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Transnational crime is to the early twenty-first century what city gangs and Al Capone were to the early twentieth century. InTransnational Crime and the 21st Century: Criminal Enterprise, Corruption, and Opportunity,noted criminologist Jay S. Albanese uses case studies, interviews, and the most up-to-date research to explore the connections between transnational crime and organized crime. A concise and affordable supplement for courses in comparative, international, and organized crime, this provocative text offers students a solid basis for understanding the nature of transnational crime. FEATURES * Uses clear, straightforward language,making the text accessible to students of all levels * Categorizes crimes bytype(rather than by topic) in order to help students better grasp the interrelationships between transnational and organized crime * Examines the nine most serious forms of transnational crime:drug trafficking, stolen property, counterfeiting, human trafficking, fraud and cybercrime, commercialized sex, extortion and racketeering, money laundering, and corruption * Proposes concrete solutionsfor preventing organized crime syndicates and networks * Takes a systematic approachto risk assessment, delving into the factors that generate illicit markets and allow criminals to be successful
Jay S. Albanese is a criminologist and professor in the Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University.
Table of Contents
|About the Author||p. xvii|
|The Universe of Transnational Crime||p. 1|
|Types of Transnational Crime||p. 3|
|The Ethnicity Trap and Transnational Crime||p. 5|
|Criminal Networks Versus Formal Organizations||p. 6|
|Drug Trafficking||p. 11|
|The Nature of Transnational Drug Trafficking||p. 12|
|The Volume of Drug Trafficking||p. 13|
|Assessing Drug Trafficking Trends||p. 16|
|Focusing on Drug Markets Versus Drugs and Drug Traffickers||p. 17|
|The Legalization Argument and Drug Trafficking||p. 21|
|Drug Use and the Ultimate Solution||p. 22|
|Stolen Property||p. 25|
|Typology of Stolen Property Crimes||p. 25|
|Trafficking in Stolen Consumer Goods||p. 26|
|Weapons Trafficking||p. 27|
|Antiquities and Art||p. 29|
|Natural Resources||p. 31|
|The Essential Enabler for Stolen Property Trafficking||p. 34|
|The Nature of Counterfeiting and Forgery||p. 39|
|The Extent of Counterfeiting and Forgery||p. 40|
|The Harms of Counterfeiting||p. 42|
|Counterfeiting Enforcement||p. 43|
|Counterfeiting Prevention||p. 45|
|Human Trafficking||p. 49|
|What Is Human Trafficking?||p. 49|
|Extrapolating Risk||p. 53|
|A Criminal Enterprise Approach||p. 54|
|Recruiters, Transporters, and Exploiters||p. 57|
|Combining Victim Risk Assessments with Criminal Enterprises||p. 60|
|The Future of Human Trafficking||p. 61|
|Fraud and Cybercrime||p. 66|
|Changes in Property Ownership and Storage||p. 67|
|The Movement of Property||p. 68|
|The Extent of Fraud||p. 69|
|Protecting Property from Larceny||p. 71|
|Crime Prevention Technology Reacts to Criminal Technology||p. 74|
|The Causes and Prevention of Theft and Fraud||p. 75|
|Commercial Vices: Obscenity and Pornography||p. 78|
|Defining Obscenity and Pornography||p. 78|
|How Much Obscenity Is There?||p. 79|
|The Pornography-Harm Link||p. 81|
|The Rise of the Internet||p. 84|
|New Approaches to an Old Problem||p. 85|
|Obscenity: From Sex to Violence||p. 87|
|Why Is Pornography So Popular?||p. 88|
|Extortion and Racketeering||p. 92|
|Infiltration of Business||p. 93|
|The Nature of Extortion||p. 94|
|Protection Rackets||p. 95|
|What Is a Racketeer?||p. 98|
|Hidden Ownership and Ancillary Enterprises||p. 100|
|The Secretive Nature of Criminal Enterprises||p. 103|
|Money Laundering||p. 108|
|The Dimensions of Money Laundering||p. 109|
|Problems of Anti-Money-Laundering Compliance||p. 112|
|Asset Forfeiture||p. 115|
|The Boundaries of Asset Seizure||p. 116|
|Pressures Countering Anti-Money-Laundering Efforts||p. 120|
|Corruption and the Future||p. 125|
|What Is Corruption?||p. 126|
|Costs of Corruption||p. 127|
|How Does Corruption Flourish?||p. 128|
|How Much Corruption Is There?||p. 129|
|Enforcing Anti-Corruption Measures||p. 131|
|The Future: Can Corruption Be Reduced or Eliminated?||p. 133|
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