While deeply involved in the Holocaust as Heinrich Himmler's deputy for administration, Karl Wolff arranged for the transportation of three hundred thousand Jews from Poland to the Treblinka death camp in 1943. He was tried and given a short prison sentence in 1964. Wolff , even more than Reinhard Heydrich, could boast of having Hitler's confidence. The Fhrer appointed Wolff as SS and police chief in northern Italy in 19431945 and ordered that he kidnap and take the Pope and the cardinals to Germany. Wolff was able to talk Hitler out of the plan and saved himself by negotiating the surrender of German armies with the OSS in Switzerland.