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This book considers linguistic and mental representations of time. Prominent linguists and philosophers from all over the world examine and report on recent work on the representation of temporal reference; the interaction of the temporal information from tense, aspect, modality, temporal adverbials, and context; and the representation of the temporal relations between events and states, as well as between facts, propositions, sentences, and utterances. They link this to currentresearch on the cognitive processing of temporal reference, linguistic and philosophical semantics, psychology, and anthropology. The book is divided into three parts: Time, Tense, and Temporal Reference in Discourse; Time and Modality; and Cognition and Metaphysics of Time. It will interest scholarsand advanced students of time and temporal reference in linguistics, philosophy, anthropology, psychology, and cognitive science.
Kasia M. Jaszczolt is Professor of Linguistics and Philosophy of Language at the University of Cambridge. She has published extensively on topics in semantics and pragmatics, including propositional attitude ascription, representation of time, semantics/pragmatics interface, and her theory of Default Semantics. One of her current project concerns attitudes de se and first-person reference, the other is a theory of Interactive Semantics, the subject and title of a book in progress for OUP. Her books include Representing Time (OUP, 2009), Default Semantics (OUP, 2005), Semantics and Pragmatics (Longman, 2002) and Discourse, Beliefs and Intentions (Elsevier,1999).
Louis de Saussure is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Neuchatel, where he co-founded the Centre for Cognitive Science. He was formerly a lecturer at the University of Texas at Austin and at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris). He has been a visiting scholar at CNRS in Paris and at University College London. His research in cognitive pragmatics focuses primarily on time and modality but extends to the cognitive underpinnings of persuasion in discourse. His publications include Pragmatique temporelle des enonces negatifs (University de Geneva, 2000) and Temps et pertinence (De Boeck 2003).
Table of Contents
Introduction: Time, temporality, and tense, Kasia M. Jaszczolt and Louis de Saussure
Part I Time, Tense, and Temporal Reference in Discourse
1. Temporal modification, Nicholas Asher
2. Temporal reasoning as indexical inference, Alice ter Meulen
3. Perspectival interpretations of tenses, Louis de Saussure
Part II Time and Modality
4. Modal auxiliaries and tense: The case of Dutch, Pieter Byloo and Jan Nuyts
5. Semantic and pragmatic aspects of the interaction of time and modality in French: An interval-based account, Laurent Gosselin
6. Modal conversational backgrounds and evidential bases in predictions: The view from the Italian modals, Andrea Rocci
Part III Cognition and Metaphysics of Time
7. Experience, thought, and the metaphysics of time, Simon Prosser
8. Tensism, Peter Ludlow
9. Temporality and epistemic commitment: An unresolved question, Kasia M. Jaszczolt
10. An account of English tense and aspect in Cognitive Grammar, Frank Brisard
11. Frames of reference and the linguistic conceptualization of time: Present and Future, Paul Chilton