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Brief yet comprehensive, Think with Socrates: An Introduction to Critical Thinking uses the methods, ideas, and life of Socrates as a model for critical thinking. It offers a more philosophical, historical, and accessible introduction than longer textbooks while still addressing all of the key topics in logic and argumentation. Applying critical thinking to the Internet, mass media, advertising, personal experience, expert authority, the evaluation of sources, writing argumentative essays, and forming a worldview, Think with Socrates resonates with today's students and teaches them how to apply critical thinking in the real world. At the same time, it covers the ancient intellectual roots and history of the field, placing critical thinking in its larger context to help students appreciate its perennial value.
Author Paul Herrick incorporates original sources from newspapers, a variety of media, and philosophical writing, along with engaging "interludes" featuring selections from Plato's dialogues. A Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/herrick offers resources for students and instructors.
Paul Herrick received his PhD in philosophy from the University of Washington. Since 1983 he has taught philosophy at Shoreline Community College. He is the author of two previous books published by Oxford University Press: Introduction to Logic (2012) and The Many Worlds of Logic, Second Edition (1999).
Table of Contents
Dedication Preface Acknowledgments Unit 1. What Is Critical Thinking? Chapter 1. Socrates Part 1: Life and Method Chapter 2. Socrates Part 2: Life and Death Chapter 3. On Socrates's Two Favorite Questions Interlude: Socrates at Work Part 1. The Euthyphro Part 2. The Apology Unit 2. Obstacles to Critical Thinking Chapter 4. Cognitive Biases Chapter 5. Relativism and Skepticism: Philosophical Obstacles to Critical Thinking Unit 3. Building a Solid Knowledge Base Chapter 6. Reason and the Senses Chapter 7. Personal Experience, Testimony, and Expert Authority Chapter 8. Watch Out for Logical Fallacies Interlude: Critical Thinking and Freedom Chapter 9. The Internet, News Media, and Advertising Interlude: The Media and the Myth of the Cave Unit 4. Criteria for Correct Reasoning Chapter 10. Deduction and Induction: A Closer Look Chapter 11. Explorations in Inductive Reasoning: The Logic of Science Interlude: Critical Thinking and the Birth of Modern Science: Copernicus and the Day the Earth Moved Chapter 12. Explorations in Deductive Reasoning: Categorical Logic Unit 5. Moral Reasoning, Worldviews, and the Examined Life Chapter 13. Critical Thinking and Moral Reasoning Chapter 14. Critical Thinking, Worldviews, and the Examined Life Epilogue Glossary Index