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Understanding Music,9780205632138

Understanding Music

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780205632138

ISBN10:
0205632130
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
9/22/2009
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $73.08

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Summary

Understanding Musicteaches students what to listen for in music. Jeremy Yudkinrs"s text is a rich music appreciation program that supports the instructorrs"s ultimate goal of teaching active listening. By focusing on music of the Western tradition in its social, historical, and global context, this text engages students in an active listening experience of music through a lively narrative and innovative activities- all supported by a computer program which once downloaded will allow you to use the web-based listening guides, and printed listening guides within the text.

Table of Contents

Preface

Foreword

 

Chapter 1

Music Around the World

Introduction to the Study of Music

Music as a Reflection of Society

The United States: A Test Case

World Music: A View from a Satellite

What to Listen for in World Music

Attitude Toward Music of the Past

Texture

Melody

Rhythm

Tone Color: Voices and Instruments

Social Context

Attitudes Toward the Participation of Women

Time

Listening to Music from Around the World

Japanese Shakuhachi Music

Listening Guide

Listening Sketch for Shakuhachi Music

“Koku-Reibo” (A Bell Ringing in the Empty Sky)

Music and Islam

Gamelan Music from the Indonesian Island of Java

Listening Guide

Listening Sketch for a Turkish Call to Prayer

African Drumming and Mbira Music

Listening Guide

Listening Sketch for Javanese Gamelan Music

Gangsaran - Bima Kurda - Gangsaran

Listening Guide

Listening Sketch for Mbira Music

“Mandarendare” (A Place Full of Energy)

Conclusion

 

Chapter 2

The Elements of Music

What Is Music?

The Elements of Music

Melody

Pitch

Note Names

Intervals

Dynamics

Listening Guide

George Frideric Handel (1685–1759)

From the Water Music

Rhythm

Beat

Measure and Meter

Syncopation

Tempo

Listening Guide

George Frideric Handel (1685–1759)

From the Water Music

Harmony

Keynote

Keys and Scales

Major and Minor Scales

Related Keys

Chords

Cadences

Texture

Listening Guide

George Frideric Handel (1685–1759)

From the Water Music

Musical Form

Jazz and Rock Forms

Sound

Making Music: Voices

Making Music: Instruments

The Orchestra

Strings

Woodwinds

Brass Instruments

Percussion Instruments

Keyboard Instruments

Musical Performance

Rehearsal

Attending a Concert

Emotion in Music

Live Performances

Historical Periods and Individual Style

Listening Guide

George Frideric Handel (1685–1759)

From the Water Music

 

Chapter 3

The Art of Listening

Sound, Rhythm, and Dynamics

Listening Guide

Paul Dukas (1865–1935)

Fanfare from La Péri

Music and Words: Melody, Harmony, Dissonance

Listening Guide

Franz Schubert (1797–1828)

Song for voice and piano, Gretchen am Spinnrade (Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel)

A Symphonic Minuet

Listening Guide

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)

Minuet and Trio from Symphony No. 18 in F Major, K. 130

Keys and Cadences

More on Beats, Meter, Form, and Tone Color

Listening Guide

Benny Harris (1919–1975)

Crazeology

Word-Painting, Texture, and Chromaticism

Listening Guide

Maddalena Casulana (c. 1540–c. 1590)

Madrigal, Morte, te chiamo (Death, I Call on You)

Special Box Feature

A Lesson in Music

 

Chapter 4

The Middle Ages: 400–1400

General Characteristics of Medieval Music

The Music of the Middle Ages

I: Plainchant

Listening Guide

Kyrie (plainchant)

II: Secular Song and Polyphony

Secular Song

Listening Guide

Beatriz de Dia (late twelfth century)

Song, “A chantar”

Polyphony

Listening Guide

Perotinus (c. 1170–c. 1236)

Viderunt Omnes (four-voice polyphony for the Cathedral of Notre Dame)

Late Medieval Polyphonic Song

Listening Guide

Guillaume de Machaut (c. 1300–1377)

Secular song (rondeau) Doulz Viaire Gracieus

The End of the Middle Ages

Special Box Feature

Composers, Patrons, and Audiences: The Medieval Audience

Style Summary

The Middle Ages

 

Chapter 5

The Renaissance: 1400–1600

Life and Times in the Renaissance

Renaissance Music

General Characteristics of Renaissance Music

Music in the Early Renaissance

The Renaissance Mass

The Mid-Renaissance

Josquin Desprez (c. 1440–1521)

Josquin’s Pange Lingua Mass

Listening Guide

Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274)

Plainchant hymn, Pange Lingua

Listening Guide

Josquin Desprez (c. 1440–1521)

Kyrie from the Pange Lingua Mass

The Late Renaissance

Special Box Feature

Composers, Patrons, and Audiences: Patronage

The Counter-Reformation and the Music of Palestrina

The Renaissance Motet

The Renaissance Secular Song

Listening Guide

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (c. 1525–1594)

Motet, Exsultate Deo

The Madrigal

Listening Guide

Thomas Morley (1557–1602)

Two English Madrigals

The Rise of Instrumental Music

Listening Guide

Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 1555–1612)

Canzona Duodecimi Toni

Listening Guide

Tielman Susato (fl. 1543–1561)

Ronde and Saltarelle

Style Summary 

The Renaissance

 

Chapter 6

The Baroque Era: 1600–1750

Life in the Baroque Era

Special Box Feature

Composers, Patrons, and Audiences: Audiences in the Baroque Era

General Characteristics of Baroque Music

The Early Baroque (1600–1700)

Monteverdi and the First Great Opera

The Story of the Opera

Listening Guide

Claudio Monteverdi (1567–1643)

Orfeo’s recitative, Euridice’s recitative, chorus of nymphs and shepherds, and instrumental ritornello from the opera Orfeo

Opera in the Seventeenth Century

Henry Purcell and English Opera

Listening Guide

Henry Purcell (1659–1695)

Dido’s lament from the opera Dido and Aeneas

Sonata and Concerto

Listening Guide

Arcangelo Corelli (1653–1713)

Trio Sonata, Op. 3, No. 7, for two violins and basso continuo

French Music

The Late Baroque (1700–1750)

Late Baroque Opera

The Late Baroque Concerto

Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741)

Listening Guide

Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741)

First Movement from Violin Concerto, Op. 8, No. 1, La Primavera (“Spring”), from The Four Seasons

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750)

Bach’s Organ Music

Listening Guide

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750)

Prelude and Fugue in E Minor

Bach’s Keyboard, Instrumental, and Orchestral Music

Listening Guide

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750)

First Movement from Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F Major

Bach’s Vocal Church Music

Listening Guide

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750)

St. Matthew Passion (excerpt)

George Frideric Handel (1685–1759)

Handel’s Music

Listening Guide

George Frideric Handel (1685–1759)

Giulio Cesare, Act III, Scene 4

Listening Guide

George Frideric Handel (1685–1759)

“Halleluyah” Chorus from Messiah

Style Summary

The Baroque Era

 

Chapter 7

The Classic Era: 1750–1800

From Absolutism to Enlightenment to Revolution

The Musical Public

General Characteristics of Classic Music

Genres of Classic Music

Opera

Listening Guide

Giovanni Pergolesi (1710–1736)

Opera, La Serva Padrona (Duet from Act I)

Symphony

Chamber Music

Convention in Classic Music

Forms of Classic Music

Sonata Form

Aria Form

Minuet-and-Trio Form

Rondo Form

Summary

The Early Classic Period

The Classic Masters

Franz Joseph Haydn (1732–1809)

Special Box Feature

Composers, Patrons, and Audiences: The Classic Orchestra

Haydn’s Music

Listening Guide

Franz Joseph Haydn (1732–1809)

Minuet and Trio from Symphony No. 45 in F-sharp Minor

Listening Guide

Franz Joseph Haydn (1732–1809)

Fourth Movement from String Quartet, Op. 33, No. 2, in E Major

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)

Special Box Feature

Composers, Patrons, and Audiences: Composers and Patrons in the Classic Era

Mozart’s Music

Listening Guide

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)

Second Movement from Piano Concerto No. 21 in C Major, K. 467

Listening Guide

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)

First Movement from Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550

Style Summary

The Classic Era

 

Chapter 8

Beethoven

Beethoven’s Life

Beethoven’s Early Life

The Heroic Phase

Personal Crisis and Halt to Productivity

Late Years

Beethoven’s Music

Listening Examples

Special Box Feature

Composers, Patrons, and Audiences: Beethoven’s Orchestra

Listening Guide

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827)

Six Easy Variations on a Swiss Tune in F Major for Piano, WoO 64

Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony

Listening Guide

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827)

Symphony No. 5 in C Minor

Beethoven’s Late Music

Listening Guide

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827)

Third Movement from Piano Sonata in E Major, Op. 109

Style Summary

Beethoven

 

Chapter 9

The Nineteenth Century I: Early Romantic Music

The Age of Romanticism

The Industrial Revolution

Political, Intellectual, and Social Changes

The New Artistic Spirit

Music for All

The New Sound

Dynamics

Tempo and Expression

Melody

Harmony

Form

Program Music

Massive and Miniature

Favorite Romantic Genres

Favorite Romantic Instruments

The Individual and the Crowd

Women in Nineteenth-Century Music

Romantic Song

Early Romanticism

Franz Schubert (1797–1828)

Schubert’s Music

Listening Guide

Franz Schubert (1797–1828)

Song, “Die Forelle” (“The Trout”)

Listening Guide

Franz Schubert (1797–1828)

Fourth Movement from Quintet in A Major, D. 667 (The Trout)

Hector Berlioz (1803–1869)

Berlioz’s Music

Listening Guide

Hector Berlioz (1803–1869)

First Movement from Symphonie fantastique (Fantastical Symphony)

Felix Mendelssohn (1809–1847)

Mendelssohn’s Music

Listening Guide

Felix Mendelssohn (1809–1847)

First Movement from Concerto in E Minor for Violin and Orchestra, Op. 64

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel (1805–1847)

Listening Guide

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel (1805–1847)

Lied from Songs without Words, Op. 8, No. 3

Special Box Feature   

Composers, Patrons, and Audiences: Music for the Middle Classes

Fryderyk Chopin (1810–1849)

Chopin’s Music

Listening Guide

Fryderyk Chopin (1810–1849)

Prelude in E Minor, Op. 28, for Piano

Listening Guide

Fryderyk Chopin (1810–1849)

Waltz in D  Major, Op. 64, No. 1, for Piano Solo (Minute Waltz)

Robert Schumann (1810–1856)

Schumann’s Music

Listening Guide

Robert Schumann (1810–1856)

Träumerei (Dreaming), from Kinderszenen, Op. 15, for Piano

Clara Schumann (1819–1896)

Listening Guide

Clara Schumann (1819–1896)

Third Movement from Trio in G Minor for Piano, Violin, and Cello

Style Summary

The Nineteenth Century I: Early Romantic Music

 

Chapter 10

The Nineteenth Century II:

Mid- to Late-Romantic Music

Works for Solo Piano

Symphonic Program Music

Opera

Nationalism

Franz Liszt (1811–1886)

Liszt’s Music

Listening Guide

Franz Liszt (1811–1886)

Transcendental étude No. 10 in F Minor

Listening Guide

Franz Liszt (1811–1886)

Symphonic Poem, Hamlet

Verdi and Wagner

Giuseppe Verdi (1813–1901)

Verdi’s Music

Listening Guide

Giuseppe Verdi (1813–1901)

Otello (Excerpt)

Richard Wagner (1813–1883)

Wagner’s Music

Listening Guide

Richard Wagner (1813–1883)

Prelude and Liebestod from the Music Drama Tristan und Isolde

The Nationalist Composers

Russia

Bohemia

Moravia

Listening Guide

BedÇrich Smetana (1824–1884)

Symphonic Poem, The Moldau

Scandinavia

Spain

France

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840–1893)

Tchaikovsky’s Music

Listening Guide

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Scene from Act II of the Ballet Swan Lake

Late Romanticism

Johannes Brahms (1833–1897)

Brahms’s Music

Listening Guide

Johannes Brahms (1833–1897)

“Wiegenlied” (“Lullaby”), Op. 49, No. 4

Listening Guide

Johannes Brahms (1833–1897)

Fourth Movement from Symphony No. 4 in E Minor

Giacomo Puccini (1858–1924)

Puccini’s Music

Listening Guide

Giacomo Puccini (1858–1924)

Un bel dì” (“One Fine Day”) from Madama Butterfly

Gustav Mahler (1860–1911)

Mahler’s Music

Listening Guide

Gustav Mahler (1860–1911)

Fourth Movement, “Urlicht” (“Primeval Light”)

from Symphony No. 2 in C Minor (Resurrection)

Style Summary

The Nineteenth Century II: Mid- To Late-Romantic Music


Chapter 11

The Twentieth Century I: The Classic Scene

An Overview

History and the Arts, 1900–1939

1939–2000

General Characteristics of Twentieth-Century Music

The Replacement of Tonality

Melody

Rhythm

Length

Tone Color and Sound

The Beginnings of Change

Impressionism and Symbolism

Claude Debussy (1862–1918)

Listening Guide

Claude Debussy (1862–1918)

Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune

Primitivism

Igor Stravinsky (1882–1971)

Listening Guide

Igor Stravinsky (1882–1971)

Le Sacre du Printemps (The Rite of Spring), Opening Section

Stravinsky and Neo-Classicism

Listening Guide

Igor Stravinsky (1882–1971)

Stravinsky’s Music

Expressionism

Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951)

Schoenberg’s Music

Listening Guide

Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951)

“Madonna” from Pierrot Lunaire

Listening Guide

Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951)

Theme and Sixth Variation from Variations for Orchestra, Op. 31

Schoenberg’s Students

Alban Berg (1885–1935)

Berg’s Music

Wozzeck

Listening Guide

Alban Berg (1885–1935)

Wozzeck, Act III, Scenes 4 and 5

Anton Webern (1883–1945)

Webern’s Music

Listening Guide

Anton Webern (1883–1945)

Third Movement from Five Movements for String Quartet, Op. 5

Other Composers Active before World War II: Bartók, Shostakovich, Britten, Ives, Copland

Béla Bartók (1881–1945)

Bartók’s Music

Listening Guide

Béla Bartók (1881–1945)

Fifth Movement (Allegro molto) from String Quartet No. 4

Dmitri Shostakovich (1906–1975)

Benjamin Britten (1913–1976)

Listening Guide

Benjamin Britten (1913–1976)

Sanctus from War Requiem

The American Scene

Charles Ives (1874–1954)

Listening Guide

Charles Ives (1874–1954)

Second Movement from Three Places in New England (“Putnam’s Camp, Redding, Conn.”)

Aaron Copland (1900–1990)

Listening Guide

Aaron Copland (1900–1990)

Fanfare for the Common Man

Building Bridges

George Gershwin (1898–1937)

Listening Guide

George Gershwin (1898–1937)

“Bess, You Is My Woman Now” from Porgy and Bess

Leonard Bernstein (1918–1990)

Listening Guide

Leonard Bernstein (1918–1990)

“America” from West Side Story

Special Box Feature

Composers, Patrons, and Audiences: Audiences for Music in the Twentieth Century

After the War: Modernism, the Second Stage

Total Serialism

Listening Guide

Pierre Boulez (b. 1925)

Structures I

The Radical Sixties: New Sounds, Freedom, and Chance

New Sounds

Listening Guide

Krzysztof Penderecki (b. 1933)

Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima

Freedom and Chance

Special Box Feature

The Twentieth-Century Orchestra

Listening Guide

John Cage (1912–1922)

Sonata III from Sonatas and Interludes for Prepared Piano

Postmodernism

Postmodern Music

Listening Guide

Lukas Foss (b. 1922)

Third Movement (Recitative—after Monteverdi) from Renaissance Concerto for Flute and Orchestra

Fusion

Inclusion

Listening Guide

Pauline Oliveros (1932)

Sound Patterns

Listening Guide

Olly Wilson (b. 1937)

Sometimes

Listening Guide

Joan Tower (b. 1938)

Wings

Listening Guide

Ellen Taaffe Zwilich (b. 1939)

Third Movement (Rondo) from Symphony No. 1

Conclusion

Style Summary

The Twentieth Century

 

Chapter 12

The Twentieth Century II: Jazz, An American Original

The History of Jazz

Origins

Band Music

Ragtime

Listening Guide

Scott Joplin (1868–1917)

Maple Leaf Rag, for Piano solo

The Blues

Listening Guide

Bessie Smith (1894–1937)

“Florida-Bound Blues”

New Orleans Jazz

Listening Guide

Louis Armstrong (1900–1971)

“Hotter Than That”

Swing

Listening Guide

Duke Ellington (1899–1974)

“It Don’t Mean A Thing (If It Ain’t Got That Swing)”

Bebop

Listening Guide

The Charlie Parker Quartet

“Confirmation”

Cool Jazz

Listening Guide

Bill Evans

“Blue in Green” from Kind of Blue

Free Jazz

Fusion

The Current Scene

Listening Guide

Wynton Marsalis

“Harriet Tubman”

Style Summary

Jazz

 

Chapter 13

The Twentieth Century III: Popular Music in the United States

Styles of Popular Music

Beginnings: 1850–1950

Special Box Feature

Composers, Patrons, and Audiences: Patronage and Commercialization

Listening Guide

“Blue Moon”

Music by Richard Rodgers, words by Lorenz Hart

The Fortunate Fifties

Rock and Roll: The Beginnings

Listening Guide

Chuck Berry

“Johnny B. Goode”

Elvis Presley

Listening Guide

Elvis Presley

“Blue Suede Shoes”

Rebellion

Early Rock and Roll: Structure and Style

Early Rock and Roll: Black and White

The Turbulent Sixties

The Beatles

Listening Guide

The Beatles “It Won’t Be Long”

Listening Guide

The Beatles “Strawberry Fields Forever”

Bob Dylan

Listening Guide

Bob Dylan “Sad-eyed Lady of the Lowlands”

Jimi Hendrix

Other Trends in the Sixties

Motown

Surfing Songs

Folk

Country

The 1970s and 1980s: Variety, Legacy, and Change

Listening Guide

Michael Jackson “Billie Jean”

Listening Guide

Madonna “Material Girl”

The Nineties: Rap, Rage, and Reaction

Style Summary

Popular Music

Glossary and Musical Locator

Credits

Index

 



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