experiment
28(7)
Birefringence and complementarity
35(1)
Conclusion and summary
36(1)
Cavity quantum electrodynamics
37(25)
Introduction
37(1)
Spontaneous emission rates
38(7)
Perturbative low-Q regime
38(4)
Nonperturbative high-Q regime
42(3)
Micromasers
45(17)
Mesoscopic Schrodinger cats
50(8)
Testing complementarity
58(2)
The quantum eraser
60(2)
Quantum nondemolition measurements
62(11)
Introduction
62(2)
General theory of QND measurements
64(9)
The back-action-evading method
69(2)
The quantum counting method
71(2)
Topological phases
73(16)
The Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect
73(3)
Experimental verification of the AB effect
76(4)
The scalar AB effect
80(1)
The Anandan--Aharonov--Casher (AAC) effect
81(6)
The geometric phase
87(2)
Macroscopic quantum coherence
89(17)
The measurement problem
89(1)
Interpretations
90(8)
Bohr's interpretation
90(1)
von Neumann's interpretation
91(2)
The many worlds interpretation
93(1)
Emergence of the classical world
94(1)
The many histories interpretation
95(2)
The de Broglie--Bohm (dBB) interpretation
97(1)
The Ghirardi--Rimini--Weber--Pearle (GRWP) model
98(1)
Macroscopic quantum tunneling
98(2)
Macroscopic quantum coherence
100(6)
The quantum Zeno paradox
106(10)
Introduction
106(1)
Zeno's paradox in quantum theory
107(3)
Zeno time
110(1)
Experimental observation
111(3)
Universality of the Zeno effect
114(2)
Testing collapse
116(16)
Introduction
116(1)
The GRWP model
117(2)
Observational tests of GRWP models
119(6)
Spontaneous excitation of atoms
119(1)
Nucleon decay experiments
120(3)
Cosmological tests
123(2)
Distinguishing true collapse from environmentally induced decoherence (EID)
125(7)
A gedanken example
127(3)
An example from biochemistry
130(2)
Macroscopic quantum jumps
132(9)
Introduction
132(1)
Theory
133(6)
Observation of quantum jumps
139(2)
Nonlocality
141(24)
The Einstein--Podolsky--Rosen (EPR) argument
141(2)
Bell's theorem
143(11)
Introduction
143(2)
Proof of Bell's inequality
145(2)
The Clauser--Horne--Shimony--Holt (CHSH) inequalities
147(4)
The Clauser--Horne (CH) assumptions
151(1)
Weak and strong inequalities
152(2)
Experimental tests of Bell's inequality
154(6)
Quantum optical tests
154(4)
Particle physics tests
158(2)
The Greenberger--Horne--Zeilinger (GHZ) argument
160(1)
Two-particle nonlocality sans inequalities
161(1)
Signal locality
162(3)
Tunneling times
165(21)
Introduction
165(1)
The Brouard--Sala--Muga (BSM) formalism
166(7)
Combinations of P and D
168(3)
Average passage or arrival times
171(2)
Trajectories and tunneling times
173(7)
Bohm trajectories
173(3)
Feynman paths
176(2)
Wigner trajectories
178(1)
Wave-packet trajectories
179(1)
Quantum clocks
180(1)
Experiments
181(5)
References 186(14)
Author index 200(6)
Subject index 206

Rewards Program

Write a Review