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Transportation (with InfoTrac)

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780324202144

ISBN10:
0324202148
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/24/2005
Publisher(s):
South-Western College Pub

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Summary

Transportation service isn't as simple as you think. TRANSPORTATION goes in-depth and explains the fundamental role that transportation plays in our society. By looking at both domestic and international transportation systems, as well as their legal issues, you'll get a thorough, easy-to-understand overview. Plus, TRANSPORTATION gives you the tools you need to succeed in this fast-paced and rapidly changing industry. In class or on the road, TRANSPORTATION gives you the edge.

Table of Contents

Preface vi
PART I THE ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF TRANSPORTATION
1(92)
Transportation, the Supply Chain, and the Economy
3(48)
The 2000s: A Decade of Challenge
4(2)
The Logistics Concept
6(4)
The Supply Chain Concept
10(1)
Total-Cost Analysis
11(1)
Stop Off: ``The True Meaning of Supply Chain Management''
12(1)
Business Logistics Activities
13(2)
Transportation and the Economy
15(1)
Historical Significance
16(1)
Economic Significance
17(8)
Value of Goods
17(3)
Utility of Goods
20(1)
Transportation Patterns
21(2)
Gross Domestic Product
23(2)
Environmental Significance
25(4)
The Environment
25(2)
Safety
27(2)
Substance Abuse
29(1)
Social Significance
29(1)
Political Significance
29(2)
Governmental Responsibility
29(2)
Overview of Modern Transportation
31(1)
Overview of Transportation Trends
32(1)
Demand for Transportation
33(1)
Demand Measurement Units
34(1)
Level of Aggregation
35(1)
Demand Elasticity
35(1)
Freight Transportation
36(1)
Derived Demand
36(1)
Value of Service
37(3)
Service Components of Freight Demand
38(1)
Location of Economic Activity
39(1)
Passenger Transportation
40(4)
Business Travel
40(1)
Vacation Travel
41(1)
Personal Travel
41(1)
Urban Transit
42(1)
Passenger Demand Characteristics
43(1)
Summary
44(1)
Key Terms
45(1)
Study Questions
45(1)
Notes
46(1)
Suggested Readings
46(1)
Case 1-1 Hardee Transportation
47(1)
Case 1-2 Soup to Nuts, Inc.
48(2)
Case 1-3 Fly-By-Night Helicopter Service
50(1)
Transportation Regulation and Public Policy
51(42)
Why Doesn't Someone Do Something?
52(1)
Regulation of Transportation
53(5)
Nature of Regulation
53(1)
Common Law
54(1)
Role of the Independent Regulatory Commission
55(1)
Role of the Courts
56(1)
Safety Regulations
56(1)
State Regulations
57(1)
Development of Regulation
58(1)
Current Economic Regulations
58(3)
Antitrust Laws in Transportation
61(1)
Transportation Policy
62(1)
Stop Off: ``Play By the Rules''
63(1)
Why Do We Need a Transportation Policy?
63(1)
Declaration of National Transportation Policy
64(7)
Policy Interpretations
66(2)
Who Establishes Policy?
68(3)
Public Promotion
71(8)
Transportation Project Planning in the Public Sector
71(3)
Air
74(1)
Motor and Highway
75(1)
Rail
76(1)
Domestic Waterway Operations
77(1)
International Water Carriage
77(1)
Pipeline
78(1)
Miscellaneous Forms of Promotion
78(1)
Transportation Promotion in Perspective
79(1)
User Charges
79(1)
Nationalization
80(1)
Transportation Safety
80(3)
Transportation Security
82(1)
Summary
83(1)
Key Terms
83(1)
Study Questions
84(1)
Notes
84(1)
Suggested Readings
84(1)
Case 2-1 CBN Plastic Wood
85(1)
Case 2-2 The U.S. Airline Industry Public Support
86(2)
Appendix 2-A Department of Transportation
88(5)
PART II OVERVIEW OF TRANSPORTATION PROVIDERS
93(166)
Motor Carriers
95(32)
Brief History
96(1)
Industry Overview
97(4)
Significance
97(1)
Types of Carriers
97(1)
Number of Carriers
98(2)
Market Structure
100(1)
Competition
101(1)
Stop Off: ``Yellow and Roadway Get it Together''
101(2)
Operating and Service Characteristics
103(9)
General Service Characteristics
103(1)
Equipment
104(1)
Types of Vehicles
105(1)
Terminals
106(4)
Terminal Management Decisions
110(2)
Cost Structure
112(4)
Fixed Versus Variable Cost Components
112(2)
Economies of Scale
114(2)
Stop Off: ``Discounts Still a Major Factor in LTL Pricing''
116(2)
Current Issues
118(3)
Safety
118(1)
Technology
119(1)
LTL Rates
120(1)
Financial Stability
120(1)
Summary
121(1)
Key Terms
122(1)
Study Questions
122(1)
Notes
123(1)
Suggested Readings
123(1)
Case 3-1 Hardee Transportation
124(1)
Case 3-2 JEI Carrier Corporation
124(1)
Case 3-3 Retirement Funds
125(2)
Railroads
127(30)
Nittany Valley Shortline
128(1)
Company Background
128(1)
Current Situation
128(1)
Brief History of the Rail Industry
129(1)
Industry Overview
130(4)
Number of Carriers
130(1)
Competition
131(3)
Stop Off: ``Rail Shippers Yearn To Be Free''
134(1)
Operating and Service Characteristics
135(8)
General Service Characteristics
135(2)
Constraints
137(1)
Strengths
137(1)
Equipment
138(1)
Service Innovations
139(4)
Cost Structure
143(3)
Fixed Costs
143(1)
Semivariable Costs
143(1)
Variable Costs
144(1)
Economies of Scale
145(1)
Financial Plight
146(2)
Legislation Reform
147(1)
Improved Service to Customers
147(1)
Current Issues
148(3)
Alcohol and Drug Abuse
148(1)
Energy
149(1)
Technology
149(1)
Future Role of Smaller Railroads
150(1)
Customer Service
151(1)
Drayage for Intermodal Service
151(1)
Summary
151(1)
Key Terms
152(1)
Study Questions
152(1)
Notes
153(1)
Case 4-1 CBN Railway Company
154(1)
Case 4-2 Nittany Valley Shortline Railroad
155(2)
Air Carriers
157(28)
Brief History
158(1)
Industry Overview and Significance
158(1)
Types of Carriers
158(2)
Private Carriers
158(1)
For-Hire Carriers
159(1)
Market Structure
160(2)
Number of Carriers
160(2)
Competition
162(1)
Intermodal
162(1)
Intramodal
162(1)
Service Competition
162(1)
Cargo Competition
163(1)
Stop Off: ``FedEx Buys Kinko's to Increase Retail Presence''
163(1)
Operating and Service Characteristics
164(3)
General
164(1)
Speed of Service
165(1)
Length of Haul and Capacity
165(1)
Accessibility and Dependability
166(1)
Equipment
167(2)
Types of Vehicles
167(1)
Terminals
167(2)
Cost Structure
169(3)
Fixed Versus Variable Cost Components
169(1)
Fuel
169(1)
Labor
170(1)
Equipment
171(1)
Economies of Scale/Economies of Density
171(1)
Rates
172(2)
Pricing
172(1)
Operating Efficiency
173(1)
Current Issues
174(2)
Safety
174(2)
Technology
176(1)
Summary
176(1)
Key Terms
177(1)
Study Questions
178(1)
Notes
178(1)
Suggested Readings
179(1)
Case 5-1 Hardee Transportation
180(1)
Case 5-2 US Airways
180(3)
AirTran
181(1)
JetBlue
181(1)
Southwest
182(1)
US Airways
182(1)
Case 5-3 Southwest Airlines
183(2)
The Southwest Approach
183(1)
Current Situation
184(1)
Water Carriers and Pipelines
185(24)
Mon Valley Coal and Aggregates Company
186(1)
Introduction
187(1)
Brief History of Water Transportation
187(1)
Water Transport Industry Overview
187(7)
Significance of Water Transport
187(1)
Types of Carriers
188(1)
Number and Categories of Carriers
189(1)
Competition
190(1)
Operating and Service Characteristics
190(1)
Equipment
191(1)
Cost Structure
192(1)
Current Issues
193(1)
Brief History of Pipelines
194(3)
Pipelines Industry Overview
194(1)
Significance of Pipelines
195(1)
Types of Carriers
196(1)
Ownership
196(1)
Number of Carriers
196(1)
Stop Off: ``This Politics of Global Pipelines''
197(7)
Operating and Service Characteristics
198(1)
Relative Advantages
199(1)
Relative Disadvantages
199(1)
Competition
200(1)
Equipment
200(1)
Commodity Movement
201(2)
Cost Structure
203(1)
Summary
204(1)
Key Terms
205(1)
Study Questions
205(1)
Notes
206(1)
Suggested Readings
206(1)
Case 6-1 Great Lakes Bulk Carriers
206(2)
Case 6-2 CBN Pipeline Company
208(1)
Intermodal and Special Carriers
209(22)
So, What Is So Special About a Special Carrier?
210(1)
Development of Special Carriers
210(1)
Intermodal Transportation
211(3)
Piggyback
212(2)
Containerization
214(1)
Third-Party Transportation
214(2)
Stop Off: ``CP Expands Expressway Service''
216(1)
Special Carrier Forms
217(7)
Surface Forwarders
217(2)
Air Freight Forwarders
219(1)
Freight Brokers
220(1)
Shippers' Associations
221(1)
Intermodal Marketing Companies
221(1)
Owner-Operators
222(1)
Express Services and Expedited Services
222(2)
Drayage Carriers
224(1)
Household Goods Industry
224(2)
Shipment Process
225(1)
Problems
226(1)
Summary
226(1)
Key Terms
227(1)
Study Questions
227(1)
Suggested Readings
227(1)
Case 7-1 Specialty Gift Foods
228(1)
Case 7-2 Rare Book Sellers
229(2)
Global Transportation
231(28)
The Balancing Act: Security versus Global Commerce
232(1)
Extent and Magnitude of Trade
233(4)
Overview of the North American Free Trade Agreement
234(3)
Stop Off: ``Could You Do What Denso Did?''
237(1)
Global Transportation Providers
238(5)
Ocean Transportation
238(2)
Air Carriers
240(1)
Ancillary Services
240(3)
Rate Making in Global Transportation
243(6)
Shipping Conferences
243(1)
Global Air
244(1)
Liner Rate Making
245(3)
Tramp Ship Cost Rate Factors
248(1)
Stop Off: ``Hard Times For TACA''
249(1)
Global Transportation Problems, Issues, and Policies
250(3)
Federal Maritime Commission Regulation of U.S. Ocean Rates
250(1)
Global Air Regulation
251(2)
Role of Port Authorities in Global Transportation
253(1)
Future of Global Transportation
253(1)
Summary
254(1)
Key Terms
255(1)
Study Questions
255(1)
Notes
255(1)
Suggested Readings
256(1)
Case 8-1 Natural Footwear Company
256(1)
Case 8-2 Ohio Plastics
257(2)
PART III TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT
259(224)
Costing and Pricing in Transportation
261(60)
Market Considerations
263(2)
Market Structure Models
263(1)
Theory of Contestable Markets
264(1)
Relevant Market Areas
264(1)
Cost-of-Service Pricing
265(5)
Stop Off: ``LTL Rate Increases on Par with Last Year's GRIs''
270(1)
Value-of-Service Pricing
271(5)
Rate Making In Practice
276(8)
General Rates
277(6)
Rate Systems Under Deregulation
283(1)
Stop Off: ``STB Will Enforce `Truth in Rates' Rules for Motor Carrier Rate Bureaus''
284(1)
Special Rates
285(5)
Character-of-Shipment Rates
285(1)
Area, Location, or Route Rates
286(1)
Time/Service Rate Structures
287(1)
Other Rate Structures
288(2)
Pricing in Transportation Management
290(7)
Factors Affecting Pricing Decisions
290(2)
Major Pricing Decisions
292(1)
Establishing the Pricing Objective
292(2)
Estimating Demand
294(1)
Estimating Costs
294(1)
Price Levels and Price Adjustments
294(1)
Most Common Mistakes in Pricing
295(2)
Summary
297(1)
Key Terms
297(1)
Study Questions
298(1)
Notes
298(1)
Suggested Readings
299(1)
Case 9-1 Hardee Transportation
299(1)
Case 9-2 Hardee Transportation
300(2)
Equipment Cost Data
301(1)
Route and Time of Move
301(1)
Case 9-3 Startruck, Inc.
302(2)
Appendix 9-A Cost Concepts
304(7)
Notes
311(1)
Appendix 9-B LTL and TL Costing Models
312(9)
Carrier Strategies
321(30)
CBN Trucking
322(1)
Carrier Operating Conditions
323(5)
Operating Network
323(1)
Operations
324(1)
Labor
325(1)
Performance Measures
325(3)
Operating Strategies
328(1)
Stop Off: ``Workin' on the Railroad''
328(2)
Technology and Equipment
330(3)
The Hub-and-Spoke Route System
333(1)
Marketing
334(2)
Coordination
336(1)
Challenges Affecting Carrier Management
336(2)
Stop Off: ``Keeping Freight Safe South of the Border''
338(1)
The Terminal: The Basic Transportation System Component
339(7)
General Nature of Terminals
339(1)
Terminal Ownership
340(1)
Types of Terminals
340(3)
Terminal Management Decisions
343(3)
Summary
346(1)
Key Terms
347(1)
Study Questions
347(1)
Notes
347(1)
Suggested Readings
348(1)
Case 10-1 Shiner International Transportation Company (A)
348(1)
Case 10-2 Shiner International Transportation Company (B)
349(2)
Information Management and Technology
351(46)
Information Systems
352(2)
Information Sources
354(7)
Bill of Lading
355(2)
Waybill
357(1)
Manifest
357(1)
Freight Bill
358(3)
Information Technology
361(14)
Areas of Application
361(2)
Types of Information Technology
363(12)
Stop Off: ``RFID Costs Aren't Likely to Impede Adoption''
375(3)
Stop Off: ``Technology to the Rescue''
378(5)
Conclusion
383(1)
Summary
383(1)
Key Terms
384(1)
Study Questions
384(1)
Notes
385(1)
Suggested Readings
385(1)
Case 11-1 Hardee Transportation
386(1)
Case 11-2 Braxton Stores, Inc. (A)
387(1)
Case 11-3 Braxton Stores, Inc. (B)
388(2)
Appendix 11-A Transportation Sites on the Internet
390(7)
Shipper Strategies
397(54)
Transportation Management
398(1)
Transportation Management as a Procurement Function
398(1)
Shipper Transportation Strategies
399(6)
General Strategy
399(1)
Proactive Management
399(1)
Improve Information
400(1)
Limit Number of Carriers Used
401(1)
Carrier Negotiation
401(1)
Contracting
402(1)
Review Private Motor Carrier Transportation
402(1)
Small Shipment Strategy
402(2)
Bulk Shipment Strategy
404(1)
Inbound Transportation Strategy
405(1)
Line Aspects of Transportation Management
405(7)
Shipment Planning
406(1)
Carrier Selection
406(1)
Ordering Service
406(1)
Expediting/Tracing
406(1)
Pre-auditing/Rating
406(1)
Auditing/Paying the Freight Bill
407(1)
Detention/Demurrage Processes
407(1)
Claims
407(1)
Private Car and Motor Carrier Fleet Management
408(1)
Transportation Budget Management
408(1)
Staff and Administrative Aspects of Transportation Management
408(1)
Mode Selection
408(1)
Monitoring Service Quality
408(2)
Service/Supply Assurance
410(1)
Negotiations
410(1)
Regulatory Matters
410(1)
Policy Matters
410(1)
Planning Annual Transportation Requirements
410(1)
Budgeting
410(1)
Information Systems
411(1)
Systems Analysis
411(1)
Management and Executive Development
411(1)
Transportation Department Human Resources Management
411(1)
Mode Selection Process
412(2)
Transportation Cost
412(1)
Transit Time and Transit Time Reliability
412(1)
Accessibility
413(1)
Capability
413(1)
Security
413(1)
Carrier Selection Process
414(1)
Relationship Management
414(1)
Types of Buyer/Seller Relationships
415(3)
Arm's-Length Relationships
415(1)
Type I Partnerships
416(1)
Type II Partnerships
416(1)
Type III Partnerships
417(1)
Joint Ventures
417(1)
Vertical Integration
417(1)
Conclusion
418(1)
Why Enter Relationships?
418(4)
Availability of External Suppliers
419(1)
Cost Efficiencies
420(1)
Third-Party Expertise
420(1)
Customer Service
421(1)
Conclusion
421(1)
Third-Party Relationship Characteristics
422(1)
Planning
422(1)
Communications
422(1)
Risk/Reward Sharing
423(1)
Stop Off: ``Shippers, Unite!''
423(4)
Trust and Commitment
424(1)
Scope of the Relationship
425(1)
Financial Investment
426(1)
Future Orientation
426(1)
Organization/Culture Change
426(1)
Relationship Challenges
427(2)
Buyer Challenges
427(1)
Supplier Challenges
428(1)
Conclusion
429(1)
The Negotiation Process
429(3)
Market Power
429(2)
Negotiating Philosophy
431(1)
Goals and Objectives
431(1)
Bargaining
431(1)
Breakdown
432(1)
Agreement
432(1)
The Bidding Process
432(2)
Qualifying Third Parties
432(1)
Providing Information
433(1)
Proposal Elements
433(1)
Evaluate Proposals
434(1)
Contract
434(1)
Third-Party Contracts
434(5)
Disclosure of Goods
435(1)
Responsibility for Goods
436(1)
Routing, Mode, and Method of Operation
436(1)
Term, Termination, and Modification
436(1)
Volume Requirements
437(1)
Scope of Operation
437(1)
Performance Standards
437(1)
Operational Standards---Indemnification
437(1)
Force Majeure
438(1)
Billing and Payment
438(1)
Applicable Law
438(1)
Assignability
438(1)
Breach of Contract
439(1)
Dispute Resolution
439(1)
Confidentiality
439(1)
Contracting Hints
439(2)
Indemnification Clauses
439(1)
Penalty Clauses
439(1)
Service Requirements
440(1)
The ``Living'' Contract
440(1)
Prices
440(1)
Conclusion
441(1)
Summary
441(1)
Key Terms
442(1)
Study Questions
442(1)
Notes
443(1)
Suggested Readings
444(1)
Case 12-1 Hardee Transportation, Inc.
445(1)
Case 12-2 Commercial Gypsum
445(2)
Case 12-3 Shipper---Carrier Negotiation Project
447(4)
Shipper Situation
447(1)
Carrier Situation
448(1)
Virgin Cumulus Cotton Industry
449(2)
Shipper Process
451(32)
No Carriers Available
452(1)
Domestic Transportation Management Process
453(5)
Shipment Source
453(1)
Shipment Analysis
454(2)
Rate Analysis
456(2)
Carrier Scheduling
458(1)
Stop Off: ``Single-Shipment Pickups Will Cost Extra''
458(13)
Load Tendering
462(1)
Documentation
463(3)
Shipment Monitoring
466(1)
Postdelivery Maintenance
467(4)
Global Transportation Process
471(1)
Buyer-Seller Agreement
471(1)
Stop Off: ``When `All Inclusive' Isn't Necessarily the Case''
472(5)
Incoterms
473(2)
Order Preparation
475(1)
Documentation
475(1)
Transportation
476(1)
Summary
477(1)
Key Terms
478(1)
Study Questions
478(1)
Notes
479(1)
Suggested Readings
479(1)
Case 13-1 Rocket Electrical Parts, Inc.
479(1)
Case 13-2 Dollar Discounters
480(3)
Appendix A Selected Transportation Publications 483(2)
Appendix B Transportation-Related Associations 485(2)
Glossary 487(10)
Name Index 497(2)
Subject Index 499


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