Fundamental Concepts of Thermodynamics | |

What Is Thermodynamics and Why Is It Useful? | |

Basic Definitions Needed to Describe Thermodynamic Systems | |

Thermometry | |

Equations of State and the Ideal Gas Law | |

A Brief Introduction to Real Gases | |

Heat, Work, Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and The First Law of Thermodynamics | |

The Internal Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics | |

Work | |

Heat | |

Heat Capacity | |

State Functions and Path Functions | |

Equilibrium, Change, and Reversibility | |

Comparing Work for Reversible and Irreversible Processes | |

Determining and Introducing Enthalpy, a New State Function | |

Calculating q, w, , an? for Processes Involving Ideal Gases | |

The Reversible Adiabatic Expansion and Compression of an Ideal Gas | |

The Importance of State Functions: Internal Energy and Enthalpy | |

The Mathematical Properties of State Functions | |

The Dependence of U on V and T | |

Does the Internal Energy Depend More Strongly on V or T? | |

The Variation of Enthalpy with Temperature at Constant Pressure | |

How Are CP and CV Related? | |

The Variation of Enthalpy with Pressure at Constant Temperature | |

The Joule-Thomson Experiment | |

Liquefying Gases Using an Isenthalpic Expansion | |

Thermochemistry | |

Energy Stored in Chemical Bonds Is Released or Taken Up in Chemical Reactions | |

Internal Energy and Enthalpy Changes Associated with Chemical Reactions | |

Hess's Law Is Based on Enthalpy Being a State Function | |

The Temperature Dependence of Reaction Enthalpies | |

The Experimental Determination o? and for Chemical Reactions | |

Differential Scanning Calorimetry | |

Entropy and The Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics | |

The Universe Has a Natural Direction of Change | |

Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics | |

Introducing Entropy | |

Calculating Changes in Entropy | |

Using Entropy to Calculate the Natural Direction of a Process in an Isolated System | |

The Clausius Inequality | |

The Change of Entropy in the Surroundings and = + | |

Absolute Entropies and the Third Law of Thermodynamics | |

Standard States in Entropy Calculations | |

Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions | |

Refrigerators, Heat Pumps, and Real Engines | |

(Supplemental) Using the Fact that S Is a State Function to Determine the Dependence of S on V and T | |

(Supplemental) The Dependence of S on T and P | |

(Supplemental) The Thermodynamic Temperature Scale | |

Chemical Equilibrium | |

The Gibbs Energy and the Helmholtz Energy | |

The Differential Forms of U, H, A, and G | |

The Dependence of the Gibbs and Helmholtz Energies on P, V, and T | |

The Gibbs Energy of a Reaction Mixture | |

The Gibbs Energy of a Gas in a Mixture | |

Calculating the Gibbs Energy of Mixing for Ideal Gases | |

Expressing | |

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