9780134014180

Understanding English Grammar

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  • ISBN13:

    9780134014180

  • ISBN10:

    0134014189

  • Edition: 10th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/20/2015
  • Publisher: Longman

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Summary

NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyWritingLab™ does not come packaged with th is content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyWritingLab, search for:

0134079965 / 9780134079967 Understanding English Grammar Plus MyWritingLab with Pearson eText – Access Card Package, 10/e

Package consists of:

·       0133954706 / 9780133954708 MyWritingLab with Pearson eText – Valuepack Access Card

·       0134014189 / 9780134014180 Understanding English Grammar, 10/e


For courses in Advanced Grammar.

 

The essentials of English grammar, with a distinctively clear organization and user-friendly language

The acclaimed Understanding English Grammar fosters students’ innate language expertise as they study sentence grammar. It offers a practical blend of the most useful elements of both traditional and new linguistic grammar, beginning with an overview of English as a world language, language change, and various classroom issues associated with prescriptive grammar and correctness, along with an updated list of further readings. Every discussion is viewed through the eyes of a novice reader, bearing in mind how the current generation of students uses communication tools for social purposes. Both students and teachers appreciate the self-teaching quality that incremental exercises provide throughout the chapters, with answers at the end of the book.

 

The Tenth Edition introduces new coauthors Loretta Gray and Joseph Salvatore—two respected scholars who bring their special expertise in linguistics and creative writing, as well as long experience in teaching grammar and writing.


Also Available with MyWritingLab

This title is also available with MyWritingLab –an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to work with this text to engage students and improve results. Within its structured environment, students practice what they learn, test their understanding, and pursue a personalized study plan that helps them better absorb course material and understand difficult concepts. In addition to the full eText, activities directly from the text are available within MyWritingLab. These include the small scrawl written assignments, readings from the text, review exercises and more.

 


Table of Contents

PART I: INTRODUCTION

 

1. The Study of Grammar: An Overview

English: A World Language

Three Definitions Of Grammar

Traditional School Grammar

Studying Grammar Today

Language Variety and the Issue of Correctness

Language Change

Language in the Classroom

Key Terms

For Further Reading

 

PART II: THE GRAMMAR OF BASIC SENTENCES

 

2. Words and Phrases

Chapter Preview

The Open Classes

Nouns and Verbs

The Noun Phrase

The Verb Phrase

NP + VP = S

Adjectives and Adverbs

Prepositional Phrases

The Closed Classes

Classroom Applications

Key Terms

 

3. Sentence Patterns

Chapter Preview

Subjects and Predicates

Diagramming Sentences

The Sentence Slots

The Be Patterns

Pattern I: NP be ADV/TP

Pattern II: NP be ADJ

Pattern III: NP1 be NP1

The Linking Verb Patterns

Pattern IV: NP V-lnk ADJ

Pattern V: NP1 V-lnk NP1

The Optional Slots

The Intransitive Verb Pattern

Pattern VI: NP V-int

The Transitive Verb Patterns

Pattern VII: NP1 V-tr NP2

Pattern VIII: NP1 V-tr NP2 NP3

Pattern IX: NP1 V-tr NP2 ADJ

Pattern X: NP1 V-tr NP2 NP2

Compound Structures

Exceptions to the Ten Sentence Patterns

Sentence Types

Interrogative Sentences (Questions)

Imperative Sentences (Commands)

Exclamative Sentences

Punctuation and the Sentence Patterns

Diagramming the Sentence Patterns

Notes on the Diagrams

Key Terms

Sentences for Practice

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Applications

 

4. Expanding the Main Verb

Chapter Preview

The Five Verb Forms

Auxiliary—Verb Combinations

The Modal Auxiliaries

The Future Tense

Tense and Aspect

Using the Verb Forms

Exceptions to the Verb-Expansion Rule

The Stand-in Auxiliary Do

The Subjunctive Mood

Key Terms

Sentences for Practice

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Application

 

5. Changing Sentence Focus

Chapter Preview

The Passive Voice

The Passive Voice in Prose

The There Transformation

Cleft Sentences

Key Terms

Sentences for Practice

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Applications

 

III: EXPANDING THE SENTENCE

Form and Function

 

6. Modifiers of the Verb: Adverbials

Chapter Preview

The Movable Adverbials

Adverbs

Prepositional Phrases

Nouns and Noun Phrases

Verb Phrases

Clauses

Punctuation of Adverbials

Key Terms

Sentences for Practice

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Application

 

7. Modifiers of the Noun: Adjectivals

Chapter Preview

The Determiner

Adjectives and Nouns

Prepositional Phrases

Relative Clauses

Participial Phrases

Punctuation of Clauses and Participles

Multiple Modifiers

Other Postnoun Modifiers

Key Terms

Sentences for Practice

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Applications

 

8. The Noun Phrase Functions: Nominals

Chapter Preview

The Nominal Slots

Appositives

Noun Phrase Substitutes

Gerunds

Infinitives

Nominal Clauses

Nominals as Delayed Subjects

Key Terms

Sentences for Practice

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Applications

 

9. Sentence Modifiers

Chapter Preview

Nouns of Direct Address: The Vocatives

Interjections

Dependent Clauses as Sentence Modifiers

Absolute Phrases

Appositives

Relative Clauses

Key Terms

Sentences for Practice

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Applications

 

10. Coordination

Chapter Preview

Coordination within the Sentence

Coordinating Complete Sentences

Key Terms

Sentences for Practice

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Applications

 

PART IV: WORDS AND WORD CLASSES

 

11. Morphemes

Chapter Preview

Bases and Affixes

Derivational and Inflectional Affixes

Allomorphs

Homonyms

Compound Words

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Applications

 

12. The Open Classes

Chapter Preview

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives

Adverbs

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Applications

 

13. The Closed Classes

Chapter Preview

Determiners

Auxiliaries

Qualifiers

Prepositions

Conjunctions

Interrogatives

Expletives

Particles

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Application

 

14. Pronouns

Chapter Preview

Personal Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns

Intensive Pronouns

Reciprocal Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns

Interrogative Pronouns

Indefinite Pronouns

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

Classroom Applications

 

PART V: GRAMMAR FOR WRITERS

 

15. Rhetorical Grammar

Chapter Preview

Sentence Patterns

Sentence Rhythm

Focusing Tools

Choosing Verbs

The Missing Agent

The Shifting Adverbials

Metadiscourse

Style

Antithesis

Using Gender Appropriately

Key Terms

 

16. Purposeful Punctuation

Chapter Preview

Making Connections

Separating Prenoun Modifiers

Identifying Essential and Nonessential Structures

Signaling Sentence Openers

Signaling Emphasis

Using Apostrophes for Contraction and Possessive Case

Classroom Application

 

PART VI

Glossary of Grammatical Terms

Appendix: Sentence Diagramming

Answers to the Exercises

Index                                                          

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