9781560328315

Two-Stroke Cycle Engine: It's Development, Operation and Design

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781560328315

  • ISBN10:

    1560328312

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1999-04-01
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
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Summary

The first comprehensive and concise overview of the Two-Stroke cycle engine. Using the most up-to-date knowledge, the theory and practice is explained, as well as the major issues involved in its development.

Table of Contents

Preface ix(4)
Acknowledgements xiii(2)
Symbols, Subscripts, and Abbreviations
xv
1 OVERVIEW, BACKGROUND, AND HISTORY
1(42)
1-1 Principles of the Two-Stroke Cycle Engine
3(2)
1-2 Characteristics of the Two-Stroke Cycle Engine
5(2)
1-3 Engine Design and Operating Parameters
7(7)
1-4 Two-Stroke Engine Applications
14(9)
1-5 Historical Development of Two-Stroke Cycle Engines
23(10)
1-6 Developments in the 20th Century
33(8)
References
41(2)
2 GAS EXCHANGE FUNDAMENTALS
43(30)
2-1 Fundamentals and Terminology
43(4)
2-2 Scavenging Methods
47(5)
2-3 Charging Methods
52(19)
References
71(2)
3 EXPERIMENTAL METHODS FOR QUANTIFYING THE SCAVENGING PROCESS
73(48)
3-1 Measurements in Motored Engines
74(14)
3-2 Measurements in Fired Engines
88(15)
3-3 Measurements Using Laser Diagnostics
103(14)
References
117(4)
4 MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF THE SCAVENGING PROCESS
121(34)
4-1 Simple Single-Phase Models
122(4)
4-2 Multizone Multiphase Models
126(12)
4-3 Assessment: The "Beta Test"
138(3)
4-4 Multidimensional Models
141(11)
References
152(3)
5 PORT, VALVE, INTAKE, AND EXHAUST SYSTEM DESIGN
155(56)
5-1 Gas Exchange, Short-Circuiting, and Backflow
155(2)
5-2 Inlet and Transfer Flow Control
157(11)
5-3 Scavenge and Exhaust Port Design
168(15)
5-4 Scavenge and Exhaust Valves
183(10)
5-5 Intake and Exhaust System Design
193(14)
References
207(4)
6 COMBUSTION
211(56)
6-1 Combustion Fundamentals
212(2)
6-2 Combustion in Spark-Ignition Engines
214(22)
6-3 Autoignition and Direct-Injection Combustion
236(12)
6-4 Diesel Combustion
248(15)
References
263(4)
7 EMISSIONS FORMATION AND CONTROL
267(90)
7-1 Pollutant Formation Mechanisms
267(7)
7-2 Emissions from Spark-Ignition Engines
274(18)
7-3 Emissions from Direct-Injection SI Engines
292(14)
7-4 Emissions from Compression-Ignition Engines
306(10)
7-5 Catalysts and Exhaust Gas Treatment
316(24)
7-6 Engine Noise
340(13)
References
353(4)
8 FRICTION, LUBRICATION, AND WEAR
357(32)
8-1 Basic Lubrication Issues
357(1)
8-2 Friction Losses in Two-Stroke Cycle Engines
358(7)
8-3 Models for Friction Losses in Engines
365(3)
8-4 Lubricants
368(7)
8-5 Friction and Wear
375(5)
8-6 Materials for Engine Components
380(2)
8-7 Modifying Engine Component Surfaces
382(5)
References
387(2)
9 OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO-STROKE ENGINES
389(56)
9-1 Engine Performance Parameters
389(2)
9-2 Engine Performance Characteristics
391(22)
9-3 Operating Variables that Affect Two-Stroke SI Engine Performance, Efficiency, and Emissions
413(13)
9-4 Operating Variables that Affect Two-Stroke CI Engine Performance, Efficiency, and Emissions
426(8)
9-5 Supercharged and Turbocharged Engine Performance
434(8)
References
442(3)
INDEX 445

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