9780520200296

Understanding Relativity

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780520200296

  • ISBN10:

    0520200292

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1996-06-01
  • Publisher: Univ of California Pr

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
List Price: $36.95 Save up to $3.69
  • Rent Book $33.26
    Add to Cart Free Shipping

    TERM
    PRICE
    DUE

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
  • The Rental copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Nonspecialists with no prior knowledge of physics and only reasonable proficiency with algebra can now understand Einstein's special theory of relativity. Effectively diagrammed and with an emphasis on logical structure, Leo Sartori's rigorous but simple presentation will guide interested readers through concepts of relative time and relative space. Sartori covers general relativity and cosmology, but focuses on Einstein's theory. He tracks its history and implications. He explores illuminating paradoxes, including the famous twin paradox, the "pole-in-the-barn" paradox, and the Loedel diagram, which is an accessible, graphic approach to relativity. Students of the history and philosophy of science will welcome this concise introduction to the central concept of modern physics.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xiii
Galilean Relativity
1(25)
Relativity and Common Sense
1(4)
Events, Observers, and Frames of Reference
5(3)
The Principle of Relativity and Inertial Frames
8(4)
The Galilean Transformation
12(5)
Stellar Aberration
17(2)
The Covariance of Physical Laws
19(2)
The Conservation of Momentum
21(5)
Problems
24(2)
The Michelson-Morley Experiment
26(22)
The Ether
26(1)
Prelude to Michelson-Morley
27(2)
The Experiment
29(10)
Attempts to Salvage the Ether
39(9)
Problems
46(2)
The Postulates of Relativity and Their Implications
48(49)
The Postulates
48(3)
The Role of the Michelson-Morley Experiment in the Genesis of Relativity
51(3)
The Relativity of Time: Simultaneity
54(6)
The Synchronization of Clocks
60(8)
Time Dilation
68(11)
The Decay of Muons
79(4)
Length Contraction
83(5)
Transverse Lengths
88(5)
Summary
93(4)
Problems
94(3)
The Lorentz Transformation
97(42)
Introduction
97(1)
The Transformation Equations
98(5)
Some Consequences of the Transformation Equations
103(4)
The Transformation of Velocity
107(4)
Fizeau's Experiment
111(3)
The Transformation of Direction and Relativistic Aberration
114(2)
Acceleration in Special Relativity
116(1)
The Doppler Effect
117(5)
The Role of Lorentz and Poincare in the Birth of Relativity
122(17)
Appendix. The Low-Velocity Approximation
134(1)
Problems
135(4)
Space-Time Diagrams
139(27)
World Lines
139(3)
The Light Cone
142(2)
Relativity and Causality
144(6)
Timelike and Spacelike Intervals
150(1)
The Loedel Diagram
151(5)
Applications of the Loedel Diagram
156(4)
The Doppler Effect Revisited
160(6)
Appendix 5A. Mathematical Basis for the Loedel Diagram
162(1)
Appendix 5B. The Doppler Formula
163(1)
Problems
164(2)
Paradoxes of Relativity
166(36)
Introduction
166(1)
The ``Pole and Barn'' Paradox
166(7)
What If the Pole Stops?
173(12)
Other Length Paradoxes
185(7)
The Paradox of the Twins
192(10)
Problems
200(2)
Relativistic Mechanics
202(41)
The Equivalence of Mass and Energy
202(6)
Kinetic Energy and Total Energy
208(5)
Relativistic Momentum
213(6)
Relativity in Nuclear and Particle Physics
219(6)
Beta Decay and the Neutrino
225(2)
The Transformation Law for Energy and Momentum; Four-vectors
227(2)
Photons
229(6)
Tachyons
235(8)
Appendix. Transformation of Momentum and Energy
237(2)
Problems
239(4)
General Relativity
243(50)
Introduction
243(3)
The Principle of Equivalence
246(9)
The Gravitational Red Shift
255(8)
Bending of Light in a Gravitational Field
263(4)
Curved Space
267(10)
General Relativity: Gravity as Geometry
277(16)
Appendix. Curvature of a Spherical Space
289(2)
Problems
291(2)
Cosmology
293(64)
Basic Facts: The Cosmological Principle
293(4)
Hubble's Law and the Expansion of the Universe
297(13)
The Big Bang
310(3)
The Hubble Sphere and Horizons
313(2)
Cosmological Models: Friedmann Universes
315(12)
The Steady-State Universe
327(5)
Observational Tests
332(5)
The History of the Universe
337(15)
Did the Big Bang Really Happen?
352(5)
Problems
354(3)
Index 357

Rewards Program

Write a Review