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The twentieth century was a time of great change in China's government, economy, culture, and everyday life. Twentieth Century China , Second Edition, chronicles this period of revolutions and uprisings with the words and images of the participants. This is the story of the people--leaders and followers--whose decisions propelled modern Chinese history in erratic directions. Using a wide variety of primary sources, including official reports and public statements, articles, political posters, cartoons, poetry, songs, and advertisements, R. Keith Schoppa paints a picture of a society undergoing drastic changes, both social and political. Mao Zedong's personal physician recalls the phenomenon of backyard steel furnaces and the changes they brought to the Chinese landscape during Mao's Great Leap Forward; a poem written in 1979 expresses anger toward a general who destroyed a kindergarten to build a mansion on its site; and the box from the Chinese version of Monopoly, introduced in 1987, playfully illustrates the economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin. Expanded to cover the 2008 Beijing Olympics, this second edition of Twentieth Century China also includes an updated introduction with a note on sources and interpretation, thirty-seven new sidebars, twelve new photographs, and updated further reading and websites.
R. Keith Schoppa is Edward and Catherine Doehler Chair in Asian History at Loyola University, Maryland. He is the author of several monographs and textbooks on Chinese history, including Blood Road (1998), which won the Association for Asian Studies 1997 Levenson Prize for the best book on twentieth-century China.
Table of Contents
What is a Document? How to Read a Document Introduction Notes on Sources and Interpretation
Prologue: The Boxer Catastrophe China and the West
1: An Old World Dies; A New One is Born The Revolutionary Movement Ending Traditions
2: The Slide into Chaos The Presidency of Yuan Shikai Warlords
3: Forming a New Culture: The May Fourth Movement Political Activity A Cultural Revolution The Russian Model
4: Which Way Do We Go?: Revolution in the 1920s A Growing Consumer Culture The Legacy of Sun Yat-sen Revolution
5: The Nanjing Decade Social Currents One Day in China Political and Military Realities
6: Communist Resurgence The Jiangxi Soviet and Its Demise Literature and Dissent
7: China at War: The Fight Against Japan Japan's "New Order in Asia" Chinese Collaboration War Crimes War Years, a Western View
8: Civil War Sources of Guomindang Defeat Evaluations of the Civil War
9: The Mao Years Mao, the Leader Social Revolution The Great Leap Forward The Cultural Revolution and After
10: Picture Essay: The Cult of Mao Zedong
11: "To Get Rich is Glorious": The Reforms of Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin Reforms of Deng Xiaoping Impact of Reform
12: Political Authoritarianism Political Dissent The Falun Gong
13: China and the World at the Turn of the Century Ending the Imperialist Era Taiwan and Tibet The United States and China Human Rights
Timeline Chinese Pronunciations Further Reading Websites Text Credits Picture Credits