9780873392723

Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780873392723

  • ISBN10:

    0873392728

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1998-09-01
  • Publisher: Wiley
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Summary

This text provides a teachable and readable approach to transport phenomena (momentum, heat, and mass transport) by providing numerous examples and applications, which are particularly important to metallurgical, ceramic, and materials engineers. Because the authors feel that it is important for students and practicing engineers to visualize the physical situations, they have attempted to lead the reader through the development and solution of the relevant differential equations by applying the familiar principles of conservation to numerous situations and by including many worked examples in each chapter.The book is organized in a manner characteristic of other texts in transport phenomena. Section I deals with the properties and mechanics of fluid motion; Section II with thermal properties and heat transfer; and Section III with diffusion and mass transfer. The authors depart from tradition by building on a presumed understanding of the relationships between the structure and properties of matter, particularly in the chapters devoted to the transport properties (viscosity, thermal conductivity, and the diffusion coefficients). In addition, generous portions of the text, numerous examples, and many problems at the ends of the chapters apply transport phenomena to materials processing.

Table of Contents

Fluid Dynamics
Viscous Properties of Fluids
Types of fluid flow
Newtonian fluids
Viscosity of gases
Viscosity of liquids
Non-Newtonian fluids
Laminar Flow and the Momentum Equation
Momentum balance
Flow of a falling film
Fully developed flow between parallel plates
Fully developed flow through a circular tube
Equation of continuity and the momentum equation
The momentum equation in rectangular and curvilinear coordinates
Application of Navier-Stokes' equation
Turbulent Flow and Complex Flows
Friction factors for flow in tubes
Flow in noncircular conduits
Flow past submerged bodies
Flow through porous media
Fluidized beds
Energy Balance Applications in Fluid Flow
Conservation of energy
Friction losses in straight conduits
Enlargement and contraction
Flow through valves and fittings
Flow through smooth bends and coils
Flow measurement
Flow from ladles
Flow through piping networks
Flow and Vacuum Production
Pumps
Fans and blowers
Interactions between fans or pumps and systems
Supersonic nozzles and jet behavior
Vacuum production
Energy Transport
Fourier's Law and Thermal Conductivity of Materials
Fourier's law and thermal conductivity
Thermal conductivity of gases
Thermal conductivity of solids
Thermal conductivity of liquids
Thermal conductivity of bulk materials
Heat Transfer and the Energy Equation
Heat transfer with forced convection in a tube
Heat transfer with laminar forced convection over a flat plate
Heat transfer with natural convection
Heat conduction
The general energy equation
The energy equation in rectangular and curvilinear coordinates
Correlations and Data for Heat Transfer Coefficients
Heat transfer coefficients for forced convection in tubes
Heat transfer coefficients for forced convection past submerged objects
Heat transfer coefficients for natural convection
Quenching heat transfer coefficients
Heat transfer coefficients in fluidized beds
Heat transfer coefficients in packed beds
Heat transfer coefficients in forging
Conduction of Heat in Solids
The energy equation for conduction
Steady-state one-dimensional systems
Transient systems finite dimensions
Transient conditions in finite and semi-infinite solids
Simple multidimensional problems
Moving sources
Solidification of Metals
Solidification in sand molds
Solidification in metal molds
Continuous casting
Crystal growth
Radiation Heat Transfer
Basic characteristics
The black radiator and emissivity
The energy distribution and the emissive power
Gray bodies and absorptivity
Exchange between infinite parallel plates
View factors
Electric circuit analog
Furnace enclosures
Radiation combined with convection
Radiation from gases
Enclosures filled with radiating gas
Radiation in transparent solids
Transient conduction with radiation at the surface
Transient heating with thermal stresses
Mass Transport
Interphase Mass Transfer
Definition of fluxes--Fick's first law
Diffusion in solids
Diffusion in ceramic materials
Diffusion in elemental semiconductors
Diffusion in liquids
Diffusion in gases
Diffusion through porous media
Diffusion in Solids
Steady-state diffusion experiments
Transient diffusion experiments
Finite system solutions
Microelectronic diffusion processing
Homogenization of alloys
Formation of surface layers
Mass Transfer in Fluid Systems
Diffusion through a stagnant gas film
Diffusion in a moving gas stream
Diffusion into a falling liquid film
The mass transfer coefficient
General equation of diffusion with convection
Forced convection over a flat plate
Correlations of mass transfer coefficients for turbulent flow
Models of the mass transfer coefficient
Mass transfer in chemical vapor deposition
Interphase Mass Transfer
Two-resistance mass transfer theory
Mixed control in gas-solid reactions
Mass transfer with vaporization
Numerical Methods and Models
Finite difference approximations
Turbulent flow
Discretization in convective flows
Appendices
Physical Constants
Thermal Properties
Conversion Factors
Description of Particulate Materials
Flow Measurement Instruments
Derivation of Eq. (9.62) for Semi-infinite Solids
Derivation of Eq. (13.53) for Drive-in Diffusion
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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