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Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy : A Multicultural Perspective,9780205482252
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Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy : A Multicultural Perspective

by ; ; ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780205482252

ISBN10:
0205482252
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $118.66
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Summary

What colleagues are saying about the thoroughly revised and reorganized Sixth Edition of Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: A Multicultural Perspectivehellip; "Finally, a textbook that emphasizes the new Positive Psychology movement! The more I read this text, the more I like it." Meredyth G. Fellows, West Chester University of Pennsylvania "It brings a fresh perspective (postmodern, multiple perspectives, multicultural intentionalityconcepts not addressed in my text and other similar texts) to understanding theories of counseling and psychotherapy." Claire Sham Choy, California State University, Fresno "Finally, a textbook that centralizes multicultural-feminist-social justice movements and positive psychology (as well as constructivism and postmodernism) without tacking them on to the end! A terrific book for a masterrs"s or advanced undergraduate course in theories or in multicultural counseling." Sharon Horne, The University of Memphis "The strength of this text is that it integrates multicultural issues into each chapter and utilizes multicultural examples to explore different theories. This integration is coupled with the specific discussion of multicultural theory as a theory in and of itself. The multidimensional approach to multiculturalism champions the current thinking of our time that celebrates an integrative and infused perspective." Nicole Hill, Idaho State University Package Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: A Multicultural Perspective with MyHelpingLab at no additional cost to your students! Use Special Order ISBN: 0-205-51311-5 [ MyHelpingLab Advertisement ]

Table of Contents

Special Features Contents xv
Preface xix
About the Authors xxv
Part One: The Foundations of Counseling and Therapy: Past and Present Trends
1(110)
Charting the Theoretical Changes in Counseling and Psychology
3(26)
Introduction
3(2)
Multiple Perspectives
5(3)
Our Stories about Reality Depend on Our Perspective
5(2)
The Importance of Understanding Our Clients' Worldviews
7(1)
An Overview of the Three Traditional Theoretical Forces
8(3)
The Psychodynamic Force
8(1)
The Cognitive-Behavioral Force
9(1)
The Existential-Humanistic Force
10(1)
Limitations of the Three Traditional Theoretical Forces
11(1)
Newly Emerging Theoretical Forces and Constructs
11(1)
Postmodernism
12(1)
Different Worldviews in Counseling and Therapy
12(1)
Linking Theory to Practice
13(3)
The Effect of Theoretical Orientation on Therapeutic Response
16(3)
Spirituality and Religion
19(3)
The Scientist-Practitioner
22(3)
Professional Ethics and the Helping Process
25(3)
Summary
28(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
28(1)
The Multicultural-Feminist-Social Justice Movement
29(22)
Introduction
29(2)
The Rise of the Multicultural-Feminist-Social Justice Force in Counseling and Psychology
31(2)
Respectful Counseling and Therapy
33(7)
Religious/Spiritual Identity
34(1)
Economic Class Background
34(1)
Sexual Identity
34(1)
Psychological Maturity
35(1)
Ethnic/Racial Identity
35(1)
Chronological Developmental Challenges
36(1)
Trauma and Other Threats to One's Well-Being
36(1)
Family Background and History
37(1)
Unique Physical Characteristics
38(1)
Location of Residence and Language Differences
38(2)
Professional Ethics and Multicultural Competence
40(5)
Summary
45(3)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
48(3)
Positive Psychology and Wellness Counseling
51(24)
Introduction
51(1)
The Wellness Model
52(10)
The Essential Self
54(1)
The Coping Self
55(3)
The Social Self
58(1)
The Creative Self
59(2)
The Physical Self
61(1)
Taking a Contextual and Personal Approach to Wellness Counseling
62(3)
Brief Therapy and Wellness Counseling
65(6)
Limitations and Practical Implications of Brief Therapy and Positive Psychology/Wellness Counseling
71(3)
Summary
74(1)
Multimedia Resources for this Chapter
74(1)
Using Microskills in Counseling and Therapy: Foundations of the Intentional Interview
75(36)
Introduction
75(1)
Professional Intentionality and Intentional Competence
76(1)
Multicultural Intentionality
77(3)
Individual, Family, and Cultural Empathy
80(7)
Defining Empathy: The Facilitative Conditions
80(1)
Positive Regard and the Positive Asset Search
81(2)
Respect and Warmth
83(1)
Concreteness
84(1)
Immediacy
85(1)
Congruence, Genuineness, and Authenticity
86(1)
Microskills: An Integrative Foundation for Counseling and Therapy
87(14)
Attending Behavior: A Skill Used in All Theories
88(8)
Influencing Skills and Strategies
96(4)
Focusing: Internal and External Attribution
100(1)
Different Skill Patterns for Different Theories
101(1)
The Five-Stage Interview: A Viable Model for All Theories
101(7)
Stage 1. Establishing Rapport and Structure
104(1)
Stage 2. Gathering Data and Identifying Assets
104(1)
Stage 3. Determining Outcomes and Goal Setting
105(1)
Stage 4. Generating Alternative Solutions
106(1)
Stage 5. Generalizing and Transferring Learning
106(2)
Limitations and Practical Implications of the Microskills Framework
108(1)
Summary
109(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
110(1)
Part Two: The First, Second, and Third Forces in Counseling and Psychotherapy
111(208)
The Psychodynamic Tradition: Theoretical Constructions and Practical Applications
113(33)
Introduction
113(3)
Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytic Counseling and Therapy: An Overview
114(2)
Freud's Psychoanalytic Worldview
116(4)
The Unconscious and a Person's Developmental History
116(1)
Freud's Stages of Development: The Roots of Behavior, Emotion, and Thought
117(3)
Other Key Freudian/Psychoanalytic Concepts
120(5)
The Individual, Family, and Collective Cultural Unconscious
121(2)
The Id, Ego, and Superego
123(2)
Anxiety and Ego Defense Mechanisms
125(1)
Attachment Theory
125(6)
Early Research
128(1)
New Defense Mechanisms Associated with Attachment Theory
129(1)
Adult Resistant and Avoidance Defense Mechanisms
130(1)
Psychodynamic Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice
131(10)
Free Association
132(2)
Interpretation
134(3)
Dream Analysis and Current Real Issues
137(1)
Analysis of Resistance
137(3)
Analysis of Transference and Countertransference
140(1)
Practical Implications and Limitations of Psychodynamic Methods
141(3)
Summary
144(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
144(2)
Adlerian and Jungian Counseling and Therapy
146(33)
Introduction
146(1)
Alfred Adler and Adlerian Counseling
147(11)
Overview of Adler's Theory of Individual Psychology
147(2)
The Adlerian Worldview
149(4)
Other Key Adlerian Concepts
153(5)
Adlerian Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice
158(2)
Stage 1. Building a Trusting Relationship
158(1)
Stage 2. The Assessment Stage
159(1)
Stage 3. Promoting Insight
159(1)
Stage 4. Reorientation
160(1)
Practical Implications and Limitations of Adler's Theory
160(1)
Carl Jung and Jungian Therapy
161(9)
The Jungian Worldview
162(4)
The Family Unconscious: Expanding Jungian Concepts through Multicultural Psychodynamic Theory
166(2)
The Transcendental Function and Individuation
168(1)
Other Key Jungian Concepts
169(1)
Jungian Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice
170(5)
Stage 1. Catharsis and Emotional Cleansing
171(1)
Stage 2. Elucidation
171(1)
Stage 3. Education
172(1)
Stage 4. Transformation
173(2)
Practical Implications and Limitations of Jung's Theory
175(2)
Summary
177(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
178(1)
Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling and Therapy
179(48)
Introduction
179(1)
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: An Overview of Behaviorism
180(8)
Classical Conditioning Theory: Pavlov and Watson
180(2)
Operant Conditioning Theory: B. F. Skinner
182(3)
Social Learning Theory: Albert Bandura
185(3)
Behavioral Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice
188(16)
Applied Behavioral Analysis
188(5)
Other Behavioral Strategies
193(11)
The Cognitive Revolution
204(7)
Meichenbaum's Theory of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
205(2)
Aaron Beck, Cognitive Therapy, and Automatic Thoughts
207(4)
Multicultural Approaches to CBT
211(3)
CBT Strategies: Applications for Practice
214(10)
Stress Management
214(3)
Social Skills Training
217(1)
Assertiveness Training
218(4)
Relapse Prevention
222(2)
Practical Implications and Limitations of CBT
224(1)
Summary
225(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
226(1)
Rational-Emotive Behavioral Therapy and Reality Therapy
227(29)
Introduction
227(1)
Cognition and the Cognitive-Behavioral Force: A Worldview
228(2)
Albert Ellis and Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy
230(2)
Ellis's Early Training
230(1)
Ellis's New Approach
231(1)
Central Theoretical Constructs and Techniques of REBT
232(7)
Emotion and REBT
232(1)
Examining Philosophy and Belief Systems
232(2)
Identifying Irrational Statements
234(1)
Integration of Theory and Action
234(3)
The A-B-Cs of Cognition
237(2)
The D-E-Fs of Promoting and Maintaining Change
239(1)
REBT and Multicultural Factors
239(4)
Moving from REBT to REBCT: A Significant Advancement
240(1)
Working with Clients
241(2)
Limitations and Practical Implications of Ellis's Theory
243(1)
William Glasser and Reality Therapy
243(1)
Central Theoretical Constructs of Reality Therapy
244(6)
The Importance of Responsibility
245(1)
Cognitive Trends in Reality Therapy
246(1)
Theory in Action
247(3)
Reality Therapy and Multicultural Counseling and Therapy
250(2)
Limitations and Practical Implications of Glasser's Theory
252(2)
Summary
254(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
255(1)
The Existential-Humanistic Tradition
256(30)
Introduction
256(1)
The Existential-Humanistic Worldview
257(2)
Being-in-the-World
257(2)
Existential Commitment, Intentionality, and the I-Thou Relationship
259(1)
The Rogerian Revolution: Carl Rogers's Theoretical Worldview
259(17)
Adding Multicultural Dimensions to Self-Actualization Theory
260(2)
Fusion and Boundaries in Relationships
262(1)
The Influence of Rogers
262(14)
Spirituality, Multiculturalism, and Existential-Humanistic Counseling
276(4)
Limitations and Practical Implications of the Existential-Humanistic Tradition
280(3)
Summary
283(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
284(2)
Logotherapy and Gestalt Counseling
286(33)
Introduction
286(1)
Viktor Frankl and Logotherapy: An Overview
287(4)
Frankl's Early Years
287(1)
Personal Tragedy
288(1)
Frankl's Search for Meaning
288(3)
Central Theoretical Constructs of Logotherapy
291(9)
Cognitive Change and Finding Positive Meanings
291(1)
Logotherapy Strategies: Applications for Practice
292(5)
Logotherapy, Spirituality, and Medicine
297(2)
Spirituality and Psychotherapy as Reconciliation
299(1)
Multicultural Implications of Logotherapy
300(2)
Fritz Perls and Gestalt Therapy: An Overview
302(2)
Central Theoretical Constructs and Techniques
304(7)
The Gestalt Worldview
304(3)
Gestalt Techniques
307(4)
Individualism and Other Cultural/Contextual Considerations
311(3)
Critiquing Perls's Work from a Multicultural-Feminist-Social Justice Perspective
314(1)
Limitations and Practical Implications of the Existential-Humanistic Tradition
315(1)
Summary
316(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
316(3)
Part Three: The Fourth Force in Counseling and Therapy: Multicultural and Feminist Perspectives
319(162)
Feminist Counseling and Therapy
321(38)
Judy Daniels
Introduction
321(2)
The Feminist Counseling and Therapy Movement: An Overview
323(4)
Developing a New Psychology of Women
323(1)
Jean Baker Miller
324(1)
Miriam Greenspan
325(2)
The FCT Worldview
327(6)
Self-in-Relation: The Important of Relational Considerations
329(1)
Factors That Disrupt Relational Connections and Undermine Psychological Health
330(1)
Self-Reflection by Counselors and Therapists
331(1)
Avoiding ``Victimology''
332(1)
Dealing with Sexism in Counseling and Therapy
333(3)
Feminist Identity Development Theory
336(14)
Stages of Feminist Identity Development Theory
336(2)
Working Intentionally with Women
338(2)
Focusing Intentionally on Women's Strengths
340(9)
FCT and Multicultural Counseling and Therapy
349(1)
Relational-Cultural Theory
350(5)
Key Concepts Associated with RCT
352(2)
Implementing RCT in Practice
354(1)
Summary
355(2)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
357(2)
Multicultural Counseling and Therapy
359(43)
Introduction
359(2)
Multicultural Counseling and Therapy as Metatheory
361(8)
Generating New Theory from an MCT Perspective
363(2)
Using Nwachuku's Helping Theory from an MCT Perspective
365(3)
Implications of Nwachuku's Model for the MCT Metatheory
368(1)
Being Mindful of Multiple Identities, Contexts, and Experiences
369(9)
Life-Span Review: Introspective Developmental Counseling
370(7)
Focus and Consciousness-Raising Groups
377(1)
Cultural/Racial Identity Development Theory
378(7)
Identity Development Theory for European-North American Counselors and Therapists
382(2)
Coconstructing Culturally Appropriate Techniques and Strategies in MCT
384(1)
Applying Multicultural Counseling and Therapy with Culturally Different Clients
385(2)
General Guidelines for Working with Persons in Specific Groups
385(2)
MCT Practice and Multiple Helping Roles
387(3)
Network Therapy
388(2)
Traditional Healing
390(2)
The Liberation of Consciousness: Self-in-Relation
392(7)
Freire's Five Levels of Consciousness
393(1)
Freire's Psychoeducational Method
394(1)
Relating Friere's Educational Method to Counseling and Therapy Practice
394(5)
Limitations and Practical Implications of MCT
399(1)
Summary
400(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
401(1)
Developmental Counseling and Therapy: Integrative Theory and Practice
402(27)
Introduction
402(2)
The Integrative Worldview of Developmental Counseling and Therapy
404(11)
The Importance of DCT's Dialectic/Systemic Style
406(1)
Piagetian Cognitive Stages
407(8)
DCT Styles and Cultural Identity Development Theory
415(1)
DCT's Approach to Treatment Planning
415(9)
Integrating Treatment at Multiple Developmental Levels
415(5)
DCT and the Treatment of Depression
420(4)
The Unique Narrative Strategies of DCT
424(3)
Limitations and Practical Implications of the DCT Integrative Approach
427(1)
Summary
428(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
428(1)
Family Counseling and Therapy: Theoretical Foundations and Issues of Practice
429(40)
Sandra Rigazio-DiGilio
Introduction
429(3)
Origins of a Family Perspective
432(1)
The Systemic Worldview
433(4)
Cultural Impact and Extensions of Family Systems
435(2)
Central Constructs of Family Counseling and Theory
437(3)
The Family Developmental Life Cycle
437(3)
Effective Family Functioning
440(1)
Multicultural Issues in Family Counseling and Therapy
440(4)
Attitudes toward Mental Health and Treatment
442(1)
Network Therapy
442(2)
Major Family Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories
444(2)
Classifying Systemic Therapies
446(16)
Historical Perspective: Intergenerational Family Therapy
448(1)
Primary Therapeutic Techniques
449(1)
Interactional Perspective: Structural Family Therapy
450(5)
Existential Perspective: Symbolic/Experiential Family Therapy
455(2)
Postmodern and Integrative Perspectives: Systemic Cognitive-Developmental Therapy
457(5)
Limitations and Practical Implications of Family Counseling and Therapy
462(5)
Summary
467(1)
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
468(1)
Identifying Your Own Integrated Approach to Counseling and Therapy
469(12)
Introduction
469(1)
The Search for the ``Best'' Theory
470(4)
The Foundational Chapters: Basic to All Theories
471(1)
Searching for Theoretical Integration
472(1)
Multicultural Counseling and Therapy as the Theoretical Fourth Force
472(2)
A Summary of the Four Major Theoretical Forces of Counseling and Psychotherapy
474(1)
Qualitative Research---Multicultural Issues
475(1)
Constructing Your Own View or Theory of Counseling and Therapy
475(6)
References 481(30)
Name Index 511(4)
Subject Index 515


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