9780745319988

Tourism, Globalization And Development Responsible Tourism Planning

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780745319988

  • ISBN10:

    074531998X

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-07-20
  • Publisher: Pluto Press

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Summary

Tourism is booming worldwide -- it makes up a massive part of the global economy. Donald G., Reid's book focuses on tourism in developing and less-developed countries. He examines its social and environmental impact and offers a timely critical analysis of the part it plays in globalization. Many of the world's poorest countries rely on the tourist trade for the major part of their income. However, all too often, the local communities involved do not reap the benefits of this trade. Developers often exclude local communities from the initial planning and decision-making process, viewing them either as a benign resource to be exploited, or as an impediment. Reid presents a rigourous critique of corporate-led tourism development and lays out alternatives that would give planning and control to the local communities involved. He argues that only in this way can the vastly differing requirments of each community be addressed, and social and environmental issues can be dealt with properly. The book includes a discussion of macro planning theory, and offers three case studies of locally controlled projects that show clearly how communities developing a tourist trade can benefit from it.

Author Biography

Donald G. Reid is professor and former Director of the School of Rural Planning and Development, Faculty of Environmental Design and Development, University of Guelph, Canada.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures viii
Acknowledgements ix
1 INTRODUCTION 1(25)
Tourism and development
1(16)
The organization of this book
17(3)
The context of tourism planning
20(6)
2 GLOBALIZATION AND THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT 26(41)
Introduction
26(1)
Corporate globalization and its effects on society
27(11)
Globalization, sustainability and sustainable development
38(5)
The new economy
43(12)
Tourism as a system
55(3)
Reasserting the community's role in the new economy
58(9)
3 TOURISM AS A FUNCTION OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES 67(35)
Introduction
67(1)
The context for tourism development
67(4)
The context of development studies
71(4)
Development studies
75(13)
Grass-roots implementation in developed and less developed countries
88(14)
4 CONCEPTS OF TOURISM 102(18)
Introduction
102(1)
Defining tourism
102(1)
Social-psychological definitions
103(5)
Sociological definitions
108(3)
Economic definitions
111(1)
Community definitions
112(3)
Ecological definitions
115(5)
5 PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT THEORIES AND THEIR RELATION TO TOURISM DEVELOPMENT 120(24)
Introduction
120(1)
The need for theory in tourism development
121(2)
The contribution of planning theory to tourism development
123(8)
General organizational strategies
131(7)
Community organization and leadership
138(6)
6 THE NORMATIVE VIEW OF TOURISM PLANNING 144(38)
Introduction
144(1)
The planning framework
144(4)
Research methods
148(1)
Individual and community needs assessment
148(5)
Economic, social and environmental research
153(1)
Economic analysis
154(8)
Physical resource inventory
162(3)
Regulation and logistical analysis
165(2)
Market analysis
167(4)
Social and cultural impact analysis
171(2)
Environmental analysis
173(3)
The concept of carrying capacity
176(3)
Geographical information systems
179(1)
Tourism planner as social critic
180(2)
7 CASE STUDIES IN TOURISM PLANNING 182(42)
Introduction
182(2)
Case study: Golden, BC, and Kicking Horse Mountain Resort
184(12)
Introduction
184(3)
The consultation
187(3)
The tourism sector discussion
190(4)
Critique of the Golden tourism planning process
194(2)
Case study: Kenya
196(13)
Kenya and its tourism product
196(2)
The problems of Kenya and its tourism industry
198(1)
The philosophy and approach of the KWS
199(2)
Highlights of the KWS conceptual plan
201(5)
Kimana
206(2)
Critique of the KWS initiative
208(1)
Case study: Bermuda
209(10)
Tourism in Bermuda
211(2)
Challenges to Bermuda's tourism industry
213(1)
Strategic planning
214(4)
Critique of the Bermudian plan
218(1)
Analysis of the case studies
219(5)
8 THE INTEGRATION OF TOURISM WITHIN GENERAL DEVELOPMENT 224(13)
Introduction
224(1)
The intricacies of tourism development
224(6)
Criteria for tourism development
230(5)
Building sustainable community tourism
235(2)
Bibliography 237(7)
Index 244

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