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Theories of Personality With Infotrac,9780534551070

Theories of Personality With Infotrac

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780534551070

ISBN10:
0534551076
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/17/2000
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $98.00

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Seventh Edition xi
A Note to Our Readers xv
PART I Introduction 1(40)
The Study of Personality: Assessment, Research, and Theory
3(38)
The Study of Personality
4(2)
The Place of Personality in the History of Psychology
6(2)
Definitions of Personality
8(2)
Gender and Ethnic Issues in Personality
10(3)
Assessment in the Study of Personality
13(12)
Research in the Study of Personality
25(6)
Theory in the Study of Personality
31(3)
Questions About Human Nature
34(3)
Chapter Summary
37(2)
Review Questions
39(1)
Suggested Readings
40(1)
PART 2 The Psychoanalytic Approach 41(48)
Sigmund Freud
43(46)
The Life of Freud (1856--1939)
44(5)
Instincts: The Propelling Forces of the Personality
49(2)
The Levels of Personality
51(1)
The Structure of Personality: Id, Ego, and Superego
52(2)
Anxiety: A Threat to the Ego
54(2)
Defenses Against Anxiety
56(3)
Psychosexual Stages of Personality Development
59(6)
Questions About Human Nature
65(2)
Assessment in Freud's Theory
67(2)
Research in Freud's Theory
69(11)
Extensions of Freudian Theory
80(4)
A Final Commentary
84(1)
Chapter Summary
85(2)
Review Questions
87(1)
Suggested Readings
88(1)
PART 3 The Neopsychoanalytic Approach 89(120)
Carl Jung
91(29)
The Life of Jung (1875--1961)
92(3)
Psychic Energy
95(2)
The Systems of Personality
97(7)
The Development of the Personality
104(3)
Questions About Human Nature
107(2)
Assessment in Jung's Theory
109(2)
Research in Jung's Theory
111(4)
A Final Commentary
115(1)
Chapter Summary
116(1)
Review Questions
117(1)
Suggested Readings
118(2)
Alfred Adler
120(27)
The Life of Adler (1870--1937)
121(2)
Inferiority Feelings: The Source of Human Striving
123(2)
Striving for Superiority or Perfection
125(2)
Style of Life
127(1)
Social Interest
128(1)
Birth Order
129(3)
Questions About Human Nature
132(1)
Assessment in Adler's Theory
133(3)
Research in Adler's Theory
136(5)
A Final Commentary
141(3)
Chapter Summary
144(1)
Review Questions
145(1)
Suggested Readings
145(2)
Karen Horney
147(23)
The Life of Horney (1885--1952)
148(3)
The Childhood Need for Safety
151(2)
Basic Anxiety: The Foundation of Neurosis
153(1)
Neurotic Needs
154(1)
Neurotic Trends
155(2)
The Idealized Self-Image
157(2)
Feminine Psychology
159(3)
Cultural Influences on Feminine Psychology
162(1)
Questions About Human Nature
162(1)
Assessment in Horney's Theory
163(1)
Research in Horney's Theory
164(2)
A Final Commentary
166(1)
Chapter Summary
167(1)
Review Questions
168(1)
Suggested Readings
169(1)
Erich Fromm
170(19)
The Life of Fromm (1900--1980)
171(2)
Freedom versus Security: The Basic Human Dilemma
173(3)
Personality Development in Childhood
176(1)
The Basic Psychological Needs
177(2)
The Productive and Nonproductive Character Types
179(4)
Questions About Human Nature
183(1)
Assessment in Fromm's Theory
184(1)
Research in Fromm's Theory
184(2)
A Final Commentary
186(1)
Chapter Summary
187(1)
Review Questions
188(1)
Suggested Readings
188(1)
Henry Murray
189(20)
The Life of Murray (1893--1988)
190(3)
The Principles of Personology
193(1)
The Divisions of Personality
194(1)
Needs: The Motivation of Behavior
195(3)
Personality Development in Childhood
198(2)
Questions About Human Nature
200(1)
Assessment in Murray's Theory
201(1)
Research in Murray's Theory
202(3)
A Final Commentary
205(1)
Chapter Summary
206(1)
Review Questions
207(1)
Suggested Readings
207(2)
PART 4 The Life-Span Approach 209(32)
Erik Erikson
211(30)
The Life of Erikson (1902--1994)
212(2)
Psychosocial Stages of Development and Basic Strengths
214(7)
Basic Weaknesses
221(1)
Questions About Human Nature
222(2)
Assessment in Erikson's Theory
224(1)
Research in Erikson's Theory
225(11)
A Final Commentary
236(2)
Chapter Summary
238(1)
Review Questions
239(1)
Suggested Readings
239(2)
PART 5 The Trait Approach: The Genetics of Personality 241(56)
Gordon Allport
243(21)
The Life of Allport (1897--1967)
244(2)
The Nature of Personality
246(2)
Personality Traits
248(1)
Personality and Motivation
249(2)
Personality Development in Childhood: The Unique Self
251(3)
The Healthy Adult Personality
254(1)
Questions About Human Nature
255(1)
Assessment in Allport's Theory
256(2)
Research in Allport's Theory
258(2)
A Final Commentary
260(1)
Chapter Summary
261(1)
Review Questions
262(1)
Suggested Readings
262(2)
Raymond Cattell, Hans Eysenck, and Other Trait Theorists
264(33)
The Life of Cattell (1905--1998)
265(2)
Cattell's Approach to Personality Traits
267(2)
Source Traits: The Basic Factors of Personality
269(1)
Dynamic Traits: The Motivating Forces
270(2)
The Influences of Heredity and Environment
272(1)
Stages of Personality Development
272(2)
Questions About Human Nature
274(1)
Assessment in Cattell's Theory
275(3)
Research in Cattell's Theory
278(1)
A Commentary on Cattell
279(1)
Behavioral Genetics
280(1)
Hans Eysenck (1916--1997)
280(1)
The Dimensions of Personality
280(4)
Robert McCrae and Paul Costa: The Five-Factor Model
284(4)
Arnold Buss and Robert Plomin: The Temperament Theory
288(4)
A Final Commentary
292(1)
Chapter Summary
293(1)
Review Questions
294(1)
Suggested Readings
294(3)
PART 6 The Humanistic Approach 297(48)
Abraham Maslow
299(24)
The Life of Maslow (1908--1970)
300(2)
Personality Development: The Hierarchy of Needs
302(6)
The Study of Self-Actualizers
308(6)
Questions About Human Nature
314(1)
Assessment in Maslow's Theory
315(1)
Research in Maslow's Theory
316(3)
A Final Commentary
319(1)
Chapter Summary
320(1)
Review Questions
321(1)
Suggested Readings
322(1)
Carl Rogers
323(22)
The Life of Rogers (1902--1987)
324(2)
The Importance of the Self
326(1)
The Actualization Tendency
327(1)
The Experiential World
328(1)
The Development of the Self in Childhood
328(3)
Characteristics of Fully Functioning Persons
331(2)
Questions About Human Nature
333(2)
Assessment in Rogers's Theory
335(2)
Research in Rogers's Theory
337(3)
A Final Commentary
340(1)
Chapter Summary
341(1)
Review Questions
342(1)
Suggested Readings
343(2)
PART 7 The Cognitive Approach 345(24)
George Kelly
347(22)
The Role of Cognitive Processes
348(1)
The Life of Kelly (1905--1967)
349(2)
Personal Construct Theory
351(1)
Anticipating Life Events
352(6)
Questions About Human Nature
358(1)
Assessment in Kelly's Theory
359(4)
Research in Kelly's Theory
363(2)
A Final Commentary
365(1)
Chapter Summary
366(1)
Review Questions
367(1)
Suggested Readings
368(1)
PART 8 The Behavioral Approach 369(26)
B. F. Skinner
371(24)
Rats, Pigeons, and an Empty Organism
372(1)
The Life of Skinner (1904--1990)
373(2)
Reinforcement: The Basis of Behavior
375(4)
Schedules of Reinforcement
379(2)
Successive Approximation: The Shaping of Behavior
381(1)
Superstitious Behavior
382(1)
The Self-Control of Behavior
383(1)
Applications of Operant Conditioning
384(2)
Questions About Human Nature
386(1)
Assessment in Skinner's Theory
387(3)
Research in Skinner's Theory
390(1)
A Final Commentary
391(1)
Chapter Summary
392(1)
Review Questions
393(1)
Suggested Readings
394(1)
PART 9 The Social-Learning Approach 395(48)
Albert Bandura
397(26)
The Life of Bandura (1925-- )
398(1)
Modeling: The Basis of Observational Learning
399(4)
Observational Learning Processes
403(3)
The Self
406(3)
Developmental Stages of Modeling and Self-Efficacy
409(1)
Behavior Modification
410(4)
Questions About Human Nature
414(1)
Assessment in Bandura's Theory
415(1)
Research in Bandura's Theory
415(5)
A Final Commentary
420(1)
Chapter Summary
420(1)
Review Questions
421(1)
Suggested Readings
422(1)
Julian Rotter
423(20)
The Life of Rotter (1916-- )
424(1)
Social-Learning Theory
425(1)
Primary Concepts
426(3)
Broader Concepts
429(1)
Psychological Needs
430(1)
Locus of Control
431(2)
Interpersonal Trust
433(1)
Questions About Human Nature
434(1)
Assessment in Rotter's Theory
435(1)
Research in Rotter's Theory
436(3)
A Final Commentary
439(1)
Chapter Summary
439(1)
Review Questions
440(1)
Suggested Readings
441(2)
PART 10 The Limited-Domain Approach 443(44)
Limited-Domain Theories of Personality
445(30)
David McClelland: The Need for Achievement
446(9)
Marvin Zuckerman: Sensation Seeking
455(6)
Martin E. P. Seligman: Learned Helplessness
461(11)
Chapter Summary
472(1)
Review Questions
473(1)
Suggested Readings
474(1)
Personality in perspective
475(12)
The Genetic Factor
476(1)
The Environmental Factor
477(1)
The Learning Factor
477(1)
The Parental Factor
478(2)
The Developmental Factor
480(2)
The Consciousness Factor
482(1)
The Unconscious Factor
482(1)
The Happy Personality
483(2)
Review Questions
485(2)
Glossary 487(12)
References 499(28)
Author Index 527(6)
Subject Index 533


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