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Using excerpts primarily drawn from Bernal Diaz's 1632 account of the Spanish victory and from testimonies--many recently uncovered--of indigenous Nahua survivors gathered by Bernardino de Sahagun, "Victors and Vanquished" clearly demonstrates how personal interests, class and ethnic biases, and political considerations can influence interpretation of events. A substantial introduction is followed by 9 chronological sections that illuminate the major events and personalities in this powerful historical episode and reveal the changing attitudes toward European expansionism.
STUART B. SCHWARTZ is George Burton Adams Professor of History at Yale University. His scholary work concentrates on the early history of Latin America and the history of Brazil. He is the author of Slaves, Peasants, and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery (1992) and Sugar Plantations and the Formation of Brazilian Society: Bahia 1550-1835 (1985), which won the American Historical Association's Bolton Prize for the Best Work in Latin American History. Professor Schwartz is also editor of Implicit Understandings: The Encounter Between Europeans and Other Peoples in the Early Modern Era (1994) and a coeditor of The Cambridge History of Native American Peoples (1999). A former fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, the Institute for Advanced Study, and the American Council of Learned Societies, he is currently completing a work entitled The Rebellion of Portugal and the Crisis of the Iberian Empires, 1621-1668.
Table of Contents
|Note on Sources and Conventions Used||p. ix|
|List of Maps and Illustrations||p. xv|
|Introduction: Civilizations in Conflict||p. 1|
|A Long Tradition: The Indigenous Peoples of Mesoamerica||p. 1|
|Tenochtitlan: The Foundation of Heaven||p. 6|
|Mexica Civilization and Society||p. 8|
|Renaissance Conquerors||p. 12|
|The Spanish Sources||p. 15|
|The Indigenous Historical Traditions||p. 20|
|The Documents||p. 29|
|Forebodings and Omens||p. 29|
|Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codex||p. 31|
|Fray Martin de Jesus de la Coruna, Popular Auguries and Prophetic Dreams||p. 33|
|Diego Duran, from The History of the Indies of New Spain||p. 34|
|Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain||p. 43|
|Hernan Cortes, Letters to Charles V||p. 75|
|Hernan Cortes, Letter to Charles V||p. 80|
|Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain||p. 84|
|Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codex||p. 91|
|The March Inland: Tlaxcala and Cholula||p. 100|
|Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain||p. 103|
|Andres de Tapia, Another Spanish View of the Cholula Massacre||p. 115|
|Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codex||p. 119|
|From the Lienzo de Tlaxcala||p. 123|
|Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codex||p. 128|
|Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain||p. 133|
|Things Fall Apart: Toxcatl and the Noche triste||p. 156|
|Francisco Lopez de Gomara, from Istoria de la conquista de Mexico||p. 159|
|From the Florentine Codex and the Codex Aubin||p. 162|
|Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain||p. 167|
|Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codex||p. 177|
|The Siege and Fall of Tenochtitlan||p. 182|
|From Chronicles of Michoacan||p. 184|
|Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codex||p. 189|
|Francisco de Aguilar, Eighth Jornada||p. 196|
|Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain||p. 199|
|From Cantares mexicanos||p. 211|
|Aftermath: Tradition and Transformation||p. 214|
|Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain||p. 217|
|From the Codex Mendoza||p. 221|
|The Shape of the Land: The Codex Mendoza and the Relaciones geograficas||p. 226|
|Don Domingo de San Anton Munon Chimalpahin, The Death of Cuauhtemoc||p. 230|
|Title of Acalan-Tixel||p. 232|
|Town Council of Huejotzingo, Letter to King Phillip II||p. 233|
|The Annals of Cuauhtinchan||p. 240|
|Chronology of the Conquest of Tenochtitlan (1485-1584)||p. 245|
|Questions for Consideration||p. 247|
|Biographical Notes||p. 249|
|Glossary of Spanish Terms||p. 253|
|Glossary of Nahuatl Terms||p. 254|
|Selected Bibliography||p. 257|
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