9780195330816

The Transformation of Work in the New Economy Sociological Readings

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780195330816

  • ISBN10:

    0195330811

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-11-02
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

In The Transformation of the New Economy, editors Robert Perrucci and Carolyn C. Perrucci critically examine existing conditions in the workplace and discuss the political and economic forces that have shaped them. The book explores established practices governing how products are produced, how work is organized, and who comprises the labor force. Perrucci and Perrucci examine computerized production technology, global production chains, and the international division of labor as products of political struggles between corporations, workers, and the government. The outcomes of these struggles have produced our global economy, made jobs less secure, and kept wages of average Americans from growing the way they did post-World War II. These outcomes have also led to downsizing in the workplace, restructuring the social organization of work, and outsourcing jobs to other countries. This anthology illustrates how the new economy has affected: * Job opportunities and income for workers of different gender, race, and class. * Working conditions of professionals, factory workers, and workers in the service economy. * Family life of parents, children, and dual earners. The closing section of the book focuses on policy changes that could improve the conditions of workers in the new economy--with specific attention to raising wages, better access to health care, and company policies that empower workers.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Work and the New Economy
Historical Background for the New Economy
The Way It Was: Factory Labor Before 1915
Scientific Management
Bureaucratic Control
On Alienation
How Globalization, Technology, and Organization Affect Work
Neoliberal Globalization
Global Economy and Privileged Class
The Price of Jobs Lost
Grapes and Green Onions
Workers Wanted: Employer Recruitment of Immigrant Labor
Technology: The "Great Growling Engine of Change"
Worker Skills and Computer-Mediated Work
They Used to Use a Ball and Chain: Technology's Impact on the Workplace
How Computers Change Work and PayC. Organization
Flexible Firms and Labor Market Segmentation: Effects of Workplace Restructuring on Jobs and Workers
Bureaucratic Bloat
Just a Temp
The Changing Face of WorkA. Opportunities and Income
Gender, Race, and Income Gaps
Inequality at Work: Wages and Promotion
"Soft" Skills and Race
Glass Ceilings and Glass EscalatorsB. Professional Work
The Organization of Mass Production Law
Unlikely Rebels
Professionalization and Work IntensificationC. Life on the Factory Floor
Why Teamwork Fails: Obstacles to Workplace Change in Four Manufacturing Plants
Inside a Japanese Transplant
Being Broken In: The First Two Weeks
Gender and Service Delivery
Over the Counter: McDonalds
Wal-Mart
Work and Family Connections
Envisioning the Integration of Family and Work
Overworked Individuals or Overworked Families?
Scaling Back: Dual-Earner Couples' Work-Family Strategies
Home-to-Job and Job-to-Home Spillover: The Impact of Company Policies and Workplace Culture
Emerging IssuesA. Policies for Work and Family
The Reluctant American Welfare State: Opting Out of Public Responsibility
The Relationship Between Work-Life Policies and Practices and Employee Loyalty
The Family Responsive WorkplaceB. Revitalizing the Workplace
The Challenge of Organizing in a Globalized Flexible Industry: The Case of the Apparel Industry in Los Angeles
Lessons From Living-Wage Campaigns
Critical Condition: How Health Care in America Became Big Business and Bad Medicine
Promising Practices: How Employers Improve Their Bottom Lines by Addressing the Needs of Lower-Wage Workers
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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