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Twenty Questions : An Introduction to Philosophy (with InfoTrac),9780534604899
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Twenty Questions : An Introduction to Philosophy (with InfoTrac)

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780534604899

ISBN10:
0534604897
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/21/2003
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $102.00
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Summary

Preface. Introduction. Part 1: RELIGION AND THE MEANING OF LIFE. 1. Does Religion Give My Life Meaning? Steven M. Cahn: Religion Reconsidered. John Powers: Some Important Buddhist Doctrines. Ramakrishna: Many Paths to the Same Summit. Lao Tzu: A Taoist View of the Universe. Janheinz Jahn: God and Gods in Africa. Bertrand Russell: Why I Am Not a Christian. Friedrich Nietzsche: God is Dead. Friedrich Nietzsche: The Anti-christ. Rosemary Radford Ruether: The Image of God''s Goodness. bell hooks: Love as the Practice of Freedom. H. L Mencken: Memorial Service. Albert Camus: The Absurd. Charles Henderson: The Internet as Metaphor for God? 2. How Do I Know Whether God Exists? St. Augustine: Faith and Reason. Saint Anselm: The Ontological Argument. Saint Thomas Aquinas: Whether God Exists. William Paley: The Teleological Argument. David Hume: Why Does God Let People Suffer? Fyodor Dostoevsky: Rebellion. S°ren Kierkegaard: The Leap of Faith and the Limits of Reason. William James: The Will To Believe. Natalie Angier: I''m No Believer. John Wisdom: Gods. Part 2: SCIENCE, MIND, AND NATURE. 3. What Does Science Tell Me About the World? Carl Hempel: The DeductiveNomological Model of Science. Thomas Kuhn: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Karl Popper: Science: Conjectures and Refutations. Evelyn Fox Keller: Feminism and Science. Richard Feynman: Seeking New Laws of Nature. Susan Griffin: Gravity. 4. Which Should I Believe: Darwin or Genesis? The Bible: Genesis. Charles Darwin: The Descent of Man. Duane T. Gish: Creationist Science and Education. Philip Kitcher: Against Creationism. Michael Ruse: Is Evolutionary Theory a Secular Religion? 5. How Is My Mind Connected to My Body? RenÚ Descartes: Mind as Distinct From Body. Gilbert Ryle: The Concept of Mind. William Lycan: Robots and Minds. John R. Searle: The Myth of the Computer. Elizabeth V. Spelman: Woman as Body. Colin McGinn: The Mysterious Flame. Part 3: THINKING AND KNOWING. 6. What Do I Know? Plato: The Myth of the Cave. RenÚ Descartes: Meditation. O.K. Bouwsma: Descartes'' Evil Genius. Norman Malcolm: Knowledge Regained. Lewis Carroll: Through the Looking Glass. Jorge Luis Borges: The Circular Ruins. Bertrand Russell: Appearance and Reality. John Locke: Where Our Ideas Come From. George Berkeley: To Be Is to Be Perceived. Lorraine Code: The Sex of the Knower. 7. Does Language Make Me Think the Way I Do? Jonathan Swift: Getting Rid of Words. Ludwig Wittgenstein: Meaning as Use. Benjamin Whorf: Language, Thought, and Reality. George Orwell: Newspeak. Steven Pinker: The Language Instinct. Stephanie Ross: How Words Hurt. Friedrich Nietzsche: Communication and Consciousness. Lewis Carroll: Humpty Dumpty. Part 4: THE DILEMAS OF PERSONHOOD. 8. Who Am I? John Perry: The First Night. John Locke: Of Identity and Diversity. David Hume: Of Personal Identity. Meredith Michaels: Persons, Brains, and Bodies. Justin Lieber: How To Build a Person. Simone de Beauvoir: I Am a Woman. Charles W. Mills: "But What Are You Really?": The Metaphysics of Race Patrick D. Hopkins: Bad Copies: How Popular Media Represent Cloning as an Ethical Problem. Robert Wachbroit: Genetic Encores: The Ethics of Human Cloning. Jean Bethke Elshtain: To Clone or Not to Clone. 9. Why Are My Emotions Important to Me? Aristotle: On Anger. RenÚ Descartes: The Passions of the Soul. David Hume: On Pride. William James: What Is an Emotion. Jean-Paul Sartre: Emotions as Transformations of the World. Carol Tavris: Uncivil RitesThe Cultural Rules of Anger. Plato: Two Speeches on Love. Robert C. Solomon: What Love Is. Morwenna Griffiths: Feminism, Feelings, and Philosophy. 10. How Should I Feel About Abortion and Embryo Research? Susan Tracy: The Abortion. Judith Jarvis Thompson: A Defense of Abortion. Susan Sherwin: Abortion Through a Feminist Lens. Alice Walker: Right to Life: What Can the White Man Say to the Black Woman? Sidney Callahan: The Moral Duty to the Unborn and Its Significance. Dena S. Davis: Stem Cells, Cloning, and Abo

Table of Contents

Preface v
Introduction vii
PART 1 Religion and the Meaning of Life 1(78)
Chapter 1 Does Religion Give My Life Meaning?
2(47)
Steven M. Cohn
Religion Reconsidered
4(3)
John Powers
Some Important Buddhist Doctrines
7(10)
Ramakrishna
Many Paths to the Same Summit
17(1)
Lao Tzu
A Taoist View of the Universe
18(2)
Janheinz Jahn
God and Gods in Africa
20(2)
Bertrand Russell
Why I Am Not a Christian
22(8)
Friedrich Nietzsche
God is Dead
30(1)
Friedrich Nietzsche
The Anti-christ
31(2)
Rosemary Radford Ruether
The Image of God's Goodness
33(2)
bell hooks
Love as the Practice of Freedom
35(5)
H. L Mencken
Memorial Service
40(1)
Albert Camus
The Absurd
41(4)
Charles Henderson
The Internet as Metaphor for God?
45(4)
Chapter 2 How Do I Know Whether God Exists?
49(30)
St. Augustine
Faith and Reason
52(1)
Saint Anselm
The Ontological Argument
53(2)
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Whether God Exists
55(2)
William Paley
The Teleological Argument
57(3)
David Hume
Why Does God Let People Suffer?
60(4)
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Rebellion
64(3)
S°ren Kierkegaard
The Leap of Faith and the Limits of Reason
67(3)
William James
The Will To Believe
70(4)
Natalie Angier
I'm No Believer
74(3)
John Wisdom
Gods
77(2)
PART 2 Science, Mind, and Nature 79(136)
Chapter 3 What Does Science Tell Me About the World?
80(42)
Carl Hempel
The Deductive-Nomological Model of Science
83(7)
Thomas Kuhn
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
90(8)
Karl Popper
Science: Conjectures and Refutations
98(8)
Evelyn Fox Keller
Feminism and Science
106(7)
Richard Feynman
Seeking New Laws of Nature
113(7)
Susan Griffin
Gravity
120(2)
Chapter 4 Which should I Believe: Darwin or Genesis?
122(42)
The Bible
Genesis
126(2)
Charles Darwin
The Descent of Man
128(5)
Duane T. Gish
Creationist Science and Education
133(10)
Philip Kitcher
Against Creationism
143(11)
Michael Ruse
Is Evolutionary Theory a Secular Religion?
154(10)
Chapter 5 How Is My Mind Connected to My Body?
164(51)
RenÚ Descartes
Mind as Distinct From Body
168(4)
Gilbert Ryle
The Concept of Mind
172(8)
William Lycan
Robots and Minds
180(6)
John R. Searle
The Myth of the Computer
186(6)
Elizabeth V. Spelman
Woman as Body
192(9)
Colin McGinn
The Mysterious Flame
201(14)
PART 3 Thinking and Knowing 215(82)
Chapter 6 What Do I Know?
216(39)
Plato
The Myth of the Cave
219(2)
RenÚ Descartes
Meditation
221(4)
O.K. Bouwsma
Descartes' Evil Genius
225(7)
Norman Malcolm
Knowledge Regained
232(3)
Lewis Carroll
Through the Looking Glass
235(1)
Jorge Luis Borges
The Circular Ruins
236(3)
Bertrand Russell
Appearance and Reality
239(2)
John Locke
Where Our Ideas Come From
241(4)
George Berkeley
To Be Is to Be Perceived
245(5)
Lorraine Code
The Sex of the Knower
250(5)
Chapter 7 Does Language Make Me Think the Way I Do?
255(42)
Jonathan Swift
Getting Rid of Words
258(1)
Ludwig Wittgenstein
Meaning as Use
259(6)
Benjamin Whorf
Language, Thought, and Reality
265(9)
George Orwell
Newspeak
274(2)
Steven Pinker
The Language Instinct
276(10)
Stephanie Ross
How Words Hurt
286(6)
Friedrich Nietzsche
Communication and Consciousness
292(2)
Lewis Carroll
Humpty Dumpty
294(3)
PART 4 The Dilemas of Personhood 297(240)
Chapter 8 Who Am I?
298(71)
John Perry
The First Night
301(14)
John Locke
Of Identity and Diversity
315(5)
David Hume
Of Personal Identity
320(3)
Meredith Michaels
Persons, Brains, and Bodies
323(2)
Justin Lieber
How To Build a Person
325(7)
Simone de Beauvoir
I Am a Woman
332(5)
Charles W. Mills
"But What Are You Really?": The Metaphysics of Race
337(12)
Patrick D. Hopkins
Bad Copies: How Popular Media Represent Cloning as an Ethical Problem
349(8)
Robert Wachbroit
Genetic Encores: The Ethics of Human Cloning
357(7)
Jean Bethke Elshtain
To Clone or Not to Clone
364(5)
Chapter 9 Why Are My Emotions Important to Me?
369(36)
Aristotle
On Anger
372(3)
RenÚ Descartes
The Passions of the Soul
375(3)
David Hume
On Pride
378(3)
William James
What Is an Emotion
381(5)
Jean-Paul Sartre
Emotions as Transformations of the World
386(2)
Carol Tavris
Uncivil Rites- The Cultural Rules of Anger
388(3)
Plato
Two Speeches on Love
391(4)
Robert C. Solomon
What Love Is
395(4)
Morwenna Griffiths
Feminism, Feelings, and Philosophy
399(6)
Chapter 10 How should I Feel About Abortion and Embryo Research?
405(37)
Susan Tracy
The Abortion
409(1)
Judith Jarvis Thompson
A Defense of Abortion
410(11)
Susan Sherwin
Abortion Through a Feminist Lens
421(5)
Alice Walker
Right to Life: What Can the White Man Say to the Black Woman?
426(3)
Sidney Callahan
The Moral Duty to the Unborn and Its Significance
429(4)
Dena S. Davis
Stem Cells, Cloning, and Abortion: Making Careful Distinctions
433(3)
The President's Council on Bioethics
The Moral Status of the Embryo
436(1)
Daniel Callahan
The Puzzle of Profound Respect: Human Embryo Research
437(3)
Mary B. Mahowald and Anthony P. Mahowald
Embryonic Stem Cell Retrieval and a Possible Ethical Bypass
440(2)
Chapter 11 What Is the Meaning of Death?
442(28)
Plato
The Death of Socrates
444(2)
Chuang-Tzu
A Taoist on Death
446(1)
Thomas Nagel
Death
447(5)
James Rachels
Active and Passive Euthanasia
452(4)
Bonnie Steinbock
The Intentional Termination of Life
456(4)
Patricia Mann
Meanings of Death
460(10)
Chapter 12 How Should I Respond to War or Terrorism?
470(27)
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Whether It Is Always Sinful to Wage War
473(2)
Hannah Arendt
Power and Violence
475(5)
George W. Bush
Address to the Nation, September 11, 2001
480(1)
George F. Will
The End of Our Holiday from History
481(1)
John Dear
The experiments of Ghandi: Nonviolent in the Nuclear Age
482(4)
Richard Falk
Defining a Just War
486(5)
Richard Deats
In War Truth is the First Casualty
491(1)
Claudia Card
Questions REgarding a War on Terrorism
492(3)
Mumia Abu-Jamal
War Against Terror or War to Govern the World?
495(2)
Chapter 13 How Does Racism Affect My Life?
497(40)
Jean-Paul Sartre
Anti-Semite and Jew
500(2)
Laurence Thomas
What Good Am I?
502(4)
Shelby Steele
I'm Black, You're White, Who's Innocent?
506(5)
Anthony Appiah
"But Would That Still Be Me?"
511(4)
Elizabeth V. Spelman
The Erasure of Black Women
515(6)
Dorothy Roberts
The Myth of the Immoral Black Mother
521(9)
Amy Tan
Two Kinds
530(7)
PART 5 Living a Good Life 537(168)
Chapter 14 Why Shouldn't I Be Selfish?
538(31)
Ntozake Shange
get it and feel good
542(1)
Plato
The Ring of Gyges
543(3)
Epicurus
The Pursuit of Pleasure
546(2)
Thomas Hobbes
People are Selfish
548(2)
Mencius
On Human Nature
550(1)
Adam Smith
Compassion
551(2)
Richard Dawkins
The Selfish Gene
553(2)
Stephen Jay Gould
So Cleverly Kind an Animal
555(4)
Ayn Rand
The Virtue of selfishness
559(3)
Tara Smith
Individual Rights, Welfare Rights
562(1)
James Rachels
Ethical Egoism
563(6)
Chapter 15 Can There Be Sexual Equality?
569(53)
Plato
The Equality of Women
572(4)
Aristotle
The Inequality of Women
576(1)
Immanuel Kant
The Inequality of Women
576(1)
John Stuart Mill
The Subjection of Women
577(7)
Marilyn Frye
Sexism
584(6)
Natalie Angier
Monogamy vs. Promiscuity: Putting Evolutionary Psychology on the Couch
590(8)
Patricia Hill Collins
The social Construction of Black Feminist Thought
598(8)
Nancy Bauer
Is Feminist Philosophy a Contradiction in Terms?: First Philosophy, The second Sex, and The Third Wave
606(8)
Tiya Miles
On the Rag
614(5)
Sarah McCarty
Selling Out
619(3)
Chapter 16 What Is the Right Thing for Me to Do?
622(41)
The Bible
The Ten Commandments and The Sermon on the Mount
625(3)
Confucius
The Analects
628(1)
The Koran
The Unjust
629(1)
Aristotle
Happiness and the Good Life
630(8)
Immanuel Kant
Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals
638(4)
John Stuart Mill
Utilitarianism
642(3)
Friedrich Nietzsche
The Natural History of Morals
645(3)
A.J. Ayer
Emotivism
648(3)
Simone de Beauvoir
Freedom and Morality
651(1)
Jonathon Bennett
The Conscience of Hack Finn
652(3)
Claudia Card
One Feminist View of Ethics
655(3)
Bob Kane
Through the Moral Maze
658(5)
Chapter 17 I Like It, but Is It Art?
663(42)
Aristotle
The Nature of Tragedy
666(5)
David Hume
Of the Standard Of Taste
671(4)
Leo Tolstoy
What is Art?
675(3)
The Hayes Commission
The Motion Picture Production Code
678(3)
Theodore Adorno and Max Horkheimer
The Culture Industry
681(5)
Arthur C. Danto
The Art World
686(4)
Tom Wolfe
The Worship of Art: Notes on the New God
690(4)
Kathleen Higgins
Beauty, Kitsch, and Glamour
694(5)
Mary Deveraux
The Male Gaze
699(3)
Paul Mattick, Jr.
Who Should Support the Arts?
702(3)
PART 6 Justice and Responsibility 705(113)
Chapter 18 Am I Free to Choose What I Do?
706(41)
Sophocles
Antigone's Fate
709(3)
Aristotle
Voluntary and Involuntary Action
712(2)
Baron d'Holbach
Are We Cogs in the Universe?
714(2)
Friedrich Nietzsche
Twilight of an Error
716(2)
John Hospers
Meaning and Free Will
718(7)
Jean-Paul Sartre
Freedom and Responsibility
725(2)
B.F. Skinner
Freedom and the Control of Men
727(5)
Bob Kane
The Significance of Free Will: Old Dispute, New Themes
732(5)
Bernard Williams
Moral Luck
737(3)
Jean Grimshaw
Autonomy and Identity in Feminist Thinking
740(3)
Iris Young
Oppression
743(4)
Chapter 19 What Do I Justly Deserve?
747(42)
Plato
Does Might Make Right
749(3)
Thomas Hobbes
Justice and the Social Contract
752(4)
John Stuart Mill
A Utilitarian Theory of Justice
756(4)
John Rawls
Justice as Fairness
760(5)
Robert Nozick
The Principle of Fairness
765(5)
Joel Feinberg
Economic Income and Social Justice
770(5)
Iris Young
The Myth of Merit
775(3)
Amartya Sen
Property and Hunger
778(6)
Malcolm X
Human Rights, Civil Rights
784(2)
Cheshire Calhoun
Justice, Care, and Gender Bias
786(3)
Chapter 20 How Should I Make Money?
789(29)
Confucius
On Business
793(1)
Adam Smith
Benefits of the Profit Motive
794(4)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
The Immorality of Capitalism
798(1)
Milton Friedman
The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits
799(3)
Ford Motor Company
The Ford Pinto Memo
802(1)
William Greider
Crime in the Suites
803(1)
Christopher D. Stone
Why Shouldn't Corporations Be Socially Responsible
804(2)
Joanne Ciulla
Honest Work
806(3)
Patricia H. Werhane
A Bill of Rights for Employees and Employers
809(2)
Robert C. Solomon
Making Money and the Importance of the Virtues
811(6)
Joseph Campbell
Follow Your Bliss
817(1)
Credits 818


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