9780444521040

Vesuvius

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780444521040

  • ISBN10:

    0444521046

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-07-13
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Summary

VESUVIUS 2000 is an interdisciplinary project aimed at producing a safe and prosperous habitat for the people living around Vesuvius. To produce this environment requires an effective collaboration between the experts and the public, whereby the danger from the volcano is used to reorganize the territory and thus produce new opportunities for the people surrounding the volcano. As an all inclusive physico-mathematical-computer model of the volcano, the Global Volcanic Simulator is a key tool for determining the effects of different eruption scenarios and thus for urban planning of the territory. Unlike the evacuation plans which tend to manage emergencies, VESUVIUS 2000 aims at preparing the Vesuvius area to confront future eruptions with minimal socio-economic and cultural consequences. * Addresses volcanic risk mitigation in densely populated area surrounding Vesuvius * Provides education about volcanos * Displays physical modeling of eruption processes and integration of models

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Acknowledgments xxi
Introduzione a VESUVIUS 2000 xxiii
Chapter 1 VESUVIUS 2000: Toward Security and Prosperity Under the Shadow of Vesuvius
F. Dobran
Abstract
3(1)
Riassunto
4(2)
1.1. Hostages of Vesuvius
6(2)
1.2. The Vesuvius Area
8(4)
1.3. Vesuvius Consciousness
12(2)
1.4. Security Culture Barriers
14(3)
1.5. Habits of Mind, Incommensurability, and Paradigms
17(5)
1.5.1. Habits of Mind
17(2)
1.5.2. Incommensurability
19(1)
1.5.3. Paradigms
20(2)
1.6. Risk, Risk Matrix, and Risk Communication
22(4)
1.6.1. Risk
22(1)
1.6.2. Risk Matrix
23(2)
1.6.3. Risk Communication
25(1)
1.7. Future Habitat for Vesuvians
26(2)
1.7.1. The Choices
26(1)
1.7.2. The Grand Challenge
26(2)
1.8. VESUVIUS 2000
28(14)
1.8.1. Overview
28(1)
1.8.2. Principal Objectives
29(3)
1.8.3. Physical Environment
32(4)
1.8.3.1. Global Volcanic Simulator
32(1)
1.8.3.2. Definition of Volcanic System
33(1)
1.8.3.3. Systems Integration
34(2)
1.8.4. Population
36(4)
1.8.4.1. Sociology
36(1)
1.8.4.2. Vulnerability
37(2)
1.8.4.3. Economics
39(1)
1.8.4.4. Education
40(1)
1.8.5. Territory
40(41)
1.8.5.1. Urban and Environmental Systems
41(1)
1.8.5.2. Civil Protection
42(1)
1.8.5.3. Risk-Assessment Guidelines
42(1)
1.9. Conclusion
42(1)
Notes
43(21)
References
64(9)
Chapter 2 Education: Cognitive Tools and Teaching Vesuvius
F. Dobran
Abstract
73(1)
Riassunto
74(3)
2.1. Introduction
77(4)
2.2. Educational Ideas
81(4)
2.2.1. Socialization
81(2)
2.2.2. Platonic Education
83(1)
2.2.3. Natural Education
83(1)
2.2.4. Incompatibilities
84(1)
2.3. Kinds of Understandings
85(11)
2.3.1. The Beginnings
85(1)
2.3.2. Mythic Understanding
86(3)
2.3.3. Romantic Understanding
89(1)
2.3.4. Philosophic Understanding
90(5)
2.3.5. Ironic Understanding
95(1)
2.4. Educational Methods
96(6)
2.4.1. Old Methods
96(1)
2.4.2. Progressivism
97(1)
2.4.3. Vygotsky's Method
98(1)
2.4.4. Primary School Education
99(1)
2.4.5. Intermediate School Education
100(1)
2.4.6. Secondary School Education
101(1)
2.5. Teaching Vesuvius in Schools
102(39)
2.5.1. Teaching Primary School Children
103(5)
2.5.1.1. Methodology
103(3)
2.5.1.2. Example 1: Heat
106(1)
2.5.1.3. Example 2: Scuola Materna IV Circolo and Scuola Materna L. Bertelli, Portici
107(1)
2.5.2. Teaching Intermediate School Children
108(22)
2.5.2.1. Methodology
108(4)
2.5.2.2. Example 1: Pliny the Elder and the Eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D.
112(9)
2.5.2.3. Example 2: Scuola Media Statale Orazio Comes, Portici
121(3)
2.5.2.4. Example 3: Istituto Comprensivo Statale Francesco d'Assisi, Torre del Greco
124(3)
2.5.2.5. Example 4: Scuola Media Statale Rocco Scotellaro, Ercolano
127(3)
2.5.3. Teaching Secondary School Children
130(11)
2.5.3.1. Methodology
130(4)
2.5.3.2. Example: Istituto Tecnico Commerciale Luigi Sturzo, Castellammare di Stabia
134(7)
2.6. Education of Adults
141(10)
2.6.1. Volcanic Risk Survey and GVES
141(1)
2.6.2. MCE-GTV, Prometeo, Sportello Informativo sul Vesuvio
142(3)
2.6.3. From Possible Cohabitation to Planned Participation
145(2)
2.6.4. Technology Education
147(87)
2.6.4.1. Technology
147(1)
2.6.4.2. Technological Literacy
148(2)
2.6.4.3. Educating for VESUVIUS 2000
150(1)
2.7. Conclusion
151(2)
Notes
153(33)
References
186(4)
Appendix: My journey...to Vesuvius (Il mio viaggio...al Vesuvio)
190(29)
Chapter 3 Social and Economic Reality of Vesuvius Area
V. Di Donna
Abstract
219(1)
Riassunto
219(1)
3.1. Introduction
220(1)
3.2. Geographic and Demographic Aspects of the Area
220(6)
3.3. Education and Economic Reality of Population
226(2)
3.4. Discussion
228(4)
3.5. Conclusion
232(1)
Notes
232(1)
References
233(1)
Appendix: La Realty Sociale ed Economica dell'Area Vesuviana
234(12)
1. Introduzione
234(1)
2. L'Area Geografica e Aspetti Demografici
234(6)
3. Il Grado di Istruzione e la Realtd. Economica della Popolazione
240(2)
4. Discussione
242(3)
5. Conclusione
245(1)
Note
246(1)
Riferimenti
247(2)
Chapter 4 Geophysical Precursors at Vesuvius from Historical and Archeological Sources
A. Marturano
Abstract
249(1)
Riassunto
250(1)
4.1. Introduction
250(2)
4.2. Precursors of Major Historical Eruptions
252(5)
4.2.1. Precursors of 79 A.D. Eruption
252(3)
4.2.2. Precursors of 1631 Eruption
255(2)
4.3. Earthquake of 9 October 1999
257(3)
4.4. Conclusion
260(1)
References
260(5)
Chapter 5 Ballistics Shower During Plinian Scenario at Vesuvius
V. De Novellis and G. Luongo
Abstract
265(1)
Riassunto
265(1)
5.1. Introduction
266(1)
5.2. Ballistics
267(3)
5.3. Physical Properties of Samples
270(6)
5.4. Discussion
276(5)
5.5. Conclusion
281(1)
References
282(5)
Chapter 6 Shear-Wave Velocity Models and Seismic Sources in Campanian Volcanic Areas: Vesuvius and Phlegraean Fields
M. Guidarelli, A. Zille, A. Saran, Natale, C. Nunziata and G.F. Panza
Abstract
287(1)
Riassunto
288(1)
6.1. Introduction
288(3)
6.2. Shear-Wave Velocity Models
291(5)
6.3. Seismic Source Studies in the Campanian Volcanic Area
296(10)
6.3.1. Moment Tensor Waveform Inversion
296(1)
6.3.2. Vesuvius' Intense Seismicity Episode (1999-2000)
297(6)
6.3.3. Comparison of Seismic Sources at Vesuvius and Phlegraean Fields
303(3)
6.4. Conclusion
306(1)
References
306(5)
Chapter 7 Global Volcanic Simulation: Physical Modeling, Numerics, and Computer Implementation
F. Dobran and J.I. Ramos
Abstract
311(1)
Riassunto
312(1)
7.1. Introduction
313(4)
7.2. Physical modeling
317(19)
7.2.1. Products of Volcanic Eruptions
317(3)
7.2.2. Plume Turbulence
320(2)
7.2.3. Particulate Distributions
322(3)
7.2.4. Eulerian Form of Material Transport Laws
325(7)
7.2.5. Multiphase—Multicomponent Flows
332(1)
7.2.6. Coarse—Particle Kinetic Equations
333(1)
7.2.7. Additional Modeling Considerations
334(2)
7.3. Numerics
336(17)
7.3.1. Domain Decomposition at the Physical Level
337(10)
7.3.1.1. Multiblock Strategy
339(3)
7.3.1.2. Cartesian Methods
342(1)
7.3.1.3. Mesh Near the Ground
343(4)
7.3.2. Finite Volume Discretization of the Eulerian Equations
347(2)
7.3.3. Discretization of the Lagrangian Equations
349(1)
7.3.4. Verification
350(3)
7.4. Computer Implementation
353(9)
7.4.1. Parallel Krylov Subspace Methods
354(5)
7.4.2. Ordering of Algebraic Equations
359(1)
7.4.3. Matrix—Vector Products
359(1)
7.4.4. Programming Paradigms
360(1)
7.4.5. Computer Architectures
361(1)
7.5. Conclusion
362(2)
References
364(9)
Contributors 373(2)
Index 375

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