9780471745334

Understanding Microwaves

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780471745334

  • ISBN10:

    0471745332

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-06-24
  • Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
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Summary

A complete and accessible introduction to the important field of microtechnology Understanding Microwaves covers all the important microwave terminology, devices, and systems, and provides an understanding of how everything fits together to make communications, navigation, and radar equipment. The text is geared toward engineers new to the microwave industry, as well as technicians, managers, and students. This field-tested book presents material the author has used in industrial training courses for thousands of students. It is easy to understand and avoids complex mathematics. With extensive exercises at the end of each chapter, and answers at the end of the book, it is suitable for self-study or as a text for industrial seminars and college courses. First, the coverage details the special language of microwaves. Then, it outlines all of the unique devices that are used in microwave equipment and explains how these types fit together to make a typical microwave system, describing what they do, how they work, and what their important performance characteristics are. Finally, the book covers all of the important types of microwave systems, including their structure, function, and applications. Understanding Microwaves is a complete introduction to this important field.

Author Biography

ALLAN W. SCOTT operates his own engineering consulting and training business. He received his BS in physics from Stanford University and MS in physics from Caltech. He has forty years' experience in the development and manufacture of microwave equipment for radar, missile guidance, electronic warfare, and satellite communications, including affiliations with Bell Labs, the U.S. Navy, Hughes Network Systems, Sylvania Electronics, and Teledyne Technologies. Mr. Scott has trained over 2,500 engineers and managers through his in-plant microwave seminars. He holds several patents, and has written two textbooks and many trade journal articles.

Table of Contents

PART I MICROWAVE FUNDAMENTALS
A Survey of Microwave Systems and Devices
3(16)
The Relationship of Microwaves to Other Electronic Equipment
3(2)
Microwave Systems
5(1)
The Microwave Spectrum
6(1)
Why Microwave Devices Are Needed
7(2)
Basic Microwave System Design
9(1)
Microwave Transmission Lines
10(1)
Signal Control Components
11(1)
Semiconductor Amplifiers and Oscillators
11(1)
Microwave Tubes
12(2)
Low Noise Microwave Receivers
14(1)
Microwave Antennas
15(4)
Annotated Bibliography
17(1)
Exercises
17(2)
Microwave Fields
19(20)
Electric and Magnetic Fields
19(2)
Electromagnetic Waves
21(2)
Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves
23(6)
Microwaves in Transmission Lines
29(6)
Skin Depth
35(4)
Annotated Bibliography
36(1)
Exercises
36(3)
Microwave Power---dB and dBm
39(14)
Microwave Power
39(2)
dB Terminology
41(3)
dBm Terminology
44(1)
Equipment for Measuring Microwave Power
45(8)
Annotated Bibliography
48(1)
Exercises
48(5)
Insertion Loss, Gain, and Return Loss
53(20)
Insertion Loss
53(3)
Insertion Loss of Components in Cascade
56(1)
Gain
57(1)
Cascaded Insertion Loss and Gain
58(1)
Mismatches and Return Loss
59(2)
Alternative Ways of Specifying Reflected Power
61(4)
S-Parameters
65(2)
Equipment for Measuring Insertion Loss and Return Loss
67(6)
Annotated Bibliography
68(1)
Exercises
69(4)
Matching with the Smith Chart
73(40)
Derivation of the Smith Chart
76(5)
Plotting Mismatches on the Smith Chart
81(5)
Matching Calculations with the Smith Chart
86(5)
Moving toward the Load
91(101)
Lumped Inductance in Series
192
Matching Elements in Parallel
94(6)
Matching Stubs
100(2)
Quarter-Wave Transformer
102(4)
Lumped Elements in Combination
106(1)
Selecting the Best Matching Technique
106(7)
Annotated Bibliography
109(1)
Exercises
109(4)
PART II MICROWAVE DEVICES
Microwave Transmission Lines
113(25)
Comparison of Transmission Lines
113(9)
Guide Wavelength and Characteristic Impedance
122(3)
Coaxial Cable
125(1)
Waveguide
126(1)
Stripline and Microstrip
126(7)
Connectors and Adapters
133(5)
Annotated Bibliography
134(1)
Exercises
135(3)
Microwave Signal Control Components
138(34)
Microwave Semiconductors
138(5)
Microwave Ferrites
143(2)
Terminations
145(1)
Directional Couplers
145(4)
Combiners
149(3)
Isolators and Circulators
152(4)
Filters
156(5)
Attenuators
161(3)
Switches
164(1)
Phase Shifters
165(1)
Detectors
166(6)
Annotated Bibliography
167(1)
Exercises
168(4)
Microwave Semiconductor Amplifiers
172(41)
Amplifier Performance Characteristics
173(6)
Types of Microwave Semiconductor Amplifiers
179(1)
Bipolar Transistors
180(8)
Field-Effect Transistors
188(3)
HEMTs
191(2)
Transistor Packaging and Mounting
193(1)
S-Parameters
194(4)
Transistor Biasing and Matching
198(5)
IMPATT Amplifiers
203(10)
Annotated Bibliography
206(1)
Exercises
207(6)
Microwave Oscillators
213(25)
Oscillator Principles
213(6)
Oscillator Performance Requirements
219(4)
Fixed-Tuned and Mechanically Tuned Oscillators
223(3)
Electronically Tuned Oscillators
226(3)
Harmonic Multipliers
229(1)
Phase-Locked Oscillators
230(5)
Up-converters
235(3)
Annotated Bibliography
236(1)
Exercises
236(2)
Low-Noise Receivers
238(26)
The Significance of Low-Noise Receivers
238(3)
Sources of Noise
241(4)
Noise Units
245(5)
Mixers
250(7)
Low-Noise Transistors
257(3)
Parametric Amplifiers
260(4)
Annotated Bibliography
262(1)
Exercises
263(1)
Microwave Integrated Circuits
264(18)
Types of Microwave Integrated Circuits
264(2)
Hybrid Microwave Integrated Circuits
266(1)
Microstrip Materials and Design
266(3)
Microstrip Circuit Elements
269(3)
Components Added after Microstrip Fabrication
272(4)
Mounting and Packaging
276(1)
Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits
277(5)
Annotated Bibliography
280(1)
Exercises
280(2)
Microwave Tubes
282(36)
Advantages and Disadvantages
282(3)
Comparison
285(3)
Gridded Tubes
288(4)
Klystrons
292(8)
Traveling Wave Tubes
300(7)
Crossed-Field Amplifiers
307(6)
Magnetrons
313(2)
High Power Microwave Tubes
315(3)
Annotated Bibliography
315(1)
Exercises
315(3)
Microwave Antennas
318(23)
Requirements
318(3)
Types
321(3)
Arrays
324(3)
Parabolic
327(4)
Phased Array
331(10)
Annotated Bibliography
336(1)
Exercises
336(5)
PART III MICROWAVE SYSTEMS
Introduction to Microwave Systems
341(31)
Spectrum Analysis of Electronic Signals
341(2)
Communication System Signals
343(8)
Signal-to-Noise Requirements
351(1)
Pulse Code Modulation
352(7)
Baseband Signals
359(1)
Transmission Systems
359(3)
Modulation
362(5)
Carrier Modulation with Digital Baseband Signals
367(5)
Annotated Bibliography
368(1)
Exercises
369(3)
Microwave Relay
372(24)
Introduction
372(2)
Block Diagrams
374(7)
Antennas
381(3)
Path Loss Calculations
384(6)
Diversity Systems
390(1)
Diffraction and Troposcatter Systems
390(3)
Wireless Local Area Networks
393(3)
Annotated Bibliography
394(1)
Exercises
394(2)
Satellite Communications
396(24)
Introduction
396(9)
Path Loss Calculations (ERP and G/T)
405(2)
International Satellites
407(1)
Domestic Satellites
408(5)
Ship-to-Shore Communication by Satellite
413(1)
Direct Broadcast Satellites
414(1)
Comparison of Communication Satellites
415(2)
Remote-Sensing Satellites
417(3)
Annotated Bibliography
418(1)
Exercises
418(2)
Radar Systems
420(34)
Introduction
420(1)
Velocity Measurement
421(4)
Range Measurement
425(1)
Combined Range and Velocity Measurement
426(10)
Angle Measurement
436(2)
Techniques to Improve Angular Resolution
438(6)
Phased Array Radar
444(2)
Block Diagrams
446(3)
The Radar Equation
449(5)
Annotated Bibliography
451(1)
Exercises
451(3)
Electronic Warfare Systems
454(17)
Introduction
454(2)
Stealth
456(1)
Antiradiation Missiles
457(1)
Chaff and Decoys
458(1)
Noise Jamming
458(2)
Deceptive Jamming
460(8)
Electronic Counter-Countermeasures
468(3)
Annotated Bibliography
468(1)
Exercises
469(2)
Navigation and Other Microwave Systems
471(11)
Global Positioning System
471(3)
Cellular Telephones
474(3)
Microwave Ovens
477(1)
Medical Applications of Microwaves
478(2)
Scientific Applications of Microwaves
480(2)
Annotated Bibliography
481(1)
Exercises
481(1)
Exercise Answers 482(57)
Index 539

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