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The Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American People, Volume 1

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780072565621

ISBN10:
0072565624
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
8/1/2003
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations xv
List of Maps and Charts xviii
Preface xxi
Chapter One The Meeting of Cultures 2(24)
America before Columbus
4(3)
The Civilizations of the South
4(1)
The Civilizations of the North
5(2)
Europe Looks Westward
7(12)
Commerce and Nationalism
7(1)
Christopher Columbus
8(2)
The Spanish Empire
10(2)
Northern Outposts
12(1)
Biological and Cultural Exchanges
12(4)
Africa and America
16(3)
The Arrival of the English
19
Incentives for Colonization
20(3)
The French and the Dutch in America
22(1)
The First English Settlements
23
Debating the Past: THE AMERICAN POPULATION BEFORE COLUMBUS
14(4)
America in the World: THE ATLANTIC CONTEXT OF EARLY AMERICAN HISTORY
18(40)
Conclusion
24(1)
For Further Reference
25(1)
Chapter Two Transplantations and Borderlands 26(32)
The Early Chesapeake
28(8)
The Founding of Jamestown
28(1)
Reorganization and Expansion
29(3)
Exchanges of Agricultural Technology
32(1)
Maryland and the Calverts
33(1)
Bacon's Rebellion
34(2)
The Growth of New England
36(6)
Plymouth Plantation
36(1)
The Massachusetts Bay Experiment
37(1)
The Expansion of New England
38(2)
Settlers and Natives
40(1)
King Philip's War and the Technology of Battle
41(1)
The Restoration Colonies
42(4)
The English Civil War
42(1)
The Carolinas
43(1)
New Netherland, New York, and New Jersey
44(1)
The Quaker Colonies
45(1)
Borderlands and Middle Grounds
46(8)
The Caribbean Islands
47(1)
Masters and Slaves in the Caribbean
48(1)
The Southwestern Borderlands
49(1)
The Southeast Borderlands
50(1)
The Founding of Georgia
51(1)
Middle Grounds
52(2)
The Development of Empire
54(2)
The Dominion of New England
54(1)
The "Glorious Revolution"
55(1)
Conclusion
56(1)
For Further Reference
57(1)
Chapter Three Society and Culture in Provincial America 58(32)
The Colonial Population
60(9)
Indentured Servitude
60(1)
Birth and Death
61(1)
Medicine in the Colonies
61(2)
Women and Families in the Colonies
63(1)
The Beginnings of Slavery in English America
64(3)
Changing Sources of European Immigration
67(2)
The Colonial Economies
69(5)
The Southern Economy
69(1)
Northern Economic and Technological Life
70(1)
The Extent and Limits of Technology
71(1)
The Rise of Colonial Commerce
72(1)
The Rise of Consumerism
73(1)
Patterns of Society
74(5)
Masters and Slaves on the Plantation
75(1)
The Puritan Community
76(3)
Cities
79(1)
Awakenings and Enlightenments
79
The Pattern of Religions
79(2)
The Great Awakening
81(1)
The Enlightenment
81(1)
Literacy and Technology
82(1)
Education
83(1)
The Spread of Science
84(2)
Concepts of Law and Politics
86
Debating the Past: THE ORIGINS OF SLAVERY
66(50)
Conclusion
87(1)
For Further Reference
87(3)
Chapter Four The Empire in Transition 90(26)
Loosening Ties
91(2)
A Decentralized Empire
92(1)
The Colonies Divided
92(1)
The Struggle for the Continent
93(4)
New France and the Iroquois Nation
93(1)
Anglo-French Conflicts
94(1)
The Great War for the Empire
95(2)
The New Imperialism
97(4)
Burdens of Empire
97(2)
The British and the Tribes
99(1)
Battles over Trade and Taxes
100(1)
Stirrings of Revolt
101(8)
The Stamp Act Crisis
101(1)
The Townshend Program
102(1)
The Boston Massacre
103(2)
The Philosophy of Revolt
105(2)
Sites of Resistance
107(1)
The Tea Excitement
107(2)
Cooperation and War
109(4)
New Sources of Authority
109(1)
Lexington and Concord
110(3)
Conclusion
113(1)
For Further Reference
113(3)
Chapter Five The American Revolution 116(30)
The States United
118(4)
Defining American War Aims
118(1)
The Declaration of Independence
118(1)
Mobilizing for War
119(3)
The War for Independence
122(7)
The First Phase: New England
122(1)
The Second Phase: The Mid Atlantic Region
123(3)
Securing Aid from Abroad
126(1)
The Final Phase: The South
126(3)
Winning the Peace
129(1)
War and Society
129(6)
Loyalists and Minorities
131(1)
The War and Slavery
132(1)
Native Americans and the Revolution
133(1)
Women's Rights and Women's Roles
134(1)
The War Economy
135(1)
The Creation of State Governments
135(3)
The Assumptions of Republicanism
135(1)
The First State Constitutions
136(1)
Revising State Governments
137(1)
Toleration and Slavery
137(1)
The Search for a National Government
138
The Confederation
138(1)
Diplomatic Failures
139(1)
The Confederation and the Northwest
139(2)
Indians and the Western Lands
141(1)
Debts, Taxes, and Daniel Shays
142
Debating the Past: THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
120(10)
America in the World: THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS
130(36)
Conclusion
143(1)
For Further Reference
144(2)
Chapter Six The Constitution and the New Republic 146(20)
Framing a New Government
147(5)
Advocates of Reform
148(1)
A Divided Convention
148(2)
Compromise
150(1)
The Constitution of 1787
150(2)
Adoption and Adaptation
152(2)
Federalists and Antifederalists
152(1)
Completing the Structure
153(1)
Federalists and Republicans
154(4)
Hamilton and the Federalists
155(1)
Enacting the Federalist Program
156(1)
The Republican Opposition
157(1)
Establishing National Sovereignty
158(3)
Securing the West
158(2)
Maintaining Neutrality
160(1)
The Downfall of the Federalists
161(4)
The Election of 1796
161(1)
The Quasi War with France
161(1)
Repression and Protest
162(1)
The "Revolution" of 1800
163(2)
Conclusion
165(1)
For Further Reference
165(1)
Chapter Seven The Jeffersonian Era 166(34)
The Rise of Cultural Nationalism
168(5)
Educational and Literary Nationalism
168(2)
Medicine and Science
170(1)
Cultural Aspirations of the New Nation
170(1)
Religion and Revivalism
171(2)
Stirrings of Industrialism
173(6)
Technology in America
174(1)
Transportation Innovations
175(3)
Country and City
178(1)
Jefferson the President
179(4)
The Federal City and the "People's President"
179(2)
Dollars and Ships
181(1)
Conflict with the Courts
182(1)
Doubling the National Domain
183(5)
Jefferson and Napoleon
183(1)
The Louisiana Purchase
184(1)
Exploring the West
185(1)
The Burr Conspiracy
186(2)
Expansion and War
188(5)
Conflict on the Seas
188(1)
Impressment
189(1)
"Peaceable Coercion"
189(1)
The "Indian Problem" and the British
190(1)
Tecumseh and the Prophet
191(1)
Florida and War Fever
192(1)
The War of 1812
193
Battles with the Tribes
193(1)
Battles with the British
194(1)
The Revolt of New England
195(2)
The Peace Settlement
197
America in the World: THE GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
176(46)
Conclusion
198(1)
For Further Reference
198(2)
Chapter Eight Varieties of American Nationalism 200(22)
Stabilizing Economic Growth
201(3)
The Government and Economic Growth
202(1)
Transportation
202(2)
Expanding Westward
204(4)
The Great Migration
205(1)
White Settlers in the Old Northwest
205(1)
The Plantation System in the Old Southwest
206(1)
Trade and Trapping in the Far West
206(2)
Eastern Images of the West
208(1)
The "Era of Good Feelings"
208(3)
The End of the First Party System
208(1)
John Quincy Adams and Florida
209(2)
The Panic of 1819
211(1)
Sectionalism and Nationalism
211(6)
The Missouri Compromise
211(2)
Marshall and the Court
213(2)
The Court and the Tribes
215(1)
The Latin American Revolution and the Monroe Doctrine
216(1)
The Revival of Opposition
217(2)
The "Corrupt Bargain"
217(1)
The Second President Adams
218(1)
Jackson Triumphant
219(1)
Conclusion
219(1)
For Further Reference
220(2)
Chapter Nine Jacksonian America 222(26)
The Rise of Mass Politics
223(4)
The Expanding Electorate
224(2)
The Legitimization of Party
226(1)
President of the Common Man
226(1)
"Our Federal Union"
227(4)
Calhoun and Nullification
229(1)
The Rise of Van Buren
229(1)
The Webster-Hayne Debate
230(1)
The Nullification Crisis
231(1)
The Removal of the Indians
231(4)
White Attitudes toward the Tribes
232(1)
The "Five Civilized Tribes"
232(1)
Trails of Tears
233(1)
The Meaning of Removal
234(1)
Jackson and the Bank War
235(3)
Biddle's Institution
235(1)
The "Monster" Destroyed
236(1)
The Taney Court
237(1)
The Emergence of the Second Party System
238(2)
The Two Parties
238(2)
Politics after Jackson
240
The Panic of 1837
240(1)
The Van Buren Program
241(1)
The Log Cabin Campaign
241(2)
The Frustration of the Whigs
243(1)
Whig Diplomacy
244
Debating the Past: JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY
228(52)
Conclusion
245(1)
For Further Reference
246(2)
Chapter Ten America's Economic Revolution 248(32)
The Changing American Population
249(4)
Immigration and Urban Growth, 1840-1860
250(2)
The Rise of Nativism
252(1)
Transportation and Communications Revolutions
253(6)
The Canal Age
253(2)
The Early Railroads
255(1)
The Triumph of the Rails
256(1)
The Telegraph
257(1)
New Forms of Journalism
258(1)
Commerce and Industry
259(3)
The Expansion of Business, 1820-1840
259(1)
The Emergence of the Factory
259(1)
Advances in Technology
260(2)
Innovations in Corporate Organization
262(1)
Men and Women at Work
262(4)
Recruiting a Native Work Force
262(2)
The Immigrant Work Force
264(1)
The Factory System and the Artisan Tradition
264(2)
Fighting for Control
266(1)
Patterns of Society
266(7)
The Rich and the Poor
266(2)
Social Mobility
268(1)
Middle-Class Life
268(2)
The Changing Family
270(1)
The "Cult of Domesticity"
270(1)
Leisure Activities
271(2)
The Agricultural North
273(4)
Northeastern Agriculture
273(1)
The Old Northwest
274(2)
Rural Life
276(1)
Conclusion
277(1)
For Further Reference
277(3)
Chapter Eleven Cotton, Slavery, and the Old South 280(24)
The Cotton Economy
282(5)
The Rise of King Cotton
282(2)
Southern Trade and Industry
284(2)
Sources of Southern Difference
286(1)
Southern White Society
287(4)
The Planter Class
287(1)
The "Southern Lady"
288(1)
The Plain Folk
289(2)
Slavery: The "Peculiar Institution"
291(7)
Varieties of Slavery
291(2)
Life under Slavery
293(2)
Slavery in the Cities
295(1)
Free Blacks
295(1)
Slave Resistance
296(2)
The Culture of Slavery
298
Slave Religion
298(1)
Language and Music
299(1)
The Slave Family
300
Debating the Past: THE CHARACTER OF SLAVERY
292(12)
Conclusion
301(1)
For Further Reference
301(3)
Chapter Twelve Antebellum Culture and Reform 304(26)
The Romantic Impulse
306(8)
Nationalism and Romanticism in American Painting
306(1)
An American Literature
307(1)
Literature in the Antebellum South
308(1)
The Transcendentalists
309(1)
The Defense of Nature
310(1)
Visions of Utopia
310(2)
Redefining Gender Roles
312(1)
The Mormons
312(2)
Remaking Society
314(6)
Revivalism, Morality, and Order
314(1)
Health, Science, and Phrenology
314(3)
Medical Science
317(1)
Education
318(1)
Rehabilitation
319(1)
The Rise of Feminism
320(1)
The Crusade against Slavery
320(2)
Early Opposition to Slavery
321(1)
Garrison and Abolitionism
321(2)
Black Abolitionists
323(1)
Anti-Abolitionism
324(1)
Abolitionism Divided
325
America in the World: THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY
322(38)
Conclusion
327(1)
For Further Reference
328(2)
Chapter Thirteen The Impending Crisis 330(30)
Looking Westward
331(5)
Manifest Destiny
332(1)
Americans in Texas
332(1)
Oregon
333(2)
The Westward Migration
335(1)
Expansion and War
336(6)
The Democrats and Expansion
336(2)
The Southwest and California
338(1)
The Mexican War
339(3)
The Sectional Debate
342(5)
Slavery and the Territories
342(1)
The California Gold Rush
343(1)
Rising Sectional Tensions
344(1)
The Compromise of 1850
345(2)
The Crises of the 1850's
347(11)
The Uneasy Truce
347(1)
"Young America"
347(1)
Slavery, Railroads, and the West
348(1)
The Kansas-Nebraska Controversy
349(1)
"Bleeding Kansas"
349(2)
The Free-Soil Ideology
351(1)
The Pro-Slavery Argument
351(1)
Buchanan and Depression
352(1)
The Dred Scott Decision
353(1)
Deadlock over Kansas
354(1)
The Emergence of Lincoln
354(1)
John Brown's Raid
355(1)
The Election of Lincoln
356(2)
Conclusion
358(1)
For Further Reference
358(2)
Chapter Fourteen The Civil War 360(36)
The Secession Crisis
361(4)
The Withdrawal of the South
361(1)
The Failure of Compromise
362(1)
The Opposing Sides
363(2)
The Mobilization of the North
365(5)
Economic Nationalism
365(1)
Raising the Union Armies
366(1)
Wartime Leadership and Politics
367(1)
The Politics of Emancipation
368(1)
African Americans and the Union Cause
369(1)
Women, Nursing, and the War
370(1)
The Mobilization of the South
370(5)
Confederate Government
371(1)
Money and Manpower
371(2)
Economic and Social Effects of the War
373(2)
Strategy and Diplomacy
375(5)
The Commanders
376(1)
The Role of Sea Power
377(2)
Europe and the Disunited States
379(1)
Campaigns and Battles
380
The Technology of War
380(2)
The Opening Clashes, 1861
382(1)
The Western Theater, 1862
383(1)
The Virginia Front, 1862
384(4)
1863: Year of Decision
388(3)
The Last Stage, 1864-1865
391
Debating the Past: THE CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR
364(10)
America in the World: THE CONSOLIDATION OF NATIONS
374(22)
Conclusion
394(1)
For Further Reference
395(1)
Chapter Fifteen Reconstruction and the New South 396
The Problems of Peacemaking
398(5)
The Aftermath of War and Emancipation
398(1)
Competing Notions of Freedom
398(2)
Plans for Reconstruction
400(1)
The Death of Lincoln
401(2)
Johnson and "Restoration"
403(1)
Radical Reconstruction
403(5)
The Black Codes
403(2)
The Fourteenth Amendment
405(1)
The Congressional Plan
406(1)
The Impeachment of the President
407(1)
The South in Reconstruction
408(4)
The Reconstruction Governments
408(1)
Education
409(1)
Landownership and Tenancy
410(1)
Incomes and Credit
411(1)
The African-American Family in Freedom
412(1)
The Grant Administration
412(3)
The Soldier President
413(1)
The Grant Scandals
413(1)
The Greenback Question
414(1)
Republican Diplomacy
414(1)
The Abandonment of Reconstruction
415(4)
The Southern States "Redeemed"
415(1)
Waning Northern Commitment
416(1)
The Compromise of 1877
416(2)
The Legacy of Reconstruction
418(1)
The New South
419
The "Redeemers"
419(1)
Industrialization and the "New South"
420(1)
Tenants and Sharecroppers
421(1)
African Americans and the New South
422(1)
The Birth of Jim Crow
423
Debating the Past: RECONSTRUCTION
404
Conclusion
426(1)
For Further Reference
427
Appendixes A-1
Index I-1


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