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The twentieth century was a time of great change in China's government, economy, culture, and everyday life. Twentieth Century China , Second Edition, chronicles this period of revolutions and uprisings with the words and images of the participants. This is the story of the people--leaders and followers--whose decisions propelled modern Chinese history in erratic directions. Using a wide variety of primary sources, including official reports and public statements, articles, political posters, cartoons, poetry, songs, and advertisements, R. Keith Schoppa paints a picture of a society undergoing drastic changes, both social and political. Mao Zedong's personal physician recalls the phenomenon of backyard steel furnaces and the changes they brought to the Chinese landscape during Mao's Great Leap Forward; a poem written in 1979 expresses anger toward a general who destroyed a kindergarten to build a mansion on its site; and the box from the Chinese version of Monopoly, introduced in 1987, playfully illustrates the economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin. Expanded to cover the 2008 Beijing Olympics, this second edition of Twentieth Century China also includes an updated introduction with a note on sources and interpretation, thirty-seven new sidebars, twelve new photographs, and updated further reading and websites.
R. Keith Schoppa is Edward and Catherine Doehler Chair in Asian History at Loyola University, Maryland. He is the author of several monographs and textbooks on Chinese history, including Blood Road (1998), which won the Association for Asian Studies 1997 Levenson Prize for the best book on twentieth-century China.
Table of Contents
What is a Document?
How to Read a Document
Notes on Sources and Interpretation
Prologue: The Boxer Catastrophe
China and the West
1: An Old World Dies; A New One is Born
The Revolutionary Movement
2: The Slide into Chaos
The Presidency of Yuan Shikai
3: Forming a New Culture: The May Fourth Movement
A Cultural Revolution
The Russian Model
4: Which Way Do We Go?: Revolution in the 1920s
A Growing Consumer Culture
The Legacy of Sun Yat-sen
5: The Nanjing Decade
One Day in China
Political and Military Realities
6: Communist Resurgence
The Jiangxi Soviet and Its Demise
Literature and Dissent
7: China at War: The Fight Against Japan
Japan's "New Order in Asia"
War Years, a Western View
8: Civil War
Sources of Guomindang Defeat
Evaluations of the Civil War
9: The Mao Years
Mao, the Leader
The Great Leap Forward
The Cultural Revolution and After
10: Picture Essay: The Cult of Mao Zedong
11: "To Get Rich is Glorious": The Reforms of Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin
Reforms of Deng Xiaoping
Impact of Reform
12: Political Authoritarianism
The Falun Gong
13: China and the World at the Turn of the Century
Ending the Imperialist Era
Taiwan and Tibet
The United States and China