9780765624307

Urban Environmental Policy Analysis

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780765624307

  • ISBN10:

    0765624303

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 4/15/2012
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Summary

This timely book provides a wealth of useful information for following through on today's renewed concern for sustainability and environmentalism. It's designed to help city managers, policy analysts, and government administrators think comprehensively and communicate effectively about environmental policy issues. Urban Environmental Policy Analysis illustrates a system-based framework model of the city that provides a holistic view of environmental media (land, air, and water) while helping decision-makers to understand the extent to which environmental policy decisions are intertwined with the natural, built, and social systems of the city. The text introduces basic and environment-specific policy-analytic models, methods, and tools; presents numerous specific environmental policy puzzles that will confront cities; and introduces methods for understanding and educating public opinions around urban environmental policy. The book is grounded in the policy-analytic perspective rather than political science, economic, or planning frameworks. It includes both new scholarship and synthesis of existing policy analysis. The text features numerous tables, figures, checklists, and maps, and also contains a comprehensive reference list.

Author Biography

Heather E. Campbell is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Politics and Policy at the Claremont Graduate University School of Politics and Economics. She does research in public policy analysis, especially environmental policy and justice. She has served as the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Public Affairs Education. Before joining CGU, she was a professor at Arizona State University and served there as Graduate Director. Elizabeth A. Corley is the Lincoln Professor of Public Policy, Ethics, and Emerging Technologies and an Associate Professor in the School of Public Affairs at Arizona State University. Her research interests focus on environmental policy and technology policy. Before joining ASU, she held teaching and research positions at the Georgia Institute of Technology, Bucknell University, and Columbia University.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. xi
A Model and Policy Tools for the Urban Environmentp. 1
An Environmental Policy System Framework for the Cityp. 3
Modeling the City's Physical Systemp. 7
The Social Systemp. 11
The Policy Processp. 15
An Overview of the City Systemp. 19
The Purpose of the System Modelp. 21
Policy-Analytic Concepts for the Urban Environmentp. 25
Private Goodsp. 25
Public Goods, Rivalry, Excludability, and Congestionp. 26
Marketable Public Goods and Legal and Physical Excludabilityp. 33
Common Pool Resources (CPRs) and the Tragedy of the Commonsp. 35
Externalitiesp. 41
Recapitulation Regarding Public Goodsp. 43
The Right Amount of Pollution Is Rarely No Pollutionp. 44
The Law of Unintended Consequencesp. 45
The Fallacy of Sunk Costsp. 46
How to Use the Information from This Chapterp. 47
Discussion Questionsp. 47
Notesp. 49
Referencesp. 49
Useful Policy Instruments for Correcting Market Failuresp. 51
Some Useful Policy Instrumentsp. 52
Generic Solutions for Pure Private Goodsp. 52
Information Problemsp. 57
Generic Solutions for Marketable Public/Toll Goodsp. 58
Generic Solutions for CPRsp. 61
Generic Solutions for Pure Public Goodsp. 68
Congestion and Externalitiesp. 70
Excess Riskp. 72
Conclusionp. 73
Discussion Questionsp. 75
Recommended Websitep. 75
Benefit-Cost Analysisp. 78
The Basic Idea of Benefit-Cost Analysisp. 78
Three Important Issues in Formal BCA: Monetization, Standing, and Timep. 80
Standing: Whose Costs and Benefits Should Be Counted?p. 80
Monetizationp. 84
Taking into Account Externalitiesp. 101
Plug-In Shadow Pricesp. 110
Other Issues That Are Likely to Arise in BCAs of Urban Environmental Policyp. 110
Sensitivity Analysisp. 114
Conclusionp. 114
Discussion Question and Exercisesp. 116
Recommended Websitesp. 116
Bridging Policy, Politics, Economics, Ecology, Media, and Communicationp. 121
Integrating Policy, Ecosystem Management, and Environmental Mediap. 123
Ecosystem Managementp. 124
Adaptive Managementp. 129
The Holistic Consideration of Air, Water, and Land Within the Conceptual Modelp. 131
Checklists for Administratorsp. 134
Conclusionp. 137
Environmental Media and Environmental Justicep. 139
Airp. 141
Interactions Between Air, Water, Landp. 141
Key Ecological Issuesp. 142
Key Social Issuesp. 145
Policy Tools in the Air Contextp. 149
Conclusion and Checklist for Administratorsp. 159
Waterp. 163
Interactionsp. 164
Key Ecological Issuesp. 167
Key Social Issues and Policy Tools in the Water Contextp. 170
Conclusion and Checklist for Administratorsp. 186
Recommended Websitesp. 190
Landp. 195
Land Use in the Urban Environmentp. 195
Trends in Urban Land Usep. 196
Key Ecological Issuesp. 197
Key Social Issuesp. 205
Policy Tools in the Land Contextp. 208
Conclusion and Checklist for Administratorsp. 211
Environmental Justicep. 215
The EJ Debatep. 215
Does Environmental Injustice Matter?p. 219
What Should Analysts Do About EJ?p. 221
Conclusionp. 225
Recommended Websitesp. 226
Communicating About Environmental Policyp. 231
Learning from Citizens: Public Participation in Environmental Policyp. 233
Recent Trends in Public Participationp. 234
Benefits, Limits, and Cautions: Is It Worth the Effort?p. 238
Tools for Public Participationp. 238
Conclusionp. 251
Recommended Websitesp. 253
Referencesp. 253
Creative, Democratic Methods for Teaching and Learning from Citizensp. 257
Use Excellent Graphicsp. 258
Reimagine Graphical Conceptsp. 262
Consider Policy Gamesp. 262
Use Cutting-Edge Technology to Present Decision-Making Data Creativelyp. 274
Apply Several Creative Methods to Legitimation: Use an SVRp. 275
Conclusionp. 281
Notesp. 282
Referencesp. 282
Conclusionp. 285
Take a Holistic Approach to Environmental Policyp. 285
Use Adaptive, Flexible, and Inclusive Managementp. 287
Consider Interactions Between Environmental Mediap. 287
Make Contextual and Ethical Use of Policy Toolsp. 287
Summaryp. 290
Notep. 291
Referencesp. 291
Indexp. 293
About the Authorsp. 311
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