9780534557485

Understanding Crime: Theory and Practice With Infotrac

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780534557485

  • ISBN10:

    0534557481

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 12/3/2002
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Summary

This thought-provoking examination of crime and criminological theory takes a direct approach to a question that often confuses and frustrates students---why do people commit crimes? UNDERSTANDING CRIME begins with an overview of the key elements of the study of crime and criminology, including law, public policy, research literature, and the philosophical origins of crime theories. These theories, based in biology, psychology, and sociology, are then broken down to their basic elements and causal processes in order to be explored. The authors examine the practical implications and applications each theory has on the administration of justice. In conclusion, the text looks at the future of crime theory by speculating whether or not new research designs, theories, and paradigms are needed. With a new modular format, this text can be customized for any teaching or learning style.

Table of Contents

1. THEORY AND THE STUDY OF CRIME
Structure of Theory
Human Nature, Government and Public Policy
The Nature of Laws and Crimes
Origins of Crime Theories
Understanding Crime
2. DETERRENCE AND OPPORTUNITY THEORIES
Formal Deterrence
Rational Choice Theory
Routine Activities and Opportunity Theory
Informal Deterrence and Related Processes
3. BIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL THEORIES
Origins of Biological Explanations
Genetics and Crimes
Biochemistry and Crime
4. THEORIES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ABNORMALITIES
Psychoanalytic Theories
Deviant Personalities and Psychopathologies
5. PSYCHOLOGICAL LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES
Intelligence and Crime
Behaviorism and Learning Theories
Developmental Theories
6. SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONAL THEORIES
Crime and Social Ecology
Crime and Social Structure
Crime and Subcultures
7. SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES
Learning Theories
Social Control Theories
Self-Control Theory
8. LABELING AND CONFLICT THEORIES
Labeling Theory
Conflict and Crime
9. MARXIST AND FEMINIST THEORIES
Marxism and Crime
Feminist Criminology
10. NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN THEORY
Question #1: Research Designs
Question #2: Theories
Question #3: New Paradigms

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