9780078038303

The Truth about the World: Basic Readings in Philosophy

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780078038303

  • ISBN10:

    0078038308

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/27/2011
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

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Summary

This collection of essays addresses some of the most important issues in philosophy, involving God, the mind, freedom, knowledge, and ethics. It can accompany James Rachels and Stuart Rachels' introductory text, Problems from Philosophy, or it can stand alone with great effectiveness. The Truth about the Worldand Problems from Philosophywere James Rachels' last contributions to philosophy, and each book has beenrevised by his son, Stuart. In these two books, James Rachels found a culminating expression for his love of philosophy.

Table of Contents

Preface

1. Introduction James Rachels

PLATO

2. Socrates’ Trial Plato

3. Socrates’ Decision to Die Plato

4. Socrates’ Question about Justice Plato

GOD

5. Five Ways to Prove That God Exists St. ThomasAquinas

6. The Watch and the Watch-Maker William Paley

7. The Fine-Tuning Argument Peter van Inwagen

8. Why Doesn’t God Intervene? B. C. Johnson

9. The Problem of Evil Peter van Inwagen

10. Why I Am Not a Christian Bertrand Russell

11. You Bet Your Life: Pascal’s Wager DefendedWilliam Lycan and George Schlesinger

THE MIND

12. Do We Survive Death? Bertrand Russell

13. Split Brains and Personal Identity Derek Parfit

14. Where Am I? Daniel C. Dennett

15. The Mind–Brain Identity Theory David Armstrong

16. Bat Sonar Thomas Nagel

17. Facing Up to the Problem of ConsciousnessDavid Chalmers

18. The Myth of the Computer John R. Searle

FREEDOM

19. A Defense of Free Will Skepticism Derk Pereboom

20. Compatibilism Defended W. T. Stace

21. On Liberty John Stuart Mill

KNOWLEDGE

22. Meditations I and II René Descartes

23. Does Matter Exist? George Berkeley

24. The Lure of Radical Skepticism Michael Huemer

ETHICS

25. Ethics and Human Feeling David Hume

26. Our Sense of Right and Wrong C. S. Lewis

27. The Virtues Martha C. Nussbaum

28. Four Applications of the Categorical ImperativeImmanuel Kant

29. Four Ethical Principles Peter Singer

30. The Debate over Utilitarianism James Rachelsand Stuart Rachels

31. The Experience Machine Robert Nozick

32. The Meaning of Life Richard Taylor

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