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Trucking Tractor-Trailer Driver Handbook/Workbook,9781418012625

Trucking Tractor-Trailer Driver Handbook/Workbook

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9781418012625

ISBN10:
1418012629
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
11/28/2005
Publisher(s):
Delmar Cengage Learning
List Price: $50.95

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What version or edition is this?
This is the 3rd edition with a publication date of 11/28/2005.
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  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.

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Summary

A severe shortage of trained tractor-trailer drivers faces the trucking industry and the nation. Trucking: Tractor-Trailer Driver Handbook/Workbook, Third edition and its ancillaries can help solve this problem by providing a great turnkey curriculum for the latest in tractor-trailer driver training, complete with up-to-date compliance and regulation standards. This new edition delivers not only the technical content the driver needs to know, but also teaches the procedures that, with practice, will enable the student to become a skilled driver. This book stresses the importance of developing the skills, traits and behaviors that characterize true professionals.Professional truck drivers must maintain safe standards throughout all facets of a trip, and this book provides the "must have" information new drivers need to stay safe before, during, and after a route. Coverage focuses on attaining and preserving safe standards throughout all aspects of a professional driving career, from securing one's load to hazardous materials handling, with helpful guidelines for maintaining a healthy lifestyle on the road. This edition delivers not only the technical content tractor-trailer drivers need to become skilled professionals, but also the healthful habits and "best practices" that can lead to improved safety and well-being.

Table of Contents

Preface xxi
An Introduction to Trucking
1(20)
Objectives
1(1)
Introduction
2(1)
The U.S. Trucking Industry
3(3)
How the Trucking Industry Is Regulated
6(3)
Federal and State Regulating Agencies
9(2)
Commercial Motor Vehicles
11(4)
Becoming a Professional
15(2)
Safety
17(1)
Training and Instruction
17(1)
Summary
18(1)
Key Terms
18(1)
Review Questions
19(2)
Vehicle Inspections
21(35)
Objectives
21(1)
Introduction
22(1)
Pretrip, En Route, and Posttrip Inspections
22(2)
What Makes a Good Inspection Great?
24(4)
Tire Inspection
28(1)
Inspecting Mud Flaps/Splash Guards
28(1)
Braking Systems Inspection
29(1)
Steering System Inspection
30(1)
Suspension System Inspection
31(1)
Exhaust System Inspection
32(1)
Coupling System Inspection
33(1)
Cargo Inspection
33(1)
Steps for a Pretrip Inspection
34(15)
En Route and Posttrip Inspections
49(1)
Vehicle Condition Report
50(2)
Summary
52(1)
Key Terms
52(2)
Review Questions
54(2)
Control Systems
56(20)
Objectives
56(1)
Introduction
57(1)
Vehicle Controls
57(9)
Vehicle Instruments
66(6)
Summary
72(1)
Key Terms
72(1)
Review Questions
72(4)
Vehicle Systems
76(31)
Objectives
76(1)
Introduction
77(1)
Frame, Suspension Systems, and Axles
77(2)
Engines
79(1)
Computer Management Systems
80(1)
Fuel System
81(1)
Air Intake and Exhaust Systems
82(1)
Lubrication System
83(2)
Coolant System
85(2)
Electrical System
87(3)
Drivetrain
90(2)
Transmission
92(1)
Driveshafts and Universal Joints
93(1)
Differential
93(1)
Wheels
94(1)
Mounting Systems
94(1)
Tires
95(2)
Tread Design and Wheel Position
97(1)
Normal Tire Inflation
97(2)
Steering Systems
99(2)
Coupling Systems
101(1)
Other Coupling Devices
102(1)
Summary
102(1)
Key Terms
102(1)
Review Questions
103(4)
Basic Control
107(15)
Objectives
107(1)
Introduction
108(1)
Start, Warm-up, and Shutdown Routines
108(2)
Putting the Vehicle into Motion---and Stopping
110(2)
Backing in a Straight Line
112(1)
Turning the Vehicle
113(4)
Range Practice
117(2)
Summary
119(1)
Key Terms
119(1)
Review Questions
119(3)
Shifting
122(18)
Objectives
122(1)
Introduction
123(1)
Shift Controls
123(1)
Nonsynchronized Transmissions
124(1)
Aids to Shifting
125(5)
Shifting Patterns and Procedures
130(3)
Shifting Semiautomatic Transmissions
133(2)
Shifting Fully Automatic Transmissions
135(3)
Summary
138(1)
Key Terms
138(1)
Review Questions
138(2)
Backing
140(11)
Objectives
140(1)
Introduction
141(1)
Backing Principles and Rules
141(1)
Safety Rules when Backing
142(2)
General Backing Rules
144(1)
Basic Backing Maneuvers
145(3)
Summary
148(1)
Key Terms
149(1)
Review Questions
149(2)
Coupling and Uncoupling
151(12)
Objectives
151(1)
Introduction
152(1)
The Coupling Sequence
153(6)
Step-by-Step Uncoupling Procedure
159(2)
Summary
161(1)
Key Terms
161(1)
Review Questions
161(2)
Sliding Fifth Wheels and Tandem Axles
163(14)
Objectives
163(1)
Introduction
164(1)
Shifting Weight
164(2)
The Bridge Formula
166(1)
Maneuverability and Off-Tracking
166(1)
The Fifth Wheel
167(1)
Sliding the Fifth Wheel
168(2)
Trailer Tandem Axles
170(4)
Summary
174(1)
Key Terms
174(1)
Review Questions
175(2)
Preventive Maintenance and Servicing
177(16)
Objectives
177(1)
Introduction
178(1)
Preventive Maintenance
179(1)
Types of Maintenance
179(1)
Federal Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Requirements
180(1)
Driver Vehicle Condition Report (VCR)
181(1)
Basic Service and Routine Maintenance
182(6)
Checking Tire Air Pressure
188(1)
Draining the Air Reservoirs
189(1)
Adjusting the Tractor-Trailer Brakes
189(1)
Summary
190(1)
Key Terms
191(1)
Review Questions
191(2)
Recognizing and Reporting Malfunctions
193(19)
Objectives
193(1)
Introduction
194(1)
Diagnosing and Reporting Malfunctions
194(6)
Problem-Solving Exercises
200(7)
Emergency Starting Procedures
207(2)
Summary
209(1)
Key Terms
210(1)
Review Questions
210(2)
Communication
212(10)
Objectives
212(1)
Introduction
213(1)
Tell Your Intent
214(1)
Signaling
214(4)
Using Cell Phones Safely
218(1)
Summary
219(1)
Key Terms
220(1)
Review Questions
220(2)
Space Management
222(12)
Objectives
222(1)
Introduction
223(1)
The Importance of Space Management
223(1)
Space Ahead
224(2)
Space Behind
226(1)
Space to the Sides
227(2)
Space Overhead
229(1)
Space Below
230(1)
Space for Turns
230(1)
Space to Cross or Enter Traffic
231(1)
Summary
232(1)
Key Terms
232(1)
Review Questions
232(2)
Visual Search
234(11)
Objectives
234(1)
Introduction
235(1)
The Driver's View
235(1)
Focusing on the Road Ahead
236(1)
Scanning and the Visual Search
237(2)
Mirrors
239(3)
Summary
242(1)
Key Terms
242(1)
Review Questions
243(2)
Speed Management
245(12)
Objectives
245(1)
Introduction
246(1)
Speed Management Terminology
246(1)
Speed and Stopping Distance
247(2)
Driving on Various Road Surfaces
249(2)
Taking Curves Safety
251(1)
Driving on Hills
252(1)
Work Zone Driving Safety
252(1)
How Far Can You See?
253(1)
Speed and Traffic
254(1)
Summary
255(1)
Key Terms
255(1)
Review Questions
255(2)
Night Driving
257(11)
Objectives
257(1)
Introduction
258(1)
Night Driving Factors
258(5)
Night Driving Procedures
263(2)
Night Driving Adjustments
265(1)
Summary
266(1)
Key Terms
266(1)
Review Questions
266(2)
Extreme Driving Conditions
268(23)
Objectives
268(1)
Introduction
269(1)
Extreme Weather
269(4)
Starting Your Engine in Cold Weather
273(1)
An Engine That Will Not Start
274(1)
Bad Weather Operating Hazards
275(2)
Driving in Bad Weather
277(3)
Driving in Hot Weather
280(1)
Driving in the Desert
281(1)
Mountain Driving
282(3)
Auxiliary Brakes and Speed Retarders
285(1)
Escape Ramps
286(1)
Summary
287(1)
Key Terms
287(1)
Review Questions
288(3)
Skid Control
291(13)
Objectives
291(1)
Introduction
292(1)
Vehicle Control Factors
292(1)
Causes of Skids
293(2)
Preventing Skids
295(1)
Tractor-Trailer Skids
295(4)
Antijackknife Devices
299(1)
Antilock Brakes
300(1)
Skid Recovery
300(1)
Summary
301(1)
Key Terms
302(1)
Review Questions
302(2)
Hazard Awareness
304(16)
Objectives
304(1)
Introduction
305(1)
What Is a Hazard?
305(1)
Commentary Driving and Hazard Perception
306(1)
Learning to Recognize Hazards
307(1)
Sources of Clues
307(11)
Summary
318(1)
Key Terms
318(1)
Review Questions
319(1)
Railroad Crossings
320(13)
Objectives
320(1)
Introduction
321(1)
Active Versus Passive Railroad Crossings
322(1)
Driver Behavior at Passive Railroad Crossings
323(2)
Driver Distractions and Passive Rail Crossings
325(1)
Warnings to Heed
325(3)
Other Devices
328(1)
What Every Driver Needs to Know About Railroad Crossings
328(2)
Summary
330(1)
Key Terms
331(1)
Review Questions
331(2)
Emergency Maneuvers
333(13)
Objectives
333(1)
Introduction
334(1)
Avoiding Emergencies
334(1)
Emergency Maneuvers
335(9)
Summary
344(1)
Key Terms
344(1)
Review Questions
345(1)
Accident Procedures
346(19)
Objectives
346(1)
Introduction
347(1)
When an Accident Occurs
347(3)
Accident Reporting When Hazardous Materials Are Involved
350(7)
Giving First Aid
357(1)
Fires and Firefighting
358(2)
Fire Extinguishers
360(1)
Additional Information about Truck Fires
361(2)
Summary
363(1)
Key Terms
363(1)
Review Questions
363(2)
Special Rigs
365(20)
Objectives
365(1)
Introduction
366(2)
Long Combination Vehicles
368(4)
Special Trailer Types
372(3)
Low-Clearance Vehicles
375(1)
High Center of Gravity in Vehicles
376(2)
Unstable Loads
378(3)
Special Cargo Vehicles
381(1)
Special Handling Vehicles
381(2)
Summary
383(1)
Key Terms
383(1)
Review Questions
383(2)
Handling Cargo
385(29)
Objectives
385(1)
Introduction
386(1)
New Cargo Securement Regulations
386(6)
Importance of Handling Cargo Properly
392(1)
Accepting and Loading Freight
392(2)
Fundamentals in Handling Cargo
394(13)
Vehicle Weight
407(2)
Distribution of Weight
409(2)
Summary
411(1)
Key Terms
411(1)
Review Questions
412(2)
Cargo Documentation
414(16)
Objectives
414(1)
Introduction
415(1)
Definition of Terms
415(2)
Transportation Charges and Services
417(2)
Basic Shipping Documents
419(4)
Driver's Signature and Responsibility
423(1)
Previously Loaded Trailers
424(1)
Delivery of Freight
425(1)
Interline Freight
425(1)
Hazardous Materials and Waste
425(2)
Summary
427(1)
Key Terms
427(1)
Review Questions
428(2)
Trip Planning
430(16)
Objectives
430(1)
Introduction
431(1)
Types of Driving Runs and Assignments
431(2)
Route Selection
433(2)
Map Reading
435(1)
Calculating Travel Time and Fuel Usage
436(1)
Keeping Records
436(2)
Trip Planning Software
438(1)
Vehicle Licensing and Permits
439(1)
Federal Length and Weight Limits
440(1)
State Limits
441(1)
Roadside Enforcement
442(1)
Summary
443(1)
Key Terms
443(1)
Review Questions
444(2)
Hours of Service
446(15)
Objectives
446(1)
Introduction
447(1)
New Hours-of-Service Ruling---The Basics
447(6)
Record of Duty Status
453(4)
Driver Declared Out of Service
457(1)
Penalties
458(1)
Summary
458(1)
Key Terms
458(1)
Review Questions
459(2)
Driving International Routes
461(14)
Objectives
461(1)
Introduction
462(1)
Suggestions for Security When Driving Internationally
462(1)
Crossing into Canada
463(5)
Crossing the Border into Mexico
468(4)
Summary
472(1)
Key Terms
472(1)
Review Questions
473(2)
Transportation Security
475(12)
Objectives
475(1)
Introduction
476(1)
The Department of Homeland Security
476(1)
Transportation Security Administration
477(1)
Trucking Security Grows into Larger Issue
477(1)
Suggested Protective Measures
478(1)
Increasing Your Rig's Security
479(1)
What Security Is Important
480(1)
What Else Can be Done?
481(3)
Summary
484(1)
Key Terms
484(1)
Review Questions
484(3)
Public Relations and Job Search
487(16)
Objectives
487(1)
Introduction
488(1)
Public Relations
488(3)
Customer Relations
491(1)
Employer-Employee Relations
492(5)
Applying for a Job
497(3)
Summary
500(1)
Key Terms
500(1)
Review Questions
500(3)
Professional Driver Health, Safety, and Security
503(28)
Objectives
503(1)
Introduction
504(1)
Overview
505(1)
Driver Nutrition
506(2)
What About Exercise?
508(1)
Job Stress
509(2)
Alcoholism and Drug Abuse
511(6)
Annual or Biannual DOT Physical
517(2)
Driver Safety
519(4)
Roadside Emergencies
523(1)
Causes of Accidents
524(1)
Driver Fatigue
525(2)
Progress in Fatigue Management
527(1)
Summary
527(1)
Key Terms
528(1)
Review Questions
528(3)
Hazardous Materials
531(21)
Objectives
531(1)
Introduction
532(1)
The HazMat CDL Endorsement
532(3)
The Shipper's Role in Hazardous Material Handling
535(1)
The Carrier's Responsibility in Handling Hazardous Materials
535(1)
The Driver's Responsibility in Handling Hazardous Materials
536(2)
The Hazard Class
538(2)
What Drivers Should Know about Shipping Papers
540(2)
Mixed Shipments of Non-HazMat and HazMat Cargos
542(1)
When HazMat is Involved in an Accident
542(1)
HazMat Emergencies
543(2)
How to Use the Hazardous Materials Table
545(1)
The Hazardous Waste Manifest
546(1)
Other Information Needed When Hauling HazMat
547(1)
Security Measures for HazMat Loads
548(1)
TSA HazMat Contact Information
548(1)
Summary
548(1)
Key Terms
549(1)
Review Questions
549(3)
Transportation Technology
552(13)
Objectives
552(1)
Introduction
553(1)
About QUALCOMM
553(1)
Onboard Recorders
554(1)
Global Positioning Systems
554(1)
Electronic Payment
555(1)
Fuel Management and Reporting
555(1)
Communication
556(4)
Regulatory Compliance
560(1)
Summary
561(1)
Key Terms
562(1)
Review Questions
562(3)
Whistleblower Protections for Professional Drivers
565(11)
Objective
565(1)
Introduction
566(1)
OSHA Whistleblower Protections---What They Cover and How to Report Violations
566(3)
The Surface Transportation Assistance Act---Whistleblower Protections and How to Report Violations
569(4)
Summary
573(1)
Key Terms
573(1)
Review Questions
573(3)
The Commercial Driver's License
576(13)
Objective
576(1)
Introduction
577(1)
Information Required on the CDL
578(1)
New CDL Rules Issued in 2002
578(2)
Classes of Licenses and Endorsements
580(1)
CDL Knowledge Tests
581(1)
CDL Skills Tests
581(5)
Passing Scores
586(1)
Once You Have A CDL
586(1)
Review Questions
587(2)
Appendix A Troubleshooting Guide 589(7)
Glossary 596(13)
Index 609


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