9780736056397

Understanding Sport Organizations : The Application of Organization Theory

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780736056397

  • ISBN10:

    0736056394

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-12-13
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics

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Summary

Understanding Sport Organizations: The Application of Organization Theory, Second Edition,a new edition of a ground-breaking text, continues to give readers a strong foundation in organization theory and application of that theory by providing a real-world context to all its issues. It engages readers by providing opportunities to discover the theory in practice through use of profiles, case studies, and examples of sport organizations in each chapter.Updated with new research and current examples that will help the reader develop a clearer understanding of organization theory, this edition benefits the reader by featuring:-A new chapter on strategic alliances explores the growing complexity of sport organizations and the impact that complexity has on the planning and decision making of sport managers. It will help current and future professionals recognize and understand the opportunities that exist both outside and within the sport industry to benefit their organizations.-A new chapter on research in sport management prepares readers to become competent researchers by providing guidance on research design and methodology, data collection and analysis, and issues of quality.-A new section in each chapter, titled "Key Issues for Managers," details vital concepts that will help managers apply information taken from topics in the text to specific issues they face on the job. To enhance understanding and bring the material to life, Understanding Sport Organizations: The Application of Organization Theory, Second Edition,references numerous current examples. Each chapter opens with a practical example of a sport organization and closes with a case for analysis that allows the reader to directly apply the information from the chapter. Throughout the text, "Time-Out" sidebars present examples to illustrate specific concepts under discussion. The examples are effective in highlighting for students and professionals the many different areas in which organization theory occurs.The book also employs chapter objectives, summaries, key concepts, review questions, and suggestions for further reading for each chapter, guiding readers to a greater and more practical understanding of core issues. It also examines organizational goals, strategy, environments, culture, technology, power, conflict, leadership, change, and many other issues affecting sport managers.This new edition provides readers with opportunities to discover sport organization theory in practical terms and to apply the knowledge in real-world situations. It engages readers in the many different areas in which organizational theory occurs; it also recognizes the dynamic, increasingly sophisticated sport industry, both in academic and applied settings. Understanding Sport Organizations: The Application of Organization Theory, Second Edition,is an invaluable resource for students and practitioners alike.

Table of Contents

Foreword vii
Preface ix
Acknowledgements xi
Organization Theory and the Management of Sport Organizations
1(16)
Why Sport Managers Need to Understand Organization Theory
3(1)
Some Definitions
4(4)
Ways to Look at Sport Organizations
8(4)
State of the Art in Sport Management and Suggestions for Future Directions
12(2)
Format of the Book
14(1)
Format of Each Chapter
15(2)
Doing Research in Sport Management
17(18)
The Research Process
18(1)
Theoretical Framework
19(1)
The So-Called Debate on Qualitative--Quantitative Research
20(1)
Research Design
20(3)
Data Collection Methods
23(4)
Data Analysis Methods
27(2)
Issues of Quality
29(1)
The Write-Up
30(5)
Organizational Goals and Effectiveness
35(24)
Importance of Understanding Organizational Goals and Effectiveness
37(1)
Organizational Goals
38(3)
Effectiveness or Efficiency
41(1)
Approaches to Studying Organizational Effectiveness
42(17)
Dimensions of Organizational Structure
59(26)
Complexity
60(7)
Formalization
67(7)
Centralization
74(11)
Design Options in Sport Organizations
85(24)
Typologies and Taxonomies
87(3)
Mintzberg's Configurations
90(1)
The Simple Structure
91(4)
The Machine Bureaucracy
95(1)
The Divisionalized Form
96(2)
The Professional Bureaucracy
98(2)
Adhocracy
100(2)
Organizational Designs as Ideal Types
102(1)
Notes on Organizational Size
103(6)
Strategy
109(24)
What Is Organizational Strategy?
111(1)
Levels of Strategy
112(8)
Strategy Formulation and Implementation
120(3)
Strategy and Structure
123(4)
Strategy in Voluntary Sport Organizations
127(6)
Strategic Alliances
133(16)
What Are Strategic Alliances?
134(3)
Establishing Strategic Alliances
137(3)
Managing Strategic Alliances
140(9)
Sport Organizations and Their Environments
149(24)
The Nature of the Organizational Environment
151(3)
Research on Organizational Environments
154(4)
Controlling Environmental Uncertainty
158(5)
Other Perspectives on the Organization-Environment Relationship
163(3)
The Relationship Between an Organization's Environment and Its Structure
166(7)
Sport Organizations and Technology
173(22)
What Is Technology?
174(1)
Research on Technology and Organizations
175(6)
Critiques of the Technology Imperative
181(4)
Microelectronic Technologies
185(4)
Relationship Between Technology and Organizational Structure
189(6)
Power and Politics in Sport Organizations
195(20)
Strategic Choice
197(2)
Power and Authority
199(1)
Sources of Power
200(4)
Organizational Politics
204(5)
Power in Sport Management Research
209(6)
Managing Organizational Conflict
215(22)
What Is Conflict?
217(1)
Horizontal and Vertical Conflict
218(1)
Is Conflict Dysfunctional to the Operation of a Sport Organization?
219(2)
The Conflict Process
221(1)
Sources of Conflict in Sport Organizations
222(3)
Conflict Management Strategies
225(4)
Stimulating Conflict
229(1)
Current Research About Conflict
230(7)
Organizational Change
237(20)
The Concept of Change
239(1)
Change as Paradox
240(1)
Perspectives on Organizational Change
240(3)
What Causes Organizational Change?
243(2)
Resistance to Change
245(1)
Dealing With Resistance and Implementing Change
245(3)
Stages of the Change Process
248(4)
Innovation in Sport Organizations
252(5)
Organizational Decision Making
257(16)
Defining Decision Making
258(1)
Conditions Under Which Decisions Are Made
259(1)
Approaches to Understanding Decision Making
260(13)
Managing Organizational Culture
273(18)
What Is Organizational Culture?
274(1)
Manifestations of a Sport Organization's Culture
275(5)
Thick and Thin Cultures
280(1)
One or More Cultures
281(1)
Organizational Culture and Effectiveness
282(1)
Creating, Managing, and Changing a Sport Organization's Culture
283(8)
Leadership and Sport Organizations
291(22)
Trait Approach
293(2)
Style or Behavioral Approach
295(2)
Contingency or Situational Approach
297(4)
Charismatic and Transformational Leadership
301(3)
The Critique of Leadership and Some Suggestions for Leadership Research in Sport Management
304(9)
Bibliography 313(28)
Index 341(14)
About the Authors 355

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