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Understanding Human Behavior and the Social Environment (with InfoTrac),9780534608316
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Understanding Human Behavior and the Social Environment (with InfoTrac)

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780534608316

ISBN10:
0534608310
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/11/2003
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 6th edition with a publication date of 7/11/2003.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

1. Theoretical Perspectives on Human Behavior in the Social Environment. Part I: INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD. 2. Biological Systems and Their Impacts on Infancy and Childhood. 3. Psychological Systems and Their Impacts on Infancy and Childhood. 4. Social Systems and Their Impacts on Infancy and Childhood. 5. Ethnocentrism and Racism. Part II: ADOLESCENCE AND YOUNG ADULTHOOD. 6. Biological Systems and Their Impacts on Adolescence and Young Adulthood. 7. Psychological Systems and Their Impacts on Adolescence and Young Adulthood. 8. Social Systems and Their Impacts on Adolescence and Young Adulthood. 9. Gender Roles and Sexism. Part III.:MIDDLE ADULTHOOD. 10. Biological Systems and Their Impacts on Middle Adulthood. 11. Psychological Systems and Their Impacts on Middle Adulthood. 12 Social Systems and Their Impacts on Middle Adulthood. 13. Sexual Orientation. Part IV: LATER ADULTHOOD. 14. Biological Systems and Their Impacts on Later Adulthood. 15. Psychological Systems and Their Impacts on Later Adulthood. 16. Social Systems and Their Impacts on Later Adulthood.

Table of Contents

About the Authors vii
Preface xvii
Chapter 1 Theoretical Perspectives on Human Behavior and the Social Environment 1(46)
A Perspective
2(1)
Foundation Knowledge and the Purpose of Social Work
2(1)
Foundation Knowledge and the Process of Social Work: The Importance of Assessment
3(1)
Impacts of Systems In the Environment
4(7)
Understanding Key Concepts Systems Theories
4(3)
The Ecological Perspective: Important Concepts
7(4)
Highlights 1.1 Case Example: Child Abuse
8(3)
People's Involvement with Multiple Systems
11(9)
Micro, Mezzo, and Macro Systems
12(1)
The Social Environment
12(1)
Interactions Between Micro Systems and Mezzo Systems
12(1)
Interactions Between Micro Systems and Macro Systems
12(2)
The Impact of Social Forces
14(1)
The Relationships among Biological, Psychological, and Social Systems
14(2)
Bio-Psycho-Social Systems Affect Each Other
16(2)
Highlight 1.2 Application of Values and Ethics to Bio-Psycho-Social System Assessments
17(1)
Diversity, Oppression, and Populations-at-Risk
18(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 1.1 Social Work Values and Sensitivity to Diverse Populations
19(1)
The Systems Impact Model
20(3)
The Client System
20(1)
The Relationship Between Organizational Macro Systems and Client Systems
20(1)
The Relationship Between the Community Macro System and the Client System
21(1)
The Relationship Between Organizational and Community Macro Systems
21(1)
Institutional Values Macro System
21(1)
The Effects of Institutional Values and Organizational Macro Systems on Clients
22(1)
The Social Worker System
22(1)
The Impacts of Organizations
23(2)
What Are Organizations?
23(1)
Organizational Theories
24(1)
Viewing Organizations from a Systems Perspective
25(3)
Resource Input
26(1)
Process 26 Output
26(1)
The Exceptional Problems of Social Service Organizations
26(1)
Goal Displacement
27(1)
Communities and Human Behavior
28(8)
Theoretical Perspectives on Communities
29(3)
Models of Community
32(4)
Highlight 1.3 Characteristics of Three Models of Community Change
33(3)
Spotlight on Diversity 1.2 Hispanic Women, Community Development, and Social Action
36(1)
Social Worker System Roles
36(5)
Enabler
37(1)
Mediator
38(1)
Integrator/Coordinator
38(1)
Manager
38(1)
Educator
39(1)
Analyst/Evaluator
39(1)
Broker
39(1)
Facilitator
39(1)
Initiator
40(1)
Negotiator
40(1)
Advocate
40(1)
Assessment, Problem Solving, and Social Work: The Underlying Theme
41(1)
Summary
41(6)
Highlight 1.4 Case Example: Unplanned Pregnancy
42(5)
Part One
Chapter 2 Biological Systems and Their Impacts on Infancy and Childhood
47(39)
A Perspective
47(1)
The Dynamics of Human Reproduction
48(11)
Conception
48(1)
Diagnosis of Pregnancy
49(1)
Fetal Development during Pregnancy
50(1)
Prenatal Influences
51(2)
Prenatal Assessment
53(1)
Access to Prenatal Care: Obstacles in the Macro Environment
53(1)
Problem Pregnancies
54(1)
The Birth Process
55(4)
Early Functioning of the Neonate
59(1)
Developmental Milestones
59(2)
Growth as a Continuous, Orderly Process
60(1)
Specific Characteristics of Different Age Levels
60(1)
Individual Differences
60(1)
The Nature-Nurture Controversy
60(1)
Relevance to Social Work
61(1)
Profiles of Normal Development
61(1)
Significant Issues and Life Events
61(1)
The Abortion Controversy: Impacts of Social and Economic Forces
61(6)
Highlight 2.1 Developmental Milestones for Children From Age 4 Months and 11 Years
62(4)
Highlight 2.2 Case Example: Single and Pregnant
66(1)
The Impacts of Macro System Policies on Practice and Access to Services
67(7)
Spotlight on Diversity 2.1 International Perspectives on Abortion Policy
68(5)
Incidence of Abortion
71(1)
Methods of Abortion
71(1)
The Importance of Context and timing
72(1)
Arguments For and Against Abortion
72(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 2.2 Effects of Abortion on Women and Men
73(1)
Social Worker Roles and Abortion
74(1)
Infertility
74(10)
Spotlight 2.3 Abortion-related Ethical Dilemmas in Practice
75(4)
Causes of Infertility
77(1)
Psychological Reactions to Infertility
78(1)
Treatment of Infertility
78(1)
Alternatives Available to the Infertile Couple
78(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 2.3 A Feminist Perspective on Infertility Counseling
79(4)
Highlight 2.4 Ethical Dilemmas Concerning Surrogate Motherhood
83(4)
The Effects of Macro Systems on Infertility
84(1)
Social Work Roles and Infertility
84(1)
Summary
84(2)
Chapter 3 Psychological Systems and Their Impacts on Infancy and Childhood
86(42)
A Perspective
87(41)
Theories of Psychological Development
87(13)
Psychodynamic Theory
88(1)
Highlight 3.1 Definitions of Common Defense Mechanisms Postulated by Psychoanalytic Theory
89(2)
Critical Thinking: Evaluation of Psychodynamic Theory
91(1)
Neo-Freudian Psychoanalytic Developments
91(1)
Behavioral Theories
92(1)
Phenomenological Theories: Carl Rogers
92(1)
Highlight 3.2 Roger's Other Key Concepts
93(1)
Feminist Theories
94(1)
Critical Thinking about the Relevance of Theory to Social Work
95(1)
Highlight 3.3 The Relevance of Theory to Social Work: Critical Thinking and Evaluations of Theory
96(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 3.1 Being Sensitive to Diversity When Examining Psychological Theories
98(2)
Cognitive Development: Piaget
100(6)
The Sensorimotor Period
102(1)
The Preoperational Thought Period
102(2)
The Period of Concrete Operations
104(1)
The Period of Formal Operations
104(1)
Critical Thinking: Evaluation of Piaget's Theory
105(1)
Emotional Development
106(2)
Infants' Emotions
106(2)
Infants and Temperament
108(1)
Self-Concept and Self-Esteem
108(63)
Highlight 3.4 The Effects of Positive and Negative Self-Concepts and Self-Esteem
109(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 3.2 A Cross-Cultural Perspective on Self-Esteem
111(60)
Significant Issues and Life Events
171
Intelligence and Intelligence Testing
111(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 3.3 Cultural Biases and IQ Tests
115(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 3.4 What Are People with Disabilities Like?
116(1)
People Who Have Cognitive Disabilities: A Population-at-Risk
116(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 3.5 The Americans with Disabilities Act: A Macro System Addresses a Population-at-Risk
120(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 3.6 People with Developmental Disabilities: Populations-at-Risk
121(1)
People with Learning Disabilities: A Population-at-Risk
121(1)
Highlight 3.5 The Effects of a Learning Disability
123(2)
Summary
125(3)
Chapter 4 Social Systems and Their Impacts on Infancy and Childhood
128(56)
A Perspective
129(1)
Socialization
129(1)
The Family Environment
130(6)
Membership in Family Groups: Variations is Family Structure
130(1)
Positive Family Functioning
131(1)
Effects of Social Forces and Policies on Family Systems: Helpful or Hurtful?
132(1)
The Dynamics of Family Systems
133(3)
Highlight 4.1 Tie Application of Systems Theory Principles to Families
133(3)
The Family Life Cycle
136(4)
Spotlight on Diversity 4.1 Diverse Perspectives on the Family Life Cycle
137(3)
Lamping Theory
140(7)
Critical Thinking: Evaluation of Theory
141(1)
Respondent Conditioning
141(1)
Modeling
142(1)
Operant Conditioning
143(1)
The ABCs of Behavior
143(1)
Highlight 4.2. Consequences and Recurring Behavior
143(1)
Reinforcement
144(1)
Punishment
145(1)
Extinction
146(1)
Applications of Learning Theory to Practice
147(7)
The Use of Positive Reinforcement
147(1)
Types of Positive Reinforcers
147(1)
Secondary Reinforcers
148(1)
Reinforcers versus Rewards
149(1)
Suggestions for Using Positive Reinforcement
150(1)
The Use of Punishment
151(3)
Additional Issues
154(4)
Accidental Training
154(1)
Behaviorally Specific Terminology
154(1)
Highlight 4.3 Accidental Training
155(1)
Measuring Improvement
155(1)
The Importance of Parental Attention
156(2)
A Specific Treatment Situation: Time-Out from Reinforcement
158(1)
Improving Effectiveness
157(1)
"Grounding"
158(1)
Impacts of Common Life Events on Children
158(25)
Membership in Family Systems
158(1)
Membership in Sibling Subsystems
158(4)
Spotlight on Diversity 4.2 Cultural Context and Parenting Style
159(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 4.3 Ethnic and Cultural Differences in Families: Empowerment through Appreciation of Strengths
159(3)
Gender Role Socialization
162(21)
The Social Environment: Peers, Television, and School
183
The Social Aspects of Play with Peers
163(3)
The Influence of Television
166(1)
The School Environment
167(3)
Spotlight on Diversity 4.4 Educational Programming That Responds to Cultural Values
169(1)
Child Maltreatment
170(12)
Incidence of Child Maltreatment
170(1)
Physical Child Abuse
171(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 4.5 Diverse Cultural Contexts: Discipline or Abuse?
171(2)
Child Neglect
173(2)
Emotional Maltreatment
175(1)
A Macro System Response: Child Protective Services
175(1)
Treatment of Physical Abuse, Neglect, and Emotional Maltreatment: Social Work Role
176(1)
A Macro System Response: Involvement of the Courts
177(1)
Sexual Abuse
177(8)
Highlight 4.4 Suggestions for Talking to Children Victimized by Sexual-Assault
180(2)
Summary
182(2)
Chapter 5 Ethnocentrism and Racism
184(35)
A Perspective
184(1)
Ethnic Groups and Ethnocentrism
185(3)
Spotlight on Diversity 5.1 Violence Against Minorities in the United States
186(2)
Race and Racism
188
Aspects of Social and Economic Forces: Prejudice, Discrimination; and Oppression
187(1)
Racial and Ethnic Stereotypes
188(1)
Racial and Ethnic Discrimination is the Problem of Whites
189(1)
White Privilege
189(1)
Race Is a Social Concept
190(1)
Institutional Values and Racism: Discrimination in Systems
190(2)
Discrimination and Oppression in Organizational Macro Systems
191(1)
Discrimination,and Oppression in Community Macro Systems
191(1)
Sources of Prejudice and Discrimination
192(6)
Projection
192(1)
Frustration-Aggression
192(1)
Countering Insecurity and Inferiority
192(1)
Authoritarianism
192(1)
History
193(1)
Competition and Exploitation
193(1)
Socialization Patterns
193(1)
Belief in the One True Religion
193(1)
Evaluation of Discrimination Theories
193(5)
Spotlight on Diversity 5.2 Is Racial Discrimination Based on Criminal Thinking?
194(4)
Impacts of Social and Economic Forces: The Effects and Costs of Discrimination and Oppression
198(1)
The Effects of Discrimination on Human Growth and Development
198(3)
History and Culture of African Americans
196(3)
Effects of Discrimination on Development of Self-Concept
199(1)
The Africentric Perspective and Worldview
199(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 5.3 Kwanzaa
200(1)
Strategies to Promote Social and Economic Justice
201(7)
Mass Media Appeals: Striving to Change Institutional Values
201(1)
Greater Interaction Between Minority Groups and the Majority Group
201(1)
Civil Rights laws: Changing the Legal Macro System
201(1)
Activism
202(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 5.4 Rosa Parka's Act of Courage Sparked the Civil Rights Movement
202(1)
School Busing: A Community Initiative
203(1)
Affirmative Action: A Macro System Response
204(1)
Confronting Racist Remarks and Actions
205(1)
Minority-Owned Businesses
206(1)
Confronting Community Problems: Inner Cities
206(1)
Grassroots Organizations: Implementing Change in Community Macro Systems
207(1)
Social Work Practice with Racial and Ethnic Groups
208(1)
Ethnic-Sensitive Practice
208(1)
Empowerment
209(1)
Strengths Perspective
209(4)
Culturally Competent Practice
209(3)
Social Work Roles for Countering Discrimination
212(1)
The Future of U.S. Rape and Ethnic Relations
213(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 5.5 A Dream of the End of Racism
214(1)
Summary
214(5)
Part Two Adolescence and Young Adulthood
Chapter 6 Biological Systems and Their Impacts on Adolescence and Young Adulthood
219(33)
A Perspective
220(1)
Adolescences
220(8)
Puberty
221(1)
The Growth Spurt
221(1)
The Secular Trend
222(1)
Primary and Secondary Sex Characteristics
222(6)
Psychological Reactions to Physical Changes
228
Body Image and Self-Concept
223(1)
Weight, Women, aid Eating Disorders
224(1)
Critical Thinking About Weight and Body Image
224(1)
Early and Late Maturation in Boys
225(1)
Early and Late Maturation in Girls
225(1)
Young Adulthood
226(5)
Physical Development
226(1)
Health Status
226(3)
Highlight 6.1 Breast Cancer
227(2)
Lifestyle and Good Health
229(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 6.1 Differential Incidence of Death
231(1)
Significant Issues and Life Events
231(29)
Sexual Activity in Adolescence
231(2)
Highlight 6.2 Masturbation
232(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 6.2 Racial and Other Differences in Adolescent Sexual Activity
232(1)
Unplanned Pregnancy in Adolescence
233(1)
Teenage Fathers
234(1)
Why Do Teens Get Pregnant?
234(1)
Macro System Treatment of Sex Education
234(3)
Highlight 6.3 Portrait of a Single Father
235(2)
Sex Education in the Age of AIDS
237(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 6.3 Empowerment through Sex Education for Native Americans
237(2)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
239(3)
Major Methods of Contraception
242(18)
Summary
260
Chapter 7 Psychological Systems and Their Impacts on Adolescence and Young Adulthood
252(29)
A Perspective
262(6)
Identity Formation
268
Highlight 7.1 Erikson's Eight Stages of Development
254(1)
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory
254(1)
Implications of Identity Formation in Adolescence
255(2)
Highlight 7.2 How to Determine Who You Are
256(1)
Marcia's Categories of Identity
257(1)
Critical Thinking: The Evaluation of Theory and Application to Client Situations
258(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 7.1 Race, Culture, Ethnicity, and Identity Development
258(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 7.2 Lesbian and Gay Adolescents
260(1)
Moral Development
260(6)
Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development
260(2)
Highlight 7.3 Kohlberg's Three Levels and Six Stages of Moral Development
261(1)
Critical Thinking: Evaluation of Kohlberg's Theory
262(1)
Moral Development and Women: Gilligan's Approach
262(1)
Critical Thinking: Evaluation of Gilligan's Theory
263(1)
Application of Theory to Client Situations
263(1)
Fowler's Theory of Faith Development
264(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 7.3 Empowerment Through Spiritual Development
265(1)
Spirituality and Social Work Practice
266(1)
Significant Issues and Life Events: Suicide and Assertiveness
266(21)
Suicide
287
Incidence of Suicide
267(1)
Causes of Adolescent Suicide
267(2)
Highlight 7.4 Joany-A Victim of Suicide
268(1)
Suicidal Symptoms
269(2)
Highlight 7.5 Suicide Notes
269(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 7.4 Suicide and Adolescent Hispanic Females
271(1)
How to Use the SAD PERSONS Scale
271(1)
Guidelines for Helping Suicidal People
272(2)
Community Responses to Suicide: Prevention and Crisis Intervention
274(1)
Empowerment through Assertiveness and Assertiveness Training
275(4)
The Relevance of Assertiveness
276(1)
Highlight 7.7 Each of Us Has Certain Assertive Rights
276(1)
Nonassertive, Assertive, and Aggressive Communication
276(1)
The Advantages of Assertiveness
277(1)
Assertiveness Training
277(2)
Application of Assertiveness Approaches to Social Work Practice
279(1)
Summary
279(2)
Chapter 8 Social Systems and Their Impacts on Adolescence and Young Adulthood
281(46)
A Perspective
282(1)
Social System Changes in Adolescence and Young Adulthood
283(5)
Movement from Dependence to Independence
283(3)
Highlight 8.1 Interaction in Families: Effective Communication Between Parents and Children
284(2)
Interaction in Peer Group Systems
286(1)
Intimacy versus Isolation
286(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 8.1 Ethnic-Group Identity for Minority Adolescents
287(1)
Empowerment of Homeless Youth
288(1)
Interaction In Family Systems: Choosing a Personal Lifestyle
288
Marriage
289(2)
Highlight 8.2 Theories about Why People Choose Each Other as Mates
289(1)
Highlight 8.3 Predictive Factors Leading to Marital Happiness/Unhappiness
290(1)
Cohabitation
291(2)
Highlight 8.4 Romantic Love versus Rational Love
292(1)
Highlight 8.5 Guidelines for Building and Maintaining a Happy Marriage
293(1)
Single Life
293(1)
Parenthood
293(2)
Highlight 8.6 Parental Gender Preferences
294(1)
Childless Couples
295
Social Problems
285(30)
Eating Disorders
296(5)
Emotional and Behavioral Problems
301(9)
Highlight 8.7 Major Mental Disorders According to the American Psychiatric Association
302(4)
Highlight 8.8 Format for Rational Self-Analysis
306(1)
Highlight 8.9 A Rational Self-Analysis of Emotions Associated with Ending a Marriage
307(3)
Macro System Problems: Crime and Delinquency
310(1)
Highlight 8.10 Our Thinking Determines Our Behavior and Our Emotions
310(1)
Macro System Problems: Delinquent Ganga
311(4)
Highlight 8.11 Self-Talk Explanation for Multiple Forgeries
311(4)
Empowerment Through Social Work with Groups
315(10)
Types of Groups
315(4)
Spotlight on Diversity 8.2 The RAP Framework for Leading Multiracial Groups
318(1)
Models of Group Development over Time
319(2)
Task and Maintenance Roles
321(1)
Leadership Theories
322(3)
Summary
325(2)
Chapter 9 Gender Roles and Sexism
327(26)
A Perspective
328(1)
Gender Role Stereotypes
328(4)
Childhood
329(1)
Adolescence
329(1)
Adulthood
330(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 9.1 Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Gender Role Development
330(2)
Male/Female Differences
332(1)
Ability Level
332(1)
Communication Styles
332(1)
People as Individuals
333(1)
Significant Issues and Events In the Lives of Women
333(1)
Economic Inequality
333(5)
Spotlight on Diversity 9.2 Gender/Racial Comparison of Median Weekly Earnings
334(4)
Sexual Harassment
338(3)
The Definition of Sexual Harassment
336(1)
Strengthening the Definition: A Macro System Response
337(1)
Highlight 9.1 Sexual Harassment Allegations Plague High Places
338(1)
The Extent of Sexual Harassment
338(1)
Effects of Sexual Harassment
339(2)
Highlight 9.2 Confronting Sexual Harassment
340(1)
Sexist Language
341(1)
Rape and Sexual Assault
341(1)
Highlight 9.3 Using Nonsexist Language
341(1)
Incidence of Rape
342(7)
Theoretical Views of Rape
342(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 9.3 Cultural Differences in the Incidence of Violence Against Women
343(1)
Common Myths about Rape
343(1)
Additional Facts about Rape
344(1)
Profile of a Rapist
344(3)
Highlight 9.4 Suggestions for Rape Prevention
345(2)
Survivors' Reactions to Rape
347(1)
Suggestions for Counseling Rape Survivors
348(1)
Battered Women
349(5)
The Abusive Perpetrator
380
The Battering Cycle
351(1)
Why Does She Stay?
351(1)
Community Responses to Battered Women: Their Alternatives
352(2)
Working with Women
354(1)
Summary
354
Spotlight on Diversity 9.4 Strategies for Empowering Women and Achieving Sexual Equality
355
Part Three Middle Adulthood
Chapter 10 Biological Systems and Their Impacts on Middle Adulthood
353(30)
A Perspective
359(1)
The Age Span of Middle Adulthood
360(1)
Physical Changes In Middle Age
360(1)
Changes in Physical Functioning
360(1)
Health Changes
360(1)
Changes in Physical Appearance
361(1)
The Double Standard of Aging
361(1)
Changes in Sense Organs
361(1)
Changes in Physical Strength and Reaction Time
361(1)
Highlight 10.1 An Identity Crisis: When the Applause Stops
362(1)
Changes in Intellectual Functioning
362(21)
Female Menopause
383(5)
Spotlight on Diversity 10.1 Cultural Differences in Women's Experience of Menopause
364(1)
Highlight 10.2 Osteoporosis
365(23)
Male Climacteric
388
Midlife crisis: True or False?
387(1)
Sexual Functioning In Middle Age
388
Sex in Marriage
368(1)
Extramarital Sexual Relationships
369(1)
Sex Following Divorce
370(1)
Sex in Widowhood
370(1)
Sex among the Never-Married
370(1)
Celibacy
370(1)
People Living with AIDS: A Population-at-risk
370(14)
Highlight 10.3 Magic Johnson, an American Hero, Joins the Battle Against the AIDS Virus
371(6)
What Causes AIDS?
372(1)
How Is AIDS Contracted?
372(1)
Diagnosis
373(1)
Origin of AIDS
374(1)
The Effects of HIV
374(2)
Treatment and Prevention of AIDS
376(1)
Impacts of Social and Economic Forces: AIDS Discrimination and Oppression
376(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 10.2 AIDS in Africa
377(6)
Professional Values and AIDS
377(1)
Ethical Dilemmas: Confidentiality
377(2)
Ethical Dilemmas: HIV Testing
379(1)
Macro System Responses to AIDS
379(1)
Social Work Roles: Empowering Persons Living with AIDS
380(3)
Highlight 10.4 Persons Living with AIDS
383(1)
Summary
384(1)
Chapter 11 Psychological Systems and Their Impacts on Middle Adulthood
385(44)
A Perspective
385(3)
Generativity versus Stagnation
388
Peck's Theories of Psychological Development
387(1)
Levinson's Theories of Life Structure, Life Eras, and Translations for Men
387(2)
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
389(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 11.1 Application of Levinson's Theories to Women: An Evaluation
390(1)
Game Analysis and Script Analysts
391(6)
Game Analysis
391(2)
Life Scripts
393(4)
Spotlight on Diversity 11.2 Cultural Scripts Are a Determinant of Sexual Behavior
395(2)
Mezzo System Interactions: Nonverbal Communication
397(7)
The Functions of Nonverbal Communication
397(1)
Posture
398(1)
Highlight 11.1 Nonverbal Behavior among Poker Players
398(1)
Body Orientation
399(1)
Gestures
399(1)
Touching
399(1)
Clothing
400(1)
Personal Space
400(1)
Territoriality
401(1)
Facial Expressions
402(1)
Voice
402(1)
Physical Appearance
403(1)
The Environment
404(1)
Control Theory
404(4)
Intuition
408
Chemical Substance Use and Abuse
407(21)
Specific Drugs-What They Are and What They Do
407(13)
Highlight 11.2 Drugs of Abuse: Facts and Effects
408(4)
Highlight 11.3 Date-Rape Drugs
412(3)
Highlight 11.4 Crack Babies
415(5)
Dependence on Alcohol and Other Drugs
420(1)
Interaction in Family Systems: It Theoretical Approach to Drug Abuse
421(1)
The Application of Theory to Client Situations: Treatment for the Chemically Dependent Person and His or Her Family
422(4)
Highlight 11.5 An AA Meeting
424(2)
Understanding and Treating Codependency
426(1)
Highlight 11.6 Working with Alcoholic Clients: The Problem of Denial
426(1)
The Relationship Between Knowledge and Assessment
427(1)
A Treatment Model from Another Culture: The Dutch Approach
427(1)
Summary
428(1)
Chapter 12 Social Systems and Their Impacts on Middle Adulthood
429(51)
A Perspective
429(1)
Macro Social System Theories
430(3)
The Functionalist Perspective
430(1)
The Conflict Perspective
431(1)
The Interactionist Perspective
432(1)
Poverty: Impacts of Social and Economic Forces
433(8)
The Rich and the Poor
433(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 12.1 Personal Income Disparities Are Astounding
434(1)
The Problem
435(1)
Highlight 12.1 The ideology of individualism
436(1)
Who Are the Poor?
436(1)
What Causes Poverty?
436(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 12.2 Poverty Perpetuates Poverty
437(1)
The Culture of Poverty: Evaluation of Theory and Its Application to Client Situations
437(1)
Poverty Is Functional
438(1)
Application of Functionalism to Poverty
439(1)
Application of Conflict Theory to Poverty
440(1)
Application of Interactionist Theory to Poverty
440(1)
Family Mezzo System Problems
441(17)
Empty-Shell Marriages
441(3)
Highlight 12.2 Conflict Resolution Strategies
442(2)
Divorce
444(8)
Highlight 12.3 Analyzing Love Relationships
446(2)
Highlight 12.4 Facts about Divorce
448(3)
Highlight 12.5 The Effects of a Divorce on Children Depend on What Happens after the Divorce
451(1)
Single-Parent Families
452(1)
Blended Families
453(4)
Highlight 12.6 Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
454(3)
Mothers Working Outside the Home
457(1)
The "Sandwich" Generation
458(1)
Assessing and intervening In Family Systems
458(10)
Verbal and Nonverbal Communication
458(1)
Family Norms
459(1)
Family System Assessment: The Ecomap
460(3)
Family System Assessment: The Genogram
463(1)
Family Problems and Social Work Roles
464(4)
Social Work with Organizations
468(6)
The Autocratic Model
468(1)
The Custodial Model
468(1)
Highlight 12.7 Analyzing a Human Services Organization
469(1)
The Scientific Management Model
469(1)
The Hunan Relations Model
470(1)
Theory X and Theory Y
471(1)
The Collegial Model
471(1)
Theory Z
472(1)
Management by Objectives
472(1)
Total Quality Management
473(1)
Summary Comments about Models of Organizational Behavior
474(1)
Value Orientations In Organizational Decision Making
474(1)
Liberal, Conservative, and Developmental Perspectives on Human Services Organizations
475(2)
Conservative Perspective
475(1)
Liberal Perspective
476(1)
Developmental Perspective
476(1)
Summary
477(3)
Chapter 13 Sexual Orientation
480(29)
A Perspective
482(1)
Homosexuality and Bisexuality
482(2)
Highlight 13.1 Stereotypes about Gay and Lesbian People
483(1)
What Does Being a Homosexual Mean?
484(1)
Definition of Bisexual
485(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 13.1 Transsexual and Transgender People
486(1)
Numbers of Lesbian and Gay People
486(1)
Why Are Some People Lesbian or Gay?
487(3)
Biological Theories
487(2)
Psychosocial Theories
489(1)
The Evaluation of Theory: What Is the Answer?
489(1)
Interactionist Theory
489(1)
Ethical Issues Related to Theory
489(1)
Other Research on the Origins of Homosexuality
490(1)
Lesbian and Gay Lifestyles
490(3)
Spotlight on Diversity 13.2 Discrimination and the Impacts of Homophobia
491(2)
Lesbian and Gay Relationships
492(1)
Sexual Interaction
492(1)
Significant Issues and Life Events
493(12)
The Impacts of Social and Economic Forces Legal Issues
493(4)
Spotlight on Diversity 13.3 Gay and Lesbian Pride and a Sense of Community
494(3)
Community Responses: Violence Against Lesbian and Gay People
497(1)
Coming Out
498(4)
Spotlight on Diversity 13.4 Ethnicity and Sexual Orientation
500(1)
Highlight 13.2 Cheryl's Exploration of Her Self-Identity and Sexual Orientation
501(1)
Lesbian and Gay Parents
502(1)
As Lesbians and Gay Men Age
503(1)
Gay and Lesbian People and AIDS
504(8)
Spotlight on Diversity 13.5 Social Work with Lesbian and Gay People: Promoting Optimal Well-Being
505(1)
Summary
505(4)
Part Four Later Adulthood
Chapter 14 Biological Systems and Their Impacts on Later Adulthood
509(26)
A Perspective
511(1)
What Is Later Adulthood?
511(1)
Senescence
512(7)
Spotlight on Diversity 14.1 Internationally Noted Individuals Prove That Age Need Not Be a Barrier to Being Productive
513(3)
Highlight 14.1 Values and Aging: The Myth of Senility
516(3)
What Causes Aging?
519(2)
Factors That Influence the Aging Process
521(1)
Diseases and Causes of Death among the Elderly
521(4)
Highlight 14.2 Health Practices and Longevity
522(1)
Highlight 14.3 Leading Causes of Death among the Elderly
522(1)
Highlight 14.4 Alzheimer's Disease
523(2)
Life Expectancy
525(3)
Spotlight on Diversity 14.2 Longevity: Cross-Cultural Research on Centenarians
526(2)
Wellness: The Impacts of Different Systems on Health
528(5)
Physical Exercise
526(1)
Mental Activity
526(1)
Sleep Patterns
527(1)
Nutrition and Diet
528(1)
Stress and Stress Management
528(5)
Summary
533(2)
Chapter 15 Psychological Systems and Their Impacts on Later Adulthood
535(25)
A Perspective
536(2)
Developmental Tasks of Later Adulthood
538(1)
Theoretical Concepts about Developmental Tasks In Later Adulthood
538(4)
Integrity versus Despair
538(1)
Three Key Psychological Adjustments
539(1)
Life Review
539(1)
Self-Esteem
539(1)
Life Satisfaction
540(1)
Low Status and Ageism
540(1)
Depression and Other Emotional Problems
540(2)
Spotlight on Diversity 15.1 Triple Jeopardy: Being Female, African American and Old
541(1)
Spirituality and Religion
542(1)
Theories of Successful Aging
542(5)
Activity Theory
542(3)
Spotlight on Diversity 15.2 Spirituality and Religion
543(2)
Disengagement Theory
545(1)
Social Reconstruction Syndrome Theory
546(1)
The Impact of Life Events on the Elderly
547(3)
Marriage
547(1)
Death of a Spouse
548(1)
Widowhood
548(1)
Never Married
548(1)
Remarriage
548(1)
Family System Relationships
548(1)
Grandparenthood
549(1)
Great-Grandparenthood
550(1)
Guidelines for Positive Psychological Propagation for Later Adulthood
550(1)
Grief Management and Death Education
551(7)
Death in Out Society: The Impact of Social Forces
551(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 15.3 The Cultural-Historical Context of Death and Bereavement
551(1)
The Grieving Process
552(1)
The Kubler-Ross Mode1
552(1)
The Westberg Model
552(2)
Application of Grief Management Theory to Client Situations
554(1)
How to Relate to a Dying Person
555(1)
How to Relate to Survivors
555(1)
Highlight 15.1 Questions about Grief, Death, and Dying
556(1)
How to Become Comfortable with the Idea of Your Own Eventual Death
556(26)
Highlight 15.2 Life after Life
558(1)
Summary
558(2)
Chapter 16 Social Systems and Their Impacts on Later Adulthood
560
A Perspective
561(21)
The Elderly: A Population-at-Risk
582(1)
Problems Faced by the Elderly
582
Emphasis on Youth: The Impacts of Social and Economic Foes
563(1)
The Increasing Elderly Population
563(1)
Spotlight on Diversity 16.1 High Status for the Elderly in China, Japan and Other Countries
564(1)
The Fastest Growing Age Group Is the Old-Old
564(1)
Early Retirement: The Impacts of Social and Economic Forces
565(1)
Financial Problems of the Elderly
566(1)
The Social Security System
567(1)
Death
567(1)
Highlight 16.1 Critical Thinking about an Ethical Issue: Should Assisted Suicide Be Legalized?
568(1)
Elder Abuse
568(2)
Where the Elderly Live
570(1)
Transportation
570(1)
Crime Victimization
570(1)
Malnutrition
570(1)
Health Problems and Cost of Care
570(1)
Cultural Differences in Seeking Health Care: The Case of Elderly Mexican Americans
571(1)
Current Services: Macro System Responses
572(9)
Older Americans Act of 1965
572(1)
Old Age, Survivors, Disability, and Health Insurance (OASDHI)
572(1)
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
573(1)
Medicare
573(1)
Medicaid
573(1)
Food Stamps
574(1)
Adult Protective Services
574(1)
Additional Programs
574(1)
Highlight 16.2 Adult Protective Services
575(1)
Nursing Homes
575(2)
Highlight 16.3 Community Options Program: Providing Alternatives to Nursing Home Placement
577(1)
Social Work with the Elderly
577(1)
The Elderly Are a Powerful Political Force
578(1)
Charging a Macro System: Finding a Social Role for the Elderly
579(2)
Summary
581(7)
Bibliography
588(29)
Name Index
617(10)
Subject Index
627(20)
Photo Credits
647


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