Introduction | p. 1 |

The Profession of Transportation | p. 3 |

Importance of Transportation | p. 3 |

Transportation History | p. 6 |

Transportation Employment | p. 16 |

Summary | p. 23 |

Problems | p. 24 |

References | p. 25 |

Transportation Systems and Organizations | p. 27 |

Developing a Transportation System | p. 27 |

Modes of Transportation | p. 34 |

Transportation Organizations | p. 47 |

Summary | p. 51 |

Problems | p. 52 |

References | p. 54 |

Traffic Operations | p. 55 |

Characteristics of the Driver, the Pedestrian, the Vehicle, and the Road | p. 57 |

Driver Characteristics | p. 58 |

Perception-Reaction Process | p. 60 |

Older Drivers' Characteristics | p. 61 |

Pedestrian Characteristics | p. 62 |

Bicyclists and Bicycles Characteristics | p. 62 |

Vehicle Characteristics | p. 63 |

Road Characteristics | p. 88 |

Summary | p. 93 |

Problems | p. 95 |

References | p. 98 |

Traffic Engineering Studies | p. 99 |

Spot Speed Studies | p. 100 |

Volume Studies | p. 115 |

Travel Time and Delay Studies | p. 133 |

Parking Studies | p. 139 |

Summary | p. 146 |

Problems | p. 147 |

References | p. 150 |

Highway Safety | p. 151 |

Issues Involved in Transportation Safety | p. 152 |

Strategic Highway Safety Plans | p. 154 |

Effectiveness of Safety Design Features | p. 190 |

Summary | p. 208 |

Problems | p. 208 |

References | p. 212 |

Fundamental Principles of Traffic Flow | p. 213 |

Traffic Flow Elements | p. 213 |

Flow-Density Relationships | p. 218 |

Shock Waves in Traffic Streams | p. 230 |

Gap and Gap Acceptance | p. 243 |

Introduction to Queuing Theory | p. 249 |

Summary | p. 258 |

Problems | p. 258 |

Intersection Design | p. 265 |

Types of At-Grade Intersections | p. 266 |

Design Principles for At-Grade Intersections | p. 276 |

Design of Railroad Grade Crossings | p. 314 |

Summary | p. 320 |

Problems | p. 322 |

References | p. 325 |

Intersection Control | p. 327 |

General Concepts of Traffic Control | p. 327 |

Conflict Points at Intersections | p. 331 |

Types of Intersection Control | p. 332 |

Signal Timing for Different Color Indications | p. 342 |

Freeway Ramps | p. 373 |

Summary | p. 378 |

Problems | p. 378 |

References | p. 380 |

Capacity and Level of Service for Highway Segments | p. 381 |

Two-Lane Highways | p. 382 |

Freeways | p. 406 |

Multilane Highways | p. 424 |

Summary | p. 430 |

Problems | p. 431 |

References | p. 434 |

Tables | p. 434 |

Capacity and Level of Service at Signalized Intersections | p. 457 |

Definitions of Some Common Terms | p. 457 |

Level of Service at Signalized Intersections | p. 460 |

Summary | p. 528 |

Problems | p. 528 |

References | p. 533 |

Tables | p. 534 |

Transportation Planning | p. 549 |

The Transportation Planning Process | p. 551 |

Basic Elements of Transportation Planning | p. 552 |

Transportation Planning Institutions | p. 562 |

Urban Transportation Planning | p. 566 |

Forecasting Travel | p. 574 |

Summary | p. 586 |

Problems | p. 587 |

References | p. 588 |

Forecasting Travel Demand | p. 591 |

Demand Forecasting Approaches | p. 591 |

Trip Generation | p. 593 |

Trip Distribution | p. 603 |

Mode Choice | p. 613 |

Traffic Assignment | p. 625 |

Other Methods for Forecasting Demand | p. 633 |

Estimating Freight Demand | p. 637 |

Traffic Impact Studies | p. 638 |

Summary | p. 644 |

Problems | p. 645 |

References | p. 652 |

Evaluating Transportation Alternatives | p. 653 |

Basic Issues in Evaluation | p. 653 |

Evaluation Based on Economic Criteria | p. 657 |

Evaluation Based on Multiple Criteria | p. 669 |

Summary | p. 684 |

Problems | p. 684 |

References | p. 689 |

Location, Geometrics, and Drainage | p. 691 |

Highway Surveys and Location | p. 693 |

Principles of Highway Location | p. 693 |

Highway Survey Methods | p. 701 |

Highway Earthwork and Final Plans | p. 723 |

Summary | p. 731 |

Problems | p. 733 |

References | p. 734 |

Geometric Design of Highway Facilities | p. 737 |

Factors Influencing Highway Design | p. 738 |

Design of the Alignment | p. 754 |

Special Facilities for Heavy Vehicles on Steep Grades | p. 790 |

Bicycle Facilities | p. 791 |

Parking Facilities | p. 796 |

Computer Use in Geometric Design | p. 801 |

Summary | p. 802 |

Problems | p. 802 |

References | p. 805 |

Highway Drainage | p. 807 |

Surface Drainage | p. 807 |

Highway Drainage Structures | p. 809 |

Sediment and Erosion Control | p. 811 |

Hydrologic Considerations | p. 813 |

Unit Hydrographs | p. 826 |

Hydraulic Design of Highway Drainage Structures | p. 827 |

Subsurface Drainage | p. 870 |

Economic Analysis | p. 889 |

Summary | p. 889 |

Problems | p. 889 |

References | p. 891 |

Additional Readings | p. 892 |

Materials and Pavements | p. 893 |

Soil Engineering for Highway Design | p. 895 |

Soil Characteristics | p. 895 |

Basic Engineering Properties of Soils | p. 899 |

Classification of Soils for Highway Use | p. 907 |

Soil Surveys for Highway Construction | p. 917 |

Soil Compaction | p. 922 |

Special Soil Tests for Pavement Design | p. 932 |

Frost Action in Soils | p. 936 |

Summary | p. 937 |

Problems | p. 937 |

References | p. 914 |

Bituminous Materials | p. 943 |

Sources of Asphalt | p. 943 |

Description and Uses of Bituminous Binders | p. 946 |

Properties of Asphalt Materials | p. 949 |

Tests for Asphalt Materials | p. 953 |

Asphalt Mixtures | p. 969 |

Superpave Systems | p. 992 |

Summary | p. 1019 |

Problems | p. 1019 |

References | p. 1022 |

Design of Flexible Pavements | p. 1025 |

Structural Components of a Flexible Pavement | p. 1025 |

Soil Stabilization | p. 1027 |

General Principles of Flexible Pavement Design | p. 1032 |

Summary | p. 1070 |

Problems | p. 1070 |

References | p. 1073 |

Design of Rigid Pavements | p. 1075 |

Materials Used in Rigid Pavements | p. 1076 |

Joints in Concrete Pavements | p. 1081 |

Types of Rigid Highway Pavements | p. 1083 |

Pumping of Rigid Pavements | p. 1084 |

Stresses in Rigid Pavements | p. 1085 |

Thickness Design of Rigid Pavements | p. 1093 |

Summary | p. 1129 |

Problems | p. 1129 |

References | p. 1131 |

Pavement Management | p. 1133 |

Problems of Highway Rehabilitation | p. 1133 |

Methods for Determining Roadway Condition | p. 1136 |

Pavement Condition Prediction | p. 1151 |

Pavement Rehabilitation | p. 1160 |

Pavement Rehabilitation Programming | p. 1162 |

GIS and Pavement Management | p. 1172 |

Summary | p. 1174 |

Problems | p. 1174 |

References | p. 1176 |

Appendixes | p. 1177 |

Index | p. 1207 |

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