9780534535865

Traversing Philosophical Boundaries

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780534535865

  • ISBN10:

    0534535860

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2002-06-21
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Summary

1. SELF, MIND, AND BODY. A. Do We Have an Essential Self or Soul? Upanishads: "A Dialogue with Death". John Locke: On Personal Identity. Buddhist Scriptures: "The Questions of King Milinda on the Self". David Hume: "There is No Personal Identity". Arthur Schopenhauer: "A Dialogue on Immortality". B. To What Extent Do Our Bodies Determine Who We Are? Plato: "The Nature of the Soul and Its Relation to the Body". Rene Descartes: "Of The Real Distinction Between Mind and Body". Elizabeth V. Spelman: "Woman as Body: Ancient and Contemporary Views". Derek Parfit: "Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons". Daniel Dennett: " Where Am I?" C. What Else Determines Who I Am? Friedrich Nietzche: "Zarathustra''s Prologue" and "Three Speeches". Jean-Paul Sartre: "Human Existence as Freedom". B.F. Skinner: "The Illusion of Human Freedom". Simone de Beauvoir: "Woman as the Second Sex". Naomi Zack: "An Autobiographical View of Mixed Race and Deracination". 2. CREATION AND REALITY. A. How Did We Get Here? Sacred Storytelling of Africa: "A Creation Story of the Boshongo People". Upanishads: "Creation of the World from the Self". The Bible: "The Creation and the Fall". Sacred Storytelling of the Cherokee: "How the World was Made" and "The Origin of Disease and Medicine". Stephen W. Hawking: "The Origin and Fate of the Universe". Charles Darwin: "The Origin of the Species". B. What Is the Nature of Reality? Plato: "The Myth of the Cave". Lao-Tzu: "The Way of the Universe". Wang Chung: "The Nature of Reality". Lucretius: "On the Nature of Things". Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: "The Monadology". Henri Bergson: "An Introduction to Metaphysics". Kitar Nishida: "The True Features of Reality". Marilyn Frye: "The Politics of Reality". 3. KNOWLEDGE AND TRUTH. A. How Do We Know What We Know? Rene Descartes: "Meditations on the Nature of Knowledge". John Locke: "The Source of Our Knowledge". George Berkeley: "Principles of Human Knowledge". Charles Sanders Pierce: "The Fixation of Belief". William James: "Pragmatism''s Conception of Truth". Jose Vasconcelos: "Methods and Modes of Knowing". Karl Jaspers: "Truth and Existence". Herbert John Benally: "Navajo Ways of Knowing". Alison M. Jaggar: "Feminist Politics and Epistemology: Justifying Feminist Theory". Jorge Valadez: "The Metaphysics of Oppression". B. Is Knowledge Really Attainable? Buddhist Scripture: "A Dialogue on Dogmatism and Truth". Chuang-tzu: "The Identity of Contraries". Ralph Waldo Emerson: "Circles". David Hume: "Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding". Alfred Jules Ayer: "The Elimination of Metaphysics". 4. ETHICS. A. How Do We Determine What We Ought to Do? Aristotle: "The Proper Function of Man and Its Relation to the Good Life". Mencius: "On Human Goodness". Immanuel Kant: "The Good Will and Morality". Jeremy Bentham: "The Principle of Utility". Enrique Jose Varona: "The Sentiment of Solidarity as the Foundation of Ethics". Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan: "Mysticism and Ethics in Hindu Thought". Albert Schweitzer: "Ethics of Compassion". B. What Are Some Reasons for Questioning Traditional Values? David Wong: "Relativism". Friedrich Nietzsche: " Master Morality and Salve Morality". Ed (Eagle Man) McGaa: "Mitakuye Oyasin: We Are All Related". Aldo Leopold: "The Land Ethic". Carol Gilligan: "In a Different Voice". Mary Daly: "Transvaluation of Values: The End of Phallic Morality". John Hospers: "What Means this Freedom". 5. POLITICS. A. What Is the Basis of Our Obligations to Society? Plato: "The Crito". Jean-Jacques Rousseau: "The Social Contract". Thomas Jefferson: "The Declaration of Independence". Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: "The Communist Manifesto". Ernesto Che Guevara: "We Are Practical Revolutionaries". John Dewey: "Social Democracy". Abul A''la Maududi: "The Political Theory of Islam". Paula Gunn Allen: "Who Is Your Mother? Red Roots of White Feminism". B. Where Do Our Obligations to Society End? John Stuart Mill: "On Liberty". Mohandas K. Gandhi: "Principles of Nonviolence".

Table of Contents

1. SELF, MIND, AND BODY
A
Do We Have an Essential Self or Soul? Upanishads: "A Dialogue with Death"
John Locke: On Personal Identity
Buddhist Scriptures: "The Questions of King Milinda on the Self"
David Hume: "There is No Personal Identity"
Arthur Schopenhauer: "A Dialogue on Immortality"
B
To What Extent Do Our Bodies Determine Who We Are? Plato: "The Nature of the Soul and Its Relation to the Body"
Rene Descartes: "Of The Real Distinction Between Mind and Body"
Elizabeth V
Spelman: "Woman as Body: Ancient and Contemporary Views"
Derek Parfit: "Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons"
Daniel Dennett: " Where Am I?" C
What Else Determines Who I Am? Friedrich Nietzche: "Zarathustra's Prologue" and "Three Speeches"
Jean-Paul Sartre: "Human Existence as Freedom"
B
Skinner: "The Illusion of Human Freedom"
Simone de Beauvoir: "Woman as the Second Sex"
Naomi Zack: "An Autobiographical View of Mixed Race and Deracination"
2. CREATION AND REALITY
A
How Did We Get Here? Sacred Storytelling of Africa: "A Creation Story of the Boshongo People"
Upanishads: "Creation of the World from the Self"
The Bible: "The Creation and the Fall"
Sacred Storytelling of the Cherokee: "How the World was Made" and "The Origin of Disease and Medicine"
Stephen W
Hawking: "The Origin and Fate of the Universe"
Charles Darwin: "The Origin of the Species"
B
What Is the Nature of Reality? Plato: "The Myth of the Cave"
Lao-Tzu: "The Way of the Universe"
Wang Chung: "The Nature of Reality"
Lucretius: "On the Nature of Things"
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: "The Monadology"
Henri Bergson: "An Introduction to Metaphysics"
Kitar Nishida: "The True Features of Reality"
Marilyn Frye: "The Politics of Reality"
3. KNOWLEDGE AND TRUTH
A
How Do We Know What We Know? Rene Descartes: "Meditations on the Nature of Knowledge"
John Locke: "The Source of Our Knowledge"
George Berkeley: "Principles of Human Knowledge"
Charles Sanders Pierce: "The Fixation of Belief"
William James: "Pragmatism's Conception of Truth"
Jose Vasconcelos: "Methods and Modes of Knowing"
Karl Jaspers: "Truth and Existence"
Herbert John Benally: "Navajo Ways of Knowing"
Alison M
Jaggar: "Feminist Politics and Epistemology: Justifying Feminist Theory"
Jorge Valadez: "The Metaphysics of Oppression"
B
Is Knowledge Really Attainable? Buddhist Scripture: "A Dialogue on Dogmatism and Truth"
Chuang-tzu: "The Identity of Contraries"
Ralph Waldo Emerson: "Circles"
David Hume: "Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding"
Alfred Jules Ayer: "The Elimination of Metaphysics"
4. ETHICS
A
How Do We Determine What We Ought to Do? Aristotle: "The Proper Function of Man and Its Relation to the Good Life"
Mencius: "On Human Goodness"
Immanuel Kant: "The Good Will and Morality"
Jeremy Bentham: "The Principle of Utility"
Enrique Jose Varona: "The Sentiment of Solidarity as the Foundation of Ethics"
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan: "Mysticism and Ethics in Hindu Thought"
Albert Schweitzer: "Ethics of Compassion"
B
What Are Some Reasons for Questioning Traditional Values? David Wong: "Relativism"
Friedrich Nietzsche: " Master Morality and Salve Morality"
Ed (Eagle Man) McGaa: "Mitakuye Oyasin: We Are All Related"
Aldo Leopold: "The Land Ethic"
Carol Gilligan: "In a Different Voice"
Mary Daly: "Transvaluation of Values: The End of Phallic Morality"
John Hospers: "What Means this Freedom"
5. POLITICS
A
What Is the Basis of Our Obligations to Society? Plato: "The Crito"
Jean-Jacques Rousseau: "The Social Contract"
Thomas Jefferson: "The Declaration of Independence"
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: "The Communist Manifesto"
Ernesto Che Guevara: "We Are Practical Revolutionaries"
John Dewey: "Social Democracy"
Abul A'la Maududi: "The Political Theory of Islam"
Paula Gunn Allen: "Who Is Your Mother? Red Roots of White Feminism"
B
Where Do Our Obligations to Society End? John Stuart Mill: "On Liberty"
Mohandas K
Gandhi: "Principles of Nonviolence"
Martin Luther King, Jr: "Letter from Birmingham Jail"
Stokely Carmichael: "Power and Racism"
Bell Hooks: "Feminism: A Transformational Politic"
Nellie Wong: "Socialist Feminism: Our Bridge to Freedom"
Henry David Thoreau: "On the Duty of Civil Disobedience"
Emma Goldman: "Anarchism: What It Really Stands For"
6. RELIGION
A
What Is the Nature of Religious Belief? Saint Augustine: "Confessions on the Nature of God"
Black Elk: "The Power of the Bison and the Elk"
Thomas Aquinas: "Whether God Exists"
Soren Kierkegaard: "A Pangyric Upon Abraham"
Martin Buber: "I and Thou"
Gustavo Gutierrez: "Involvement in the Liberation Process"
Starhawk: "Witchcraft and Women's Culture"
B
Is Religious Belief Beneficial or Harmful? William James: "The Will to Believe"
Joseph Campbell: "Myth and Society"
Carol P
Christ: "Why Women Need the Goddess"
Alfred North Whitehead: "Religion and Science"
Kwasi Wiredu: "How Not to Compare African Thought with Western Thought"
John Wisdom: "Gods"
Lin Yutang: "Why I Am a Pagan"
Bertrand Russell: "Has Religion Made Useful Contributions to Civilization?" Appendix
Writing Philosophically
Glossary

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