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This new edition of Understanding Morphology has been fully revised in line with the latest research. It now includes 'big picture' questions to highlight central themes in morphology as well as research exercises for each chapter. Understanding Morphology presents an introduction to the study of word structure that starts at the very beginning. Assuming no knowledge of the field of morphology on the part of the reader, the book presents a broad range of morphological phenomena from a wide variety of languages. Starting with the core areas of inflection and derivation, the book presents the interfaces between morphology and syntax and between morphology and phonology. The synchronic study of word structure is covered as are the phenomena of diachronic change such as analogy and grammaticalization. Theories are presented clearly in accessible language with the main purpose of shedding light on the data, rather than as a goal in themselves. The authors consistently draw on the best research available, thus utilizing and discussing both functionalist and generative theoretical approaches. Each chapter includes a summary, suggestions for further reading, and exercises. As such this is the ideal book for both beginning students of linguistics, or anyone in a related discipline looking for a first introduction to morphology.
Martin Haspelmath is Senior Researcher in the Linguistics Department, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and an Honorary Professor at the University of Leipzig.
Andrea D. Sims is Assistant Professor of Slavic Linguistics, Ohio State University.
Table of Contents
|What is morphology?|
|Morphology in different languages|
|The goals of morphological research|
|A brief user's guide to this book|
|Summary of chapter 1|
|Lexems and word forms|
|Morphemes as the basic lexical units|
|Some difficulties in morpheme analysis|
|Words as the basic lexical units|
|Reconciling words and morphemes|
|Summary of chapter 2|
|Appendix: morpheme-by-morpheme glosses|
|The form of morphological rules|
|Summary of chapter 3|
|Inflection and derivation|
|Properties of inflection and derivation|
|Conceptualizations in morphological theory|
|Associating inflectional properties with words|
|Summary of chapter 4|
|Possible, actual and occasional words|
|The relationship between morphological change and synchronic productivity|
|Restrictions on word-formation rules|
|Speakers' knowledge of productivity|
|Summary of chapter 5|
|The hierarchical structure of words|
|Hierarchical structure and head-dependent relations in compounds|
|Hierarchical structure and head-dependent relations in derived lexemes|
|Parallelism in syntax and morphology|
|Summary of chapter 6|
|Types of inflection classes|
|Describing global inflection classes|
|The role of stmes in inflection|
|Missing cells: defectiveness, deponency and periphrasis|
|Syntagmatic and paragigmatic relations in morphology|
|Summary of Chapter 7|
|Words and phrases|
|Diving text into words|
|Free forms versus bound forms|
|Clitics versus affixes|
|Compounds versus phrases|
|Summary of chapter 8|
|Two types of sound alternations|
|Process descriptions and sound alternations|
|Three types of morphophonological alternations|
|The diachrony of morphophonological alternations|
|Integrated accounts of phonology and morphology|
|Summary of chapter 9|
|Morphology and valence|
|Valence in compounding|
|Summary of chapter 10|
|Frequency effects in morphology|
|Asymmetries in inflection|
|Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.|