Traffic & Highway Engineering

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 6/4/2008
  • Publisher: CL Engineering
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The new edition of Garber and Hoel's best-selling text focuses on giving students insight into all facets of traffic and highway engineering. Students generally come to this course with little knowledge or understanding of the importance of transportation, much less of the extensive career opportunities within the field. Transportation is an extremely broad subject, and courses must either cover all transportation modes or focus on specifics. While many topics can be covered with a survey approach, this often lacks sufficient depth and students leave the course without a full understanding of any of the fields. Garber and Hoel's text focuses exclusively on traffic and highway engineering. They begin with a discussion of the pivotal role transportation plays in our society, including employment opportunities, historical impact, and the impact of transportation on our daily lives. This approach gives students a sense of what the field is about and an opportunity to consider some of its challenges. Later chapters focus on specific issues facing transportation engineers. The text uses pedagogical tools such as worked problems, diagrams and tables, reference material, and realistic examples to demonstrate how the material is applied. This edition also available in SI units - ISBN 0495438537.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
The Profession of Transportationp. 3
Importance of Transportationp. 3
Transportation Historyp. 6
Transportation Employmentp. 16
Summaryp. 23
Problemsp. 24
Referencesp. 25
Transportation Systems and Organizationsp. 27
Developing a Transportation Systemp. 27
Modes of Transportationp. 34
Transportation Organizationsp. 47
Summaryp. 51
Problemsp. 52
Referencesp. 54
Traffic Operationsp. 55
Characteristics of the Driver, the Pedestrian, the Vehicle, and the Roadp. 57
Driver Characteristicsp. 58
Perception-Reaction Processp. 60
Older Drivers' Characteristicsp. 61
Pedestrian Characteristicsp. 62
Bicyclists and Bicycles Characteristicsp. 62
Vehicle Characteristicsp. 63
Road Characteristicsp. 88
Summaryp. 93
Problemsp. 95
Referencesp. 98
Traffic Engineering Studiesp. 99
Spot Speed Studiesp. 100
Volume Studiesp. 115
Travel Time and Delay Studiesp. 133
Parking Studiesp. 139
Summaryp. 146
Problemsp. 147
Referencesp. 150
Highway Safetyp. 151
Issues Involved in Transportation Safetyp. 152
Strategic Highway Safety Plansp. 154
Effectiveness of Safety Design Featuresp. 190
Summaryp. 208
Problemsp. 208
Referencesp. 212
Fundamental Principles of Traffic Flowp. 213
Traffic Flow Elementsp. 213
Flow-Density Relationshipsp. 218
Shock Waves in Traffic Streamsp. 230
Gap and Gap Acceptancep. 243
Introduction to Queuing Theoryp. 249
Summaryp. 258
Problemsp. 258
Intersection Designp. 265
Types of At-Grade Intersectionsp. 266
Design Principles for At-Grade Intersectionsp. 276
Design of Railroad Grade Crossingsp. 314
Summaryp. 320
Problemsp. 322
Referencesp. 325
Intersection Controlp. 327
General Concepts of Traffic Controlp. 327
Conflict Points at Intersectionsp. 331
Types of Intersection Controlp. 332
Signal Timing for Different Color Indicationsp. 342
Freeway Rampsp. 373
Summaryp. 378
Problemsp. 378
Referencesp. 380
Capacity and Level of Service for Highway Segmentsp. 381
Two-Lane Highwaysp. 382
Freewaysp. 406
Multilane Highwaysp. 424
Summaryp. 430
Problemsp. 431
Referencesp. 434
Tablesp. 434
Capacity and Level of Service at Signalized Intersectionsp. 457
Definitions of Some Common Termsp. 457
Level of Service at Signalized Intersectionsp. 460
Summaryp. 528
Problemsp. 528
Referencesp. 533
Tablesp. 534
Transportation Planningp. 549
The Transportation Planning Processp. 551
Basic Elements of Transportation Planningp. 552
Transportation Planning Institutionsp. 562
Urban Transportation Planningp. 566
Forecasting Travelp. 574
Summaryp. 586
Problemsp. 587
Referencesp. 588
Forecasting Travel Demandp. 591
Demand Forecasting Approachesp. 591
Trip Generationp. 593
Trip Distributionp. 603
Mode Choicep. 613
Traffic Assignmentp. 625
Other Methods for Forecasting Demandp. 633
Estimating Freight Demandp. 637
Traffic Impact Studiesp. 638
Summaryp. 644
Problemsp. 645
Referencesp. 652
Evaluating Transportation Alternativesp. 653
Basic Issues in Evaluationp. 653
Evaluation Based on Economic Criteriap. 657
Evaluation Based on Multiple Criteriap. 669
Summaryp. 684
Problemsp. 684
Referencesp. 689
Location, Geometrics, and Drainagep. 691
Highway Surveys and Locationp. 693
Principles of Highway Locationp. 693
Highway Survey Methodsp. 701
Highway Earthwork and Final Plansp. 723
Summaryp. 731
Problemsp. 733
Referencesp. 734
Geometric Design of Highway Facilitiesp. 737
Factors Influencing Highway Designp. 738
Design of the Alignmentp. 754
Special Facilities for Heavy Vehicles on Steep Gradesp. 790
Bicycle Facilitiesp. 791
Parking Facilitiesp. 796
Computer Use in Geometric Designp. 801
Summaryp. 802
Problemsp. 802
Referencesp. 805
Highway Drainagep. 807
Surface Drainagep. 807
Highway Drainage Structuresp. 809
Sediment and Erosion Controlp. 811
Hydrologic Considerationsp. 813
Unit Hydrographsp. 826
Hydraulic Design of Highway Drainage Structuresp. 827
Subsurface Drainagep. 870
Economic Analysisp. 889
Summaryp. 889
Problemsp. 889
Referencesp. 891
Additional Readingsp. 892
Materials and Pavementsp. 893
Soil Engineering for Highway Designp. 895
Soil Characteristicsp. 895
Basic Engineering Properties of Soilsp. 899
Classification of Soils for Highway Usep. 907
Soil Surveys for Highway Constructionp. 917
Soil Compactionp. 922
Special Soil Tests for Pavement Designp. 932
Frost Action in Soilsp. 936
Summaryp. 937
Problemsp. 937
Referencesp. 914
Bituminous Materialsp. 943
Sources of Asphaltp. 943
Description and Uses of Bituminous Bindersp. 946
Properties of Asphalt Materialsp. 949
Tests for Asphalt Materialsp. 953
Asphalt Mixturesp. 969
Superpave Systemsp. 992
Summaryp. 1019
Problemsp. 1019
Referencesp. 1022
Design of Flexible Pavementsp. 1025
Structural Components of a Flexible Pavementp. 1025
Soil Stabilizationp. 1027
General Principles of Flexible Pavement Designp. 1032
Summaryp. 1070
Problemsp. 1070
Referencesp. 1073
Design of Rigid Pavementsp. 1075
Materials Used in Rigid Pavementsp. 1076
Joints in Concrete Pavementsp. 1081
Types of Rigid Highway Pavementsp. 1083
Pumping of Rigid Pavementsp. 1084
Stresses in Rigid Pavementsp. 1085
Thickness Design of Rigid Pavementsp. 1093
Summaryp. 1129
Problemsp. 1129
Referencesp. 1131
Pavement Managementp. 1133
Problems of Highway Rehabilitationp. 1133
Methods for Determining Roadway Conditionp. 1136
Pavement Condition Predictionp. 1151
Pavement Rehabilitationp. 1160
Pavement Rehabilitation Programmingp. 1162
GIS and Pavement Managementp. 1172
Summaryp. 1174
Problemsp. 1174
Referencesp. 1176
Appendixesp. 1177
Indexp. 1207
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