9780323009454

Veterinary Acupuncture : Ancient Art to Modern Medicine

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780323009454

  • ISBN10:

    032300945X

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-09-05
  • Publisher: Mosby

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Summary

This revision reflects major updating, expansion of hot topics, and coverage of trends, current areas of research interest, and controversies in veterinary acupuncture. The book begins with the history and concepts of acupuncture and continues with the anatomic and neurophysiologic basis of acupuncture, research on acupuncture, practical techniques, instrumentation, and point selection. Part two covers acupuncture in small animals, including a canine atlas, avian acupuncture, and chapters that focus on disorders grouped by body systems. Part three is devoted to acupuncture in large animals. It begins with three different equine atlases, followed by equine acupuncture treatment according to body system, and concludes with acupuncture in cattle and a porcine acupuncture atlas. Part four covers failures in veterinary acupuncture and veterinary manipulative therapies.

Table of Contents

How to Use This Text ix
The Efficacy of Acupuncture: The Controversy xi
Allen M. Schoen
Unit I FUNDAMENTALS OF VETERINARY ACUPUNCTURE
History of Veterinary Acupuncture
3(16)
David H. Jaggar
Narda G. Robinson
Why Study the History of Acupuncture?
3(16)
Anatomy and Classification of Acupoints
19(8)
Yann-Ching Hwang
Monika Egerbacher
What Are Acupoints?
19(4)
Lower Galvanic Skin Resistance of Acupoints
19(1)
Deqi Sensation
19(1)
Structural Basis of Acupoints
20(1)
Classification of Acupoints
21(1)
Traditional Classification of Acupoints
21(1)
Naming of Acupoints
22(1)
Anatomy and Histology of Selected Bovine and Canine Acupuncture Points
23(4)
Materials and Methods
23(1)
Results
23(1)
Discussion
24(3)
The Neurophysiologic Basis of Acupuncture
27(20)
Janet E. Steiss
Pain Transmission
27(4)
Neural Mechanisms of Acupuncture
31(8)
Inflammation and Acupuncture Mechanisms
39(3)
Bioelectricity and Acupuncture
42(1)
Considerations for Treatment
42(5)
Veterinary Acupuncture Research
47(6)
Helen M. Berschneider
Basic Physiologic Mechanisms of Acupuncture
48(1)
Effects of Acupuncture on Organ Functions
49(1)
Effectiveness of Acupuncture on Clinical Problems
50(1)
Comments on the Future of Research in Veterinary Acupuncture
51(2)
Global Acupuncture Research: Previously Untranslated Studies
53(26)
Susan C. Wynn
Stelio P.L. Luna
Hanru Liu
Huisheng Xie
Tchi-Chau Nam
Chi-Hsien Chien
Studies from Brazil
53(4)
Acupuncture and Distemper
53(1)
Acupuncture and Fertility
53(1)
Acupuncture and Weight Gain
54(1)
Acupuncture and Analgesia
54(1)
Acupuncture and Immune Response
54(1)
Acupuncture and Gastrointestinal System
55(2)
Studies from Korea
57(4)
Veterinary Acupuncture in Horses
57(1)
Veterinary Acupuncture in Ruminants
57(2)
Acupuncture in Pigs
59(1)
Acupuncture in Small Animals
59(1)
Acupuncture Anesthesia
60(1)
Veterinary Acupuncture Scientific Research in China
61(7)
Research on Meridians and Acupoints
62(1)
Clinical Studies on Electroacupuncture
63(2)
Clinical Studies on Laser Acupuncture
65(1)
Clinical Studies on Aquapuncture
66(2)
Acupuncture Research From Taiwan
68(11)
Acupuncture Analgesia and Pain
68(1)
Acupoint and Needle Sensation
68(2)
Meridian Research
70(1)
Morphologic Basis of The ``Kidney'' in Traditional Chinese Medicine
71(1)
Veterinary Acupuncture Clinics in Taiwan
72(7)
Eastern Concepts of Acupuncture
79(16)
John B. Limehouse
Priscilla A. Taylor-Limehouse
Western and Chinese Medicine: A Comparison
79(1)
Yin-Yang Theory
79(1)
Qi
80(1)
Blood
81(1)
Meridian Theory
82(4)
Using Traditional Eastern Medicine: Approaches to Diagnosis and Treatment
86(6)
Traditional Chinese Medicine and Chinese Herbs
92(3)
Techniques and Instrumentation
95(18)
Sheldon Altman
Acupressure
95(1)
Cupping Vacuum Therapy
95(1)
Needle Acupuncture
95(5)
Use of Temperature Variation at Acupuncture Points
100(1)
Sonopuncture
101
Aquapuncture, or Injection, Therapy
10l(102)
Implantation
102(1)
Electroacupuncture
102(11)
Acupuncture Point Selection
113(14)
Maria H. Glinski
Designing a Formula
113(14)
Unit II ACUPUNCTURE IN SMALL ANIMALS
Canine Acupuncture Atlas
127(22)
Yann-Ching Hwang
John B. Limehouse
Acupoints of the Thoracic Limb: Yin Meridians
127(4)
Acupoints of the Thoracic Limb and Head: Yang Meridians
131(3)
Acupoints of the Head, Trunk, and Pelvic Limb: Yang Meridians
134(10)
Acupoints of the Pelvic Limb: Yin Meridians
144(2)
Acupoints of the Two Major Vessels
146(3)
Traditional Chinese Medical Diagnosis in Small Animals
149(12)
Cheryl Schwartz
The Organs in Traditional Chinese Medicine
149(1)
Traditional Examination
150(4)
Diagnostic Points
154(3)
Clinical Observations
157(4)
Acupuncture for Musculoskeletal Disorders
161(10)
Allen M. Schoen
Physiologic Effects
161(1)
Traditional Chinese Medical Theory
162(1)
Techniques and Instruments
163(1)
Modes of Stimulation
163(1)
Electroacupuncture
163(2)
Acupuncture for Specific Conditions
165(2)
Precautions and Side Effects
167(4)
Acupuncture for Longitudinal Muscle System Approach to Canine Lameness
171(8)
Michelle Lynn Tilghman
Basic Principles
171(1)
Regional Classifications
172(1)
LMS Application
172(1)
Muscle Review
173(4)
Treatment
177(2)
Acupuncture for Neurologic Disorders
179(14)
Karen L. Kline
Elaine R. Caplan
Richard J. Joseph
Clinical Evaluation of Animals With Neurologic Disorders
179(1)
Differential Diagnoses
180(1)
Diagnostic Tests
180(1)
Acupuncture for Neurologic Disorders
180(11)
Acupuncture Protocol
191(2)
Acupuncture for Thoracolumbar and Cervical Disk Disease
193(6)
Luc A. A. Janssens
Clinical Signs of Thoracolumbar Disk Disease
193(1)
Clinical Signs of Cervical Disk Disease
194(1)
Acupuncture Treatment for Disk Disease in Dogs
194(5)
Trigger Point Therapy
199(5)
Luc A. A. Janssens
Trigger Point Characteristics
199(2)
Trigger Point Treatment
201(1)
Trigger Points in Dogs
201(3)
Acupuncture in Critical Care Medicine
204(8)
Jan Still
Management of Respiratory Depression and Arrest
205(2)
Management of Shock
207(1)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
208(1)
Cardiovascular Support in the Course of General Anesthesia
208(1)
Pain Relief
209(1)
Stimulation of Body Defense Functions
210(2)
Acupuncture for Cardiovascular Disorders
212(5)
Francis W. K. Smith, Jr.
Treatment of Abnormalities in Blood Pressure
212(1)
Treatment of Arrhythmias
213(2)
Treatment of Heart Failure
215(1)
Angina
215(2)
Traditional Chinese Medical Diagnosis and Treatment of Heart Disease
217(14)
Ihor Basko
Western Medicine Versus Traditional Chinese Medicine
217(2)
Traditional Chinese Medical Perspective on Heart Disease
219(1)
Treatment Considerations: The Emotional Stages
220(1)
TCM Classification of Heart Syndromes
221(1)
Heart Qi and Yang Deficiency
222(1)
Heart Blood and Heart Yin Deficiency
223(1)
Cardiomyopathy
224(1)
Heart Qi and Heart Blood Stagnation
225(1)
Heartworm Disease
225(1)
Heart Fire
226(2)
Cold Phlegm/Phlegm Heat Clouding the Orifices of the Heart
228(1)
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
229(2)
Acupuncture for Chronic Respiratory Conditions
231(8)
Cheryl Schwartz
Traditional Chinese Diagnosis
231(1)
Upper Burner Syndrome
232(1)
Lung Qi Deficiency
232(2)
Middle Burner Syndrome
234(3)
Lower Burner Syndrome
237(2)
Acupuncture for Gastrointestinal Disorders
239(22)
Stephen C. Dill
Naomi Bierman
Gastroenterology: Western Perspective
239(6)
Gastrointestinal Motility
239(1)
Gastric Secretion: Gastroduodenal Ulcers
240(1)
Nausea And Vomiting
241(1)
Gastric Volvulus, Megaesophagus
242(1)
Bilary Disease
242(1)
Diarrhea
242(1)
Abdominal Pain
243(1)
Empirical Acupuncture Points
244(1)
Gastroenterology: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Perspective
245(16)
Etiology of Gastrointestinal Disorders From a TCM Perspective
246(1)
Traditional Chinese Medical Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Disorders
246(1)
Identification of Gastrointestinal Patterns in Traditional Chinese Medicine
247(2)
Acupoints Commonly Used in the Treatment of Digestive Disorders
249(1)
Differentiation and Treatment of Commonly Seen Gastrointestinal Disorders
250(11)
Acupuncture for Reproductive Disorders
261(8)
Jen-Hsou Lin
Wing-Wah Chan
Leang-Shin Wu
Reproductive Neuroendocrinology
261(1)
Physiologic Mechanisms of Acupuncture
261(1)
Traditional Chinese Principles
262(1)
Treatment of Specific Reproductive Disorders
263(6)
Acupuncture for Immunologic Disorders
269(12)
Naomi Bierman
Craig Thompson
A Traditional Chinese Medicine Overview of the Immune System
269(2)
A Western Overview of the Immune System
271(1)
An Integration of Eastern and Western Concepts
271(2)
General Treatment Principles and Points
273(1)
Immunologics of Clinical Disease
274(7)
Acupuncture for Dermatologic Disorders
281(14)
Naomi Bierman
Causes of Skin Disease in Traditional Chinese Medicine
281(1)
Traditional Chinese Medical Diagnosis of Skin Disease
281(1)
Identification of Dermatologic Patterns in Traditional Chinese Medicine
282(2)
Treatment Principles
284(2)
An Integrative Approach to Specific Dermatologic Conditions
286(9)
Acupuncture for Surgical Analgesia and Postoperative Analgesia
295(8)
Alan M. Klide
James S. Gaynor
Surgical Analgesia
295(4)
Physiology of Acupuncture Analgesia
295(1)
Indications for Acupuncture Analgesia
296(1)
Techniques to Induce Acupuncture Analgesia
296(1)
Observations of Acupuncture-Induced Surgical Analgesia
297(1)
Limitations of Acupuncture Analgesia
298(1)
Postoperative Analgesia With Acupuncture
299(4)
Importance of Postoperative Analgesia
299(1)
Traditional Chinese Medicine Aspects of Pain and Acupuncture Therapy
299(1)
Physiology of Pain and Acupuncture Therapy
299(2)
Principles and Specific Analgesic Protocols
301(2)
Gold Bead Implants
303(4)
Terry E. Durkes
Hip Dysplasia
303(1)
Spondylosis
304(1)
Seizures
304(1)
Complications from Gold Bead Implants
305(2)
Acupuncture for the Avian Patient
307(26)
David McCluggage
Analysis of Birds From a Traditional Chinese Medial Perspective
307(1)
Birds and Acupuncture
308(1)
Avian Acupuncture Techniques
308(1)
Aquapuncture with Cyanocobalamin
308(1)
Avian Anatomy and Acupuncture Points
309(16)
Selected Problems and Points to Consider in Treatment
325(4)
Chinese Herbal Medicine
329(4)
Ear Acupuncture
333(12)
Jan Still
Ear Acupuncture Versus Body Acupuncture
333(1)
History of Veterinary Ear Acupuncture
334(1)
Anatomic Substrate of Ear Acupuncture
334(1)
Physiologic Mechanisms of Ear Acupuncture
335(1)
Auriculodiagnosis
336(3)
Auriculotherapy
339(3)
Complications of Ear Acupuncture
342(3)
Incorporation of Acupuncture Into a Small Animal Practice
345(12)
Sheldon Altman
Getting Started
345(1)
Introducing the New Modality
345(3)
Determining How to Handle the Case
348(4)
Follow-Up
352(1)
A Final Message
352(3)
Unit III ACUPUNCTURE IN LARGE ANIMALS
Acupuncture in Large Animals
355(2)
The Location of Equine Back Shu Points: Traditional Chinese Versus Transpositional
357(6)
Peggy Fleming
Traditional Equine Acupuncture Atlas
363(30)
Yann-Ching Hwang
Chuan Yu
The Head Region
363(8)
The Trunk and Tail
371(8)
The Thoracic Limb
379(5)
The Pelvic Limb
384(6)
Additional Equine Acupoints
390(3)
Transpositional Equine Acupuncture Atlas
393(40)
Peggy Fleming
Lung Meridian
394(4)
Large Intestine Meridian
398(5)
Stomach Meridian
403(3)
Spleen Meridian
406(2)
Heart Meridian
408(1)
Small Intestine Meridian
409(3)
Bladder Meridian
412(5)
Kidney Meridian
417(1)
Pericardium Meridian
418(2)
Triple Heater Meridian
420(2)
Gallbladder Meridian
422(3)
Liver Meridian
425(1)
Governing Vessel Meridian
426(3)
Conception Vessel Meridian
429(2)
Extra Point
431(2)
Diagnostic Acupuncture Palpation Examination in the Horse
433(10)
Peggy Fleming
Palpation of the Head and Neck
435(1)
Palpation of the Forelimb
436(1)
Palpation of the Back and Abdomen
436(1)
Palpation of the Sacral Region
437(1)
Palpation of the Hindlimb
438(5)
Acupuncture for Musculoskeletal and Neurologic Conditions in Horses
443(24)
Peggy Fleming
Treatment Strategies
444(1)
Treatment Techniques
445(4)
Acupuncture Treatment Formulas
449(18)
Acupuncture for Conditions of the Head and Neck
453(2)
Acupuncture of Conditions of the Forelimb
455(4)
Acupuncture for Conditions of the Hoof
459(2)
Acupuncture for Conditions of the Hindlimb
461(6)
Acupuncture for Treatment of Chronic Back Pain in Horses
467(8)
Benson R. Martin Jr.
Alan M. Klide
Horses Treated
467(1)
Diagnosis
467(1)
Acupuncture Treatments
467(5)
Previous Treatments
472(1)
Evaluation
472(1)
Results
472(1)
Follow-Up Examination and Re-Treatment
472(1)
Radiography
472(1)
Discussion
473(2)
Treatment of Equine Gastrointestinal Disease With Acupuncture
475(6)
Peggy Fleming
Methods of Treatment
475(1)
Traditional Chinese Medical Paradigms
475(6)
Acupuncture Treatment for Miscellaneous Conditions in Horses
481(8)
Peggy Fleming
Sunstroke and Anhidrosis
481(1)
Respiratory Disorders
482(2)
Emotional Disorders
484(1)
Reproductive Disorders
484(2)
Dermatologic Disorders
486(1)
Ophthalmologic Disorders
487(2)
Equine Ting-Zone Therapy and Thoresen's Coronary Band Therapy
489(14)
Are S. Thoresen
Ting-Point Therapy
489(8)
Traditional Chinese Medicine
489(2)
Concepts of Acupuncture, Meridians, and Acupuncture Diagnosis
491(1)
The Ting-Point Diagnostic Method
492(3)
Ting-Point Therapy
495(1)
Therapeutic Applications of Ting Points
495(1)
Persistence of Clinical Response
496(1)
Discussion
496(1)
Thoresen's Coronary Band Therapy (TCT)
497(6)
Equine Coronary Band as an Investigation of Equine Coronary Band Therapy
497(1)
Historical Background
498(1)
Background Theory of ECIWO Biology
498(1)
TCT: How to Diagnose the Pathologic Point
498(1)
TCT: Which Point to Treat?
498(1)
Results
499(4)
Equine Traditional Chinese Medical Diagnosis
503(12)
Huisheng Xie
Hanru Liu
Inspection
503(2)
Hearing and Smelling
505(1)
Inquiry
505(1)
Palpation
505(2)
Pattern Differentiation (Bian Zhen)
507(8)
The Whole-Horse Approach to Acupuncture in Performance Horses
515(20)
Joyce C. Harman
Function of a Horse's Back
516(2)
Diagnosis of Performance Problems
518(5)
Treatment of Performance Problems
523(12)
Traditional Chinese Medicine and Biomechanics in the Performance Horse
535(30)
Kimberly Henneman
Traditional Chinese Medical Philosophy
536(9)
Traditional Chinese Medicine and Sports Medicine
538(4)
Causes of Musculoskeletal Disorders
542(3)
Traditional Chinese Medicine Point Selection
545(1)
Practical Equine Biomechanics
545(7)
Force, Mass Acceleration: Newton's Laws, Horses, an the Real World
545(2)
Strength of Materials
547(1)
Strengths of Biologic Tissues
548(4)
Movement
552(13)
Posture
557(1)
Special Issues
558(3)
Point Selection
561(4)
Acupuncture in Cattle
565(12)
Oswald Kothbauer
Gary D. VanEngelenburg
Acupuncture in Cattle
565(10)
Acupuncture Treatment
571(1)
Acupuncture for Specific Disorders
571(2)
Ear Acupuncture in Cattle
573(2)
One Practitioner's Experience With Acupuncture in Cattle
575(2)
Acupuncture in Dairy Cows
575(1)
Acupuncture in Bulls
575(2)
Porcine Acupuncture Atlas
577(10)
Jen-Hsou Lin
The Head and Neck
577(2)
The Trunk and Tail
579(2)
The Front Limb
581(1)
The Hind Limb
582(1)
Treatment for Specific Conditions
583(4)
Unit IV ADDITIONAL TOPICS
Failures in Veterinary Acupuncture
587(4)
Allen M. Schoen
Acupuncture and Manipulative Therapy: A Perfect Marriage
591
Narda G. Robinson
Body Unity
593
Fascia
593
Neurologic Connections
594
Description of Manipulative Techniques
595
Treatment Principles
599
Treatment by Systems
600
Guidelines for the Future
602

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