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Texas Politics Today

by
Edition:
12th
ISBN13:

9780534602116

ISBN10:
0534602118
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/24/2005
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $111.33

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Summary

TEXAS POLITICS TODAY continues to be a best-selling overview of Texas Politics because it offers students a wide range of viewpoints, drawing on the diverse political and social perspectives of its contributing authors to give students rich, nuanced insight into the political system and decision-making processes of the Lone Star State. Current issues and candid analysis of government increase student awareness of the real effects of state policy on their lives, and encourage them to get politically involved.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Texas History, Culture, and People
1(34)
Politics and Government
2(13)
The Republic: 1836--1845
2(1)
Early Statehood and Secession: 1846-1864
3(1)
Post--Civil War Texas: 1865-1885
3(1)
Progress and Reform: 1886-1913
4(1)
Farmer Jim: 1914-1918
5(1)
The Twenties and the Return of Farmer Jim: 1919-1928
6(1)
The Great Depression: 1929-1939
7(1)
``Pass the Biscuits, Pappy'': 1938-1945
8(1)
Texas After World War II: 1946-1949
9(1)
The 1950s
10(1)
The 1960s
11(1)
The 1970s
11(1)
The 1980s
12(1)
The 1990s
12(1)
The 2000s
13(2)
Cultural Regions of Texas
15(8)
East Texas
16(1)
Gulf Coast
16(1)
South Texas
17(1)
Southwest Texas
18(1)
German Hill Country
19(1)
West Texas
19(1)
Panhandle
20(1)
North Texas
20(1)
Central Texas
21(1)
Essay: The Texas Irish
21(2)
Cultural Diversity
23(2)
Conclusion
25(1)
Key Terms
25(1)
Review Questions
25(1)
Logging On
26(1)
Get Active!
26(1)
Recent Developments
27(8)
Essay: The Politics of Cultural Semantics by Fernando Pinon
28(2)
Appendix: How Texas Compares
30(5)
The Texas Constitution in Perspective
35(28)
The National Constitution and the States: Federalism
36(4)
Division of Powers
36(2)
Limits on States
38(2)
The Texas Constitution
40(13)
The Texas Constitution in History
40(3)
The Texas Constitution Today
43(1)
Bill of Rights and Fundamental Liberty
43(1)
Separation of Powers
44(1)
Legislative Branch
44(2)
Executive Branch
46(2)
Courts
48(1)
Local Government
48(1)
Suffrage
49(1)
Amending and Revising the Texas Constitution
49(2)
The Texas Constitution Compared
51(2)
Conclusion
53(1)
Key Terms
53(1)
Review Questions
54(1)
Logging On
54(1)
Get Active!
54(1)
Recent Developments
55(8)
Essay: Governor E. J. Davis and His Legacy for Texas by Lynn R. Brink and Charlotte A. Rike
56(3)
Essay: A Square Peg in a Round Hole: The Regime of Governor Edmund J. Davis Reconsidered by Jeremy Curtoys
59(4)
Voting and Elections
63(40)
Political Participation
64(9)
The Participation Paradox
64(1)
Who Votes?
64(2)
The Practice of Voting
66(1)
Voter Turnout in the United States and in Texas
67(3)
Reasons for Low Voter Turnout in Texas
70(3)
Elections in Texas
73(16)
Primary Elections
73(5)
General Elections
78(2)
Special Elections
80(1)
The Conduct and Administration of Elections
80(9)
Election Campaigns in Texas
89(6)
Who Gets Elected
89(1)
The General Election Campaign
90(2)
Money in Political Campaigns
92(3)
Conclusion
95(1)
Key Terms
96(1)
Review Questions
96(1)
Logging On
96(1)
Get Active!
97(1)
Recent Developments
97(6)
Essay: Electronic Voting: Savior or Destroyer of American Democracy?
99(4)
Gina Ulbert
Political Parties
103(24)
Functions of Political Parties
104(1)
Characteristics of American Political Parties
105(2)
Pragmatism
105(1)
Decentralization
105(1)
Two-Partyism
106(1)
Development of the Texas Party System
107(7)
The One-Party Tradition in Texas
107(1)
Ideological Basis of Factionalism: Conservatives and Liberals
108(1)
Conservative and Liberal Factions in the Democratic Party
109(2)
Rise of the Republican Party
111(1)
Conservative and Moderate Factions within the Republican Party
112(2)
Organizational Basis of Party Machinery in Texas
114(3)
Temporary-Party Organization
115(1)
Permanent-Party Organization
116(1)
A New Era of Republican Dominance
117(3)
Conclusion
120(1)
Key Terms
121(1)
Review Questions
121(1)
Logging On
121(1)
Get Active!
121(1)
Recent Developments
122(5)
Essay: The 2003 Redistricting of Texas
123(4)
David Romero
Interest Groups
127(34)
Constitutional Guarantees
129(1)
What Interest Groups Are
129(1)
What Interest Groups Do
130(1)
Direct Means of Influencing Government
131(2)
Lobbying the Legislative and Executive Branches
131(1)
Filing Suit in Court
132(1)
Advising and Serving the State
133(1)
Organizing Public Demonstrations
133(1)
Indirect Means of Influencing Government
133(1)
Electioneering
133(1)
Educating the Public
133(1)
Socializing
134(1)
Why People Join Interest Groups
134(1)
Types of Interest Groups
135(2)
Economic Interest Groups
135(1)
Noneconomic Interest Groups
135(1)
Mixed Interest Groups
136(1)
Factors That Affect Interest Group Power
137(4)
Culture of Nonparticipation
137(1)
Party Competition
137(1)
Part-Time Legislature
137(1)
Decentralization of Executive Branch Power
137(1)
Law
138(1)
The Media
138(1)
Constituent Influence
139(1)
Interest Groups as Checks on Interest Groups
139(1)
Campaign Contributions
140(1)
Conclusions About Balance in the Political System
141(1)
The Regulation of Lobbying
142(3)
Who Must Register and Report Lobbying Costs?
142(1)
What Does a Lobbyist Report?
143(2)
What Is Not Reported as Lobbying That Affects Lobbying?
145(1)
Access to the Reports of Lobbyists
145(1)
Reporting to Clients
145(1)
The Craft of Lobbying
145(3)
Before the Legislature
145(1)
Before Administrative Agencies
146(1)
Before the Courts
147(1)
Which Interests Are Powerful?
148(2)
Interest Group Dynamics and Power
150(2)
Conclusion
152(1)
Key Terms
153(1)
Review Questions
153(1)
Logging On
154(1)
Get Active!
154(1)
Recent Developments
155(6)
Essay: The Texas Pro-Voucher Lobby and Its ``Influence Production'' Machine
156(5)
Mitzi Mahoney
The Legislature: Organization and Structure
161(24)
Geographic Districts
162(5)
Qualifications for Membership
167(3)
Formal Qualifications
167(1)
Informal Qualifications
167(3)
Organization of the Texas Legislature
170(4)
Presiding Officers
170(2)
Legislative Committees
172(1)
Legislative Staff
173(1)
Amateurism in the Texas Legislature
174(4)
Terms
174(1)
Compensation
175(1)
The Limited Session
176(2)
Conclusion
178(1)
Key Terms
178(1)
Review Questions
178(1)
Logging On
179(1)
Get Active!
179(1)
Recent Developments
180(5)
Essay: Are Texas Legislative Elections Competitive?
181(4)
John David Rausch Jr.
The Legislative Process
185(26)
Powers of the Presiding Officers
186(15)
Procedural Tools of Leadership
186(13)
Institutional Tools of Leadership
199(2)
Restraints on the Powers of the Presiding Officers
201(2)
Personality
201(1)
The Team
201(1)
The Lobby and Bureaucracy
201(1)
The Governor
201(1)
Political Climate
202(1)
Political or Economic Ambition
202(1)
Other Legislators
203(1)
Conclusion
203(1)
Key Terms
203(1)
Review Questions
204(1)
Logging On
204(1)
Get Active!
205(1)
Recent Developments
205(6)
Essay: 5 PACs United for GOP House Groups Gave $1.7 Million for Twenty-Two Races, Winning Seventeen; Biggest Backers Driving Business Agenda
206(2)
Christy Hoppe
Essay: Lobbyists Lining Up behind New GOP Leadership Groups Feel Heat for Backing Losers
208(3)
Ken Herman
Dave McNeely
The Governor
211(22)
Qualifications, Tenure, and Staff
212(4)
Formal Qualifications
212(1)
Informal Criteria
213(1)
Tenure, Removal, and Succession
214(1)
Compensation
214(1)
Staff
214(2)
Tools of Persuasion
216(11)
Legislative Tools of Persuasion
217(4)
Executive Tools of Persuasion
221(5)
Governor as Party Chief
226(1)
Conclusion
227(1)
Key Terms
227(1)
Review Questions
227(1)
Logging On
228(1)
Get Active!
228(1)
Recent Developments
229(4)
Essay: Governors and Texas Agencies
230(3)
Patricia Caperton Parent
The Bureaucracy
233(30)
Characteristics of Bureaucracy
234(4)
Size
234(2)
Neutrality
236(1)
Hierarchy
237(1)
Expertise
237(1)
The Bureaucracy and Public Policy
238(9)
Clientele Groups
238(1)
The Legislature, the Lieutenant Governor, and the Speaker
239(1)
The Governor
240(1)
The Iron Texas Star
240(2)
Public Support
242(1)
Expertise
242(1)
Information
242(1)
Administration of the Law
243(1)
Accountability
243(4)
The Texas Administration
247(6)
Elected Executives
247(3)
Appointed Executives
250(1)
Boards and Commissions
251(2)
Conclusion
253(1)
Key Terms
254(1)
Review Questions
254(1)
Logging On
254(1)
Get Active!
255(1)
Recent Developments
255(8)
Essay: Agencies and Influence: A Special Case in the Public Utilities Commission of Texas (``What a Tangled Web...'')
257(4)
Christy Woodward Kaupert
Essay: Agencies and Influence: Another Special Case---ERCOT (The Tangled Web Redux)
261(2)
Christy Woodward Kaupert
The Judiciary
263(32)
Civil and Criminal Cases
265(1)
Original and Appellate Jurisdiction
266(1)
Court Organization
266(11)
Municipal Courts
266(3)
Justices of the Peace
269(2)
County Courts
271(1)
District Courts
271(2)
Courts of Appeals
273(2)
Court of Criminal Appeals
275(1)
Supreme Court
276(1)
Juries
277(2)
Grand Jury
277(1)
Petit (Trial) Jury
278(1)
Selection of Judges
279(1)
The Politics of Judicial Selection in Texas
280(4)
Conclusion
284(1)
Key Terms
285(1)
Review Questions
285(1)
Logging On
285(1)
Get Active!
286(1)
Recent Developments
287(8)
Essay: Runaway Campaign Contributions in Texas Supreme Court Races: Causes, Impact, and Proposed Reforms
288(7)
John C. Domino
Law and Due Process
295(40)
Civil Law
297(3)
Types of Civil Law
297(1)
Issues in Civil Law
298(2)
The Elements of Crime
300(4)
The Crime
300(1)
The Criminal
300(3)
The Victim
303(1)
Law Enforcement
304(5)
State Agencies
304(1)
Local Agencies
305(1)
Prevention of Crime
305(1)
Detection of Crime
306(1)
Enforcement of Law
306(1)
Gathering Evidence
306(1)
Arrest
307(1)
Detention
307(2)
The Courts
309(7)
Pretrial Court Activities
309(2)
Formal Charges
311(1)
Pretrial Hearings
311(1)
Plea Bargaining
312(1)
The Trial
312(2)
Posttrial Proceedings
314(1)
The Special Case of Juvenile Courts
315(1)
Rehabilitation and Punishment
316(3)
Texas Department of Criminal Justice
316(2)
Clemency
318(1)
Texas Youth Commission
318(1)
Jails
318(1)
Conclusion
319(1)
Key Terms
320(1)
Review Questions
320(1)
Logging On
320(1)
Get Active!
321(1)
Recent Developments
321(14)
Essay: Texas Is Number One! Statistics and Other Controversies in the Death Penalty Debate
323(4)
Neal Coates
Essay: In Search of a Solution to America's Drug Problem: Will History Repeat Itself?
327(8)
Orlando N. Bama
Taxing and Budgeting
335(24)
Revenues
337(10)
Taxation
338(2)
Issues in Taxation
340(5)
Other Revenues
345(2)
The Budgetary Process
347(2)
Conclusion
349(1)
Key Terms
350(1)
Review Questions
350(1)
Logging On
350(1)
Get Active!
350(1)
Recent Developments
351(8)
Essay: Possible Texas Tax Reforms
352(5)
Albert Luther Ellis III
Essay: Is Texas Last? An Examination of Political Culture and Health Insurance for Children
357(2)
Gary Tschoepe
Spending and Services
359(30)
Education in Texas
361(10)
Elementary and Secondary Schools
361(2)
The Politics of Public Education
363(5)
Higher Education
368(3)
Health and Human Services
371(6)
Income Support
371(2)
Health Programs
373(1)
Unemployment Programs
374(1)
The Politics of ``Welfare''
375(2)
Transportation
377(2)
Highway Programs
377(1)
The Politics of Transportation
378(1)
Conclusion
379(1)
Key Terms
379(1)
Review Questions
379(1)
Logging On
380(1)
Get Active!
380(1)
Recent Developments
381(8)
Essay: ``Robin Hood'' Lives! Texas School Finance Reform, 2005
382(3)
Glenn David Garrison
Essay: The Negative Impact of Texas' Fiscal Conservatism and Antigovernment Philosophy
385(4)
Brian K. Dille
Local Government
389(32)
Municipalities
391(9)
Forms of Government
392(3)
Municipal Election Systems
395(1)
Revenue Sources and Limitations
396(2)
Issues and Trends
398(2)
Counties
400(8)
Functions of Counties
401(2)
Structure and Organization of Counties
403(3)
Issues and Trends
406(2)
Special-District Governments
408(3)
Issues and Trends
409(2)
Councils of Government
411(1)
Conclusion
411(1)
Key Terms
412(1)
Review Questions
412(1)
Logging On
412(1)
Get Active!
413(1)
Recent Developments
414(7)
Essay: A Nationwide Civic Organization Promotes Local Distinctiveness
415(2)
Rick Henderson
Essay: Ethnic Polarization: A Major Factor in Corpus Christi's At-Large Elections
417(4)
Robert R. Bezdek
Juan Carlos Huerta
Glossary 421(8)
Index 429


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