9781934015155

Upgrading SAP

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781934015155

  • ISBN10:

    1934015156

  • Edition: CD
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-01-01
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

The purpose of this book is to remove the veil of secrecy surrounding SAP upgrade techniques and concepts, and to provide the user with a detailed description of the steps needed for a successful implementation. Today more than 12 million people in 120 countries who are working for 36,200 companies are using SAP on a regular basis. This popular, but very complex software system must be constantly reconfigured and upgraded to accommodate its latest releases. This book provides a complete overview of the process to upgrade from one SAP release to the next one and explains with detailed descriptions, the use of all relevant SAP upgrade tools. Along with a technical description of the SAP NetWeaver Application Server (AS), it also discusses personnel issues and the economic ramifications of such an upgrade project. Examples in this book are based on various different SAP products and releases, such as SAP NetWeaver 2004, 2004S (also known as NetWeaver 7.0 and 7.1), and SAP Business Suite 2005 with SAP ERP 6.0, BI, CRM, SCM, and SRM. Conceived as both a teaching book and as a reference manual, it covers all the techniques, background information, notes, tips, and tricks needed for any SAP upgrade project. A CD-ROM accompanies the book with templates and outlines for the upgrading process, as well as third-party SAP related material.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
What is SAP Software?p. 3
SAP Layers and Architecturep. 7
SAP Client Server Architecturep. 7
OLTP Versus OLAPp. 10
SAP Installable Software Unitsp. 12
SAP Software Logisticsp. 15
SAP Development Objectsp. 16
Object Classificationp. 16
ABAPp. 17
Development Classesp. 20
Name-Rangesp. 21
Namespacesp. 22
Number Rangesp. 23
Development Locksp. 23
Development Keysp. 24
Data Tablesp. 25
Table Typesp. 26
Table Delivery Typesp. 30
Table Data Classesp. 30
Indexesp. 31
Table Technical Settingsp. 32
Table Loggingp. 32
DBDIFFp. 33
Customizing Objectsp. 34
Other Objectsp. 35
Correction and Transport Systemp. 40
Transport Activitiesp. 41
Transport Management Systemp. 41
Transport Requestsp. 43
Transport Toolsp. 45
Transport Stepsp. 46
DDIC Importp. 48
Activation and Distributionp. 50
Running the XPRA Jobp. 52
Client Copiesp. 53
Remote Client Copiesp. 57
Multiclient Managerp. 59
Support Packagesp. 59
Support Package Typesp. 60
SAP Patch Managerp. 61
Conflict Resolution Transportsp. 61
Support Package Import Phasesp. 62
Support Packages in R/3 Enterprisep. 64
Support Package Stacksp. 66
Support Packages as of NetWeaver 7.0p. 67
Tables Used with SPAMp. 68
SPAM Queue Conflictsp. 68
SAP Download Managerp. 69
SAP Maintenance Optimizerp. 70
Industry Solutions and Add-Onsp. 72
Installation Using R3upp. 73
Installation Using SAINTp. 75
Enhancement Frameworkp. 76
Switch Frameworkp. 77
SAP Notesp. 79
Release Upgradesp. 80
SAP Kernel Patchesp. 80
Enhancement Packsp. 81
Languagesp. 82
Reason for Upgradingp. 87
Withdrawn from Maintenancep. 88
Maintenance Strategyp. 90
New Functionalityp. 91
Difference between Upgrade and Implementationp. 93
Implementation and Supportp. 93
Business Process Support teamp. 94
SAP Functional Support teamp. 95
SAP ABAP Support teamp. 95
SAP Basis/Technology Support teamp. 95
Remaining Tasksp. 95
Required Number of Staffp. 96
SAP Customer Competency Centerp. 96
Technical Upgrade Onlyp. 98
Hardware-Related Itemsp. 99
Supported Hardware Platformsp. 99
Increased Complexity of System Landscapesp. 100
Server and Database Consolidationp. 101
MCODp. 102
MCOSp. 104
Sizing for the New Releasep. 105
Key Performance Indicatorsp. 107
Used Software Componentsp. 108
Number of Concurrent Usersp. 108
Database Growth patternp. 109
Application Availabilityp. 109
Location of Usersp. 110
Preparations on Hardware and Softwarep. 110
OS/DB Migrationp. 111
OS/DB Upgradep. 113
SAPGUI and ITSp. 113
Third-Party Productsp. 115
Upgrade Technologyp. 117
Technical Objectivep. 117
Delta Upgradep. 118
Preparep. 119
Upgrade Keyp. 121
SAP Upgrade Assistant (Classic)p. 122
SAP Upgrade Assistant (New)p. 125
Other Upgrade Toolsp. 125
SAPUp and SAPJUpp. 126
Add-Ons and Industry Solutionsp. 128
Add-Ons and Industry Solutions (as of ERP 6.0)p. 132
BIND_PATCHp. 133
Plug-In Additionsp. 136
Languagesp. 136
User Modificationsp. 137
Preserve Modificationsp. 137
SPDDp. 138
SPAUp. 140
Transporting Modification Adjustmentsp. 143
Modification Assistantp. 144
Upgrade Directoryp. 146
Upgrade Log Filesp. 147
TOOLIMPORTp. 148
Cleaning the Systemp. 149
Shadow Tablesp. 150
Repository Switchp. 151
Table Conversionp. 155
ICNVp. 160
DDIC Substitutionp. 163
ACT - Activationp. 164
Kernel Switchp. 165
Upgrade Downtime Strategyp. 167
System Switch Upgradep. 169
TABIMp. 174
XPRA - Report After Putp. 175
Preparation Stepsp. 176
Saving Wage Typesp. 176
Extension of Database Sizep. 176
Reuse of Variantsp. 177
Upgrade Breakpointsp. 178
Post Stepsp. 178
Generate ABAP Loadp. 178
Generate ABAP Query Reports (R/3 4.0B)p. 179
Solve P Errors in LONGPOST.LOGp. 180
Adjust Authorizationsp. 180
Removal of "Obsolete" Tablespacesp. 181
New General Ledgerp. 181
Install Optional SAP J2EE Enginep. 182
Reset the Upgradep. 182
Maintain Shadow Instancep. 183
Upgrade Elapse Timep. 183
CBU (Customer-Based Upgrade)p. 184
Unicode Conversionp. 187
Conversion Processp. 188
Unicode Preparationp. 189
Database Conversionp. 192
Unicode System Requirementsp. 192
Unicode Kernelp. 193
Combined Upgrade and Unicode Conversionp. 193
Upgrade Project Managementp. 197
ASAP for Upgradep. 198
DSDM for SAPp. 199
Project IMG for Upgradep. 201
Project Organization and Rolesp. 202
Business Casep. 203
Budget Planning and Cost Calculationp. 206
Project Runbookp. 208
Testingp. 208
Business Process Testingp. 209
Component Testingp. 209
Integration Testingp. 210
Stress and Performance Testingp. 211
Runbook Testingp. 211
Automatic Testingp. 212
SAP Landscape Managementp. 215
System Landscape Scenariosp. 215
Cross-Release Transportsp. 220
Show System Informationp. 221
Process Owners-SAP CCCp. 221
BC Setsp. 222
Business Engineerp. 224
ABAP and Other Objectsp. 224
Authorizationsp. 225
Issues During Upgradep. 228
Actions to do Before Upgradep. 229
Third-Party Toolsp. 231
Monitoring Toolsp. 231
Transport Toolsp. 233
Interface Toolsp. 234
Tax Calculation Toolsp. 234
Other Toolsp. 234
SAP New Dimensions Productsp. 237
Business Information Warehousep. 237
BW Alpha Conversionp. 238
BW Business Contentp. 239
BW-Specific Upgradep. 241
SAP BI Lock Serverp. 242
BI Acceleratorp. 242
SRM (Supplier Relationship Management)p. 243
CRM (Customer Relationship Management)p. 245
SCM (Supply Chain Management)p. 247
SCM Middlewarep. 247
SCM Upgradep. 249
Process Integrationp. 250
SAP NetWeaver Java ASp. 253
Deploy Optionsp. 254
Java Startup and Control Frameworkp. 257
Java Trace and Log Filesp. 259
Java Controlp. 260
Automatic Startup of Java Instancep. 260
Java Managers and Servicesp. 261
Java Configuration Managementp. 264
Java-Specific Filesystemsp. 265
Java Database Accessp. 265
Java Patch Managementp. 266
SAP NWDI-Java Change Managementp. 267
SAP Visual Composerp. 269
SAP NetWeaver Composition Environmentp. 271
Adobe Document Systemp. 271
CTS+p. 272
Support Toolsp. 275
ASU (Application Specific Upgrade)p. 275
SAP Solution Managerp. 276
SEP (Support Enablement Package)p. 279
RBE (Reverse Business Engineer)p. 280
SAP CDOPp. 281
SAP TDMS (Test Data Migration System)p. 282
LAW (License Audit Workbench)p. 283
Upgrade Roadmapp. 283
ARIS for NetWeaver and RBEplusp. 284
Assessment with IntelliCorpp. 285
Additional Information Resourcesp. 285
Upgrade Coachingp. 286
The Direction of SAPp. 287
Roadmapsp. 287
SAP xAppsp. 288
eSOAp. 289
BPP (Business Process Platform)p. 291
BPEL (Business Process Execution Language)p. 292
New Roles and Responsibilitiesp. 293
User Interfacesp. 293
On-Demand Computingp. 294
SAP Adaptive Computing Infrastructurep. 294
E2E Managementp. 297
Downtime Preventionp. 298
Future Trendsp. 299
List of SAP R/3 "Object Identifiers"p. 301
ASAP of Upgrade Roadmapp. 305
Additional Web Resourcesp. 311
About the CD-ROMp. 313
Indexp. 315
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