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Today's Technician : Automotive Engine Performance,9780766848641
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Today's Technician : Automotive Engine Performance

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780766848641

ISBN10:
0766848647
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/25/2003
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $160.95
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Summary

This comprehensive training and education package focuses on the major engine systems affecting engine performance and driveability, with topics ranging from engine basics to fuel, ignition, and OBD-II systems. Various manufacturers?? vehicle systems are represented to illustrate the similarities and differences technicians will encounter today. Current and thoroughly-updated system information and diagnostic strategies in this edition, added to help students keep pace with emerging technologies, include: ?_ a new systematic approach to diagnosing problems ?_ updated scanner information ?_ new engine technology, including the throttle actuator control system ?_ new magneto resistive sensors ?_ recent emission inspection requirements and mandates specifically regarding OBD II ?_ expanded discussion of fuel cell technology ?_ expanded discussion of the operation of hybrid vehicles Like other books in the Today??s Technician series, the Classroom Manual covers the subject fundamentals, discussing theory and operation of each engine system. The Shop Manual provides the service and diagnostic ??how to?? component, with hands-on exercises that reinforce concepts learned in the Classroom Manual. Restructured Job Sheets in the Shop Manual provide a format for students to perform the tasks covered in each chapter.

Table of Contents

Preface viii
Safety Practices
1(18)
Introduction
1(1)
Occupational Safety and Health Act
1(1)
Shop Hazards
2(1)
Safety in the Automotive Shop
2(7)
Shop Safety Equipment
9(3)
Hazardous Waste Disposal
12(4)
Summary
16(1)
Terms to Know
16(1)
Review Questions
16(3)
Basic Theories
19(16)
Introduction
19(1)
The Basics
19(1)
Newton's Laws of Motion
20(1)
Work and Force
20(1)
Energy
21(1)
Energy Conversion
21(2)
Inertia
23(1)
Momentum
23(1)
Friction
23(1)
Mass, Weight, and Volume
23(1)
Torque
23(1)
Power
24(1)
Principles Involving Liquids and Gases
24(3)
Atmospheric Pressure
27(1)
Vacuum
28(1)
Venturi Principle
29(1)
Combustion
29(2)
Summary
31(1)
Terms to Know
31(1)
Review Questions
32(3)
Engine Design and Operation
35(48)
Introduction
35(1)
Engine Classifications
35(1)
Engine Location
36(1)
Characteristics of Four-Stroke Engine Design
36(2)
Four-Stroke Gasoline Engines
38(5)
Valve and Camshaft Placement Configurations
43(1)
Valve and Camshaft Operation
43(5)
Gasoline Engine Systems
48(1)
Engine Measurement and Performance
49(2)
Engine Efficiency
51(1)
Torque and Horsepower
52(1)
Other Engine Designs
53(5)
Engine Lubrication
58(4)
Lubricating Systems
62(5)
Cooling Systems
67(12)
Summary
79(1)
Terms to Know
79(2)
Review Questions
81(2)
Electricity and Electronics
83(36)
Introduction
83(1)
Basic Electricity
84(4)
Types of Circuits
88(4)
Electromagnetism Basics
92(3)
Basics of Electronics
95(4)
Battery, Starting, and Charging Systems
99(1)
Battery Construction
100(2)
Battery Operation
102(2)
Battery Classifications
104(1)
Battery Ratings
104(1)
Starting the Engine
104(6)
AC Generators
110(5)
Summary
115(1)
Terms to Know
115(2)
Review Questions
117(2)
Ignition Systems
119(30)
Introduction
119(1)
Purpose of the Ignition System
120(1)
Ignition Timing
121(2)
Basic Ignition System
123(3)
Ignition Coil Action
126(3)
Spark Plugs
129(2)
Spark Timing Systems
131(1)
Electronic Switching Systems
132(7)
Timing Advance
139(3)
Spark Distribution
142(1)
Computer-Controlled Ignition System Operation
142(2)
Summary
144(1)
Terms to Know
144(1)
Review Questions
145(4)
Distributor and Electronic Ignition (DI and EI) Systems
149(52)
Introduction
149(1)
Distributor Ignition System Components
150(8)
DI Systems with an External Ignition Module
158(7)
DI Systems with Computer-Controlled Ignition Timing
165(1)
Distributors with Optical-Type Pickups
166(2)
Electronic Ignition (EI) Systems
168(3)
Basic Components
171(2)
EI System Operation
173(2)
EI Systems with the Cam Sensor in the Distributor Opening
175(3)
EI Systems with the Cam Sensor in the Timing Chain Cover
178(1)
EI Systems with a Dual Crankshaft Sensor
179(2)
Fast-Start EI Systems
181(2)
Fast-Start EI Systems with Two Crankshaft Sensors
183(4)
EI Systems with a Crankshaft Reluctor Ring
187(5)
EI Systems with Coils Connected Directly to Spark Plugs
192(1)
Dual Spark Plug EI Systems
193(4)
Summary
197(1)
Terms to Know
197(1)
Review Questions
197(4)
Intake and Exhaust Systems
201(40)
Introduction
201(1)
Importance of Intake and Exhaust Systems
202(1)
Air Cleaners
202(5)
Intake Manifolds
207(7)
Exhaust System Components
214(10)
Forced Induction
224(1)
Turbochargers
224(4)
Superchargers
228(6)
Intercoolers
234(1)
Summary
235(1)
Terms to Know
235(2)
Review Questions
237(4)
Fuel Systems
241(52)
Introduction
241(1)
Gasoline Composition
242(1)
Gasoline Qualities
243(3)
Basic Fuel Additives
246(2)
Alternative Fuels
248(4)
Basic Carburetor Design
252(3)
Basic Carburetor Circuits
255(2)
Carburetor Systems
257(2)
Types of Carburetors
259(3)
Fuel Injection
262(1)
Types of Fuel Injection
263(10)
Fuel Delivery System
273(16)
Summary
289(1)
Terms to Know
289(1)
Review Questions
290(3)
Computer-Controlled Carburetors
293(14)
Introduction
293(2)
Exhaust Gas Oxygen Sensor
295(1)
Mixture Control Solenoids
296(2)
Adjustable Mixture Control Solenoid Systems
298(2)
Electronic Idle Speed Control
300(3)
Summary
303(1)
Terms to Know
303(1)
Review Questions
304(3)
Electronic Fuel Injection Systems
307(48)
Introduction
307(2)
Input Sensors
309(5)
Basic EFI
314(4)
Throttle Body Fuel Injection
318(8)
Port Fuel Injection
326(9)
Sequential Fuel Injection Systems
335(11)
Idle Speed Control Systems
346(5)
Summary
351(1)
Terms to Know
351(1)
Review Questions
352(3)
Emission Control Systems
355(44)
Introduction
355(1)
Legislative History
355(3)
Development of Emission Control Devices
358(1)
Pollutants
359(5)
Evaporative Emission Control Systems
364(3)
Pre-combustion Systems
367(1)
Engine Design Changes
368(3)
PCV Systems
371(2)
Spark Control Systems
373(2)
EGR Systems
375(9)
Intake Heat Control Systems
384(4)
Post-Combustion Systems
388(1)
Catalytic Converters
388(1)
Air Injection Systems
389(6)
Summary
395(1)
Terms to Know
395(1)
Review Questions
396(3)
Computers, Input Sensors, and Actuators
399(36)
Introduction
399(2)
Computer Operation
401(1)
Sensors
401(6)
Voltage Signals
407(2)
Input Conditioning
409(2)
Microprocessors
411(2)
Types of Computer Memories
413(2)
Adaptive Strategy
415(1)
Actuators
416(2)
Input Sensors
418(13)
Summary
431(1)
Terms to Know
431(2)
Review Questions
433(2)
On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) II Systems
435(32)
Introduction
435(1)
OBD II Introduction and Implementation
436(2)
Monitoring Capabilities
438(10)
System Readiness Mode
448(1)
OBD II Trip
448(1)
Drive Cycle
449(1)
Ford's Electronic Engine Control V (EEC V) System
450(2)
Test Connector
452(1)
Malfunction Indicator Lamp Operation
453(1)
Data Links
454(2)
Test Modes
456(1)
Snapshots
457(1)
OBD Terms
457(6)
Summary
463(1)
Terms to Know
463(1)
Review Questions
464(3)
Related Systems
467(38)
Introduction
467(1)
Clutches
468(4)
Manual Transmissions
472(2)
Torque Converters
474(3)
Automatic Transmissions
477(5)
Driveline
482(2)
Heating and Air Conditioning
484(2)
Speed Control Systems
486(3)
Brake Systems
489(2)
Suspension and Steering Systems
491(5)
Wheels and Tires
496(4)
Summary
500(1)
Terms to Know
500(2)
Review Questions
502(3)
Glossary 505(24)
Index 529(140)
Photo Sequence Contents viii
Job Sheets Contents ix
Preface xi
Tools and Safety
1(24)
Personal Safety
1(2)
Lifting and Carrying
3(1)
Hand Tools and Diagnostic Equipment
4(1)
Hand Tool Safety
5(1)
Power Tool Safety
6(1)
Compressed Air Equipment Safety
7(1)
Lift Safety
8(2)
Jack and Jack Stand Safety
10(1)
Cleaning Equipment Safety
11(2)
Vehicle Operation
13(1)
Work Area Safety
14(1)
Employer and Employee Obligations
15(2)
National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence Certification
17(3)
Terms to Know
20(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
20(1)
Job Sheets
21(4)
Typical Shop Procedures and Equipment
25(48)
Units of Measure
29(2)
Engine Diagnostic Tools
31(6)
Electrical Diagnostic Tools
37(5)
Ignition System Tools
42(4)
Fuel System Tools
46(3)
Scan Tools
49(3)
Oscilloscopes
52(2)
Exhaust Analyzers
54(1)
Engine Analyzer
55(1)
Service Information
56(9)
Engine Tune-up
65(1)
Case Study
66(1)
Terms to Know
67(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
67(2)
Job Sheets
69(4)
General Engine Condition Diagnosis
73(44)
General Diagnostic Procedure
73(1)
Engine Leak Diagnosis
74(3)
Engine Noise Diagnosis
77(3)
Engine Exhaust Diagnosis
80(1)
Diagnosis of Oil Consumption
81(1)
Engine Oil Pressure Tests
82(2)
Engine Temperature Tests
84(1)
Cooling System Inspection and Diagnosis
85(6)
Vacuum Tests
91(1)
Exhaust Gas Analyzer
92(5)
Engine Power Balance Test
97(2)
Compression Tests
99(4)
Cylinder Leakage Test
103(2)
Valve Timing Checks
105(1)
Valve Adjustment
106(2)
Case Study
108(1)
Terms to Know
109(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
109(1)
ASE Challenge Questions
110(1)
Job Sheets
111(6)
Basic Electrical Tests and Service
117(58)
Basic Electrical Diagnosis
117(4)
Electrical Test Equipment
121(4)
Digital Multimeter (DMM) Usage
125(3)
Lab Scope Usage
128(6)
Logic Probes
134(1)
Basic Electrical Troubleshooting
134(2)
Basic Electrical Repairs
136(3)
Testing Basic Electrical Components
139(7)
Battery Diagnosis and Service
146(5)
Charging a Battery
151(4)
Starter Diagnosis and Service
155(3)
AC Generator Diagnosis and Service
158(4)
Case Study
162(2)
Terms to Know
164(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
164(1)
ASE Challenge Questions
165(2)
Job Sheets
167(8)
Ignition System Service and Diagnosis
175(66)
Introduction
175(1)
General Ignition System Diagnosis
176(3)
Visual Inspection
179(6)
Diagnosing with an Engine Analyzer
185(5)
Oscilloscope Testing
190(18)
Individual Component Testing
208(15)
Setting Ignition Timing
223(4)
Case Study
227(1)
Terms to Know
227(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
227(2)
ASE Challenge Questions
229(2)
Job Sheets
231(10)
Distributor and Electronic Ignition Systems (DI and EI) Diagnosis and Service
241(58)
Distributor Systems
241(1)
Effects of Improper Ignition Timing
242(2)
Visual Inspection
244(6)
No-Start Diagnosis
250(4)
Distributor Service
254(5)
Ignition Timing
259(3)
Case Study
262(1)
Electronic Ignition Systems (Distributorless Systems)
262(1)
General Diagnostics
263(11)
Chrysler EI Systems
274(3)
Ford EI Systems
277(5)
General Motors EI Systems
282(6)
Mitsubishi EI Systems
288(1)
Nissan EI Systems
289(1)
Toyota EI Systems
290(2)
Case Study
292(1)
Terms to Know
292(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
293(1)
ASE Challenge Questions
294(1)
Job Sheet
295(4)
Intake and Exhaust System Diagnosis and Service
299(50)
Air Filters
300(2)
Engine Vacuum
302(7)
Heated Air Inlet System Diagnosis
309(3)
Diagnosis of Heated Grid Systems
312(1)
Exhaust System Service
313(2)
Catalytic Converters
315(4)
Replacing Exhaust System Components
319(4)
Heat Riser Valve Diagnosis and Service
323(1)
Turbocharger Diagnosis
324(10)
Supercharger Diagnosis and Service
334(3)
Case Study
337(1)
Terms to Know
338(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
338(1)
ASE Challenge Questions
339(2)
Job Sheets
341(8)
Fuel System Diagnosis and Service
349(48)
Alcohol in Fuel Test
350(1)
Fuel System Pressure Relief
350(1)
Fuel Tanks
351(4)
Fuel Lines
355(5)
Fuel Filters
360(4)
Fuel Pumps
364(8)
Carburetors
372(4)
Carburetor Service
376(3)
Fuel Injection Systems
379(10)
Case Study
389(1)
Terms to Know
390(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
390(2)
ASE Challenge Questions
392(1)
Job Sheets
393(4)
Feedback Carburetor System Diagnosis and Service
397(24)
Electronic Idle-Speed Control
399(2)
Preliminary Diagnostic Procedure
401(2)
Electronic Control Diagnostics
403(1)
General Motors' CCC System
404(7)
Ford Electronic Feedback Systems
411(2)
Chrysler Feedback Systems
413(1)
Case Study
414(1)
Terms to Know
414(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
415(1)
ASE Challenge Questions
416(1)
Job Sheets
417(4)
Electronic Fuel Injection Diagnosis and Service
421(48)
Preliminary Checks
422(2)
Basic EFI System Checks
424(2)
Air System Checks
426(5)
Fuel System Checks
431(3)
Injector Checks
434(9)
Injector Service
443(3)
Fuel Rail, Injector, and Regulator Service
446(5)
Idle Speed Checks
451(2)
Idle Speed Controls
453(7)
Case Study
460(1)
Terms to Know
461(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
461(1)
ASE Challenge Questions
462(1)
Job Sheets
463(6)
Emission Control System Diagnosis and Service
469(52)
Emissions Testing
470(6)
Evaporative Emission Control Diagnosis and Service
476(3)
PCV System Diagnosis and Service
479(3)
Spark Control Systems
482(2)
EGR System Diagnosis and Service
484(7)
Electronic EGR Controls
491(4)
Intake Heat Control Diagnosis and Service
495(4)
Catalytic Converter Diagnosis
499(2)
Air Injection System Diagnosis and Service
501(4)
Case Study
505(1)
Terms to Know
506(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
506(2)
ASE Challenge Questions
508(1)
Job Sheets
509(12)
Engine Control System Diagnosis and Service
521(76)
Electronic Service Precautions
522(1)
Basic Diagnosis of Electronic Engine Control Systems
523(2)
Service Bulletin Information
525(4)
Self-Diagnostic Systems
529(2)
Using a Scanner
531(4)
Retrieving Trouble Codes
535(15)
Diagnosis of Computer Voltage Supply and Ground Wires
550(6)
Testing Input Sensors
556(1)
Switches
556(2)
Variable Resistor-Type Sensors
558(6)
Generating Sensors
564(12)
Mass Air Flow Sensors
576(5)
Testing Actuators
581(2)
Case Study
583(1)
Terms to Know
584(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
584(1)
ASE Challenge Questions
585(4)
Job Sheets
589(8)
On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) II System Diagnosis and Service
597(46)
OBD II Diagnostics
599(16)
OBD II Terminology
615(2)
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
617(2)
Freeze Frame
619(1)
Diagnostic Trouble Codes
620(3)
Data Link Connector
623(1)
Diagnostic Software
624(1)
Adaptive Fuel Control Strategy
625(1)
OBD II Monitor Test Results
626(1)
Intermittent Faults
627(2)
Repairing the System
629(6)
Verifying Vehicle Repair
635(1)
Case Study
635(1)
Terms to Know
636(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
636(1)
ASE Challenge Questions
637(2)
Job Sheets
639(4)
Diagnosing Related Systems
643(26)
Clutches
644(2)
Manual Transmissions
646(1)
Automatic Transmissions
647(6)
Driveline
653(1)
Heating and Air Conditioning
654(1)
Speed Control Systems
655(1)
Brake Systems
655(2)
Suspension and Steering Systems
657(4)
Wheels and Tires
661(1)
Case Study
662(1)
Terms to Know
663(1)
ASE-Style Review Questions
663(1)
ASE Challenge Questions
664(1)
Job Sheets
665(4)
Appendix A ASE Practice Examination 669(5)
Appendix B Metric Conversion Chart 674(1)
Appendix C Engine Performance Special Tool Suppliers 675(2)
Glossary 677(14)
Index 691


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