Vander's Human Physiology, twelfth edition, carries on the tradition of clarity and accuracy, while refining and updating the content to meet the needs of today's instructors and students. The twelfth edition features a streamlined, clinically oriented focus to the study of human body systems. It has also responded to reviewer requests for more clinical applications. Chapter 19 was new for the eleventh edition, with three complete case studies. The twelfth edition will contain an additional new case study. Additional Physiology Inquiries have been added to many figures throughout the chapters. These critical-thinking questions are just one more opportunity to add to the students learning experience.