9780521001892

Thomas Aquinas on Human Nature: A Philosophical Study of Summa Theologiae , 1a 75-89

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  • ISBN13:

    9780521001892

  • ISBN10:

    0521001897

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-11-12
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

This is a major new study of Thomas Aquinas, the most influential philosopher of the Middle Ages. The book offers a clear and accessible guide to the central project of Aquinas' philosophy: the understanding of human nature. Robert Pasnau sets the philosophy in the context of ancient and modern thought, and argues for some groundbreaking proposals for understanding some of the most difficult areas of Aquinas' thought: the relationship of soul to body, the workings of sense and intellect, the will and the passions, and personal identity. Structured around a close reading of the treatise on human nature from the Summa theologiae and deeply informed by a wide knowledge of the history of philosophy and contemporary philosophy, this study will offer specialists a series of novel and provocative interpretations, while providing students with a reference commentary on one of Aquinas' core texts.

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations
viii
Acknowledgments x
A Note to the Reader xi
Introduction 1(1)
Overview
1(2)
The scope of the study
3(4)
On human nature
7(3)
A philosophical study
10(1)
The larger context
10(15)
PART I. ESSENTIAL FEATURES (QQ75-76)
Body and soul
25(20)
What is a human being?
25(5)
The ancient naturalists
30(4)
The argument for soul as actuality
34(6)
The crucial role of prime matter
40(5)
The immateriality of soul
45(28)
The essential bodily component
45(3)
The rational soul as a subsistent form
48(9)
The sensory soul as a material form
57(8)
Dualism
65(8)
The unity of body and soul
73(27)
The failure of nonreductive theories
73(6)
The unity of substances
79(9)
Body and soul as a unified substance
88(7)
Reductive materialism
95(5)
When human life begins
100(43)
Conception
100(5)
Infusion and abortion
105(15)
Identity and discontinuity
120(6)
The plurality of forms debate
126(17)
Excursus metaphysicus: Reality as actuality
131(12)
PART II. CAPACITIES (QQ77-83)
The soul and its capacities
143(28)
What is a capacity?
143(8)
The distinction between the soul and its capacities
151(6)
The balancing act
157(3)
An Aquinian circle?
160(4)
The hidden essence of soul
164(7)
Sensation
171(29)
Does Aquinas have a theory of sensation?
171(1)
Functional analysis
172(8)
Sensibilia
180(10)
Common sense and consciousness
190(10)
Desire and freedom
200(34)
Natural appetite
200(9)
Voluntary agents
209(5)
Rational choice
214(6)
Freedom
220(14)
Will and temptation
234(33)
Is the will a myth?
234(1)
Must the will be rational?
235(6)
Weakness of will
241(11)
How the passions tempt us
252(5)
A politic rule
257(10)
PART III. FUNCTIONS (QQ84-89)
Mind and image
267(29)
Forms and intentions
267(3)
Seeing as: Sensation per accidens
270(8)
Phantasms
278(6)
The turn toward phantasms
284(12)
Mind and reality
296(34)
Quiddities
296(6)
Empiricism and illumination
302(8)
Abstraction
310(8)
Universals
318(6)
Intelligere
324(6)
Knowing the mind
330(31)
The inscrutable self
330(6)
Reflection, not introspection
336(11)
The middle ground
347(8)
Other minds
355(6)
Life after death
361(33)
Incorruptibilis
361(5)
Can a separated soul continue to function?
366(11)
A foreign state
377(3)
Identity and resurrection
380(14)
Epilogue: Why Did God Make Me? 394(11)
Notes 405(60)
Bibliography 465(20)
Appendix: Outline of the Treatise (ST 1a 75-89) 485(4)
Index 489

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