Thermodynamics For Dummies

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 8/2/2011
  • Publisher: For Dummies
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Thermodynamics For Dummies tracks to a typical thermodynamics course offered at the undergraduate level and assists readers in understanding the fundamental concepts of the subject and helps to develop problem-solving skills through practice in solving energy-related problems. Specific coverage includes: General balance principle (open systems, closed systems, rate balances, increment balances) Mass balances (specific volume, system mass, mass-flow rate) Zeroth law (thermodynamic equilibrium and temperature) First-law balances (internal energy, enthalpy) Second-law balances (availability, entropy) Cycles (Rankine, Brayton, vapor-compression) Non-reacting mixtures of ideal gases Reacting mixtures (mass balances, energy balances, heating values, standardized enthalpy)

Author Biography

Michael Pauken, PhD, is a senior mechanical engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, an operating division of the California Institute of Technology, where he also teaches courses on thermodynamics and heat transfer.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Part I: Covering the Basics in Thermodynamics 7

Chapter 1: Thermodynamics in Everyday Life 9

Chapter 2: Laying the Foundation of Thermodynamics 15

Chapter 3: Working with Phases and Properties of Substances 39

Chapter 4: Work and Heat Go Together Like Macaroni and Cheese 57

Part II: Employing the Laws of Thermodynamics 75

Chapter 5: Using the First Law in Closed Systems 77

Chapter 6: Using the First Law in Open Systems 91

Chapter 7: Governing Heat Engines and Refrigerators with the Second Law 111

Chapter 8: Entropy Is the Demise of the Universe 123

Chapter 9: Analyzing Systems Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics 145

Part III: Planes, Trains, and Automobiles: Making Heat Work for You 165

Chapter 10: Working with Carnot and Brayton Cycles 167

Chapter 11: Working with Otto and Diesel Cycles 197

Chapter 12: Working with Rankine Cycles 221

Chapter 13: Cooling Off with Refrigeration Cycles 243

Part IV: Handling Thermodynamic Relationships, Reactions, and Mixtures 265

Chapter 14: Understanding the Behavior of Real Gases 267

Chapter 15: Mixing Gases That Don’t React with Each Other 277

Chapter 16: Burning Up with Combustion 303

Part V: The Part of Tens 325

Chapter 17: Ten Famous Names in Thermodynamics 327

Chapter 18: Ten More Cycles of Note 331

Appendix: Thermodynamic Property Tables 341

Index 351

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