CART

(0) items

The Urban World

by
Edition:
9th
ISBN13:

9780199946044

ISBN10:
0199946043
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/30/2011
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $89.95

Rent Textbook

(Recommended)
 
Term
Due
Price
$17.99

Buy Used Textbook

In Stock Usually Ships in 24 Hours.
U9780199946044
$50.38

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

New Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

More New and Used
from Private Sellers
Starting at $61.22
See Prices

Questions About This Book?

Why should I rent this book?
Renting is easy, fast, and cheap! Renting from eCampus.com can save you hundreds of dollars compared to the cost of new or used books each semester. At the end of the semester, simply ship the book back to us with a free UPS shipping label! No need to worry about selling it back.
How do rental returns work?
Returning books is as easy as possible. As your rental due date approaches, we will email you several courtesy reminders. When you are ready to return, you can print a free UPS shipping label from our website at any time. Then, just return the book to your UPS driver or any staffed UPS location. You can even use the same box we shipped it in!
What version or edition is this?
This is the 9th edition with a publication date of 6/30/2011.
What is included with this book?
  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to inclue any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.
  • The Rental copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. You may receive a brand new copy, but typically, only the book itself.

Related Products


  • The Urban World
    The Urban World




Summary

Long the leading text in urban sociology,The Urban Worldcontinues to provide a comprehensive, balanced, up-to-date, cross-cultural look at cities and suburbs around the world. Offering a twenty-first century view of the changing urban scene, the text covers evolving urban patterns and the changing nature of urban life. Combining expert scholarship with an easy-to-understand style that students appreciate, J. John Palen is one of America's leading urban sociologists. He travels the world and adds new insights, gleaned firsthand, to each succeeding edition of his text.The Urban Worldcontinues to have a clear writing style with strong student appeal and enduring features such as strong academic content and an instructor-friendly organization. The book is also accompanied by a comprehensive test item file for qualified instructors.

Author Biography


J. John Palen is Professor Emeritus at Virginia Commonwealth University.

Table of Contents

List of Boxesp. x
Prefacep. xi
New to This Editionp. xi
Pedagogical Aidsp. xiv
Acknowledgmentsp. xiv
Focus and Development
The Urban Worldp. 2
Introductionp. 2
The Process of Urbanizationp. 3
Urban Growthp. 3
Megacitiesp. 4
The Urban Explosionp. 6
Defining Urban Areasp. 7
Urbanization and Urbanismp. 8
Urbanizationp. 8
Urbanismp. 9
Organizing the Study of Urban Lifep. 10
Concepts of the Cityp. 11
Urban Change and Confusionp. 11
Rural Simplicity versus Urban Complexityp. 12
Early Social Theories and Urban Changep. 12
European Theoristsp. 12
The Chicago Schoolp. 15
Summaryp. 16
Review Questionsp. 17
The Emergence of Citiesp. 19
Introductionp. 19
The Ecological Complexp. 20
Political Economy Modelsp. 21
First Settlementsp. 22
Agricultural Revolutionp. 22
Population Expansionp. 23
Mesoamericap. 24
Interactions of Population, Organization, Environment, and Technologyp. 25
City Populationsp. 26
Evolution in Social Organizationp. 26
Division of Laborp. 27
Kingship and Social Classp. 28
Technological and Social Evolutionp. 28
Urban Revolutionp. 29
Survival of the Cityp. 29
The Hellenic Cityp. 30
Social Inventionp. 30
Physical Design and Planningp. 31
Populationp. 31
Diffusion of People and Ideasp. 32
Romep. 32
Size and Number of Citiesp. 33
Housing and Planningp. 33
Transportationp. 34
Life and Leisurep. 34
European Urbanization until the Industrial Cityp. 35
The Medieval Feudal Systemp. 36
Town Revivalp. 36
Characteristics of Townsp. 37
Plaguep. 38
Renaissance Citiesp. 39
Industrial Citiesp. 43
Technological Improvements and the Industrial Revolutionp. 43
The Second Urban Revolutionp. 43
Summaryp. 45
Review Questionsp. 46
American Urbanization
The Rise of Urban Americap. 50
Introductionp. 50
Colonists as Town Buildersp. 50
Major Settlementsp. 52
New Englandp. 52
The Middle Coloniesp. 53
The Southp. 53
Canadap. 54
Colonial Urban Influencep. 54
Cities of the New Nation 1790-1860p. 54
Rapid Growthp. 56
Marketplace Centersp. 57
The Industrial City: 1860-1950p. 58
Technological Developmentsp. 58
Spatial Concentrationp. 59
Twentieth-Century Dispersionp. 60
Political Lifep. 63
Corruption and Urban Servicesp. 63
Political Bossesp. 63
Immigrants' Problemsp. 64
Reform Movementsp. 65
Urban Imageryp. 65
Ambivalencep. 65
Myth of Rural Virtuep. 68
Summaryp. 69
Review Questionsp. 69
Ecology and Political Economy Perspectivesp. 72
Introductionp. 72
Development of Urban Ecologyp. 73
Invasion and Successionp. 74
Criticisms of Ecologyp. 74
Role of Culturep. 75
Burgess's Growth Hypothesisp. 75
Concentric Zonesp. 77
Limitationsp. 79
Sector and Multiple-Nuclei Modelsp. 79
Urban Growth Outside North Americap. 80
The Postmodern City: The Los Angeles Schoolp. 82
Political Economy Modelsp. 82
Political Economy Assumptionsp. 84
Examples of the Political Economy Approachp. 85
The Baltimore Studyp. 85
Urban Growth Machinesp. 85
World Systems Theory and Globalizationp. 86
Challengesp. 86
Summaryp. 87
Review Questionsp. 88
Metro and Edge City Growthp. 90
Introductionp. 90
Metropolitan Growthp. 91
In-Movement 1900 to 1950p. 93
Out-Movement 1950 into the 21st Centuryp. 95
Commuting and Communicationp. 95
Canadian Urban Regionsp. 97
Postindustrial Central Citiesp. 97
Edge Citiesp. 99
Edgeless and Private Edge Citiesp. 99
Boomburgsp. 100
Suburban Business Growthp. 100
Malling of the Landp. 102
Malls and "Street Safety"p. 103
Nonmetropolitan Growthp. 105
Diffuse Growthp. 105
National Societyp. 105
The Rise of the Sunbeltp. 106
Population and Economic Shiftsp. 106
Regional Consequencesp. 108
Sunbelt Problemsp. 109
Movement to the Coastsp. 110
Summaryp. 111
Review Questionsp. 112
The Suburban Erap. 115
Introductionp. 115
Suburban Dominancep. 116
Emergence of Suburbsp. 116
The 19th Centuryp. 117
Electric Streetcar Era: 1890-1920p. 117
Annexationp. 118
Automobile Suburbs: 1920-1950p. 118
Mass Suburbanization: 1950-1990p. 120
Metro Sprawl: 1990-2010p. 121
Causes of Suburban Growthp. 123
Postwar Exodusp. 123
Non-Reasonsp. 125
Contemporary Suburbiap. 126
Categories of Suburbsp. 127
Persistence of Characteristics?p. 127
Ethnic and Religious Variationp. 128
High-Income Suburbsp. 128
Gated Communitiesp. 130
Common-Interest Developmentsp. 130
Working-Class Suburbsp. 131
Commercial Definitionsp. 132
Exurbsp. 133
Rurban Areasp. 133
Characteristics of Suburbanitesp. 134
Suburban Povertyp. 134
The Myth of Suburbiap. 135
Minority Suburbanizationp. 137
Suburban Diversityp. 137
Black Flightp. 140
Integration or Resegregation?p. 141
Latino Suburbanizationp. 141
Asian Suburbanitesp. 142
Summaryp. 142
Review Questionsp. 144
Metropolitan Life
Urban Culture and Lifestylesp. 148
Introductionp. 148
Social Psychology of Urban Lifep. 149
Early Formulationsp. 149
The Chicago Schoolp. 150
"Urbanism as a Way of Life"p. 151
Reevaluation of Urbanism and Social Disorganizationp. 152
Determinist Theoryp. 152
Compositional Theoryp. 153
Subcultural Theoryp. 154
Characteristics of Urban Populationsp. 154
Agep. 154
Genderp. 155
Race, Ethnicity, and Religionp. 155
Socioeconomic Statusp. 155
Urban Lifestylesp. 157
Cosmopolitesp. 157
Unmarried or Childlessp. 157
Gay Householdsp. 157
Ethnic Villagersp. 158
Neighborhood Characteristicsp. 160
Deprived or Trappedp. 162
A Final Note of Cautionp. 163
Summaryp. 164
Review Questionsp. 165
The Social Environment of Metro Areas: Strangers, Crowding, Homelessness, and Crimep. 167
Introductionp. 167
Dealing with Strangersp. 168
Codes of Urban Behaviorp. 169
Neighboringp. 169
Neighbors and Just Neighborsp. 170
Defining Communityp. 170
Categories of Local Communitiesp. 171
Density and Crowdingp. 172
Crowding Researchp. 173
Practical Implicationsp. 175
Homelessnessp. 175
Characteristics of the Homelessp. 176
Social Problemsp. 177
Disappearing SRO Housingp. 178
Urban Crimep. 178
Crime and Perceptions of Crimep. 178
Broken Windows Theoryp. 179
Crime and City Sizep. 180
Crime and Male Youthp. 181
Crime and Racep. 181
Crime Variations within Citiesp. 183
Crime in the Suburbsp. 183
Summaryp. 184
Review Questionsp. 184
Diversity: Women, Ethnics, and African Americansp. 188
Introductionp. 188
Women in Metropolitan Lifep. 189
Female Domesticityp. 189
Gendered Organization of Residential Spacep. 190
Feminist Housing Preferencesp. 191
Cohousing and Downsizingp. 191
Current Housing Choicesp. 192
Gendered Public Spacesp. 193
Workplace Changesp. 193
White Ethnic Groupsp. 194
Immigrationp. 194
First-Wave Immigrantsp. 194
Second-Wave Immigrantsp. 195
Third-Wave Immigrantsp. 195
"Racial Inferiority" and Immigrationp. 197
African Americansp. 198
Historical Patternsp. 198
Population Changesp. 199
Slavery in Citiesp. 199
"Free Persons of Color"p. 200
Jim Crow Lawsp. 200
"The Great Migration"p. 200
Moving Southp. 201
Urban Segregation Patternsp. 201
Extent of Segregationp. 201
Housing Discriminationp. 202
21st-Century Diversityp. 203
The Economically Successfulp. 203
The Disadvantagedp. 204
Summaryp. 205
Review Questionsp. 206
Diversity: Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americansp. 210
Introductionp. 210
Fourth-Wave Immigrantsp. 211
Recent Immigration Impact on Citiesp. 211
Melting Pot or Cultural Pluralismp. 212
Latino Populationp. 213
Legal Statusp. 214
Growthp. 214
Diversityp. 215
Mexican Americansp. 216
Mexican Diversityp. 216
Educationp. 217
Urbanizationp. 217
Housing and Other Patternsp. 218
Political Involvementp. 218
Puerto Ricansp. 219
Asian Americansp. 219
A "Model Minority"?p. 220
Asian Residential Segregationp. 221
The Case of Japanese Americansp. 222
The Internment Campsp. 222
Japanese Americans Todayp. 223
Native Americansp. 224
Nonurban Orientationp. 224
Movement to Citiesp. 225
Summaryp. 226
Review Questionsp. 226
Metro Issues, Housing, Sprawl, and Planning
Cities and Changep. 230
Introductionp. 230
The Urban Crisis: Thesisp. 230
Urban Revival: Antithesisp. 231
A Political Economy Look at the Urban Crisisp. 231
21st-century City Developmentsp. 233
New Patternsp. 233
Central Business Districtsp. 234
Mismatch Hypothesisp. 235
Downtown Housingp. 235
Fiscal Healthp. 236
Crumbling Infrastructurep. 237
Neighborhood Revivalp. 237
Gentrificationp. 239
Government and Revitalizationp. 240
Who Is Gentrifying?p. 240
Why Is Gentrification Taking Place?p. 240
Displacement of the Poorp. 242
Decline of Middle-Income Neighborhoodsp. 242
Successful Working-Class Revivalp. 243
Summaryp. 243
Review Questionsp. 245
Housing Policies, Sprawl, and Smart Growthp. 247
Introductionp. 247
Housing in the 21st Centuryp. 248
Mobilityp. 248
Housing Costsp. 248
Changing Householdsp. 249
Changing Federal Rolep. 249
Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Programsp. 250
Subsidizing Segregationp. 251
Upper- and Middle-Class Housing Subsidiesp. 251
Urban Redevelopment Policiesp. 251
Critique of Urban Renewalp. 252
Phasing Out Public Housingp. 253
Urban Homesteadingp. 254
Rent Vouchers: Section 8p. 255
HOPE VI Projectsp. 255
Tax Creditsp. 257
Designing for Safetyp. 257
Growth Controlp. 258
Suburban Sprawlp. 259
Auto-Driven Sprawlp. 259
Amount of Sprawlp. 259
Costs and Consequencesp. 260
Smart Growthp. 261
Advantagesp. 261
Legislationp. 262
Summaryp. 263
Review Questionsp. 264
Planning, New Towns, and New Urbanismp. 266
Introductionp. 266
Ancient Greece and Romep. 267
Renaissance and Later Developmentsp. 267
American Planningp. 268
Washington, D.C.p. 269
19th-Century Townsp. 269
Early Planned Communitiesp. 270
Parksp. 270
The City Beautiful Movementp. 271
Tenement Reformp. 273
20th-century Patternsp. 273
The City Efficientp. 273
Zoning and Beyondp. 274
Master Plans to Equity Planningp. 275
Crime Prevention through Environmental Designp. 275
European Planningp. 277
Planning and Control of Landp. 278
Housing Prioritiesp. 278
Transportationp. 279
Urban Growth Policiesp. 279
The Dutch Approachp. 280
New Townsp. 280
British New Townsp. 280
New Towns in Europep. 283
American New Townsp. 284
Public-Built New Townsp. 284
Federal Support for New Townsp. 284
Private New Towns: Reston, Columbia, and Irvingp. 285
Research Parksp. 286
New Urbanism or Traditional Neighborhood Developmentsp. 286
Celebrationp. 287
Creating Communityp. 287
Limitationsp. 288
Summaryp. 288
Review Questionsp. 289
Worldwide Urbanization
Developing Countriesp. 294
Introduction: The Urban Explosionp. 294
Megacitiesp. 295
Plan of Organizationp. 295
Common or Divergent Paths?p. 295
Developing-Country Increasesp. 297
Rich Countries and Poor Countriesp. 299
Global Citiesp. 300
Characteristics of Third World Citiesp. 300
Youthful Age Structurep. 300
Multinationalsp. 301
The Informal Economyp. 301
Squatter Settlementsp. 303
Primate Citiesp. 303
Overurbanization?p. 305
The 21st Centuryp. 305
Summaryp. 306
Review Questionsp. 307
Asian Urban Patternsp. 309
Introductionp. 309
Asian Citiesp. 310
Indigenous Citiesp. 310
Colonial Background Citiesp. 310
Indiap. 312
Mumbai (Bombay)p. 312
Kolkata (Calcutta)p. 314
Prognosisp. 315
Chinap. 316
Treaty Portsp. 316
Urbanization Policiesp. 317
Forced Movement from Citiesp. 317
Rural to Urban Migrationp. 317
Economic Boomp. 318
Shanghaip. 318
Beijingp. 320
Hong Kongp. 321
Japanp. 321
Extent of Urbanizationp. 322
Current Patternsp. 323
Tokyop. 323
Planningp. 325
Planned New Townsp. 325
Suburbanizationp. 325
Southeast Asiap. 325
General Patternsp. 325
Singaporep. 326
Other Citiesp. 327
Summaryp. 328
Review Questionsp. 328
African and Latin American Urbanizationp. 330
Introductionp. 330
Africap. 330
Challengesp. 331
Responsesp. 332
Regional Variationsp. 333
Urban Developmentp. 333
Early Citiesp. 333
Colonial Periodp. 334
Indigenous African Citiesp. 335
Contemporary Patternsp. 335
Social Composition of African Citiesp. 336
Ethnic and Tribal Bondsp. 338
Status of Womenp. 338
Differences from the Western Patternp. 339
Latin America: An Urban Continentp. 340
Spanish Colonial Citiesp. 340
Colonial Organizationp. 341
Physical Structurep. 341
Recent Developmentsp. 343
Urban Growthp. 343
Economic Changep. 345
Urban Characteristicsp. 345
Crimep. 345
Shantytownsp. 346
Future of Settlementsp. 346
Maquiladorasp. 348
Myth of Marginalityp. 348
A Success Storyp. 349
Summaryp. 349
Review Questionsp. 350
Conclusion: Toward the Urban Futurep. 353
Recapitulationp. 353
Urban Concentrationp. 353
Deconcentrationp. 354
Issues and Challengesp. 355
Urban Fundingp. 355
People versus Placesp. 356
Changing Metropolitan Populationp. 356
Suburban Developmentp. 357
Social Planning Approachesp. 358
Three Approaches to Social Planningp. 358
Social Planning and Technologyp. 359
Planning for the Future Cityp. 360
Planned Utopiasp. 360
Las Vegasp. 363
Quality-of-Life Planningp. 363
Smart Citiesp. 364
Planning Metropolitan Political Systemsp. 365
A Working Cityp. 367
Toward a Metropolitan Futurep. 368
Summaryp. 369
Review Questionsp. 370
Name Indexp. 373
Subject Indexp. 377
About the Authorp. 386
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


Please wait while the item is added to your cart...