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Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect,9780205401833
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Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780205401833

ISBN10:
020540183X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

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Summary

Strong knowledge of child abuse and neglect is critical for any professional planning to work or currently working with children. Cynthia Crosson-Tower is an expert in this field, basing her written work on more than 30 years of experience in almost all areas of children's services, including protective services, foster care, adoption, and court services. The Sixth Edition of Child Abuse and Neglect continues to familiarize the reader with the symptoms of the various types of child maltreatment as well as how one intervenes to protect children. This easy to read book walks the reader through initial intervention from the perspective of a variety of professionals, from the court system to services for abused children outside their own homes. Case examples help professionals get a feel for actual cases and types of intervention. For those just entering or thinking about entering a human services profession that may interact with children, Cynthia has included a chapter that provides a glimpse of what it is like to be a child protection worker.

Table of Contents

Preface xix
Assessing Websites xxiii
The Maltreatment of Children from a Historical Perspective
1(23)
Children as Property
1(3)
Issues of Life and Death
1(1)
Issues of Dependence
2(1)
Issues of Discipline
3(1)
Child Labor
4(2)
Sexual Values, Attitudes, and Exploitation
6(2)
Early History
6(1)
The Nineteenth Century
6(1)
The Twentieth Century
7(1)
The Incest Taboo
8(2)
History
8(1)
Reasons for Taboo
9(1)
Legal and Social Prohibition
10(1)
Recent History of Helping the Abused and Neglected Child
10(5)
Further Efforts on Behalf of Children
13(1)
Professional Awareness and Response to the Movement to Protect Children and Families
14(1)
Child Protection Today
15(5)
Current Framework
15(1)
The Role of Child Protection Services
16(3)
Child Rearing, Maltreatment, and Public Opinion
19(1)
Summary
20(1)
Review Questions
21(1)
Suggested Readings
21(1)
Web Exploration
22(1)
References
22(2)
The Family: Roles, Responsibilities, and Rights
24(23)
The Definition and Function of the Family
24(1)
The Family as a System
25(4)
Subsystems and Boundaries
26(1)
Roles
27(1)
Communication
27(1)
Bonding and Attachment
28(1)
Rituals
29(1)
Minority Family Systems
29(9)
African American Families
30(2)
Hispanic American Families
32(2)
Asian and Pacific Island Families
34(3)
Native American Families
37(1)
Family Problems and Dysfunction
38(1)
The Family and Child Maltreatment
39(4)
Parents' Rights
40(1)
Children's Rights
40(2)
Impact on the Child Protection Movement
42(1)
Summary
43(1)
Review Questions
44(1)
Suggested Readings
44(1)
Web Exploration
44(1)
References
44(3)
Maltreatment and the Developing Child
47(20)
Developmental Stages
48(14)
Pregnancy and Birth
48(3)
Birth to One Year
51(4)
One to Four Years
55(3)
Four to Eight Years
58(1)
Eight to Twelve Years
59(1)
Adolescence
60(2)
Development, Maltreatment and Resiliency
62(1)
Summary
63(1)
Review Questions
64(1)
Suggested Readings
65(1)
Web Exploration
65(1)
References
65(2)
The Neglect of Children
67(29)
The Neglect of the Concept of Neglect
67(1)
Definition and Measurement of Neglect
68(5)
Causes of Neglect
73(3)
Economic Causes
73(1)
Ecological Causes
74(1)
Societal Causes
75(1)
Individual Causes
75(1)
Problems in Intervention
76(1)
Neglected Children
76(4)
Symptoms and Effects of Neglect
77(3)
Neglectful Parents
80(12)
Efforts to Explain the Behavior of Neglectful Parents
82(7)
Substance-Abusing Families
89(2)
Domestic Violence and Neglect
91(1)
Plight of the Parent and the Social Worker
91(1)
Summary
92(1)
Review Questions
92(1)
Suggested Readings
93(1)
Web Exploration
93(1)
References
93(3)
The Physical Abuse of Children
96(25)
Causes of Physical Abuse
97(3)
Interactional Variables
98(1)
Environmental/Life Stress Variables
99(1)
Social/Cultural/Economic Variables
99(1)
Risk Assessment and Physical Abuse
100(2)
Child Risk Factors
100(1)
Parental Risk Factors
101(1)
Family System Risk Factors
101(1)
Symptoms of Physical Abuse
102(6)
Physical Symptoms
102(2)
Behavioral Indications of Abuse
104(4)
Abusive Parents
108(2)
Parents' Unlearned Tasks from Childhood
110(5)
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy
111(1)
Abusive Parents and Adolescents
112(3)
Domestic Violence and Other Abuse Within the Family
115(2)
Domestic Violence
115(1)
Abuse by Siblings
116(1)
Summary
117(1)
Review Questions
118(1)
Suggested Readings
118(1)
Web Exploration
118(1)
References
119(2)
The Sexual Abuse of Children
121(30)
Two Groups' Approaches to Child Sexual Abuse
122(1)
Child Protection Movement
122(1)
Feminist Movement
122(1)
Definition of Child Sexual Abuse
123(1)
Types of Sexual Abuse
124(1)
Intrafamilial Abuse
124(1)
Extrafamilial Abuse
125(1)
The Progression of Sexual Abuse
125(3)
Engagement Phase
126(1)
Sexual Interaction and Secrecy Phases
127(1)
Disclosure Phase
127(1)
Suppression Phase
127(1)
Incidence of Sexual Abuse
128(4)
Studies of Abuse
128(2)
Reporting of Abuse
130(1)
False Allegations Movement
131(1)
Profile of the Abused Child
132(2)
Children at Risk
132(2)
Female Victims
134(1)
Male Victims
134(1)
Degree of Trauma
134(2)
Profile of the Perpetrator
136(10)
Intrafamilial Perpetrators
137(1)
Extrafamilial Perpetrators
138(4)
Preconditions for Perpetration
142(2)
Who Become Perpetrators?
144(2)
Summary
146(1)
Review Questions
147(1)
Suggested Reading
147(1)
Web Exploration
147(1)
References
148(3)
Incest: Familial Abuse
151(29)
Incest as a Problem Today
152(1)
Societal Contributions to Incest
152(1)
Father-Daughter Incest
153(9)
Family Patterns
153(2)
Profiles of the Family
155(7)
Father-Son Incest
162(2)
Family Dynamics
162(1)
Effects of Father-Son Incest
163(1)
Mother-Daughter Incest
164(2)
Family Dynamics
164(1)
Effects of Mother-Daughter Incest
165(1)
Mother-Son Incest
166(2)
Family Dynamics
166(2)
Effects of Mother-Son Incest
168(1)
Brother-Sister Incest
168(4)
Family Dynamics
170(1)
Effects of Brother-Sister Incest
171(1)
Homosexual Sibling Incest
172(1)
Incest with Uncles, Grandfathers, and Cousins
172(3)
Why Incest Stops
175(1)
Summary
176(1)
Review Questions
177(1)
Suggested Readings
177(1)
Web Exploration
177(1)
References
178(2)
Extrafamilial Sexual Abuse, Misuse, and Exploitation
180(32)
Dynamics and Characteristics of Sexual Abuse outside the Family
180(9)
Pedophilia
183(3)
Pederasty
186(1)
Technophilia
187(2)
Sexual Abuse by Clergy
189(6)
Motivation of Perpetrators
190(1)
Crisis in the Catholic Church
190(2)
Impact on Victims
192(1)
Addressing Clerical Perpetrators
193(2)
Sexual Abuse in Day-Care Settings
195(1)
Types of Day-Care Abuse
195(1)
Reactions and Resulting Changes
195(1)
Sex Rings
196(2)
Child Pornography
198(3)
Child Prostitution
201(5)
Profiles of Prostitutes
203(3)
Missing Children
206(2)
Summary
208(1)
Review Questions
208(1)
Suggested Readings
209(1)
Web Exploration
209(1)
References
209(3)
Psychological Maltreatment of Children
212(11)
Psychological Maltreatment Defined
212(3)
The Roots of Psychological Maltreatment
215(1)
Characteristics of the Psychologically Maltreated Child
216(1)
Family Dynamics
217(2)
Difficulty in Detecting and Treating Psychological Abuse
219(1)
Ritualistic Abuse
219(1)
Summary
220(1)
Review Questions
221(1)
Suggested Readings
221(1)
Web Exploration
221(1)
References
221(2)
Intervention: Reporting and Investigation
223(27)
Culturally Sensitive Intervention
223(2)
The Intervention Process
225(6)
Reporting
225(3)
Investigating and Validating
228(1)
Home Visiting
229(2)
Assessing Aspects of Risk
231(3)
Children
232(1)
Caregivers
232(1)
Perpetrators
232(2)
Incidence and Environment
234(1)
Assessing Causes and Services
234(1)
Handling Emergencies
235(1)
Assessment Interviewing
235(11)
Interviewing Adults
235(5)
Interviewing Children
240(6)
Summary
246(1)
Review Questions
247(1)
Suggested Readings
248(1)
Web Exploration
248(1)
References
248(2)
Intervention: Case Management and Roles of Other Professionals
250(18)
Case Management Considerations
250(4)
Family Reactions
250(2)
Custody of the Children
252(2)
Other Professionals Involved in the Intervention Process
254(11)
The Medical Team
254(4)
The Legal Team
258(3)
The Educational Team
261(3)
The Mental Health Team
264(1)
Toward a Total Team Approach
265(1)
Summary
265(1)
Review Questions
266(1)
Suggested Readings
266(1)
Web Exploration
266(1)
References
266(2)
The Legal Response to Child Abuse and Neglect
268(21)
The Legal Rights of Parents and Children
269(1)
Types of Court Intervention
270(1)
Juvenile Court
271(9)
The Process
271(4)
The Participants
275(5)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Juvenile Court
280(1)
Criminal Court
281(3)
The Impact of Court on Children
284(1)
Sex Offender Registration
284(1)
The Media and the Court
285(1)
Summary
285(1)
Review Questions
286(1)
Suggested Readings
286(1)
Web Exploration
286(1)
References
286(3)
Treatment: Physical Abuse and Neglect
289(27)
Preparing to Provide Treatment
289(1)
Providing Treatment
290(5)
Client Resistance
291(1)
Client Response
292(1)
Eligibility Criteria
292(1)
Limited Community Resources
292(1)
Treatment Methods
293(1)
Who Provides Treatment
293(1)
Phases
294(1)
Family-Centered Services
295(2)
Shared Family Care
296(1)
Treatment of Physically Abusive Families
297(10)
Treatment of the Abused Child
298(5)
Treatment of the Parents
303(2)
Improving Parent--Child Relationships
305(2)
Treatment of the Siblings
307(1)
Treatment of Neglectful Families
307(4)
Equilibrium Maintenance
309(1)
Disequilibrium Techniques
310(1)
Summary
311(1)
Review Questions
312(1)
Suggested Readings
313(1)
Web Exploration
313(1)
References
313(3)
Treatment: Sexual Abuse
316(26)
Issues Surrounding Treatment
316(2)
Assumptions about the Treatment of the Sexually Abusive Family
317(1)
Treatment Models
318(1)
Child Sexual Abuse Treatment Programs
319(1)
Treatment Methods
319(3)
Issues Addressed in Family Treatment
319(1)
Phases of Treatment
320(2)
Treatment of Specific Family Members
322(16)
The Child and Adolescent
322(5)
The Mother or Nonabusing Parent
327(1)
The Perpetrator
328(8)
Treatment of Juvenile Offenders
336(1)
Preservation of Incestuous Families
336(1)
Parents of Children Abused Outside the Home
337(1)
Summary
338(1)
Review Questions
339(1)
Suggested Readings
339(1)
Web Exploration
340(1)
References
340(2)
Foster Care as a Therapeutic Tool
342(10)
Problems with Foster Care
342(1)
Alternatives to Foster Care
343(1)
Therapeutic Potential in Foster Care
343(2)
The Role and Importance of the Natural Parents
345(1)
The Role of Foster Parents
346(2)
Other Placement for Abused or Neglected Children
348(1)
Residential Treatment
348(1)
Adoptive Placement
349(1)
Summary
349(1)
Review Questions
350(1)
Suggested Readings
350(1)
Web Exploration
350(1)
References
350(2)
The Social Worker and the System
352(17)
A Day in the Life of a Protective Worker
352(3)
The Role of a Protective Social Worker
355(6)
Qualifications and Skills
355(2)
Personal Traits
357(1)
Responsibilities
358(1)
Frustrations and Pressures
358(3)
Does the System Work?
361(2)
Looking toward the Future
363(3)
Surviving in an Imperfect System
363(2)
Developing Cultural Awareness and Competence
365(1)
Summary
366(1)
Review Questions
366(1)
Suggested Readings
367(1)
Web Exploration
367(1)
References
367(2)
Adults Abused as Children
369(32)
Society's Misconceptions
369(1)
Myth #1
369(1)
Myth #2
369(1)
Myth #3
370(1)
Reasons for Adults' Disclosure
370(3)
Relationships
371(1)
Pressures of Adulthood
371(1)
Loss, Depression, or Trauma
372(1)
Residual Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect
373(1)
Effects from the Neglecting Family
373(5)
Trust
373(2)
Anger
375(1)
Relational Imbalances
376(1)
Low Self-Esteem
376(1)
Impaired Social Skills
377(1)
Substance Abuse
377(1)
Physical Problems
377(1)
Effects from the Physically Abusing Family
378(3)
Trust
378(1)
Anger
379(1)
Relational Imbalances
379(1)
Low Self-Esteem
380(1)
Coping Skills
380(1)
Long-term Effects of Domestic Violence
381(1)
Effects from a Sexually Abusing Family
381(9)
Betrayal
381(1)
Traumatic Sexualization
382(1)
Stigmatization and Self-Esteem
383(2)
Powerlessness
385(2)
Anger
387(1)
Relational Imbalances
388(1)
Multiple Victimization
389(1)
Effects from Extrafamilial Abuse
390(2)
A Word about Resiliency
392(1)
Treatment of Adults Who Were Abused as Children
392(5)
Repressed Memories
392(1)
Individual Therapy
393(1)
Group Therapy
394(1)
Self-Help Groups
395(2)
Legal Actions
397(1)
Summary
397(1)
Review Questions
398(1)
Suggested Readings
398(1)
Web Exploration
399(1)
References
399(2)
Prevention
401(16)
Prevention Efforts in Schools
402(5)
Life Skills Training
402(1)
Preparation for Parenthood
403(1)
Self-Protection Training
404(2)
Educational Services for the Community
406(1)
Help for At-Risk Families
407(1)
Prevention Efforts with Families
407(4)
Prevention Efforts by Professionals
411(1)
Prevention Efforts within the Community and Nationally
412(1)
Summary
413(1)
Review Questions
414(1)
Suggested Readings
414(1)
Web Exploration
414(1)
References
415(2)
Toward a Better Tomorrow
417(13)
Changes in the Helping System
417(6)
Redefining the Framework of Helping
417(1)
Rethinking Child Protection
418(1)
Creating a Unified Response
419(1)
Looking within, between, and beyond Agencies
420(3)
Changes in Society
423(3)
Reversing the Trend toward Socially Impoverished Families
423(1)
Supporting Parenting
424(1)
Realigning Societal Values
425(1)
Facing the Future
426(1)
Research Needs
426(1)
Summary
427(1)
Review Questions
428(1)
Suggested Readings
428(1)
Web Explorations
429(1)
References
429(1)
Index 430


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