9780754607908

Thai Classical Singing: Its History, Musical Characteristics and Transmission

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780754607908

  • ISBN10:

    0754607909

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-06-28
  • Publisher: Ashgate (AGH)

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Summary

Thai classical singing is a genre that blossomed during the golden age of music in the royal court at Bangkok during the nineteenth century. It took a variety of forms including unaccompanied songs used for narration in plays, instrumental music that was used to accompany mimed actions, and songs of entertainment accompanied by an instrumental ensemble. Today, Thai classical singing is found widely outside the court, and its influence is evident in many traditional songs.This book is the first in English to provide a detailed study of Thai classical singing. Dusadee Swangviboonpong discusses the historical background to this long-established genre, the vocal techniques that it employs, the contexts in which it is performed, the degree of improvisation that performers use, the setting of texts and the methods used to teach the songs. Teaching methods still tend to focus on oral transmission, although there have been recent attempts by the Thai authorities to standardize the way singing is taught and practised. These controls are, argues the author, a threat to the the variety in style and approach that has characterised this music and kept it alive.The book features transcriptions of Thai classical songs and a glossary of Thai terms, so making it a useful introduction to the genre.

Author Biography

Dusadee Swangviboonpong is Leverhulme Research Fellow at the Department of Music, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, UK.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
vii
Editorial Note viii
Table of Royal Reigns and Periods
xiii
Acknowledgements xv
Preface xvi
The Historical Dimension
1(18)
Singing during the Pre-Sukhothai, Sukhothai and Ayutthaya periods (up to 1767)
1(3)
The early Rattanakosin period (1782--1851)
4(3)
The mid-Rattanakosin period (from 1851--1932)
7(1)
Court singers
8(2)
Court composers
10(4)
The status of Thai music since 1932
14(5)
The Basics of Thai Vocal Music
19(26)
Voice production
19(4)
Pitches and intervals
23(9)
Yyan (wordless vocalisation)
32(3)
Speech-tones and yyan
35(1)
A grammar of yyan sounds and their common usages
36(9)
Lyrics and Speech-tones
45(31)
Sources for lyrics
45(3)
Classification of lyrics
48(8)
Speech-tones and their melodic formulae in songs
56(7)
An application of Tanese's formulae: a case study of metabole in Thai singing
63(13)
Poetic Form and Word Positioning
76(28)
Klccn
76(4)
Word positioning of lyrics in the klccn form for phleen naathab probkaj
80(13)
Application of word positioning of lyrics in the klccn form to the other poetic forms
93(3)
Word replacement (with special reference to kaan len sagkrawaa)
96(8)
Some Significant Features of Thai Vocal Melody
104(35)
The vocal melody and the khccn melody
104(1)
The non-improvisational character of vocal melody
105(1)
A general perspective on vocal melody
106(5)
Luug tog
111(5)
Thaw melody
116(2)
Lob siian
118(1)
Thaan
119(9)
Melodic flexibility and manipulation in phleen thajccj
128(11)
The Teaching of Thai Singing
139(75)
The relationship between student and teacher
139(4)
Traditional teaching methods
143(2)
The concepts of huuan wichaa and khruuphag lag cam
145(3)
Songs for beginners
148(11)
Modern teaching
159(4)
Music competitions
163(1)
Recent movements in teaching theory
164(3)
Appendices
Appendix I: The abstract of Bunchuuaj Soowad's research paper: `The Sound Frequency of the Notes used in the Thai Musical Scale'
167(1)
Appendix II: Pitch ranges of some instruments and of the singing voice
168(2)
Appendix III: An example of raw data from an analysis of intervals
170(3)
Appendix IV: Categorisation of song texts
173(10)
Appendix V: Translation of `The Phrajaa Sancdurijaan singing method and its theory' by Careencaj Suntharawaathin
183(7)
Appendix VI: Transcriptions of Thai classical songs
190(13)
Appendix VII: Khccn melodies of the songs `Ton Phleen Chin' and `Thajεε'
203(4)
Appendix VIII: Translation of the standard levels used in Thai singing exams
207(7)
Glossary of Thai Terms 214(3)
Bibliography 217(7)
Audiography 224(2)
Index 226

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