This book offers a concise history of US policy in Iraq since 1990 and how it has evolved over two decades. Examines US relations with Iraq from both a regional and international perspective Argues that the only way to clearly understand US policy toward Iraq is to see it in its proper historical context and within a transnational framework Uses recently declassified documents at the end of each chapter to illustrate US decision-making in the wars for Iraq Addresses the importance of the changing domestic climate surrounding two decades
Preface pp. viii-x.
Acknowledgements pp. xi-xii.
List of Documents pp. xiii-xv.
Dramatis Personae pp. xvi-xxi.
Chapter One: The First Gulf War, 1990-1991 pp. 1-57.
Document 1-A, Excerpts from National Security Directive 26, “U.S. Policy Toward the Persian Gulf, October 2, 1989.” pp. 45-47.
Document 1-B, U.S. Ambassador to Iraq, April Glaspie, Memo, July 25, 1990. pp. 47-53.
Document 1-C, United Nations Resolution 660, August 2, 1990. p. 53.
Document 1-D, United Nations Resolution, 678, November 29, 1990. pp. 54-55.
Document 1-E, Excerpts from National Security Directive 54, January 15, 1991. pp. 55-56.
Document 1-F, “Speech by Saddam Hussein, February 11, 1991,” Iraqi News Agency-Baghdad Radio. P. 57.
Chapter Two: Clinton and Containment, 1992-2001 pp. 58-126.
Document 2-A, Excerpts from United Nations Resolution 687, April 6, 1991. pp. 98-106.
Document 2-B, Excerpts from “Intelligence Successes andFailures in Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm,” U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Armed Services, 103rd Congress, 1st Session, August 1993. pp. 106-107.
Document 2-C, Excerpts from the Remarks of Anthony Lake, Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, “From Containment to Enlargement,” Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies, Washington, D.C., September 21, 1993. pp. 108-113.
Document 2-D, Remarks of the Honorable Ibrahim M. Al-Shaheen, Deputy Chairmen of the Kuwaiti National Committee for P.O.W.s in Iraq, August 6, 2006,” U.S. House Committee on International Relations, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations. pp. 113-115.
Document 2-E, “Letter dated 5 May 2001 from the Permanent Representative of Iraq to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General,” Iraqi News Agency. Pp. 115-117.
Document 2-F, “Text of President Clinton’s Address to the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Pentagon Staff,” Washington, D.C. February 17, 1998. pp. 117-124.
Document 2-G, “Statement of Principles, June 1997,” Project for
a New American Century. pp. 124-126.
Chapter Three: The Invasion of Iraq, 2003 pp. 127-196.
Document 3-A, Excerpts from George W. Bush State of the Union Address,
January 29, 2002. pp. 170-172.
Document 3-B, Excerpts from National Security of the United States of America, September 2002. pp. 172-173.
Document 3-C, “The Problem of the Shia, July 2002.” pp. 173-185.
Document 3-D, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, “Iraq’s Weapons of Mass Destruction Programs, October 2002.” pp. 185-187.
Document 3-E, Excerpts from H.J. 114, Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq, 107th Congress, 2d Session, October 2, 2002. pp. 187-190.
Document 3-E, “The Downing Street Memo, From Matthew Rycroft, Private Secretary to Prime Minister Tony Blair to David Manning, British Ambassador to the United States, July 23, 2002.” pp. 190-193.
Document 3-F, Excerpts from Colin Powell’s
Presentation at the United Nations Security Council,
February 6, 2003. pp. 193-195.
Document 3-G, “U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations,
John Negroponte’s Letter to Ambassador Mamady Traore, President of the United Nations Security Council, March 20, 2003. pp. 195-196.
Chapter Four: The Deadliest Fighting, 2003-2006 pp. 197-252.
Document 4-A, Excerpts from “Coalition Provisional Authority Briefing with General John Abizaid, Commander, U.S. Central Command and Lt. General Ricardo Sanchez, Commander, CJTF-7, April 12, 2004.” pp. 231-232.
Document 4-B, Excerpts from “Memorandum for William J. Haynes II, General Counsel of the Department of Defense, Military Interrogation of Alien Unlawful Combatants Held Outside the United States, March 14, 2003, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Legal Counsel.” pp. 232-233.
Document 4-C, “Testimony of Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld Before the Senate and House Armed Services Committees, 7 May 2004.” pp. 233-239.
Document 4-D, “Coalition Provisional AuthorityOrder Number One: De-Baathification of Iraqi Security.” pp. 239-241.
Document 4-E, Excerpts from the “Constitution of Iraq, October 2005,” Iraqi News Agency. pp. 241-245.
Document 4-F, Excerpts from “National Strategy for Victory in Iraq, National Security Council, November 2005.” pp. 245-248.
Chapter Five: The Surge, 2006-2008 pp. 253-304.
Document 5-A, Excerpts from The Iraq Study Group Report pp. 287-290.
Document 5-B, Fred Kagan, “Choosing Victory.” pp. 290-292.
Document 5-C, Excerpts from U.S. Army/Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manual, pp. 51-52. pp. 292.
Document 5-D, Excerpts from “Iraq First: The National Security Strategy of Iraq,” Republic of Iraq, the Cabinet. pp. 293-296.
Document 5-E, President Bush Speech to the Nation on Iraq War, January 10, 2007. pp. 296-299.
Document 5-F, Excerpts from Senator Barack Obama’s Speech before the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, April 23, 2007. pp. 299-300.
Chapter Six: Obama's War, 2009-2011 pp. 305-361.
Document 6-A, Status of Forces Agreement, 2008. pp. 334-349.
Document 6-B, Transcript of President Obama’s Remarks, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, February 27, 2009. pp. 349-356.
Document 6-C, Excerpts from the Obama Administration’s “National Security Strategy, May 2010.” pp. 356-357.
Document 6-D, U.S. State Department,
Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Excerpts from “Annual Human Rights Report, Iraq-2011.” pp. 357-359
Document 6-E, “Speech at the White House by Prime Minister al-Maliki, December 21, 2011,” Radio Free Iraq. pp. 359-361.
Epilogue pp. 362-366.
Suggestions for Additional Reading pp. 367-369.