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Thanatochemistry : A Survey of General, Organic, and Biochemistry for Funeral Service Professionals,9780136541950
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Thanatochemistry : A Survey of General, Organic, and Biochemistry for Funeral Service Professionals

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780136541950

ISBN10:
013654195X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/1998
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $124.20
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  • Thanatochemistry A Survey of General, Organic, and Biochemistry for Funeral Service Professionals
    Thanatochemistry A Survey of General, Organic, and Biochemistry for Funeral Service Professionals




Summary

This book presents the essential facts of chemistry and the chemical aspects of other science related to mortuary science. The book follows closely the recommended course curriculum outline of the American Board of Funeral Service Education. The organization of the book flows logically from inorganic to organic to biochemistry. It begins with a discussion of general chemistry in the first part of the book. Among the topics addressed are: measurements; matter and energy; nature of matter and the changes in matter; chemical reactions; solution; ionization; and selected compounds such as oxygen, hydrogen, water, and ammonia. The second part of the book segues into a discussion of organic chemistry. Among the topics discussed are: nomenclature; reactions; and the uses of fundamental compounds. The third section of the book presents a discussion of biochemistry. The book provides embalming applications throughout and concludes with a chapter summarizing the action and composition of embalming fluids. A valuable chemistry reference book for mortuary professionals.

Table of Contents

PREFACE vii
PART ONE GENERAL CHEMISTRY 3(148)
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION
3(7)
Definition of Chemistry
3(2)
Divisions of Chemistry
5(1)
Chemical Measurements
5(3)
Chapter Summary
8(1)
Questions
8(2)
Chapter 2 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL CHANGES
10(9)
Physical Properties
10(5)
Chemical Properties
15(1)
Physical and Chemical Changes
15(1)
Chapter Summary
16(1)
Questions
17(2)
Chapter 3 STATES AND TYPES OF MATTER
19(12)
Solid XXX Liquid XXX Gas
19(2)
Solid XXX Gas
21(1)
Characteristics of States of Matter
22(6)
Types of Matter
28(1)
Chapter Summary
29(1)
Questions
30(1)
Chapter 4 ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND CHEMICAL BONDING
31(13)
Atoms
31(7)
The Periodic Table
38(1)
Chemical Bonding
39(3)
Chapter Summary
42(1)
Questions
43(1)
Chapter 5 CHEMICAL SHORTHAND: SYMBOLS, FORMULAS, AND EQUATIONS
44(19)
Symbols
44(2)
Formulas
46(5)
Molecular Mass
51(1)
Naming Compounds
51(1)
Equations
52(1)
Writing Equations
53(1)
Balancing Equations
54(2)
Decomposition
56(2)
Double-Replacement (Metathesis) Reactions
58(3)
Chapter Summary
61(1)
Questions
61(2)
Chapter 6 RADIATION CHEMISTRY
63(20)
Radioactivity
63(3)
Transmutation
66(2)
Half-Life
68(1)
Artificial Transmutations
69(2)
Radiation Quantities and Units
71(2)
Radiation Detectors
73(2)
Protection from Radiation
75(2)
Sources of Radiation Encountered by Embalmers
77(1)
Vehicles of Radionuclide Therapy
78(1)
Preparation of the Body without Autopsy
78(1)
Preparation of the Autopsied Body
79(1)
Cremation
80(1)
Summary of Precautionary Procedures
80(1)
Chapter Summary
81(1)
Questions
82(1)
Chapter 7 OXYGEN
83(11)
Facts about Oxygen
83(1)
Physical Properties
83(1)
Chemical Properties
84(2)
Methods for the Preparation of Oxygen
86(2)
Factors Affecting Reaction Rates
88(3)
Forms of Oxygen
91(1)
Chapter Summary
92(1)
Questions
93(1)
Chapter 8 HYDROGEN
94(8)
Facts about Hydrogen
94(1)
Physical Properties
94(1)
Chemical Properties
95(2)
Preparation of Hydrogen
97(3)
Chapter Summary
100(1)
Questions
100(2)
Chapter 9 WATER
102(10)
Facts about Water
102(1)
Physical Properties
103(1)
Hydrogen Bonding
103(2)
Chemical Properties
105(1)
Preparation of Water
106(1)
Hardness in Water
106(2)
Relationship of Hard Water to Embalming
108(1)
Classes of Impurities in Water
109(1)
Purification Methods
109(1)
Chapter Summary
110(1)
Questions
111(1)
Chapter 10 SOLUTIONS
112(9)
Types and Components of Solutions
112(1)
Solubility
113(1)
Concentration Terms
114(1)
Properties of Solutions
115(2)
Application of Osmotic Principles to Embalming
117(1)
Colloids and Suspensions
117(2)
Chapter Summary
119(1)
Questions
119(2)
Chapter 11 ACIDS, BASES, SALTS, AND IONIZATION
121(20)
Self-Ionization of Water
121(1)
Definitions of Acids and Bases
122(1)
Arrhenius Theory
122(4)
Common Aqueous Acids and Bases
126(1)
Properties of Aqueous Acids and Bases
127(3)
Bronsted-Lowry Theory
130(1)
Lewis Theory
131(1)
Anhydrides
132(1)
Salts
132(2)
Ionization
134(1)
pH: Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
135(2)
Chapter Summary
137(1)
Questions
138(3)
Chapter 12 HYDRATES AND HYDROLYSIS
141(10)
Hydrates
141(3)
Hydrolysis
144(2)
Chapter Summary
146(1)
Questions
147(4)
PART TWO ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 151(72)
Chapter 13 INTRODUCTION
151(6)
Nature of Organic Chemistry
151(1)
Properties of Carbon
152(1)
Functional Groups
153(1)
Formulas
154(1)
Chapter Summary
155(1)
Questions
155(2)
Chapter 14 HYDROCARBONS
157(16)
Hydrocarbons
157(10)
Aromatic Hydrocarbons
167(3)
Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons
170(1)
Sources of Aromatic Compounds
170(1)
Chapter Summary
171(1)
Questions
172(1)
Chapter 15 ALCOHOLS AND ETHERS
173(14)
Alcohols
173(4)
Important Alcohols in Embalming
177(2)
Phenols
179(1)
Cresols
180(1)
Resorcinol
180(1)
Hexyl Resorcinol
181(1)
Hexachlorophene
181(1)
Comparison of Alcohols as Germicides
181(1)
Thioalcohols (Metacaptans)
182(1)
Ethers
183(2)
Chapter Summary
185(1)
Questions
185(2)
Chapter 16 ALDEHYDES AND KETONES
187(10)
Aldehydes
187(7)
Ketones
194(2)
Chapter Summary
196(1)
Questions
196(1)
Chapter 17 CARBOXYLIC ACIDS AND ESTERS
197(14)
Structure of Organic Acids
197(1)
Monocarboxylic Acids
198(1)
Acidic Nature of Carboxylic Acids
199(1)
Organic Salts
200(1)
Dicarboxylic Acids
200(2)
Hydroxy Acids
202(2)
Chelates
204(1)
Lactic Acid
205(1)
Esters
205(4)
Thioesters
209(1)
Chapter Summary
210(1)
Questions
210(1)
Chapter 18 AMINES AND AMIDES
211(12)
Amines
211(2)
Reactions of Amines
213(2)
Aromatic Amines
215(1)
Heterocyclic Amines
215(2)
Quarternary Ammonium Compounds
217(2)
Chapter Summary
219(1)
Questions
219(4)
PART THREE BIOCHEMISTRY 223(102)
Chapter 19 INTRODUCTION
223(8)
Elemental Composition
223(2)
Molecular Composition
225(2)
Macromolecules
227(2)
Metabolism
229(1)
Chapter Summary
230(1)
Questions
230(1)
Chapter 20 PROTEINS
231(24)
Protein Composition
231(1)
Amino Acids
232(3)
Amphoterism
235(2)
Peptide Linkage
237(1)
Cross-Linking of Proteins
238(1)
Protein Structure
239(9)
Hemoglobin
248(1)
Breakdown of Hemoglobin
249(2)
Denaturation
251(1)
Protein Breakdown
251(2)
Chapter Summary
253(1)
Questions
254(1)
Chapter 21 ENZYMES
255(9)
Enzyme Function
255(1)
Nomenclature
256(1)
Chemical Properties of Enzymes
257(2)
Regulation of Enzyme Activity
259(3)
The Role of Enzymes in Decomposition
262(1)
Chapter Summary
262(1)
Questions
262(2)
Chapter 22 CARBOHYDRATES
264(32)
Definition and Classification
264(1)
Monosaccharides
265(5)
Disaccharides
270(2)
Polysaccharides
272(3)
Proteoglycans
275(1)
Reactions of Carbohydrates
275(3)
Photosynthesis
278(1)
Synthesis of Adenosine Triphosphate
278(11)
Muscle Contraction: Rigor Mortis
289(4)
Chapter Summary
293(1)
Questions
294(2)
Chapter 23 LIPIDS
296(15)
Classification of Lipids
296(1)
Simple Lipids
296(2)
Compound Lipids
298(2)
Miscellaneous Lipids
300(5)
Reactions of Lipids
305(3)
Significance of Lipids to the Embalming Process
308(1)
Chapter Summary
309(1)
Questions
309(2)
Chapter 24 SUMMARY OF THE ACTION AND COMPOSITION OF EMBALMING FLUIDS
311(14)
Actions of Preservative Chemicals
311(2)
Preservation by Formaldehyde
313(2)
Embalming Fluids: Basic Types
315(6)
Factors Influencing Stability of Fluids (Shelf Life)
321(1)
Potentially Hazardous Chemicals Used in Embalming or Present in the Mortuary
321(1)
Chapter Summary
322(1)
Questions
323(2)
APPENDIX A: SAMPLE MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET 325(2)
APPENDIX B: ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS 327(14)
GLOSSARY OF CHEMICAL TERMS 341(8)
INDEX 349


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