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Understanding and Using English Grammar with Audio CDs and Answer Key

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780132333313

ISBN10:
0132333317
Format:
Package
Pub. Date:
2/13/2009
Publisher(s):
Pearson Education ESL
List Price: $58.65

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Summary

This book is a comprehensive reference grammar/workbook for non-native speakers of English. If you are trying to choose between Azar's grammar books, the "Blue" book is intended for intermediate to advanced students, while the "Black" book is for beginning to intermediate and the "Red" for raw beginners. A grammar outline from the "Blue" book is also available without exercises. The book is divided into chapters covering notorious grammar points, including: verb tenses, modals, passive voice, gerunds and infinitives, singular and plural, adjective clauses, noun clauses, connecting expressions, and conditional sentences. There are also appendices covering terminology, question formation, negation, articles, phrasal verbs, and error correction. On average, each chapter has 15-20 articles covering a single grammar point or contrast in detail. Atypical article starts with a grammar description, which is usually presented in the form of a diagram or chart, supported with several examples and explanations. Then follow several exercises, which mostly require the reader to write in the correct form of the word, although oral exercises are common, and there are occasional editing exercises.

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER 1    OVERVIEW OF VERB TENSES

 

1-1        The Simple Tenses

1-2        The Progressive Tenses

1-3        The Perfect Tenses

1-4        The Perfect Progressive Tenses

1-5        Summary Chart of Verb Tenses

1-6        Spelling of -ing and -ed Forms

 

CHAPTER 2    PRESENT AND PAST; SIMPLE AND PROGRESSIVE

 

2-1        Simple Present

2-2        Present Progressive

2-3        Non-Progressive Verbs

2-4        Regular and Irregular Verbs    

2-5        Irregular Verb List    

2-6        Regular Verbs: Pronunciation of -ed Endings

2-7        Simple Past

2-8        Past Progressive

2-9        Using Progressive Verbs with always

2-10      Using Expressions of Place with Progressive Verbs

 

CHAPTER 3    PERFECT AND PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSES

 

3-1        Present Perfect

3-2        Have and has in Spoken English

3-3        Present Perfect vs. Simple Past

3-4        Present Perfect Progressive

3-5        Past Perfect

3-6        Had in Spoken English

3-7        Pest Perfect Progressive

 

CHAPTER 4    FUTURE TIME

 

4-1        Simple Future: will and be going to

4-2        Will vs. be going to

4-3        Expressing the Future in Time Clauses

4-4        Using the Present Progressive and the Simple Present to Express Future Time

4-5        Future Progressive

4-6        Future Perfect and Future Perfect Progressive

 

CHAPTER 5    REVIEW OF VERB TENSES

 

CHAPTER 6    SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT

 

6-1        Final -s/-es Use, Pronunciation, and Spelling

6-2        Basic Subject-Verb Agreement

6-3        Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Expressions of Quantity

6-4        Subject-Verb Agreement: Using there + be

6-5        Subject-Verb Agreement: Some Irregularities

 

CHAPTER 7    NOUNS

 

7-1        Regular and Irregular Plural Nouns

7-2        Possessive Nouns

7-3        Nouns as Adjectives

7-4        Count and Noncount Nouns

7-5        Noncount Nouns

7-6        Some Common Noncount Nouns

7-7        Basic Article Usage

7-8        General Guidelines For Article Usage

7-9        Expressions of Quantity Used with Count and Noncount Nouns

7-10      Using a few and few; a little and little

7-11      Singular Expressions of Quantity: one, each, every

7-12      Using of in Expressions of Quantity

           

CHAPTER 8    PRONOUNS  

 

8-1        Personal Pronouns

8-2        Personal Pronouns: Agreement with Generic Nouns and Indefinite Pronouns

8-3        Personal Pronouns:
 Agreement With Collective Nouns

8-4        Reflexive Pronouns

8-5        Using you, one, and they as Impersonal Pronouns

8-6        Forms of other

8-7        Common Expressions with other

 

CHAPTER 9    MODALS, PART 1

 

9-1        Basic Modal Introduction

9-2        Polite Questions with I as the Subject

9-3        Polite Questions with you as the Subject

9-4        Polite Requests with would you mind

9-5        Expressing Necessity: must, have to, have got to

9-6        Lack of Necessity and Prohibition: have to and must in the Negative

9-7        Advisability: should, ought to, had better

9-8        The Past Form of should

9-9        Obligation: be supposed to

9-10      Unfulfilled Intentions: was/were going to

9-11      Making Suggestions: let’s, why don’t, shall I/we

9-12      Making Suggestions: could vs. should         

 

CHAPTER 10    MODALS, PART 2

 

10-1      Degrees of Certainty: Present Time

10-2      Degrees of Certainty: Present Time Negative

10-3      Degrees of Certainty: Past Time

10-4      Degrees of Certainty: Future Time

10-5      Progressive Forms of Modals

10-6      Ability: can and could

10-7      Using would to Express a Repeated Action in the Past

10-8      Expressing Preference: would rather

10-9      Combining Modals with Phrasal Modals

10-10    Summary Chart of Modals and Similar Expressions

 

CHAPTER 11    THE PASSIVE

 

11-1      Active vs. Passive

11-2      Tense Forms of the Passive

11-3      Using the Passive

11-4      The Passive Form of Modals and Phrasal Modals

11-5      Non-progressive Passive

11-6      Common Non-progressive Verbs + Prepositions

11-7      The Passive with get

11-8      Participial Adjectives

 

CHAPTER 12    NOUN CLAUSES

 

12-1      Introduction

12-2      Noun Clauses Beginning with a Question Word

12-3      Noun Clauses Beginning with whether or if

12-4      Question Words Followed by Infinitives

12-5      Noun Clauses Beginning with that

12-6      Quoted Speech

12-7      Reported Speech: Verb Forms in Noun Clauses

12-8      Using The Subjunctive in Noun Clauses

12-9      Using -ever Words

 

CHAPTER 13    ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

 

13-1      Adjective Clause Pronouns Used as the Subject

13-2      Adjective Clause Pronouns Used as the Object of a Verb

13-3      Adjective Clause Pronouns Used as the Object of a Preposition

13-4      Using whose

13-5      Using where in Adjective Clauses

13-6      Using when in Adjective Clauses

13-7      Using Adjective Clauses to Modify Pronouns

13-8      Punctuating Adjective Clauses

13-9      Using Expressions of Quantity in Adjective Clauses

13-10    Using which to Modify a Whole Sentence

13-11    Reducing Adjective Clauses to Adjective Phrases

 

CHAPTER 14    GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES, PART 1

 

14-1      Gerunds: Introduction

14-2      Using Gerunds as the Objects of Prepositions

14-3      Common Verbs Followed by Gerunds

14-4      go + Gerund

14-5      Special Expressions Followed by -ing

14-6      Common Verbs Followed by Infinitives

14-7      Common Verbs Followed by Either Infinitives or Gerunds

14-8      It + Infinitives; Gerunds and Infinitives as Subjects

14-9      Reference List of Verbs Followed by Gerunds

14-10    Reference List of Verbs Followed by Infinitives

 

CHAPTER 15    GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES, PART 2

 

15-1      Infinitive of Purpose: in order to

15-2      Adjectives Followed by Infinitives

15-3      Using Infinitives With too and enough

15-4      Passive Infinitives and Gerunds

15-5      Using Gerunds or Passive Infinitives Following need            

15-6      Using Verbs of Perception

15-7      Using the Simple Form after let and help

15-8      Using Causative Verbs: make, have, get

 

CHAPTER 16    COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS

 

16-1      Parallel Structure

16-1      Parallel Structure: Using Commas

16-3      Using Paired Conjunctions: both . . . and; not only . . . but also; either . . . or; neither . . . nor

16-4      Separating Independent Clauses with Periods; Connecting with and and but

 

CHAPTER 17    ADVERB CLAUSES

 

17-1      Introduction

17-2      Using Adverb Clauses to Show Time Relationships

17-3      Using Adverb Clauses to Show Cause and Effect

17-4      Expressing Contrast (Unexpected Result): Using even though

17-5      Showing Direct Contrast: while

17-6      Expressing Conditions in Adverb Clauses: if -Clauses

17-7       Shortened if -Clauses

17-8      Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using whether or not and even if

17-9      Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using in case

17-10    Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using unless

17-11    Adverb Clauses of Condition: Using only if

 

CHAPTER 18     REDUCTION OF ADVERB CLAUSES TO MODIFYING ADVERBIAL PHRASES

 

18-1      Introduction

18-2      Changing Time Clauses to Modifying Adverbial Phrases

18-3      Expressing The Idea of "During The Same Time" in Modifying Adverbial Phrases

18-4      Expressing Cause and Effect in Modifying Adverbial Phrases

18-5      Using upon + -ing in Modifying Adverbial Phrases

 

CHAPTER 19    CONNECTIVES THAT EXPRESS CAUSE AND EFFECT, CONTRAST. AND CONDITION

 

19-1      Using because of and due to

19-2      Cause and Effect: Using therefore and consequently

19-3      Summary of Patterns and Punctuation

19-4    Other Ways of Expressing Cause and Effect: such . . . that and so . . . that

19-5      Expressing Purpose: Using so that

19-6      Showing Contrast (Unexpected Result)

19-7    Showing Direct Contrast

19-8      Expressing Conditions: Using otherwise and or (else)

19-9      Summary of Connectives: Cause and Effect, Contrast, Condition

 

Chapter 20 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES AND WISHES

 

20-1      Overview of Basic Verb Forms Used in Conditional Sentences

20-2      True in the Present or Future

20-3      Untrue (Contrary to Fact) in the Present or Future

20-4      Untrue (Contrary to Fact) in the Past

20-5      Using Progressive Verb Forms in Conditional Sentences

20-6      Using "Mixed Time" in Conditional Sentences

20-7      Omitting if

20-8      Implied Conditions

20-9      Verb Forms Following wish

20-10    Using would to Make Wishes about the Future

 

 

APPENDIX:   SUPPLEMENTARY GRAMMAR CHARTS

 

Unit A: Basic Grammar Terminology

 

A-1        Subjects, Verbs, and Objects

A-2        Adjectives

A-3        Adverbs

A-4        Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases

A-5        The Verb be

A-6        Linking Verbs

 

Unit B: Questions

 

B-1       Forms of Yes/No and Information Questions

B-2       Question Words

B-3       Shortened Yes/No Questions

B-4       Negative Questions

B-5       Tag Questions

 

Unit C: Contractions

 

Unit D: Negatives

 

D-1       Using not and Other Negative Words

D-2       Avoiding Double Negatives

D-3       Beginning a Sentence with a Negative Word

 

Unit E: Preposition Combinations

 

E          Preposition Combinations with Adjectives and Verbs

 

Unit F: The Subjunctive

 

F          The Subjunctive in Noun Clauses

 

Unit G: Troublesome Verbs

 

G          Troublesome Verbs: raise/rise, set/sit, lay/lie

 

Listening Scripts

 

Index

 

Audio CD Tracking List

 



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