9780072954289

Universal Religions in World History : Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780072954289

  • ISBN10:

    0072954280

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/9/2007
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages

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Summary

Focusing on Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam, this book traces the origins and spread of these "world" or "universal" religions. By examining cross-cultural encounters and inviting students to consider similarities and differences in the meanings they ascribe to human life, the book highlights the relationship between religious and cultural life and the political and social context in which it is embedded.

Table of Contents

The Origins of Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam Introduction Universal Religions
The Setting and Context
The Indian Subcontinent West Asia
The Arabian Peninsula
The Spiritual Worlds of Buddhism, Christianity and Islam Buddhism Christianity Islam Conclusion
The Expanding World of Buddhism: Buddhist Encounters from South to East Asia Buddhism's Early Growth
The Formation of the Canon Buddhism Splits into Schools Buddhism in the Kushan Empire Buddhism in Southeast Asia
The Khmer Kingdom Mahayana Buddhist Carry the Faith to China Schools of Buddhism Buddhism Helps the Sui Unite China Images, Relics, and Printing Why Did Buddhism Decline in China?
The Neo Confucian Synthesis Buddhism Travels to the Frontiers of Eurasia Korea Buddhism Travels to Japan Conclusion
From Manger to Metropolis
The Early Spread of Christianity Paul's Efforts to Promote Christianity
The Environment into which Christianity Spread Zoroastrian Legacies
The Eternal Struggle between Good and Evil
The Milieu of Mithraism
The Persistent Ghost of Gnosticism Why Were Early Converts Attracted to Christianity? Multiple Varieties of the Christian Faith Paul and John
The Jewish Christians Gnostic Christians
The Macionites
The Syrian Church Mainstream Christians Christianity in the Late Roman Empire Christianity Under Constantine Christianity Reaches Nubia and Axum Nestorian Christians Take Christianity to the East Desert Fathers, Mothers, and the First Monasteries Lay Christians and the Secular Clergy Making Sense Out of the Disintegration of the Roman Empire Constantinople and Byzantium
The Growing Separation of the Roman and Eastern Churches Christianity Spreads to Ireland and Western Europe
The Widening Schism between East and West: Popes and Patriarchs
The Debate over Relics
The Franks and Charlemagne Christianity Moves Across Asia India Kiev and Russia Central Asia Nestorians in China Somalia and Ethiopia Christianity Matures in Europe, 1000 – 1550 Reform Movements Renewed Religious Enthusiasm in Europe
The Church in Crisis A New Wave of Reform
The Break-Up of the Universal Church
The Protestant Reformation Conclusion
The Widening Reach of Dar al-Islam Strengthening the Community
The Era of Rightly Guided Caliphs Achievements During the Right Guided Caliphs Period Why Was the Military So Successful? What Did Muslims Think of Non-Muslims? How Did Islam Change Women's Lives?
The Umayyad Caliphate Achievements of the Umayyad Caliphate
The Ulama and Sufis Initial Conversions Internal Tension Weaken the Umayyad Caliphate
The Abbasid Caliphate Islamization
The Importance of Cities
The Place of Law in Dar al-Islam Women, Slaves, Soldiers, and Scholars
The Spread of Dar al-Islam Al-Andalus Africa Southeast Asia China Anatolia
The Indian Subcontinent Conclusion
Comparisons, Contrasts, and Syntheses
The Gradual Process of Conversion Contact and Borrowing Religious Toleration in Central Asia New Syncretic Faiths Develop Manicheanism
The Rise of Sikhism Similarities and Differences among the Universal Religions Similarities Differences Common Religious Rituals and Practices Christian-Muslim Relations Children of Abraham, Sibling Rivalry, Clash of Civilizations
Conclusion
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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