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Understanding Nursing Research Reading and Using Research in Practice,9780781742719

Understanding Nursing Research Reading and Using Research in Practice

by
ISBN13:

9780781742719

ISBN10:
0781742714
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/8/2003
Publisher(s):
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
List Price: $58.61
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Summary

Unique in its full-color design and reader-friendly conversational tone, this text links understanding of nursing research directly with evidence-based practice. The text begins with the results of the research and explains the steps of the research process to answer key questions about how the conclusions were reached, how the study was done, who was in the study, and why it was done that way. Distinguished by icons, qualitative and quantitative research are integrated throughout the text. Each chapter includes clinical vignettes and highlighted key concepts and ends with an out-of-class exercise referencing the clinical vignette and stimulating critical thinking for the next chapter. A Connection Website features student study activities(connection.LWW.com/go/macnee).

Author Biography

Carol L. Macnee, RN, PHD: Director of Research and Professor, East Tennessee State University College of Nursing, Johnson City

Table of Contents

Using Nursing Research in Practice
1(16)
Introduction
2(1)
Questions for Patient Care
3(9)
Published Abstract: What Would You Conclude?
12(1)
Systematic Reviews in Evidence-Based Practice
13(3)
Components and Language of Research Reports
16(24)
Components of Published Research Reports
18(12)
Research Reports and the Research Process
30(8)
Published Report--What Did You Conclude?
38(2)
Discussions and Conclusions
40(15)
What Is the Answer to My Question? What Did the Study Conclude?
The End of a Research Report--Discussions and Conclusions
41(1)
Discussions
42(5)
Conclusions
47(4)
Common Errors in Research Reports
51(2)
Published Reports--What Would You Conclude?
53(2)
Descriptive Results
55(22)
Why Did the Authors Reach Their Conclusion--What Did They Actually Find?
Differentiating Description From Inference
56(2)
Understanding the Language of Results Sections
58(14)
Connecting Results That Describe to Conclusions
72(2)
Common Errors in the Reports of Descriptive Results
74(1)
Published Report--What Would You Conclude?
75(2)
Inferential Results
77(24)
Why Did the Authors Reach Their Conclusion--What Did They Actually Find?
The Purpose of Inferential Statistics
78(2)
Probability and Significance
80(3)
Parametric and Nonparametric Statistics
83(1)
Bivariate and Multivariate Tests
84(10)
Hypothesis Testing
94(1)
In-Class Study Data
95(1)
Connecting Inferential Statistical Results to Conclusions
96(2)
Common Errors in Results Sections
98(1)
Published Report--What Would You Conclude?
99(2)
Samples
101(24)
To What Types of Patients Do These Research Conclusions Apply--Who Was in the Study?
Samples Versus Populations
102(9)
Differences in Qualitative and Quantitative Sampling
111(3)
Strengths and Weaknesses of Different Sampling Approaches
114(2)
Sample Size
116(3)
Common Errors in Reports of Samples
119(1)
Connecting Sampling to the Study Results and Conclusions
120(1)
Published Reports--Have You Changed Your Mind?
121(4)
Sampling Errors and Ethics--What Can Go Wrong?
125(21)
Informed Consent
126(9)
Problems With the Sampling Process
135(3)
Problems With Sampling Outcomes
138(3)
Common Errors in the Reports of Sampling
141(1)
Published Reports--What Do They Say About Consent and the Sampling Process?
142(4)
Data Collection Methods
146(33)
How Were Those People Studied--Why Was the Study Done That Way?
Revisiting Study Variables
147(8)
Methods for Constructing the Meaning of Variables in Qualitative Research
155(2)
Methods to Measure Variables in Quantitative Research
157(6)
Errors in Data Collection in Qualitative Research
163(3)
Errors in Data Collection in Quantitative Research
166(8)
Common Errors in Written Reports of Data Collection Methods
174(1)
Connecting Data Collection Methods to Sampling, Results, and Discussion/Conclusion
175(1)
Published Reports--Would You Use These Studies in Clinical Practice?
176(3)
Research Designs: Planning the Study
179(32)
How Were Those People Studied--Why Was the Study Done That Way?
Research Designs: Why Are They Important?
180(9)
Qualitative Research Designs
189(6)
Quantitative Research Designs
195(7)
How Can One Get the Wrong Design for the Right Question?
202(4)
Common Errors in Published Reports of Research Designs
206(1)
Published Reports--Did Design Affect Your Conclusion?
207(4)
Background and the Research Problem
211(21)
Why Ask That Question? What Do We Already Know?
Sources of Problems for Research
212(2)
Background Section of Research Reports
214(5)
Literature Review Sections of Research Reports
219(7)
Linking the Literature Review to the Study Design
226(2)
Published Reports--Has the Case Been Made for the Research Study?
228(1)
Common Errors in Reports of the Background and Literature Review
228(4)
The Research Process
232(21)
How Is the Research Process Related to a Published Research Report?
The Research Process
233(12)
Research Process Contrasted to the Research Report
245(2)
Factors That Affect the Research Process
247(2)
Generating Knowledge Can Be Fun!
249(1)
Published Reports--What Do You Conclude Now?
250(3)
The Role of Research in Nursing
253(20)
History of Nursing Research
254(2)
Linking Theory, Education, and Practice With Research
256(3)
Evidence-Based Practice: Pros and Cons
259(1)
Quality Improvement: Framed With the Research Process
260(2)
Where Are We Going? Roles of Nurses in Research
262(1)
Finding Answers Through Research
263(3)
Fictional Article: What Would You Conclude?
266(7)
Appendix A-1: Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Children With Type I Diabetes 273(9)
Appendix A-2: Fecal Incontinence in Hospitalized Patients Who Are Acutely III 282(9)
Appendix A-3: Homeless Patients' Experience of Satisfaction With Care 291(8)
Appendix A-4: Evaluating the Impact of Peer, Nurse Case-Managed, and Standard HIV Risk-Reduction Programs on Psychosocial and Health-Promoting Behavioral Outcomes Among Homeless Women 299(13)
Appendix A-5: Mexican American Family Survival, Continuity, and Growth: The Parental Perspective 312(10)
Appendix A-6: Factors Associated With Participation by Mexican Migrant Farmworkers in a Tuberculosis Screening Program 322(11)
Appendix A-7: Trajectory of Certain Death at an Unknown Time: Children With Neurodegenerative Life-Threatening Illnesses 333(10)
Appendix A-8: Distress and Growth Outcomes in Mothers of Medically Fragile Infants 343(14)
Appendix A-9: Exercise in Heart Failure: A Synthesis of Current Research 357(13)
Appendix A-10: Effect of Positioning on SvO2 in the Critically III Patient With a Low Ejection Fraction 370(9)
Appendix B: Fictional Article: Demographic Characteristics as Predictors of Nursing Students' Choice of Type of Clinical Practice 379(5)
Appendix C: Historical Analysis of Siderail Use in American Hospitals 384(6)
Appendix D: Sample In-Class Data Collection Tool 390(2)
Appendix E: In-Class Study Data for Practice Exercise in Chapter 5 392(2)
Glossary 394(12)
Index 406


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