9780312393557

Victors and Vanquished Spanish and Nahua Views of the Conquest of Mexico

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780312393557

  • ISBN10:

    0312393555

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 11/15/2000
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Summary

Using excerpts primarily drawn from Bernal Diaz's 1632 account of the Spanish victory and from testimonies--many recently uncovered--of indigenous Nahua survivors gathered by Bernardino de Sahagun, "Victors and Vanquished" clearly demonstrates how personal interests, class and ethnic biases, and political considerations can influence interpretation of events. A substantial introduction is followed by 9 chronological sections that illuminate the major events and personalities in this powerful historical episode and reveal the changing attitudes toward European expansionism.

Author Biography

STUART B. SCHWARTZ is George Burton Adams Professor of History at Yale University. His scholary work concentrates on the early history of Latin America and the history of Brazil. He is the author of Slaves, Peasants, and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery (1992) and Sugar Plantations and the Formation of Brazilian Society: Bahia 1550-1835 (1985), which won the American Historical Association's Bolton Prize for the Best Work in Latin American History. Professor Schwartz is also editor of Implicit Understandings: The Encounter Between Europeans and Other Peoples in the Early Modern Era (1994) and a coeditor of The Cambridge History of Native American Peoples (1999). A former fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, the Institute for Advanced Study, and the American Council of Learned Societies, he is currently completing a work entitled The Rebellion of Portugal and the Crisis of the Iberian Empires, 1621-1668.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. iii
Prefacep. v
Note on Sources and Conventions Usedp. ix
List of Maps and Illustrationsp. xv
Introduction: Civilizations in Conflictp. 1
A Long Tradition: The Indigenous Peoples of Mesoamericap. 1
Tenochtitlan: The Foundation of Heavenp. 6
Mexica Civilization and Societyp. 8
Renaissance Conquerorsp. 12
The Spanish Sourcesp. 15
The Indigenous Historical Traditionsp. 20
The Documentsp. 29
Forebodings and Omensp. 29
Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codexp. 31
Fray Martin de Jesus de la Coruna, Popular Auguries and Prophetic Dreamsp. 33
Diego Duran, from The History of the Indies of New Spainp. 34
Preparationsp. 40
Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spainp. 43
Hernan Cortes, Letters to Charles Vp. 75
Encountersp. 79
Hernan Cortes, Letter to Charles Vp. 80
Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spainp. 84
Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codexp. 91
The March Inland: Tlaxcala and Cholulap. 100
Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spainp. 103
Andres de Tapia, Another Spanish View of the Cholula Massacrep. 115
Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codexp. 119
From the Lienzo de Tlaxcalap. 123
Tenochtitlanp. 127
Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codexp. 128
Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spainp. 133
Things Fall Apart: Toxcatl and the Noche tristep. 156
Francisco Lopez de Gomara, from Istoria de la conquista de Mexicop. 159
From the Florentine Codex and the Codex Aubinp. 162
Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spainp. 167
Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codexp. 177
The Siege and Fall of Tenochtitlanp. 182
From Chronicles of Michoacanp. 184
Fray Bernardino de Sahagun, from the Florentine Codexp. 189
Francisco de Aguilar, Eighth Jornadap. 196
Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spainp. 199
From Cantares mexicanosp. 211
Aftermath: Tradition and Transformationp. 214
Bernal Diaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spainp. 217
From the Codex Mendozap. 221
The Shape of the Land: The Codex Mendoza and the Relaciones geograficasp. 226
Don Domingo de San Anton Munon Chimalpahin, The Death of Cuauhtemocp. 230
Title of Acalan-Tixelp. 232
Town Council of Huejotzingo, Letter to King Phillip IIp. 233
The Annals of Cuauhtinchanp. 240
Appendices
Chronology of the Conquest of Tenochtitlan (1485-1584)p. 245
Questions for Considerationp. 247
Biographical Notesp. 249
Glossary of Spanish Termsp. 253
Glossary of Nahuatl Termsp. 254
Selected Bibliographyp. 257
Indexp. 261
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